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Your chance to win 20,000 
air miles a year for the 
next 20 years, page 9 


Irish joy, Welsh despair at 
the rugby World Cup 

Plus weekend results, p23-35 

Society is not as evil 
X i .il as it is painted 

^ Matthew Parris, page 18 




No. 65,285 


Defiant commander threatens to refuse release of further hostages 

Serbs now in ■, ■ ■ 

' .' v .’f- *. '• 

says Rifkind 

By Nicholas Wood and Joel Brand in Sarajevo 


BRITAIN yesterday brushed 
aside a threat by the Bosnian 
Serbs to continue holding 260 
UN hostages until Nato called 
off airstnkes, and warned 
them that they had “put 
themselves in tire firing liner. 

Douglas Hurd said the Bos¬ 
nian Serbs appeared confused 
about their intentions after 
their commander. General 
Ratko Mladic said there 
would be no further releases 
unless he received assurances 
that Naio would not use rts air 
power. One hundred and 
twenty-one hostages — includ¬ 
ing 11 Royal Welch Fusiliers— 
were freed on Friday and 
Serbia had hinted that the rest 
would also be allowed logo. 

Malcolm Rifkind, the De¬ 
fence Secretary, also took a 
tough line, warning Radovan 
Karadzic and his followers 
that they had made a “very 
massive miscalculation” in 
taking hostages. Not only had 
they incurred the contempt of 
the world, but one of the 
consequences of their action 
was the decision by allied 
nations to establish a rapid 
reaction force of up to IOjOQO 
men id add military muscle on 
the ground. 

“If is the first time in the 
history of the UN — over forty 
years — that UN commanders 
will have such a rapid deploy¬ 
ment force, (and) the UK is the 
largest contributor to it” Mr 
Rifkind said as the first of the 
British contingent arrived in 
the Bosnian hills yesterday. 

■Hie establishment of the 
force — mostly manned by 
Britain. France and The 
Netherlands — was agreed in 
Ruts on Saturday and Presi¬ 
dent Chirac yesterday tele- 

School bus 
axe savings 

By Ben Preston 

SCRAPPING free transport 
for thousands of grammar 
school pupils would save | 

£1 million less than expected, a 
report obtained by The Times 

Essex County Council has 
slashed estimates of savings 
offered by the liberal Demo¬ 
crat and Labour proposals to 
just £637,000 over ten years. 

The figures, which will be 
seen by councillors this woo, 
have buoyed parents opposing 
whai they see as a vindictive 
campaign against the county’s 
eight grammar schools. 

Simon Bums. Conservative 
MP for Chelmsford, has chal¬ 
lenged Liberal Democrat lead¬ 
ers who had pledged to drop 
the scheme if savings were 
shown to be trivial" to keep 
their word. 

Assault denied, page 5 

mss- : - mm 

9 *tTOi 40*046510 

ha ■»«>*.-<*•!*?•• 

Rifkind; “UN remains 
even-handed in war* 

phoned President Yeltsin 
about the derision. The two 
leaders agreed that a co¬ 
ordinated effort was required 
to end the war and Mr Yeltsin. 
promised to put pressure on 
Sertaa and Montenegro to try 
to find a political solution. 

William Fteny, the Ameri¬ 
can Defence Secretary, has 
offered air power to protect the 
new force, including attack 
heficqpters and AC-130 gun- 
ships. and he said this would 
“make die price of attacking 
UN troops very high". He also 
announced that America 
would use new unmanned 
“drone’* spy planes tomcmior 
Bosnian Serf) movements and 
provide an “intelligence co- 
■ ordination oeU”. 

Mr Rifkind insisted that the 
UN was remaining “even- 
handed” in the Bosnian war. 
“We are not going to be 
involved in that war either 
now or in the future,” he told 
BBC . television's Breakfast 
with Frost . programme. "But 
so far as the particular pos¬ 
ition. of the hostages is con¬ 

cerned, the Bosnian Serbs 
inevitably have put them¬ 
selves in the firing line so far 
as that is concerned. They will 
be treated in the way that is 
required to ensure the safe 
release of the hostages." 

Mr Hurd said Britain’s 
prime objective was to get the 
remaining hostages out It 
also wanted to re-establish the 
UN$ humanitarian operation 
and to work through Serbia's 
President Milosevic for a polit¬ 
ical settlement to the conflict 

But the foreign Secretary 
admitted that sending the 
extra troops might not work, 
and that the UN might have to 
pull out — a withdrawal plan 
was almost complete and 
would be used if necessary. 

He said: “The circum¬ 
stances might turn wrong 
again, so that the UN simply 
could not do that job, in which 
case we would have to with¬ 
draw, the arms embargo 
would be lifted, the present 
uncertain peace — half peace, 
half war — would become a 
full war again. The war might 

Th e American ambassador 
to tile UN also admitted that if 
the peacekeepers became un¬ 
able to defend themselves, a 
withdrawal could become un¬ 
avoidable. But Madelem 
Albright said that if that 
happened: “We see a humani¬ 
tarian disaster — refugees 
flowing out of the safe areas, 
hunger and all lands of horri¬ 
ble things." 

As she spake, Serb forces 
were again pounding a west¬ 
ern suburb of Sarajevo with 
shellfire, killing five people. 
British peacekeepers in Goraz- 
de were also forced into their 


fjfZ 1 : 


•V. • V;.. m 

Xl*. - j/y 

A freed British hostage is helped from the plane at Zagreb airport at the weekend 

bunkers by fierce fighting, and 
Serb troops launched an in¬ 
fantry. tank and mortar attack 
on Dutch UN positions at 
Srebrenica. All three towns 
are designated UN “safe 

In a further gesture of 
defiance. General Mladic re¬ 
fused to discuss the fate of an 
American F36 pilot who was 
shot down while on a routine 

patrol on Friday. There is 
speculation that he may be 
dead, since the Bosnian Serbs 
have not produced him and 
US intelligence has received 
no signals from the homing 
beacon in his flying suit 
Most of 121 “blue helmets" 
released at the weekend were 
in the Croatian coastal town of 
Split yesterday. The troops are 
to be returned to their units in 

M P in road accident is 
urged to stand down 

By James Iandale, political reporter 

England to Judges get 
take on lessons in 
Wallabies gay etiquette 

Tory MP for Chelsea who was 
arresied last week after alleg¬ 
edly leaving the scene of a 
road accident came under 
pressure from local Tories last 
night to resign at the nett 

They said the former Minis¬ 
ter for the Disabled could 
decide not to fight for the new 
seat of Kensington and Chel¬ 
sea when his constituoicy is 
merged with Kensington 
under forthcoming boimdaiy 
changes. , 

Rupert Cecil, deputy chair¬ 
man of the new Kensington 
and Chelsea Conservative As¬ 
sociation. said local Tories 
were disappointed (and shoc¬ 
ked by the alleged incident in 
which a three-year-old boy 
was trapped between two cars. 
“After this incident 1 would 
have thought it might be likely 
that Sir Nicholas might an¬ 
nounce that be would be 
retiring," hesaidla$t night 

However, senior:party fig¬ 
ures and friends-of Sir Nicho¬ 
las said that thc i _ 
minister still intended to stand 
for the seat They said the 
criticism being levelled aga¬ 
inst him amply reflected the 
bitter competition for whai is 
likely to be one of me safest 
Tory seats in the couxffly. 

Sir Nicholas's Volvo alleg¬ 
edly collided with a parked car 
in Svdney Street central 
London, as he left a Tory 
garden party last Thursday. 
The parked car was shunted 

forward and Thibault 
Ferriard, who was in his 
buggy, was caught between 
two parked cars. He was 
unhurt but his father, Yves 
Perriani, and several other 
witnesses alleged that Sir 
Nicholas left the scene while 
the boy was still trapped. 

Sir Nicholas, 61. was traced 
to a nearby address, 
breathalysed, arrested and lat- 

Scott one of the safest 
Conservative seats 

er released on police bail. He 
will be interviewed by detec¬ 
tives at Chelsea police station 
next month. 

Mr Ferriard who is Swiss, 
lives with his wife Annick and 
their two diildren in Chelsea. 
He demanded an apology 
from Sir Nicholas yesterday. 
He said a crowd had gathered 
as be tried to free his son. and 
people shouted for the driver 
of the car in the collision to 

help. He said that a woman in 
her 50s who was with Sir 
Nicholas had called them 
“French scum", and said they 
were “stupid" to call the 
.emergency services because 
the child was not hurt 

The woman with the driver 
refused to exchange names 
and addresses, and allegedly 
kept saying: “What are you 
worried about? The child’s not 
d ead—he’s not even English." 

Mr Cedi said : “I imagine 
that people in Chelsea will be 
very disappointed about the 
whole thing ... He may 
realise now that the pendulum 
has swung against him. An 
incident like this will hardly 

He said that Dudley 
fishbum, MP for Kensington 
who is also competing for the 
new seat could now be chosen 
without a contest 

However, if Sir Nicholas 
does stand down, other MFS 
are likely to throw their hats 
into the ring. “I imagine that 
Kensington and Chelsea will 
be one of the safest Conserva¬ 
tive seats, if not the safest in 
the country... but it would be 
ridiculous not to go for the best 
candidate possible," Mr Cecil 

Sir Nicholas, whose home 
is in Battersea. — not far from 
the scene of the Chelsea inci¬ 
dent — was believed to be 
staying in toe country 

Bitter bailie, page 8 

England beat Western Samoa 
44-22 in toe rugby Worid Cup 
to Durban last night, and now 
go on to meet Australia in toe 
quarter finals. 

Ireland earlier knocked 
Wales out of the tournament 
with a one-point win that 
secured them a match against 
France in the next round. 

An understrength New Zea¬ 
land set a world record, 
beating Japan 145-17. 

World Cop reports, 
pages 23,26.27 

grower freed 

A 69-year-old champion flow¬ 
er grower has been ordered to 
leave his nursery after admit¬ 
ting allowing cannabis plants 
to flourish among his violas. 
Richard Cawthome was giv¬ 
en a conditional discharge 
after telling Maidstone mag¬ 
istrates that he thought a 
tenant al his nursery was 
growing the drug legally 
under licence—--Page 3 

Call for company 
proxy vote reform 

The GMB general union has 
called for a change in the law- 
to prevent company directors 
using proxy votes from share¬ 
holders to back their own 
actions. It is also planning to 
lake legal action against some 
companies over political 
donations .—— Page 44 

By Frances Gibb 


JUDGES are to be taught how 
to avoid comments and off- 
the-cuff remarks that may 
offend homosexuals as part of 
a “human awareness" train¬ 
ing programme. 

All novice judges are likely 
to have to attend a seminar in 
which they will be told how to 
address and describe homo¬ 
sexual people. They will also 
be advised of the need to 
restrain instmsive question¬ 
ing about the sexuality of a 
witness, litigant or defendant 
and they will be urged to 
restrict reporting of names 
and address to protect homo¬ 
sexual witnesses. 

The proposals, being drawn 
up by a working party under 
Mr Justice Potter, are part of a 
bigger training exercise which 
also aims to stop offensive 
comments in rape or sexual 
offence cases. They build on a 
racial awareness programme, 
which is run for all full-time 
judges in England and Wales. 

There has been some hostil¬ 
ity among toe circuit bench, 
where the training is seen as 
needless “political correct¬ 
ness". But the majority, in¬ 
cluding toe most senior 
judges, are behind toe 

Martin Rowley QC, the 
most senior openiy-gay mem¬ 
ber of toe Bar, said progress 
had been made in combating 
discrimination within toe le¬ 
gal system, but it persisted “at 
toe very highest levels". 


42, 43 LETTERS..,.-19 ARTS...: 14,15 LAW REPORT.39 



Senior advisers 
urge Major to 
defy Europe on 
single currency 

By Nicholas Wood, chief political correspondent 

the coming days, where battal¬ 
ion commanders will deride 
whether they should be given 
leave or returned to duty. It 
seems unlikely that toe Serbs 
will allow toe 11 freed Britons 
to return to Gorazde. 

Soldiers freed, page 12 
Extra muscle, page 13 
Leading article, and 
Letters, page 19 

JOHN MAJOR is being urged 
by close advisers to come out 
clearly against a single Euro¬ 
pean currency, it was dis¬ 
closed last night, as Britain 
again found itself on a colli¬ 
sion course with Brussels. 

Jacques San ter. toe Presi¬ 
dent of the European Commis¬ 
sion, paved the way for a 
series of bruising confronta¬ 
tions in toe run-up to next 
year’s summit on the future of 
the European Union by de¬ 
manding an end to toe nat¬ 
ional veto in key areas such as 
foreign and security polity'. 

Britain would not be losing 
its power, he said, but “shar¬ 
ing sovereignty" in toe inter¬ 
ests of greater European 

While senior ministers and 
angry Conservative Euro- 
sceptics insisted that Britain 
would not not compromise 
over the veto, influential 
sources disclosed that the 
Prime Minister was under 
pressure to adopt a for more 
sceptical position on Europe. 
He is being urged to declare 
that he would never recom¬ 
mend the adoption of a single 
European currency to toe 
British people. He would back 
up this pledge with toe prom¬ 
ise of a referendum, if the idea 
should ever became a possibil¬ 
ity, and make it dear he would 
campaign for its rejection. 

The supporters of such a 
strategy, who include leading 
figures within toe party hier¬ 
arch}’. say that with Mr Ma¬ 
jor's own position under threaT 
from disaffected right-wing¬ 
ers, he has to take derisive 
action to head off a leadership 
challenge in the autumn. 

“He "has got to gamble. 
There is no easy road to 
salvation," one source said 
“The vibes tell me this argu¬ 
ment is being put more forc¬ 
ibly and getting a better 
listening inside No 10.” 

Advocates of the more Euro- 
sceptic line say it would help to 

unify the party, bringing lead¬ 
ing figures such as Baroness 
Thatcher and Lord Tebbit 
firmly inside toe fold, and 
wrong-foot the opposition 

However, other insiders 
predicted a further “tilt not 
lurch" in Mr Major's policy. 
They suggested that he would 
move closer to toe sceptical 
position without risking a 
Cabinet walkout by figures 
such as Kenneth Darke, the 
Chancellor of toe Exchequer, 
and Douglas Hurd, the For¬ 
eign Secretary. 

“He has not spent 4^ years 
painstakingly keeping the par¬ 
ty together simply to do some- 

Bravp new Europe 

With Britain taking an 
ever more defensive ap¬ 
proach. some officials 
sounded as if they were 
washing their bands of the 
Major Government in the 
belief that an election 
could solve their prob¬ 
lems-Page 10 

thing that would have people 
resigning from the Cabinet." 
one insider said. “There are 
other ways in which you could 
convey- that it is most unlikely 
toar toe Conservatives would 
join a single currency in toe 
next Parliament."' 

Mr Sumer's intervention, 
during BBC Television's 
Breakfast with Fmst pro¬ 
gramme, came 24 hours after 
the two-day meeting In Sicily 
— toe firsr of many to prepare 
toe ground for the intergov¬ 
ernmental conference — at 
which David Davis, the Min¬ 
ister for Europe, opposed 
greater centralisation within 
the EU and the extension of 
qualified majority voting. 

Mr Santer also infuriated 
Lord Tebbit, who appeared on 

Continued on page 2. col I 

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Jane MacQuffty’s 
choice of &» 
100 best 
summer wines 

"the 7-day ’ [ 

Ministers believe 
£500m will spring 
mortgage trap 

By Nicholas Wood 


SENIOR ministers predicted 
yesterday that for about E50G 
million it would be possible to 
to draw up a rescue package 
for more than a million 
homebuyers caught in the 
mongage trap. One plan 
being considered is tax relief 
for all people with negative 
equity who decide to move. 

John Major's Downing 
Street policy unit is leading 
attempts to draw up a 
package. One minister said: 
"We must get some help to 
people in mortgage misery. 
Homeowners are a big group 
and Labour warn ro befriend." 

The Prime Minister in¬ 
structed his advisers ro review 
the plight of people saddled 
with negative equity in the 
wake of the drubbing the 
Conservatives suffered in the 
local elections last month. 
Tory MPs and ministers re¬ 
ported privately that dismay 
at the state of the housing 
market lay behind much of the 
middle-class flight to Labour 
and the Liberal Democrats. 

Several options, some fo¬ 
cused on helping those whose 
mortgages are bigger than the 
value of their properties, and 
others intended to give a 
general fillip to the market. 

Morgan Grenfell, the City 
merchant bank, predicts 
that house prices will 
begin to rise again next 
year and begin to outstrip 
inflation from 1997. 

The bank says housing 
is now undervalued and 
more affordable in rda- 
tion to earnings than it 
has been in 25 years. Bat 
Morgan Grenfell's econo¬ 
mists say that the price 
weakness will continue 
for the rest of the year due 
to negative equity and the 
squeeze on personal in¬ 
come from tax increases. 

are under consideration. An 
announcement could come in 
the Budget in November. 
Ideas include tax relief for 
people with negative equity. 
The extent of their debt would 
be clear from their selling 
price and tax breaks could be 
given to help them to pay off 
their debt A scheme designed 
to help all those with negative 
equity would be more difficult 
because it would require inde¬ 
pendent valuations and would 
be more expensive. 

Stamp duty could be 
scrapped or suspended, to 
inject life into the property 
market. Such a move was 
attempted in 1992 but had little 

effect. There could be tax 
breaks for first-time buyers. 
The tax relief on repayments 
made on the first £30,000 of a 
home loan has been cut from 
25 per cent to 15 per cent over 
two years. This could revert to 
20 or 25 per cent for first-time 

Hans to restrict the income 
support safety net for home- 
owners who lose their jobs 
might be abandoned. From 
October, Peter Lilley, the So¬ 
cial Security Secretary, wants 
new borrowers to take out 
private insurance to cover the 
first nine months of repay¬ 
ments should they become 
unemployed. His plans are 
opposed by the Council of 
Mongage Lenders and grow¬ 
ing numbers of Tories fear 
they will be another blow to 
confidence in the market. 

Of the four options, extra 
help for first-time buyers 
seems the most likely to win 
the approval of the Chancellor 
as the Treasury comes under 
intense pressure. 

A MORI poll for The Moil 
on Sunday found that 76 per 
cent of people wanted mort¬ 
gage tax relief restored to its 
former level and 5S per cent 
thought that those with nega¬ 
tive equity should be given tax 

Leading article, page 19 

Major faces new EU pressure 

Continued from page 1 
the same programme, by say¬ 
ing politicians should "train" 
people about the advantages 
of closer European ties. He 
also demanded a swift end to 
the British social chapter opt- 
out His remarks as an NOP 
survey for the BBC showed 
that 49 per cent of Briions said 
they felt “not at all" European. 

Lord Tebbit, the former 
Tory party chairman, said Mr 
San’ter talked “about training 
people to underctand the bene¬ 

fits of efficiency, r talk about 
deluding people into giving 
up their right to self- 

Lord Tebbit also rejected the 
dilution of the British veto. 
Turning to M Santer's insis¬ 
tence that Britain should 
quickly end its social chapter 
opt-out Lord Tebbit said: 
“What does come through in 
Jacques Santer is the uncon¬ 
scious arrogance — the as¬ 
sumption that jail] this is 
inevitable, and that those who 

Ministers to be 
questioned over 
loss of £40m at 
private hospital 

By Nigel Williamson. Whitehall correspondent 

stand in the way are just a 
bunch of silly old fuddy- 

Malcolm Rifkind. the De¬ 
fence Secretary, who has been 
tipped as a future Foreign 
Secretary, insisted that Britain 
would not give ground on any 
veto. “That is a very fair 
summary. You do not feel 
comfortable with a Europe if 
you are having to change your 
own law without the consent 
of your own government.” he 

John Edmonds 

rift on 

By Philip Bassett 

LABOUR is hiring fur¬ 
ther conflict with its 
trade union affiliates 
over a national mini¬ 
mum wage. 

Proposes to be put by 
tbe Labour leadership to 
its National Polity Fo¬ 
rum this week are un¬ 
derstood to avoid men¬ 
tioning a specific formu¬ 
la. John Edmonds, 
general secretary of the 
GMB genera] union, 
said yesterday that there 
was a difference be¬ 
tween what the Labour 
leadership wanted and 
the current polity sup¬ 
ported by a range of 
unions, including his 
own and the TGWU 
transport workers. 

Current Labour policy 
is for a minimum wage 
set at half the median 
level of male earnings. 
Conservative Party lead¬ 
ers argue that this cost 
np to two million jobs, 
while Tony Blair is 
maintaining his party’s 
commitment to a mini¬ 
mum wage — but em¬ 
phasising that it must be 
introduced flexibly. 

A COMMONS committee is 
to cross-examine government 
ministers and officials on the 
financial collapse of a show¬ 
piece private hospital after it 
emerged that none of the 
taxpayers' £40 million invest¬ 
ment ’is likely to be returned. 

When the Health Care 
International Hospital on 
Clydebank went into receiver¬ 
ship last November, Ian Lang, 
the Scottish Secretaty. claimed 
the loss to the public would be 
£15 million. However, at a 
meeting with the receivers 
last week, it was revealed that 
the Government was unlikely 
to recoup any of the £415 mil¬ 
lion owed. 

The statement by Arthur 
Andersen showed that the 
hospital had lost £18.8 million 
in die six months to Novem¬ 
ber, and that there were no 
personal guarantees from the 
hospital's American founders. 
None of the money from the 
Abu Dhabi investment agenty 
that took over the business is 
available to pay off creditors. 

The news has increased the 
pressure on Mr Lang, who, 
with his predecessor Malcolm 
Rifkind, endorsed the govern¬ 
ment Funding of the project 
George Robertson, the Shad¬ 
ow Scottish Secretary, said: 
“Putting taxpayers' money 
into a private project of this 
nature was ill conceived and it 
is coming back to haunt the 
Government Ian Lang owes 
the taxpayer an explanation. ” 

The National Audit Office, 
the watchdog of public expen¬ 
diture. is preparing a memo¬ 
randum on the full cost to the 
taxpayer. The all-party Com¬ 
mons Public Accounts Com¬ 
mittee will question Mr Lang 
and officials from the Scottish 
Office later this month. 

The Scottish Office had 
expected to recoup much of its 
investment in the 260-bed 
hospital and 150-room hotel by 
a business plan which envis¬ 
aged the treament of 6.000 

overseas patients a year. Five 
months after the hospital 
opened in June last year, fewer 
than 50 beds were in use. 

Among the questions MPs 
will want answered are: 

□ Why the hospital cost 
£180 million to build, almost 
double the going rate. 

□ What role ministers played 
in pushing through state fund¬ 
ing against professional 

□ Why the Government and 
the Scottish Office failed to 
monitor the investment and 
did not see the disater 

□ How British Aerospace 
came to put E8 million into the 
hospital in return for a defence 
contract with Abu Dhabi, 
whose Government owned 5 
per cent of hospital shares. 

The Government provided 
the hospital with £18 million in 
grants and £9 million in other 
finance. The rest of the debt is 
made up of other state subsi¬ 
dies and unpaid VAT. income 
tax and soda] security bills. 

The Scottish Office said: 
“There is a difference between 
government grants and un¬ 
paid tax. We are waiting to see 
what the audit office says 
about tile overall cost to the 

Lang: endorsed funding 

Queen ‘anxious’ over 
the closure of Barts 

The Queen Is said to have expressed concern about the 
closure of St BartholemeWs Hospital, winch has R*y*P? 
links dating from 1546. She spoke of her regret daring m. 
private conversation with Lesley Rees, tbe Dean of the.'- 
Medical College. 

The discussion, which will be disclosed is a sew 
Royal Bounty-. The Making of a Welfare Monarchy, by 
Frank Prochaska, reportedly took place in 1992 
Buckingham Palace as the Government wan finalising 
closure plans. “£f would be surprising if the Queen wcra»jl, 
concerned about Barts,” said Dr Prochaska. honorary 
research fellow at the Royal HoOoway College. 

Clegg sentence review 

Lee Clegg, 26, the paratrooper jailed for life in 1993 for 
murdering a passenger in a joyriders car in West Belfast. 
will have his sentence reviewed tomorrow’. Hie Northern 
Ireland Life Sentence Renew Board could recommend his 
immediate release on licence from prison. - - - 

Tax on alcohol ‘too low’ 

Taxes on alcohol should be raised at least to equal toe social 
and economic costs caused by excessive drinking across toe 
European Union, a report by toe Instate of Alcohol 
Studies says. It pots toe cost of dealing with problems 
stemming from abase in Europe at over E500 lnflion a year. 

Rare horses released 

Four of die world's oldest breed of Mid horse, which is , 
extinct in its native Mongolia, wffl be released cm a lOft-acre 
rite of special scientific interest -near Farnborough. t 
Hampshire, it is hoped the Przewalsld's horses wQl control 
weeds to allow rare plants and insects to flourish. 

Greysteel inmates moved 

Loyalist terrorists responsible for toe Greysted pub 
massacre have been moved from toe Maze Prison after a 
dispute with other loyalist hmiates. Authorities feared 
trouble after toe four men, with five others, objected to 
doves of peace bring painted over UFF emblems in toejafl. 

Canterbury to charge 

Admission charges start at Canterbury Cathedral today. 
Adults visiting on weekdays will be charged £2 and 
students and children £1 to onset losses. Cathedral officials 
say the move has been forced on them: visitors give an 
average I3p each, despite a sign requesting a £2 donation. 

Jackpot unclaimed 

Nobody won Saturday’s National Lottery jackpot of about 
£8.7 million. Eleven tickets had five numbers phis tire 
bonus number, and win £288349 each. There were 517 
tickets with five numbers (£3341); 40,623 with four (£107) 
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Gardening judge 
pities naive expert 
in cannabis case 

A CHAMPION flower grow¬ 
er, who taught the Dili of 
Edinburgh and Prince of 
Wales to shoot was found 
with a flourishing crop of 
cannabis among Ms prize- 
winning violets. 

Richard Cawthome, 69, 
°nce gamekeeper to the 
Queen’s equerry and deputy 
master of the household, the 
late Lord Plunker, knew what 
the neat rows of plants were 
but was shocked to discover 
they were growing illegally 
He claimed he rented land at 
his nursery to a man who 
assured him he had a govern¬ 
ment licence to grow the drug. 

Cawthome waited s milin g 
from Maidstone Crown Court 
with a conditional discharge 
and a few good-natured com¬ 
ments from the judge, but the 
incident has caused the nurs¬ 
ery's owner, lady Blythe, to 
give him notice to quit 

Tim Robert Wood, far tile 
defence, said: “He has led a 
productive and interesting life. 
He was in the Commandos in 
1943 and is a trained sniper, 
an expert shot He trained 
members of the Royal Family, 
Prince Philip and Prince 
Charles, in shooting. He .be¬ 
came a fur trapper in the 
Canadian Rockies and later 
gamekeeper to Lord Phmket, 
the Queen’s equerry. We are 

By Dominic Kennedy 

not dealing wife some fly-by- 
night here, hut a man of 
substance, it is a strange and 
unusuai case. A man of his age 
should be sitting down enjoy¬ 
ing the fruits of his labour." 
Cawthome was accused of 

producing a controlled drug 

- ■■ ■ - - — ? -- 

be used for the purpose. He 
denied producing cannabis 

and fee charge was left on file. 
but admitted allowing his 
nursery to be used. 

Mark Heywood, for the 
prosecution, told how drug 
squad officers descended cm 
Lower Daltons Nursery in 
Swanfey Village, Kent, in 
June last year and found a 
plastic funnel over seven rows 
erf cannabis plants, irrigated 
by hose pipes. Mr Heywood 
said the partly grown crop 
could have yielded 200,000 
grammes of herbal cannabis 
and been worth as m»rh as 

Cawthome was arrested but 
maintained he was not the 
grower. He claimed he had 
sub-let the land to a man 
called Eugene McEnroe who 
had assured him he had a 
Ministry of Agriculture li¬ 
cence to grow the cannabis. 

Cawthome told Judge 
NeBgan that he grew violas 
and Violettas which he export¬ 
ed to Europe and had won top 

Cawthome: admitted his ] 
cannabis but was amazed to. 

at Royal Horticultural 
shows and the Chelsea 
Flower Show. “1 am supposed 
to be the expert on violas.” he 
said. The judge replied: “Mod¬ 
esty forbids you to say wheth¬ 
er your reputation is correct" 

Cawthome said he did not 
ask to see Mr McEnroe's 
licence and did not have an 
address or telephone number 
for him. “1 lock his word for 
it,” he said. “I did not assist 
wife the plants but he asked 
me a lot about breeding. 1 told 
him feat a government inspec¬ 
tor came hum time to time.” 

Said Judge Neligan: “Some¬ 
times, sitting from day to day 
in these courts, one gets a 
fairly jaundiced view of life. 
Here comes this McEnroe 
man and says, ‘I have got a 
licence to grow cannabis.’ Did 
you believe Mm?” 

Cawthome. of Swanky, 
said that he fed. Now he faces 
eviction from the nursery at 
the end of the year. “I under¬ 
stand Lady Blythe was in¬ 
formed of this offence and her 
lawyers gave me notice;” he 

Judge Neligan, who lists 
gardening as his hobby in 
Who's Who, said: “One 
sometimes comes across 
people who in some fields are 
experts and. Minded by their 
expertise, are naive to a degree 
which is breathtaking. If 1 
conclude feat this is one of 
those cases and what really 
happened is that an elderly 
expert gentleman has been 
taken for a ride, there could 
only be one answer in this 
case. Is a nod as good as 

Telling Cawthome during 
Friday’s hearing that he could 
not disbelieve his story, fee 
judge imposed a conditional 
discharge and ordered him to 
forfeit £80 he had received as 
rent from Mr McEnroe. He 
said. “To think that you will 
commit another offence is so 
unfikefy as to beggar belief” 

Eagle blasted at 
dose range may 
have been tame 

By A Staff Reporter 

Car kills 

By Kathryn Knight 

A FOUR-YEAR-OLD giri who 
was being carried on her 
father's shoulders when he 
was killed by a car was 
thrown dear and suffered only 
cuts and bruises. 

Michael Rossiter, 38. was 
returning home from a park in 
Mars den. Tyne and Wear, on 
Saturday with Ms daughter 
Shannon Price and pet Alsa¬ 
tian when te ran into the road 
after the dog. He was struck 
by a car and catapulted into 
the path of another vehicle, 
which ran him over seconds 
later. He was dead before he 
readied South Tyneside Gen¬ 
eral Hospital 

Police said yesterday that 
fee child probably survived 
because she was being held up 
high. Acting Inspector David 
Ross, of Northumbria Police, 
said: “It looks as though 
Shannon was saved from inju¬ 
ry because she was so high up 
and Mr Rossiter took the 
brunt of the impact instead." 
The dog has not been traced, 
he added. 

M r Rossiter, who was due to 

many Shannon’s mother. 
Deborah Price, 31. in three 
weeks, lived in a flat only 
yards from fee scene. He has 

two other children. 

Ms Price was being com¬ 
forted by relatives yesterday. 

POLICE and the Royal Society 
for the Protection of Birds are 
mystified by the slaughter of a 
golden eagle in the Scottish 

Yesterday, investigations 
began into how and why it 
came to be shot in Glen Ctova, 
Tayside. The adult bird was 
found riddled wife about 30, 
shotgun pellets on the Ckrva 
Estate tty an RSPB warden. 

“It is an appalling thing to 
do.” an RSPB official said. 
•'We believe it was shot at very 
dose range which we find 
strange. Why somebody 
would pretty obviously kill a 
tod and then leave it lying is 
rather puzzling." avid Dick, 
the organisation's investiga¬ 
tion officer, said. 

There is speculation that the 

bird might have been shot 
elsewhere and dumped cat the 
“it was not shot on its 
nest and there is no nest there. 
It was not an obvious place to 
foal a shot eagle,” Mr Dick 

The factor of the neighbour¬ 
ing Airlie Estate is David 
Laird, chairman erf the north¬ 
east region of Scottish Natural 
Heritage. “It is very bizarre. 
The opportunity to get dose 
enough to an eagle to put 30 
pellets in it must be very rare.” 
Mr Laird said. ‘They normal¬ 
ly give humans .a wide berth 

and tins makes one wonder if 
it might have been a tame 
bird. There is no proof fee 
eagle was shot there and there 
must be a suspicion that it 
wasnX" he added. 

Experts do not understand 
why other eagles, which are 
territorial, should have al¬ 
lowed this bird into their area. 
Two local eyries were checked 
and the birds found to be “very 
much alive and in good 

It is fee first reported killing 
of a golden eagle this year and 
tile RSPB, Scottish Natural 
Heritage and the wildlife of¬ 
ficer of Tayside Police are 
working closely together in the 

Although the bird was 
found on Tuesday, it was not 
X-rayed until Friday, when its 
cause of death was disclosed. 
There are a number of ques¬ 
tions to be addressed, not least 
why the killing was done in 
the height of fee breeding 
season," Mr Laird said. 

A number of eagles are 
illegally killed each year wife 
four deaths recorded last year. 
The eagle population in Scot¬ 
land • is 450 known pairs, 
considered to be small for the 
geographical area. “Persecu¬ 
tion is one of the reasons why 
tiusy do not spread to tower 
areas," Mr Dick explained. 

Claire Barnes, right, deliberating on Back Flip by Allen Jones: “1 wouldn’t have it in my garden. In fact it’s about the size of my garden” 

The people’s verdict on the summer hanging 

By JoeJoseph 

THE Rojal Academy’s Summer Exhi¬ 
bition, winch opened yesterday, is art 
fay the people, of the people, for tire 
people. Selection is brutal tins year 
only Ll(8 paintings and sculptures 
pleased fee hanging judges from tire 

11,000 works submitted. 

So did tire choosers choose right on 
the people's behalf? Well, that de¬ 
pends. Eavesdroppers in fee gallery 
yesterday could bear confident Brian 
Sewefl-style verdicts fondly glorifying 
or cursing a painting in two short 
sentences, each containing six adjec¬ 

tives. Or they eonld overhear opin¬ 
ions that fee late Lord Clark might 
not have recognised as art criticism, 
but which Alan Bennett would. 

“1 don't generally tike gold,” said 
one of three women comparing two 
French landscapes by Frederick 
Gore. RA. “but 1 prefer fee one on fee 
left — even though it*s got gold in it 
The bit on the bottom of that one is a 
wishy-washy colour. He could have 
given it a little oomph." 

The gkwy of the Sommer Exhibi¬ 
tion Is that it is not dominated by 
Cork Street regulars: if everyone can 
be an artist then every visitor can 

become a critic. A woman in her late 
forties, after carefully weighing up 
fee strong reds and oranges of fee 
large and convivial dining table that 
dominates Julie Held's Sapper, told 
her husband: “Hazd used to have a 
table that big. Mind you. she never 
used ft. Never used to cook. Not for 
that many people at any rate." 

“That’s a copy of something or 
other.” one setf-confidenl eye said to 
an admiring acolyte. “Yon could turn 
out five of those a week ... Oh. I've 
seen the house in this picture before. 
But why hare they put it under glass? 
1 mean, it’s just been varnished, you 

can tell ... What you need to get a 
work hung in here is a pumpkin or 
melon cot in half, a couple of apples, 
an orange and a couple of kitchen 

lt*s fee unbuttoned mood feat 
makes the summer show so refresh¬ 
ing; more Epsom Derby than Royal 
Ascot “That’s definitely my favourite 
so far.” an elderly man said enthusi¬ 
astically about Mark Shepherd’s 
Fancy Bringing That Thing On The 
Tube. “It’s beautifully painted, it’s got 
humour, and it’s got Christ in ft. On 
tire Tube. With his crucifix.” Brian 
Sewdl would have fainted. 

“Once you understand the basic swing, 
it’s just a matter of adapting it to different situations!' 


Whether it is the proper routeing of 
the full swing, or escaping a deep green- 
side bunker, David Leadbetter has always 
had a unique ability to help golfers 
visualise and master the proper technique. 

His gift as a communicator and his 
adaptability make Leadbetter one of 
golfs most sought-after teachers. His 
student list includes many of the worlds 
top players because, instead of shaping 
the golfer to fit the game, he shapes the 
game to fit the golfer. 

how Td like to see that person play. 
Everything I do works toward that." 

Just how highly the worlds best 
golfers value Leadbetter s advice can be 
judged by the gift he received in 
appreciation from an Open winner: a 
specially-inscribed Rolex Day-Date. 

David Leadbetter can trace many 
parallels between his Rolex and the ideal 
golf swing. “What were looking for is 
reliability and consistency — efficiency if 
you will. And I think my Rolex covers 

tuists take new dictionary 
> task for ‘dreadful’ words 

Concise Oxford 
ietionary is pub- 
xt month amid 
t ft has beco me a 
lang, juritenftnr*. 
al correctness, 
th edition wH* 
7.000 new words, 
i sweep of Amcri- 
kJ terms of pop* 
was condemned 
for its "dreadful 
cessaiy choices, 
incensed by the 
if such words as 
wing agtefld and 
Nozft Ame rican 
md deriving from 
its in yoor pan#} 
Endian for a&er- 

jure seen as a capitulation to 
poetical correctness, defined 
ban as The avoidance of 
forms of expression feat «- 
dude, marginalise of usult 
_l.( minorities”. 



smpecard also irritate- „ 
Michael Pftunbe, vice- 
chairman ot fee Quern’S 
English Society, said fee dic¬ 
tionary should haw a sc ?®" 
rate looseterf sccrioa for 
most new terms. “I deplore 
fee indnaon of some orthese 
new words, many of much I 
feel have been put there on a 
whim. I underatand featim- 
coeraphCTS must note fee 
rfranps feat affect our fan- 
gMgTbot faddish terms 

ocmldbe recorded m a sepa¬ 
rate form. Many are osed by 

young people and amply 

won't stand tire test of time.” 
Headded feat by plating new 
words in fee dictionary, lexi¬ 
cographers were effectively 
legitimising them. 

An Oxford University 
press spokesman said the 
dictionary was not prescrip- 
tire. “The purpose » to 
record language as it is and 
not how people would wish it 
to be. The Concise Oxford 
Dictionary is a document of 
f ni rgrt English and so word 
is included without evidence 
of established current usage," 
fee aid, 'The editors do not 
note value judgments about 

Inclusion is based on a 
search of publications. If a 
word is used in three sepa¬ 
rate publications then ft is 
thought worthy of inclusion. 

For Leadbetter, golf instruction is 
more art than science. “When I first see 
someone,” he says, “I have a vision of 

all these aspects. Its reliable. Its efficient 
It s good-looking. And it does 
the business every time." 


of Geneva 

The Rolex Day-Date Chronometer in 18ct. gold tcith The President bracelet. Also available in iSct. zchite gold or in platinum. 

Only a select group of Jewellers sell Rolex watches- Far the address of your nearest Rolex Jeweller, and for further information on the complete range of Rolex watches, write to: 

The Rolex Wktch Company Limited. 5 Stratford Place. London WIN OER or telephone 01 7 1-629 50n 




Grammar schools accuse Essex County Council of betraying principle 

End of travel concessions 
could cost parents £1,000 

By Ben Preston, education correspondent 

PARENTS will have to pay up 
to £1,000 a year for their 
children to travel to school if 
Essex County Council pro¬ 
ceeds with plans to charge 
new grammar school entrants 
next year. 

Hie council's Education 
Committee will debate next 
Monday whether to cut trans¬ 
port concessions for children 
who live more than three 
miles from their chosen select¬ 
ed school. The final decision is 
expected to be taken by the full 
council, which is controlled by 
a Liberal Democrat and Lab¬ 
our coalition, next month. 

The grammar schools 
believe the proposals mark die 
start of a campaign to end 
selective education in Essex. 
They argue that the changes 
would affect children from 
poorer families hardest and 
effectively break the principle 
of free state education. 

A report of the council *s 
school transport panel ob¬ 
tained by The Times shows 
that the estimated saltings 

have been reduced to £637.000 
over 10 years — El million less 
than expected. Initial esti¬ 
mates of savings made by 
charging far transport to four 
schools in Southend and two 
each in Chelmsford and Col¬ 
chester were last month re¬ 
duced from £1.6 million to £13 
million. Officials accepted that 
some pupils who would have 
gone to grammars would still 
be entitled to free transport to 
their nearest school. 

But of the £13 million, the 
officials calculated, only 
£637,000 would be available 
as saltings to the education 
budget The remainder would 
revert directly to secondary 
schools, most of which have 
opted out of the council's 
control, under the common 
funding that governs school 
finance in Essex. The report 
shows that just E124,000 
would be saved in the first 
year, with the total not 
exoeding £500,000 until the 
next century. 

Bernice McCabe, headmis- 

Lib-Dems deny 
cuts presage 
assault on 
selective system 

■ The majority of Essex councillors 
behind the withdrawal of free transport 
themselves attended independent or 
selective schools. Dominic Kennedy reports 

MOST of the Liberal Demo¬ 
crat and Labour councillors 
who voted (o end free trans¬ 
port for grammar school 
children in one of Britain’s 
biggest education authorities 
went to selective or indepen¬ 
dent schools themselves. 

The majority also allowed 
at least one of their children to 
attend a selective or fee- 
paying school. 

The proposal to withdraw 
free transport from children 
travelling to grammar schools 
in Essex has infuriated local 
people. One councillor, who 
has received 254 letters of 
protest and none in favour, 
said his postbag was typical 

The idea surfaced when 
Essex County Council began 
looking for cuts, supposedly 
to pay for the teachers* pay 
rise. The little-known educa¬ 
tion transport panel which is 
made up of nine councillors 
and a Church representative, 
was asked to look for savings. 

The usual duties of this 
working party involve walk¬ 
ing along busy country lanes 
or through unlit fields to 
decree whether they are dan¬ 
gerous enough that children 
should be given free school 
transport to avoid the perils of 
the journey. 

Essex is a sprawling, rural 
county whose eight grammar 
schools are all concentrated in 
the towns of Southend, Col¬ 
chester and Chelmsford. This 
means that many of the 
county’s brightest children 
face long daily journeys cost¬ 
ing Essex council a total of 
£1.6 million a year. Some 
hamlets are so remote that the 
authority has to provide taxis 
to drive pupils to the nearest 
bos stop. 

If the cuts are approved, 
parents will either nave to 
find the money for rransport 
or send their children to a 


Pupils whose families re¬ 
ceive Income Support or Fam¬ 
ily Credit are the only 
exceptions: they will still get 
free transport. 

The panel debated the poli¬ 
ty behind dosed doors with 
the Liberal Democrats and 
Labour in favour of it while 
the Conservatives voted to 
keep free transport. The rec¬ 
ommendation will be consid¬ 
ered by the education 
committee next Monday. 

The Liberal Democrat 
chairman of the panel is 
Albert Smulian, 74, a busi¬ 
nessman who was educated at 
the independent University 
College School in Hamp¬ 
stead, northwest London. He 
sent both his children to 
selective grammar schools. 
One went on to Cambridge 
University, took a doctorate 
and became a biochemist 

Mr Smulian said: “There 
has been so much said in the 
press, especially a Times lead¬ 
er, that this was a vindictive 
attack on the grammar 
schools. That’s total nonsense 
because the only things we 
can save money on are the 
discretionary services." 

Pat Bolger OBE, 76, a 
Labour councillor and retired 

headmaster, pointed out that 
there had been no alternative 
to selective education when he 
and most of his children were 
educated. However, his youn¬ 
gest went to a comprehensive 
after the system was intro¬ 
duced in the 1960s. 

Rene Morris, 78, a Labour 
leftwinger ami member of the 
Child Poverty Action Group, 
said that her oldest daughter 
had passed the eleven-plus 
and had a grammar-type 
schooling. Her youngest went 
to comprehensive. Mrs Mor¬ 
ris used to dedare a non- 
pecuniary interest when 
Colchester Royal Grammar 
School—one of those affected 
by the proposed cuts — was 
discussed in the cooncfl cham¬ 
ber a younger member of tier 
family was until recently a 
pupD there. 

Edgar Davis, 69, another 
Liberal Democrat was a 
London grammar school boy 
whose dass was evacuated en 
masse during the war to 
Beaumont College where he 
enjoyed the use of the playing 
fields, swimming pool and 
routing. He went on to be¬ 
come headmaster of a com¬ 
prehensive schooL 

Mr Davis's oldest child 
began secondary education at 
a selective school but his other 
children went to compre¬ 
hensive schools. 

Keith White, 45, a liberal 
Democrat who works as a 
translator and who was edu¬ 
cated at a comprehensive, will 
be sending his daughter to a 
grant-maintained compre¬ 
hensive as all Ihe secondary 
schools in his area have opted 
out of local education author¬ 
ity controL 

Joan Lyon MBE. 72, a 
veteran Labour councillor, 
allowed her son to be educat¬ 
ed at Forest a public school, 
and her grandchildren are at 
prep school. 

The vice-chairman of edu¬ 
cation on the bung council is 
Edward Crunden, 63, a 
Liberal Democrat who failed 
his eleven-plus, but whose 
parents, who were not well- 
off, made financial sacrifices 
to pay for him to go to 
grammar schooL He left Col¬ 
chester Royal Grammar 
School aged 16 with a brace of 
O levels. He went on to 
receive a doctorate in science 
and became a high-powered 
education adviser for Unesco 
working abroad while his 
children went to private 
boarding schools. Dr 
Crunden defends the polity of 
withdrawing free transport 
from grammar schools. 

So does the education chair 
man Dock Hardy, 66, a 
Liberal Democrat who attend¬ 
ed a selective school Mr 
Hardy's children passed the 
eleven-plus but be sent them 
to a comprehensive to avoid a 
long journey to grammar 
schooL Mr Hardy died the 
case of one Essex child he says 
takes a taxi three trains and a 
bus to school "You have to 
make your own mind up 
whether a parent is right or 
wrong to inflict that on a 

tress of Chelmsford County 
High School for Girls, said the 
projections showed that the 
an nual savings would be triv¬ 
ial in comparison with those 
the council had hoped for. She 
said: "Ihe question now is 
whether liberal Democrat 
councillors have the political 
courage to admit they acted 
hastily and that the potential 
savings were exaggerated.*’ 

Mrs McCabe said a consult¬ 
ation exercise had shown that 
parents were overwhelmingly 
hostile to the plans. She said 
such strong feelings would not 
go away and she invited the 
council to consult tire parents 
of primary schoolchildren 
who would be directly affected 
by the scheme. 

Derek Hardy, the liberal 
Democrat chairman of the 
Education Committee, said 
his party was not hostile to 
selective schools. He main- 
tamed the transport proposals 
offered worthwhile savings. 

He insisted that the savings 
would total £13 million even 

though half of that sum would 
revert directly to schools and 
be outside the control of the 
Education Committee. He 
said: "We are in the business 
of putting sayings into schools 
and maintaining their pur¬ 
chasing power." 

' Mr Hardy blamed a tough 
local government settlement 
and the Government's refusal 
to fond fully the teachers’ pay 
increase for the financial 
squeeze. That forced his com¬ 
mittee to make “many uncom¬ 
fortable decisions" as it bad to 
find savings of £6.6 million. 

He said: "We are looking at 
all discretionary areas of our 
budget We have already had 
to caned about 2.000 discre¬ 
tionary awards for mature 
studefitTto make an immedi¬ 
ate saving of more than 
£400,000. The youth service, 
adult education as well as our 
flagship policy of nursery 
education are all facing cuts." 

School bos row, page 1 
Education, page 37 




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the times Monday june 51995 

Rural drug-takers 
use tranquillisers 
meant for pigs 

_ _ ouu 

some teenagers are resorting 
to veterinary medicines, h is 
claimed in a report published 

. P 7 * ,a test Home Office sta- 

By Michael Hornsey, countryside correspondent 

where cut grass is stored and 
allowed to ferment before 
being fed to cattle. 

Azaperone is used to calm 

W serau ^ s ? r - Ithasa hypnScSSSid 

is highly hazardous. Use of the 

areas but in Lincol nshir e, 
Gloucestershire. Wiltshire 
and Northamptonshire, the 

monthly magazine Country 
Lmng says. 

Because the supply of con¬ 
ventional “street** drugs, such 
as cannabis, heron and co¬ 
caine, is less reliable in coun¬ 
try areas, drug-users are 
experimenting with * sub¬ 
stances that are more readily 
to hand. TTiese indude 
azaperone, a tranquilliser for 
pigs, ketamine, a veterinary 
anaesthetic and pai nkille r, 
and magic mushrooms, which 
grow wild but which can 
easily be confused with poi¬ 
sonous varieties. There is even 
anecdotal evidence, the maga- 

dnig by teenagers came to 
light last year when someone 
sought advice from a drug 
counselling service in 
Bridlington. Humberside, on 
behalf of a friend who had 
'passed out after taking it 

Alan Dean, of the Social 
Policy Unit at Hull University, 
who has studied rural drug- 
taking. says: “Young people in 
villages are no different from 
young people in cities. Some 
are risk-takers, some are not. 
And if they work on a pig or 
cattle farm, then they have 
access to veterinary products 
instead of street drugs.” 

It is not uncommon, accord¬ 
ing to Mr Dean, for farmers to 
treat themselves with animal 

over grant 

By Jonathan Prynn 

BIRMINGHAM City Council 
was censured by the local 
government ombudsman yes¬ 
terday over the way it distrib¬ 
uted housing grants. The 
criticism centered on the lack 
of information given to appli¬ 
cants for the grants, worth up 
to £20,000 each. Some appli¬ 
cants had to wait up to three 
years while others jumped the 

Jerry White, the ombuds¬ 
man. said the Labour council 
had been guilty of maladmin¬ 
istration. creating “a sense of 
injustice" among applicants. 
The council, the biggest in 
England, operated a two-tier 
grant application system, in¬ 
volving an initial registration 
of interest and a formal appti- 
cation. By missing the regis¬ 
tration phase, applicants who 
knew how the system worked 
could save years of waiting. 

The Labour Party is investi¬ 
gating claims that members in 
the Small Heath ward were 
told by local political leaders 
how to get to the head of the 
queue. It was alleged that out 
of 250 “queue-jumping" appli¬ 
cations. 60 per cent were party 

□ A law brought in to make 
inefficient Labour councils sell 
empty homes has been used 
against the Defence Ministry 
to make it surrender some of 
its 12.000 empty properties. 
The Empty Homes Agency 
exploited the legislation to 
make the ministry sell 142 
properties in Plymouth. 





By Ruth Glbdhtu. 

of Jordan yesterday became 
the first non-Christian to 
preach at Christ Church, Ox¬ 
ford. the institution founded 
by Henry VW. 

Crown Prince Hassan, the 
heir to the Jordanian throne, 
who studied at the college and 
whose daughter is reading 
history there, preached to a 
congregation of 1.000 people. 
He called for tolerance be¬ 
tween Islam. Christianity arid 
Judaism, which share com¬ 
mon roots and aims. 

It was thought to be the first 
sermon by a Muslim in an 
English cathedral, and re¬ 
ceived che support of the 
Dean, the Very Rev John 
Drury and the Bishop of 
Oxford, the Right Rev Richard 
Harries. But the event an¬ 
gered Christian fundamental¬ 
ists. who called for financial 
and legal sanctions and for 
prayer to oppose the event 
The only interruption came 
as Crown Prince Hassan. 
wearing an academic gown, 
began his address. A male 
member of the congregation 
stood up and shouted: “Jesus 
Christ is the only one who can 
reamriJe you with God." 

Before "the sendee one of the 
opponents, the Rev Bruce Gil¬ 
lingham of St dements 
Church, Oxford, said: “It 
would have been better to bear 
a Muslim speaker in a neutral 
venue. A cathedral is a place 
for Christians to preach the 
gospel of Christ" 


Medical briefing 

When a man hai 
to look his best 

Dr Thomas Stuttaford 

. surgeons spend 
of their rime either 
ig bodies ravaged by 
r or malignant disease; 
nrectiag foe grosser 
tes of nature, 
st publicity is gw*® t0 
tic surgery, where 
s are reduced or e»- 
L, faces Efted. baggy 
[ttoothed out or haloing 
recovered. However, 
are more se rious as* 
to aesthetic surgerr 
people's deformities 
qnc* enough emotional 
to affect their health, 
entiv the first NHS 
dons to enlarge penises 
carried out at the Pnn- 
Roval Hospital Hay- 
Heath, West Sussex. 
Eirgeon argued that if 
n were mortified by me 

r their breasts aed were 

sd NHS surgery to cor- 
icffl. it was only reason- 
iar a man who was, for 
ice. too shy to be seen 
3sed in the bedroom or 
tfraid of ridicule to 
c in the sports pavfixon. 
a be grit’ll equal 

landed operation to 
t patient die appear* 

f a larger penis m- 

dhiding the sus¬ 

pensory ligament that sup¬ 
ports the organ, and insert¬ 
ing a flap from the pubis. The 
penis therefore bangs lower, 
is pushed forward and looks 
bigger, although there Is no 
increase in its vobnne. 

As the suspensory ligament 
has been divided the penis is 
less well supported, and so 

when erect may be angled to 

the body in the same way as 
that of an old man's. With 
increasing age. the suspen¬ 
sory ligament becomes less 
elastic and is n ot al ways 
strong enough to support a 
tumid penis. 

After surgery, the patient 
will be happier with Ins 
appearance, but his perfor¬ 
mance in bed will be 

Contrary to popular teach¬ 
ing. Size does matter, but it 
scans that too large can be as 
problematic as too small 
About IS years ago* pro*H 
totes who attended one of the 
largest London gemttwm- 
n£y medical .efimes w*re 
usfced thdr option. Pro^ 
tides, it was thpugtt. would 
not allow emotional involve- 
ment to influence 
Km would have considerable 
Tb<y voted for 

average size. 

medicines for minor ailments 
to avoid the bother of seeing a 
doctor. This “self-medicating 
culture”, he believes, may 
have encouraged the transi¬ 
tion to serious drug-taking. 

At the Cambridge Centre, a 
drugs and alcohol advisory 
centre in Scarborough. North 
Yorkshire, counsellors have 
come across cases of young 
people using ketamine, a pow¬ 
erful animal anaesthetic. In 
humans it causes hallucina¬ 
tions and lowers the heart 
rate, reducing oxygen to the 
brain and muscles. 

Martin Stubbs, a social 
worker at the centre, thinks 
thefts of ketamine occur when 
a vet leaves his car unattended 
while visiting sick animals. 
Unlike many other veterinary 
drugs, ketamine can legally be 
used only by vets and is not 
kept on forms. 

The biggest danger for rural 
drug-takers, the magazines 
says, is the threat of infection 
with the HIV virus through 
sharing hypodermic needles. 


Dying Irish outpost seeks new recruits 


Father Cremin: hard life 

From Nicholas Watt 
on cape clear island 

DRINKING is confined to 
two small pubs, transport is 
limited to dilapidated cars, 
and Ireland’s notorious wea¬ 
ther frequently deprives is¬ 
landers of creature comforts 
from the mainland. 

Despite the drawbacks, 
locals are advertising for 
new families to settle on 
Cape Clear, Ireland's most 
southerly island, off the 
coast of Co Cork. Its popula¬ 
tion has halved in die past £0 
years to 150. and islanders 
fear that unless they reverse 
the decline they will lose 
essential services such as the 
daily ferry to the mainland 
and their primary school. 

Ed Harper blind, he can “sense the beauty", but now has no choice but to leave 

There are just 20 children 
under the age of 14. and the 
school already risks losing 
one of Hs two teachers. 

The Cape Co-Op estimates 
that the threc-mDe-long is¬ 
land needs 200 permanent 
residents to secure services 
and to fend off prying 
bureaucrats from the main¬ 
land eager to cut costs. So, 
spurred by the local priest, 
the Co-op has applied to 

Ireland’s Rural Resettle¬ 
ment Agency to find new 
families to move to the Cape 
Life centres around the 
daily ferry service from Bal¬ 
timore on the Irish main¬ 
land. Almost the entire 
population turns out as the 
boat, laden with post, food 
and. sometimes, cattle docks 
in (he small harbour. Island¬ 
ers. who mostly speak Irish, 
load up their battered cars 

with the goods before trun¬ 
dling off along the island's 
narrow roads. 

Locals arc staunchly 
proud of their island. Ed 
Harper. 46. moved from 
Manchester with his wife in 
1979 after felting in love with 
the island on holiday. He 
has been blind since child¬ 
hood, but can “sense the 
beauty”. He farms goats on a 
bleak hillside, but he will 

fe ... 

join the exodus from the 
island later this year. The ice 
cream business that supple¬ 
ments bis income is viable 
only in the summer. 

His neighbour, John Saw¬ 
yer, 4S, who moved to the 
island with his family from 
Dublin with IS years ago, 
said the island has a special 
magic. “We don't have an art 
gallery here, but if you pick 
up a stone from the walls it 
would be as good as any¬ 
thing in the Tate. We are 
surrounded by art here; you 
just need the wit to see it." 

However. Father Jeremi¬ 
ah Cremin, the island’s 
priest said (hat prospective 
settlers would have to think 
hard before moving from 
the mainlan d. “The island is 
isolated at the best of times," 
he said. “If you can't take the 
rough with the smooth you 
have to leave.” 











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Boundary Commission proposals leave Government facing loss of up to 20 seats 

Changes pitch MPs [ TORY MPS^^MjNISTHRS T °5 J^OTe|S*T G faCCS 

into bitter battle for , some 

new constituencies ! K1 FMSi' incwe 

\ \ •' :v 

Eric Forth n Peter Luff 

Bft James Land ale 

TORY parry chiefs are bracing 
themselves for a summer of 
bitter infighting as MPs 
squabble between ihemseUes 
for new constituencies laid 
down by the Boundary - Com* 

Key seats held by Tory 
minivers and senior MPs are 
set to become marginal or 
even disappear under "the com¬ 
missions' recommendations 
for the next general election. 
Some MPs who are under 
threat will have no difficulty 
being selected for one of the 
newly created constituencies 
or seats vacated by some 27 
Tories who have already an¬ 
nounced that they will stand 

Many other Tories, how¬ 
ever. whose seats are disap¬ 
pearing. will have to fight 
reselection battles with friends 
and colleagues for the chance 
to stay in Parliament. 

Every ten io 15 years, the 
Boundary Commissions for 
England.* Scotland. Northern 
Irefand and Wales redraw 
parliamentary boundaries to 
allow for population shifts. 
Seats with large electorates 
are trimmed or scrapped, 
while smaller seats are topped 
up to about 69.000 voters. 

Michael Howard, the Home 
Secretary, has been consider¬ 
ing the commissioners' re¬ 
ports since April and is 
expected to put the proposals 
before Parliament this week. 
Although the Tories will gain 
a few seats across the country, 
in many areas Tory seats will 
be cut under the Boundary 
Commissions’ recommen¬ 

With too many MPs chasing 
too few seats." many Tories 
expect the battles to be bloody 
when the associations begin 
the selection process after 
“vesting day" — when new- 
local organisations are for¬ 
mally recognised by ihe nat¬ 
ional party. “It's a myth that 
Central Office fixes these 
things." one threatened senior 
minister said. “Every person 
is on their own." 

Dame Angela Rumbold. 
Che deputy party chairman 
who masterminded the Tories’ 
campaign for boundary 
changes, agreed that the 
choice of candidate was a 
matter for the local Tory 
association but denied that 
any MPs would lose out “I 
have plenty of new seats and 
retiring seats to cover people 
who might be in difficulty," 
she said. However, the num¬ 
ber of spare seats will be cui 
by former ministers who are 


Every ten to 15 years, the four Boundary Commissions of 
England. Scotland. Wales and Northern Ireland re-exam¬ 
ine parliamentary constituencies to redress any imbal¬ 
ances caused by movements of population. 

Their aim is to even out the size of constituencies, 
working to a target in England at least of 69<2S1 voters per 
seat However, there is growing concern about the way- 
new- boundaries are drawn up. and later this month aca¬ 
demics psephologists and experts from the political par¬ 
ties will attend a conference at Oxford University to re¬ 
examine the role of the commissions. 

Betty Boothroyd. the Speaker, is chairman of each 
commission, but* the work is done by a deputy chairman, 
normally a High Court judge, and two commissioners, 
who tend to be barristers or senior local government fig¬ 
ures. As such, the commissions are politically neutral. 
However, all a first-past-the-post system axe affect¬ 
ed if political boundaries are redrawn. .As seats take on 
or shed voters, their political make-up alters; constituencies 
that were once safe become marginal or even change 

.After the commissions make their recommendations, 
inquiries are held before independent barristers. The 
Home Secretary then considers the final proposals: al¬ 
though he has the power to modify the report, this is rarely 
done" The report is laid before Parliament as an Order 
in Council, a statutory instrument which M Ps can accept or 
reject but not alter, and the new boundaries come into ef¬ 
fect at the next general election. Some 450 seals are expected 
to be revised. Eight new seats — five in England, two in 
Wales and one in Northern Ireland — will be created. 

looking for seats, including 
Fronds Maude. John Map¬ 
les. and Michael Fallon, who 
lost their seats in 1992. 

.As a result, some MPs will' 
have to fight selection battles 
with colleagues—especially in 
London, where die Tories 
have lost seven seats — 
because the commission has 
been allowed for the first time 
to crass borough boundaries 
to create larger seats. 

David Congdon (Croydon 
NEl will have to compete with 
fellow Tory. Sir Paul 
Beresford. the junior environ¬ 
ment minister, for the new 
Crovdon Central seat. Mr 
Congdon said. “We are both 
very dear that we have gor to 
have a contest. It is 

David EvennetL (Erith and 
Crayford). and Cyril 
Townsend, (Bexleyheath), 
will have to fight over the new 
Bexleyheath and Crayford 
seat southeast of London. “It 
will be a fight between the two 
of us." Mr Evenneti said. “I 
wont challenge anyone else." 

Sir Edward Heath, the 
former Prime Minister and 
MP for the neighbouring seat 
of Old Bexley and Sidcup, has 
made dear that even at the age 
of 79, he will not retire to 
provide one of the MPs with a 
seat. Sir Nicholas Scott 
former Minister for the Dis¬ 
abled and MP for Chelsea, is 
faring a head-to-head battle 

with Dudley Fishburn. (Ken¬ 
sington). when their seats are 
merged to form the new 
Kensington and Chelsea 

Although Sir Nicholas is 
under pressure to resign fol¬ 
lowing his arrest last week 
after being involved in a car 
accident, he made dear before 
the incident that he was not 
going to retire. Norman 
Laraont the former Chancel¬ 
lor. and James Arbuthnot. the 
junior Social Security minis¬ 
ter, have also been tipped to 
stand for what will be one of 
the safest Tory seats in the 

Four Tory seats will be 
squeezed into three in Barnet, 
north London. Sydney Chap¬ 
man (Chipping Barnet). and 
Sir John Gorst (Hendon 
North), appear to be safe. But 
John Marshall whose Hen¬ 
don South seat will disappear, 
faces a contest with Hartley 
Booth (Finchley), for the new 
Finchley and Golders Green 
constituency. “I am too young 
to retire." Mr Marshall said. 

In the West Midlands. Eric 
Forth, the Education Minister 
and MP for Mid Worcester¬ 
shire, could face a strong 
battle from Peter Luff, whose 
neighbouring seat of Worces¬ 
ter goes marginal. Under the 
commission's recommenda¬ 
tions, Mid Worcestershire be¬ 
comes very safe: it sheds some 
Labour-dominated urban 

In Bonhamshire, one 
doesn’t have to hunt 
Mi for valuations. 

You're just a phone call away from a Bonhams valuation. 
There are Bonhams representatives all over the country. 
For a free valuation at home, simply telephone the 
office nearest to you. or call Fiona Paterson-Browue 
t in London on 0171 393 3924. 

South E*urt 
Nirliula*. Mu-cion: 
01273 22 OO 00 

Southern England North WaW 
James RuIn-tip: Marlin llnth: 

01202 7(to S50 

1*1883 4B8 236 01401 641 Hit) 

Border? & Lo»lands of Scotland 
Hugh Cantlie: HlftfiR 213 313 

Bristol & South Vale* 

Churlo .««luard: Ol 17 930 Sh72 

Channel Island* 

Krill) Baker or Graham Ln; 

01481 722 7*H» 

Cuiuliria & Lancashire 
Lur> Selater: 01539 560 ftM 1 * 

Dei on & Cornwall 

Duix-an Chile,iu or Michael Newuiau: 

01404 41 872 

East Anglia (iVurtli) 

Jains, tllsnitii*: 01003 867 171 

East Anglia (South) 

Sarah U>: 01277 214 Hit 


Fiona Pater~on-Browne: 0171 393 3024 

Midland*. Manchester & Cheshire 
John kJiig})!: 0115 *>|7 44 J 4 

North of England 
iieiirieito Graham or 
Aiillium Clii"enHali--Miir>li; 

01h77 424 1I I 

Thame* Valley. Chiltorti*. Oxfordshire. 
The Col-.wold* <& South Midland* 

Andie) In Elite, or Mall lieu Smith: 



wards to the new seat of 
Redditch and takes Tory rural 
wards from Mr Luff's seat. • 

On the South Coast. Gary 
Streeter. MP for Plymouth 
Sutton, could face a challenge 
from Dame Janet Fookes, 
MP for Plymouth Drake. 
Confusingly. Dame Janet’s 
sear is renamed Plymouth 
Surton and becomes marginal 
after taking on some Labour 
urban wards from Mr 
Streeter. His seat is renamed 
South West Devon and takes 
on some rural Tory seats. 

A string of ministers are 
also affected. Nicholas 
Soames. the Armed Forces 
Minister, whose Crawley seat 
loses some key wards and 
moves marginal, could move 
to the safe seat of Horsham, 
following the retirement of Sir 
Peter Hordern. 

Peter Ulley. the Social Sec¬ 
urity Secretary, whose St 
Albans moves marginal, could 
take a look at the new safe seat 
of Hitchen and Harpenden. 
Stephen Dorrell. the Heri¬ 
tage Secretary, whose 
Loughborough seat also be¬ 
comes marginal could head 
for the new and safer 
Charnwood seat. 

In London. Sir George 
Young. Financial Secretary to 
the Treasury, whose Eating 
Acton seat disappears into the 
new Labour seat of Eating, 
Acton and Shepherds Bush, 
could be looking at Maiden¬ 
head. Sir John Wheeler, the 
Northern Ireland minister, 
whose Westminster North 
seat also disappears into the 
new seat of Regent's Park and 
Kensington North, is likely to 
seek re-election elsewhere. Al¬ 
though Peter Brooke's City of 
London and Westminster 
South seat takes some of Sir 
John's wards. Sir John denies 
that he will fight a reselection 
battle with Mr Brooke. "On!)' 
if he retired would 1 go for hjs 
seat." he said. 

In Slough. John Watts, the 
Transport Minister, faces a 
difficult choice. Although his 
seat remains, in effect, un¬ 
changed. his majority is just 
514. The neighbouring-seat of 
Windsor and Maidenhead is 
being split and the Windsor 
rump would be an attractive 
safe seat. However, Michael 
Trend, the sitting MP. could 
choose to stay in Windsor, and 
not Maidenhead, thwarting 
any hopes Mr Watts might 
have. Mr Watts says Ft is his 
intention to stay in Slough 
"until further notice", possibly 
to capitalise on Labour's disar¬ 
ray in the seat over a women- 
onlv shortlist. 

James Arbuthnot the ju- 

Winston ChurchiB } v/rf 

Davytmima i ^ 

. , disappears ■ ~ r ~ 

— . —- o. ------ 

in cities 

. N o w s oot 

Mid-Worc ertO i g h frB 

i Stephen Dor-ruff , • 

] Heritage Secretary^ 
i Loughborough • 
i marginal 

i \ 



Peter Ulley 
Social Security 
St Albans' 

-St©. 1 

: Nicholas Soames 
Armed Forces | 
i Minister ; 

! Crawley j 

; marginal i 

j Hartley Booth} 

New seat 

Flnohtey and.Gokfara Gwan 

: Dudley Fishburn vs Slr hBcK Scott y 

Sir George Youni 
Financial Secretar 
to the Treasury 
Eafing Acton 

;V / X 


Kens i ngton and pwtaaa 

\ ^ • David Evenneti vs 


^ fXjr \ GREATER 

'KUO : 


I James Arbuthnot > ! 
; Junior Social 
Security minister . : 
j Wansiead & • 1 

Woodford , , 

dissapears | 

A I i 5 5 

Norman Lament j ! Sir John Wheeler 
dissapears I. I Westminster North 

New seat < 

Bextoyheaih and Crayfotd f : 

;Slr Paul Beresford vs David Coogdont 

nior Social Security minister, 
says his Wanstead and Wood¬ 
ford seat is divided in three 
parts “like Gaul” Although 
the wards are shared among 
neighbouring constituencies. 
Mr Arbuthnot is unlikely to 
fight for any seals near by, 
and has been tipped for South- 
end. “I don't think it would be 
right for me to be particularly 
choosy." he said. 

Brian Mawhinncy. the 
Transport Secretary, faces 
little change in his Peterbor¬ 
ough seat. But with a majority 

of just 5,000. he could be 
tempted by the new and very 
safe Cambridgeshire North 
West seat. Norman LamonL 
the former Chancellor, whose 
Kingston upon Thames seat 
disappears, is said to be 
looking at two new seats, the 
Vale of York and Tewkesbury. 
Ironically. Jeremy Hanley, 
the Tory forty chairman, 
gains from this as several Tory 
wards are added to his new 
Richmond Park seaL 
In Manchester, Winston 
Churchill's Davyhulme seat 

Croydon Qsrtraf 

disappears. Although it had 
been thought he might try for 
Altrincham and Sate, follow- 
mg the retirement of Sir 
Fergus Montgomery, he has 
not put his name forward. He 
might instead try for Stretford, 
following the departure of 
Labour's Tony UoytL 
Keith Maos's Wyre seat. 
also disappears. However, if. 
the 70-year-old Dame Elaine 
Keflett-Bowman, MP for 
Lancaster, retires, he could try 
for the new Wyre and Lancas¬ 
ter seal. 

ALTHOUGH Labour has 
done rather well our of foe 
Boundary Commissions* re¬ 
forms. keeping the Tare scats 
created down to single figure*, 
irdoes face some losses (James 
Landale writes). 

Birmingham' Sparkbroofc. 
Roy Hattersteys: seat mdB be 
retires at the next efccuvL nio 
be merged with SmaM Heath. 
Roger GodsiffS current seat 
After allegations of malprac¬ 
tice among Labour supporters 
during the selection process, 
the local party has been sus¬ 
pended during an inquiry. 

In Newham, east London, 
four Labour seats are befog 
squeezed into three. Tony 
Banks (Newham North West) 
and Stephen Tim,ms (New¬ 
ham North East) have ban 
selected for new seats, respec¬ 
tively west Ham mid 'East 
Ham. But Ntgd Spearing, 
whose Newham Saudi seat 
disappears, is dhaflengmg 
Mildred Gordon (Bow and 
Poplar) for the new seat of 
Poplar and Canning Town- 

Ms Gordon. 71, who has 
represented the area for eight 
years and doubted her major¬ 
ity at the last election, said she 
did not like having to compere 
with a fellow MP. T respect 
Nigel a great deal” she said. 
"It is an awful situation to be 
put in. Z don't like it one ba." 
One MP said; “It looks Bob 
N igel will be the toser." 

Mike Gapes. MP for Ilford 
South, with a majority cf just 
402, has been resdecred bet 
will have a struggle to retain 
his sear, which remains on a. 
knife-edge under the commis¬ 
sion's rec omm endations. . 

In south London. Tessa 
Jowcfl. MP for Dulwich, has 
been selected for the new seat 
of Dulwich Norwood, which 
takes in John Fraser'S Noe- 
wood seat He now feces a 
head-to-head fight with Keith 
H3I for Streatham. 

Roger Beny has been 
reselected for Bristol Kings- 
wood, which becomes a Tory 
marginal -i- 

Bryan Davies's sear in Old¬ 
ham Central and Royton dis¬ 
appears. as. does Mike 
Watson’s Glasgow Central 

For the Liberal Democrats. 
Malcolm Brace faces a tou^i 
fight for Ins Scottish seat of 
Gordon, which loses some lay 
voters and gains Tory wards. 
“Jr is not a safe Tray seat,"he 
said. “It would properly be 
described as a Tory/iiberal 
Democrat marginal" 

David Alton’S Mossfey Hill 
in Liverpool disappears; he 
could fight again but might 
stand down after 16 years at 

Squabbling left over-confident Tories 
without seats when the music stopped 

LABOUR'S victory in the 
"battle of boundaries” was the 
result of a determined, nation¬ 
ally co-ordinated campaign, 
fought against a Tory party 
hampered by poor central 
direction and squabbling at 
local level. 

When the Boundary Com¬ 
missions began their work in 
1992, the Tories were expected 
to win more than 20 extra 
seats to reflect the population 
shift from Labour-supporting 
urban areas to the Tory 
shires. Now psephologists 
predict that the Tories will get 
between just five and ten extra 
seats, leaving them under- 
represented in the shires. 

New Tory voters who have 
moved to the provinces will be 
soaked up by existing seats 
because not enough new seats 
have been created. National¬ 
ly, it means more voters are 
needed to elect a Tory than a 
Labour MP. Some experts 
believe this imbalance means 
that if both parties won the 
same number of votes. Lab¬ 
our could have as many as 25 
more seals than the Tories. 

Labour has worked hard to 
turn the tables. Strict disci¬ 
pline has meant disputes 
among MPs and constituency 

■ As Tories fought each other for territory 
and members, Labour imposed discipline in 
the ranks and reversed an expected deficit 
of 20 seats, James Landale reports 

parties have been kept to a 
minimum and many inqui¬ 
ries have accepted Labour’s 
proposals. “Potential internal 
problems had generally been 
anticipated and neutralised 
before consensus meetings," 
one Labour memo said. 

The Tories, in contrast 
have suffered from local divi¬ 
sions and a lack of central 
organisation. “There wasn't a 
sense of direction in Central 
Office and bom the then 
chairman. Norman Fowler,” 
one senior Toiy said. The 
belief that 20 new seats would 
be won made some Tory 
associations complacent and 
more prepared to ignore Cen¬ 
tral Office and fight among 
each other for territory and 
membership numbers. The 
number of Tory agents laid 
off to pay for post-1992 elec¬ 
tion debts added to the 

Dame Angela Rumbold, 
deputy Tory party chairman, 

who has run their boundaries 
campaign, condemns the dis¬ 
tribution of seats under the 
new constituencies as "des¬ 
perately out of proportion”, 
but denies there was a lack of 
leadership in the party's cam¬ 
paign. Local associations, she 
says, were given “some very 
determined and well-thoaght 
out leadership and advice". 
She concedes, however, that 
discipline was a great advan¬ 
tage to Labour. “Unlike the 
Labour Party, we cannot im¬ 
pose anything. We simply 
can't tell them what to do. 
whereas the Labour Party 
enforced its view right from 
the beginning," she said, in 
some cases, Tories had been 
their own worst enemies: 
“There were one or two asso¬ 
ciations who didn't help them¬ 
selves at all by fighting on 
their own ground rather than 
following a more measured 
national party line.” 

Not surprisingly. David 

Gardner, the Labour Party 
official who has fought a well 
organised campaign at public 
inquiries up and down the 
country over the past few 
years, denies there is an 
imbalance. “The constituen¬ 
cies are in no way biased 
towards Labour,” he said. 

The chief mechanism 
through which Labour has 
gained is through the manner 
in which the new shire seats 
have been drawn up. Rural 
Tory seats often form what 
are known as “sandwiches": 
two seats which mix Labour- 
dominated urban centres be¬ 
tween two Tory-supporting 
rural areas. However, when 
creating a new seat to allow 
for population growth, the 
Boundary Commissions have 
recognised the need for self- 
standing town constituencies 
and used the urban centre as 
the new seat’s nucleus. 

The outcome is known as a 
“doughnut": say, one safe 
Tory seat and one Tory mar¬ 
ginal surrounding a new Lab¬ 
our, urban stronghold. Hie 
net result is the same number 
of Tory seats as before and a 
Labour gain. Even Mr Gard¬ 
ner accepts this was "certainly 
not unhelpful” 

Rumbold: ran campaign 

Fowler partly to blamie 

Scott report may recall Commons 

By Nigel Williamson, Whitehall correspondent 


make h clear today that his 
report into the axms-to-lraq 
affair could be published dur¬ 
ing this summer's parliamen¬ 
tary recess, leading to calls for 
the Commons to be recalled. 

The judge, who has spent 
more than 2k years investi¬ 
gating what members of the 
Government knew about ille¬ 

gal exports of arms-making 
machinery to Iraq, is angry at 
newspaper stories last week 
that the report will nor be 
published until October. Such 
timing, at the height of the 
party conference season, 
would add to the discomfort 
the Government is certain to 
undergo as a result of the 
report. "We are likely to miss 

Parliament rising in mid-July 
but we will publish it as soon 
as it is ready,” an official said. 
“We are nor saying we will 
wait until the autumn." 

If the report is published 
during the recess. Labour may' 
seek a recall of Parliament. 
The report is known to be 
highly critical of several gov¬ 
ernment ministers. 

JOfferyalid for to 

Al l consultations are by prior appointn 
I |b | A •-ICALL FREE ON 0800 

TO®- Harley Street Hear • 
Hiring Owiww 22 Harley Street, LOf-—- 





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Muti turns pianist to save opera 

La Scala strikers 
ready for act two 


MUSICIANS at La Scala 
threatened further disruption 
yesterday after Riccardo Muti. 
the director, coolly foiled an 
orchestra strike at die Milan 
opera house by accompanying 
singers alone on a piano in a 
production of La Traviata. 

Signor Muti and Tiziana 
Fabbritini. who played Viol¬ 
etta in the Verdi production, 
received a tumultuous ovation 
from the audience, which in¬ 
cluded opera buffs who had 
paid the equivalent of £9.000 
for a box to watch the perfor¬ 
mance on Friday night It was 
the first rendering of La 
Traviata to be staged at La 
Scala in 25 years. 

Sandro Malatesta, a trum¬ 
pet player and the secretary of 
the Independent Federation of 
Entertainment Workers, said 
the 30 union members and 50 
other strikers in the 135-piece 
orchestra had given 48 hours’ 
notice of their action. But 
Carlo Fontana. La Scala* 
director, deckled to call their 
bluff by allowing ticket hold- 

From John Phillips in Rome 

ers to take their seats. When 
Signor Fbntana appeared on 
stage to confirm the strike, 
irate spectators began hurling 
abuse at the musicians, 
screaming "LadrL buffbni, 
atcdateli via tutti " (thieves, 
clowns, sack, the lot of them). 

Signor Muti then proceeded 
to calm and enchant the public 
and singers alike with his 
defiant virtuoso piano recital. 
“On the stage by the piano, I 
felt guided and dragged for¬ 
ward by Muti," said Signora 
Fabbridni. “I felt the excep¬ 
tional nature of the evening; h 
was as if I were breathing with 
Muti. I abandoned myself and 
gave everything. The public 
understood. They applauded 

Alfredo Vargas, the Mexi¬ 
can tenor who sang the part of 
Alfredo, said: The image of 
Italy was at stake. I was truly 
upset by those protests. How¬ 
ever, it ended well. If the 
maestro Muti had not done 
something, I would have come 
out and sung ‘O sole mio ’." 

Signor Muti called for recon¬ 
ciliation between manage¬ 
ment and musicians to 
safeguard the future of the 
opera house. “We all lost; 
there were no winners." he 
said. “It was one of the saddest 
evenings of Italian musical 
life. Last night I did not sleep a 
wink. 1 passed hours and 
hours of profound sadness.” 

Stefano Curd 31. the 
French horn player and union 
spokesman, said the orchestra 
would stage strikes at other 
key dates in La Scala* pro¬ 
gramme, including a perfor¬ 
mance of Falstaff. which 
Signor Muti is hoping to direct 
on Wednesday night, and Les 
Contes d'Hoffmann on July 1. 
unless the musicians are given 
a pay rise. “We are fed up. We 
can’t take any more ... we 
earn less than a plumber or a 
taxi driver,” he said. Musi¬ 
cians at La Scala earn a basic 
net monthly salary of 2.7 
milli on lire (£1.100). 

Leading article; page 19 Riccardo Mud, who swapped baton for keyboard “We all lost; there were no winners” 


h 5 $ vA 





THE times MONDAY JUNE 51995 

Dreams of brave 

new uurupc mu 

to move Britain 

From Charles Bremner in taormina. Sicily 

GIUNLBriti^rtsoiw collated ^ 

with dreams of a brave new group, played ttown the ap - 
Etttope an a Sfcffian hillside proad of the 

Europe an a Skafian hillside 
over the weekend as govern- 
meats started im the machin- 
ery to-shape the European 
Union of the Ztst ccntury. 

David Davis. Minister of 
State at the. Foreign Office, 
laid down a hard British line 
for Europeans gathered in die 
idyllic . surroundings of an 
ancient convent, now a hotel, 
to open preparations fra: next 
year* mter-gcvernmenial re¬ 
view of the Maastricht treaty. 

Mr Davis made it dear to 
colleagues on the new Reflec¬ 
tion Grouplhat Britain would 
appose handing any new pow¬ 
ers to Europe,, and in particu¬ 
lar wouldrefuse to give up the 
veto in favour of tpore. major¬ 
ity voting in new areas. “I told 
them we have to ■ 
get away from 
fee view that • . Vffof 

qualified major- /"Vl-WiA 

3y voting would { * 

be the answer to 1S012 
our problems,"... . 
he sakl. It was Borne Bri 

also far too early coming r 

to m nsidw giv- . isolated i 
mg more say to according 

the - European Laniers, th 

Parliament He pean strafe 

voiced the Gov- many's rul 

eminent’s aard- ianDemoc 

malist 'view of In an intc 

the ‘ Maastricht Der Spie 

revamp, saying zinc, pobli 

“We do not need. HerrLami 

a massive over- Britain w 

haul of the havetochs 

Maastricht on Europe 

structured. and doubt oni 

■ mbfing that only B ritish si 

18 months since be enjoyn 

ratification, tiie budget ret 

peoples of Ear- " 

ope would be 
bewildered by more than a 
modest retuning.. Although 
there was northing especially 
hew in Britain* stance, and 
other countries share its reser¬ 
vations in varying degree, Mr 
Dave* categorical line caused 
surprise because the group is 
not negotiating but only start¬ 
ing to sketch out options for 
tiie mter-govemmental confer¬ 
ence to be held next year. 

With Britain taking an ever 
more defensive approach, 
some European officials 
sounded as if they were wash¬ 
ing their hands of the Maior 
Gov ern ment in the belief that, 
a British election could solve 
their problems, assuming the 
Maastricht review runs into 
mid-1997. Elisabeth Guigou. 
the former French minister 
who represents the European 
Parliament on the group, said 
that efforts to reshape Maas¬ 
tricht should not beheld up by 
British politics. “It* entirely 
Mr Davis* problem. Irs not. 
up to us to get involved id it,” 
she said. A blanket refusal to 
contemplate majority voting 
made a mockery of the quest 
for a common foreign and 
security policy. 

Howevray Werner Hpyer, 

Attack on 

Bonn: Britain is be¬ 
coming increasingly 
isolated in Europe, 
according to " Karl 
Lames*, the top. Euro¬ 
pean strategist of Ger¬ 
many's ruling Christ¬ 
ian Democratic Pasty. 
In an interview with 
Der Spiegel maga¬ 
zine, published today, 
Herr Laniers said that 
Britain would soon 
love to change course 
on Europe and he cast 
doubt on whether the 
B ritish should stifl 
be enjoying afi EU 
budget rebate. 

British junior minister, say¬ 
ing: -He did not turn op here 
to block anything." '. . 

Thanks to history, Bntam* 
qualms about Europe were tito 
constant background theme 
through a weekend which 
started in Messina with a 
salute to the conference there 
in 1955 that gave birth © the 
Common Market. The Gov¬ 
ernment of . Anthony Eden 
dismissed the effort as a waste 
of time. 

Gleefully quoted by every¬ 
one over the weekend was the 
put-down by Russell Breth- 
erton. the trade official sent by 
London as an observer in 1955. 
“1 leave Messina happy 
because even if you continue 
meeting, you 
will not agree. 

k nn Even 

UI* agree, nothing 

- , will result; and 

HOI! even if some¬ 

thing results, it 
lilt is be- will be- a dis- 

creasingty - aster." Douglas 

Europe, Hurd said Brit- 

to Kari ain's approach 

top. Euro- how had noth- 

jst of Ger- ing in common 

og Christ- with its “pai- 

ssftc Party. ■. ronising and 

view with pessimistic" at- 

ef maga- titude of 1955, 

lied today, but the memory 

-ssaid that offered a handy 

old soon contrast at die 

ige course weekend to the 

mdhecast advocates- of 

hdher the another vision- 

Duld stiH ary advance in 

g alt EU Europe rather 

ile.- than the mere 

: tidying-up in 

- preparation for 

enlargement that Britain 

The big-leap school was 
given voice, for example, by 
Suzanna Agnelli, the Italian 
host minister, who said that 
Europe “must above all be a 
political and intellectual ad¬ 
venture*. France* Gaullist 
Government, which is closer 
to Britain than the Mitterrand 
administration when it cranes 
to emphasising sovereignty, 
joined heartOy in the visionary 
appr oach to Europe. “We have 
to be the founding tethers of 
the new Europe.” said Herv6 
de Charette, the Foreign 

But while Britain was cast 
in its usual role of wet blanket, 
its reservations over the dan¬ 
ger of running ahead of public 
opinion were shared even by 
ardent enthusiasts such as 
Spain and Italy. Carlos 
Westendorp. the Spanish 
chairman of the Reflection 
Group, noted that the confer¬ 
ence next year must explain 
every step. “The real discus¬ 
sion is whether there is further 
integration or disintegration 
... in the end, we run the risk 
of having Gruy&re cheese foil 
of boles." 

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British scientists attack 
Chinese ‘eugenics law’ 

BRITISH geneticists have de¬ 
nounced a new Chinese law 
aimed at controlling the num¬ 
ber of disabled children bom. 

The law, which came into 
effect last Thursday, is “an 
undisguised embodiment of 
eugenic prtrraptes". a group of 
the geneticists say in a hater to 
The Times today. Such ideas 


in the West", they say. urging 
die People’s Congress to think 

Under the law, people diag¬ 
nosed with some genetic dis¬ 
eases will not be painitted to 

many unless they agree to be 
sterilised or are given long¬ 
term contraception. the nature 
of which is unspecified. The 
law also implies that parents 
who have had an abnormal 
child may be forced to termi¬ 
nate future pregnancies. 

Professor John Burn of 
Newcastle University, one of 
the signatories of the letter , 
which represents the views of 
the CJhtical Genetics Society, 
says that, as far as he is 
concerned, the new law "cross¬ 
es the Rubicon*, ' adding: 
"There are many positive as¬ 
pects to the law, and I suspect 
that the people who have 
drafted it have done so with 
good will, but at least two 

says Jung 

was fraud 

Prom Ben Maontvre 


■ Jung; “most influential 
of 20 th century" 

By Nigei Hawkes, science editor 


net keeps 
in order 

articles in it wouldn’t pass 
muster, this side of the world. 
We're having none of it" 
Professor Bum says it 
would be premature to talk of 
breaking off professional rela¬ 
tions with China over the 
issue, but that may be consid¬ 
ered in future. "We are hoping 

id engage in dialogue with the 
Chinese,"-be says. "We’d like 
to tiy to make them fomk 

The two Articles in the Law 
on Maternal and Infant 
Hea lth care that concern the 
British geneticists cover pre¬ 
marital check-ups and 
healthcare during a woman’s 

child-bearing years. Article 10 
stales tiiat doctors carrying 
out the premarital check-up 
“shall explain and give raech- 
cal advice to both the male and 
the female who have been 
diagnosed wife certain genetic 
diseases of a serious nature 
which is considered to be 
inapprop ri ate for child-bear¬ 
ing from a medical point of 

Article 16 is vaguer, saying 
that if a doctor suspects tiiat a 
fertile married couple have a 
genetic disease of a serious 
nature, the couple "shall take 
measures in accordance with 
the physician's medical ad¬ 

vice*. Professor Bum and his 
colleagues believe that, taken 
in conjunction with Article 10, 
tills implies an obligation to 
make a prenatal diagnosis 
and possibly end the 

UN history ‘censored’ 

Washington: The editor of an 
official history of the United 
Nations has criticised tire 
volume, saying UN officials 
deman d e d that references to 
Taiwan and the Dalai Lama 
be removed, a report said. 

Jon at han Power, an inter¬ 
national affairs cohnmust 
who compiled A Vision of 
Hope, said UN officials de¬ 
manded more titan 40 cads, 
according to US News and 
World Report The refer¬ 
ences to'Hbc£s spiritual lead- 

Glass war 
in India 

FtadM Coomi Kapoor 


CARL JUNG, a fo und ing 
fatoer of psychoanalysis. falsi¬ 
fied evidence to promote his 
theories, according to a Har¬ 
vard University scholar, who 
claims the Jung family-has 
blocked access to archives 
that would prove the Swiss 
psychologist was a food. 

Richard NoO, 35,; a prize- 
winning academic, alleges 
that Jung was “the most 
influential Bar of toe. 20th 
century*. At stake is not 
merely the repotatan of ar 
renowned Aokto lMt & fed¬ 
erative indu s tr y based on 
Jungian analysis. 

The dispute centres on a 
psychoanalytical case known 
as Solar Phallus Man. In 
1909, one of Jung'S assistants, 
J. J. Honegger, interviewed a 
male patient who reported 
seeing visions of the snn noth 
a phallus. Citing s m rifar im- ; 
ages in the ancient Greek cult 
of the god Mithras, Jung 
seized on the case as proof 
that humanity shares arche¬ 
typal images in its collective 

But Mr Noll says that at the 

time; German publications 

were popularising the mytho¬ 
logy of Mithras. Solar FhaBos 

Man may simply have been 
recalling something that he 
had read. 

In his book The Jong Cult, 
Mr Noll claims tiiat Jung 
falsified dates when pagan 
mythology books were pub¬ 
lished to show that the man 
could not have read iten. 

Proof that Jung Bed crisis 
in Honegger’s notes, copies of 
which are in the library of 
Congress. But the J ung C am a y 
has refused Mr NoB pernris- 

sion to see the archive. 

A WOMAN Untouchable has 
become Grief Minister of Ut¬ 
tar Pradesh, India’s most pop¬ 
ulous state. Mayavati, 42, was 
sworn in .at a ceremony on 
Saturday night that sent shiv¬ 
ers down toe spines of many 
upper-dass Hindus who have 
donrinatedfor centuries in the 
caste-ridden northern state. 

The phtap forma - teacher, 
who was installed in the state 
capital. Lucknow. by Mod Lai 
Vocfl, tix sGovernori pof- 
rahfrierouser who can drawer 
TbeTchmcesr' abuse on those 
who cross her pato. She be- 
Ikvestbai aviojent backlash 

the lower classes in India is 
inevitable after centuries of 

Last year, she created a stir 
when she scoffed at Mahatma 
Gandhi fear bestowing the 
term Hdrijan (the children of 
God) cm the Untouchables. He 
is revered fey older Untouch¬ 
ables for his struggle to | 

enhance their status. 

But the radical younger 
generation and Miss Maya¬ 
vati. who prefer to be cal le d 
Dalits (toe oppressed), accuse 
Gandhi and other congress¬ 
men of encouraging “Unde 
Tom" representatives firam the 
official castes, who constitute 
almost 25 per cent of toe 
population. . 

Ironically, Miss Mayavati, 
who treats traditional Hindu¬ 
ism with disdain, has gained 

^^^tmservative right-wing 
Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party 
(BJP). which has agreed to 
support her minority govern¬ 
ment. In the past, toe BJP. 
which is dominated by the 
upper class, has often been 
derided by leaders of her 
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 
for its policies against the 
lower dosses. 

But the BJP was obviously 

Argentina offers deal 
on Falklands mines 

ARGENTINA is offering £ 
pay for tbe clearance of afi 
remaining land mines in the 
Falklands. Jn return.. Buenos 
Aires is urging Bsitam ffl 
allow a secwvd visit to the 
islands by relatives of ™ 
soldiers buried there after ine 
Falklands Whr in WB2. 

Guido Di Telia-*e Argen¬ 
tine Foreign Minister. vSl pto 
his country's oftf 
Falkland islands fan nff” ; 
laiy Grom daring an ofing 
visit to Britain that 
today. Large JlLS 
islands are maced off because 

irf mines, which art difficult to 

cr and Taiwan were appar¬ 
ently cut in deference to 
Pelting. Mr Power called toe 
excisions ^inteUedoal demis¬ 
ing- and said ibebalMmen 
authors of toe book — due 
out tins summer to mark the 
UN’s fiftieth anniversary — 
withdrew their names. 

He also wrote to Boutros 
Boutros Ghafi, tbe UN Secre¬ 
tary-General, saying tire cots 
“made tire book dishonest". A 
UN official denied there had 
been censorship. (AFP) 

Chen Minzhacg, toe Chi¬ 
nese Health Minister, has said 
that the new law is designed to 
target genetic diseases that 
“may totally or partiaHypre- 
vent toe victim from living- 
independently", in China, this 
might include conditions as 
common as a harelip and cleft 
palate, which often go uncor¬ 
rected because toe parents of 
affected, children cannot afford 
toe operation to cure them. 

Also, children bom with 
disabilities are often aban¬ 
doned by tbeir parents. The 
Government says it would be 
better if such children were 
not bom, but geneticists argue 
that this is impossible. Many 
defects arise spontaneously, 
and everybody carries hidden 
genetic defects that have no 
effect unless they marry some¬ 
body with toe same defect 
Having one disabled child in 
such circumstances does not 
mean toe next will also be 

MjT- V - 

From James Pringle 


4** v -*-v 

Letters, page 19 Thousands gather in Hong Kong last night to mark the Peking massacre anniversary 

THE sixth annivereaiy of the 
brutal crackdown on the pro- 
democracy movement in Ti¬ 
ananmen Square passed 
quietly under tight security 
yesterday- Ike Peking square 
was open to Chinese and for¬ 
eign tourists, but bars and res* 
taurants were banned from 
bolding large gatherings. 

While strict police mea¬ 
sures prevented any serious 
unrest, diplomats say the un¬ 
derlying tensions indicated 
that the ideological battle 
lines have been drawn for the 
era that will follow the death 
of Deng Xiaoping. China's 
frail paramount leader. 

In tire past few weeks, eight 
petitions signed by more than 
100 scientists, intellectuals 
and human rights activists 
have urged President Jiang 
Zemin, who is seeking to 
impose his authority, to reas¬ 
sess what happened in 1989 
and to allow greater freedom. 

Many of those who ordered 
the troops to fire on the pro¬ 
democracy demonstrators, 
killing hundreds of protesters, 
have been eased aside by Mr 
Jiang, although Li Peng is still 
Prime Minister. 




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fatten aback by toe opportu¬ 
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First group of freed British soldiers put celebrations on hold to wait for comrades in captivity 

Families in Wales 
receive the calls 
they longed for 

THROUGHOUT Wales yes¬ 
terday 11 families received the 
iong-distance telephone calls 
far which they had hoped and 
prayed. Their sons arid loved 
ones were alive — freed after 
five days held hostage by the 
Bosnian Serbs. 

In brief but highly emotion¬ 
al calls from the Croatian port 
of Split, the Royal Welch 
Fusiliers assured their fam¬ 
ilies that they were safe and 
well. Each soldier was ada¬ 
mant. however, that celebra¬ 
tions should not begin in 
earnest undl their 22 col¬ 
leagues were also freed. 

■fhe men. who were released 
last Friday, were told by their 
United Nations commanders 
not to give detailed informa¬ 
tion about their time in captiv¬ 
ity in case it endangered the 
lives of the men who are still 
still being held. Those who 
were freed were taken on a 
seven-hour bus journey out of 
Serbian-controlled Bosnia- 
Hereegovina to Novi Sad. 
near Belgrade in Serbia, be¬ 
fore being flown to Split. 

None of the soldiers ap¬ 
peared to know where he had 
been held captive but they said 
they had not been mistreated. 
They were given cigarettes 
and’ spent time playing cards 
and learning chess. 

However, one said he feared 
he was going to be shot after 
he was blindfolded and then 
bundled on to the bus that 

Bv Richard Di ce 


61 thought to 
myself: Shallow 
grave time, here 
we go. 5 

Li Hugh Nightingale 

eventually took him to free¬ 
dom. Lieutenant Hugh Night¬ 
ingale. 23. said: “I thought: 
'Shallow grave rime, here we 

None of the British soldiers 
knew that the Serbs had 
threatened to kill them if Nato 

ai rcrafr struck again. One 
soldier said: “None of us had 
any idea about anything like 
that. They couldn't do enough 

Another said: “We realised 
they were soldiers carrying 
out their orders and we were 
carrying out our orders. Our 
orders were to keep cool. We 
knew all this trouble wasn't 
really between us and them. 
They were just basic soldiers 
like us." 

Early yesterday morning 
Brenda Richardson, a widow, 
picked up the telephone at her 
home near Uanberis. Gwyn¬ 
edd. to hear her son. Stephen. 
31. greet her in Welsh: “Hi 
Mam. Sut VVyr 77? (How are 

Mrs Richardson said later: 
“He was very cheerful and 
said they had been treated all 
right, but he didn't give me 
any details over the phone. All 
I hope now is that the others 
will be released soon. I’m 
thinking of their families, 
because I know exactly what 
they must be going through.” 

Louise Parker. 19. heard 
from her boyfriend Karl 
Frowen, 20. at her home in 
Cardiff. “He sounded really 
well and cheerful, he told me 
he was holding a couple of 
cans of lager in his hands and 
was feeling great. 

“1 must admit 1 was hoping 
he would pop the question and 
ask me to marry him after all 

Kerry Chandler, who received a phone call from her boyfriend, Steven McCabe, early yesterday. She said he sounded “really chirpy” 

Two foil second kidnap attempt 

TWO French soldiers, isolat¬ 
ed for days since their com¬ 
rades were taken hostage, 
foiled a fresh attempt by 
Bosnian Serb soldiers to cap¬ 
ture them yesterday, the Uni¬ 
ted Nations said. ' 

The two non-commissioned 
officers have been happed by 
Serbs at a UN-controlled 
weapons depot at Bare, north 
of Sarajevo, since May 25. 
One destroyed his radio and 
code book, the other hit a Serb 
soldier to avoid capture. 

From Reuter in Sarajevo 

Another 16 French peacekeep¬ 
ers posted there have already 
been taken hostage. 

The two were in separate 
armoured personnel carriers 
at different sections of the 
ammunitions depot and both 
were surrounded by two 
groups of Bosnian Serb 

“At about 11:30 on Sunday 
morning two groups of 10 
Bosnian Serb soldiers arrived 
at Bare and infiltrated the site 
and one group each sur¬ 

rounded the two French 
armoured personnel carri¬ 
ers." Major Guy Vinet. a UN 
official, said. 

“The Serbs asked our 
peacekeepers to come with 
them.” he said. They refused 
to come out and were threat¬ 

Major Vinet said one 
French soldier was still in his 
armoured personnel carrier, 
but stuck without a radio- The 
other was in a sandbagged 

that has happened, but we've 
agreed to wait. He couldn't say 
anvthing about what hap¬ 
pened over there for security 

The 11 soldiers who have 
been freed have agreed to wait 
for the rest before celebrating. 
They are all very close to each 
other, especially after what 
they have been through to¬ 
gether, so it wouldn't be right 
to celebrate yet." 

Fusilier Martin Williams. 
19. called his parents Richard 
and Bernadette in Holyhead. 
Anglesey, from Split. His 
father said: “My wife an¬ 
swered the phone and when 
she heard Martin's voice she 
screamed so loud the whole 
street must have been woken 

Laurence Parry. 20. the 
driver of the armoured Sara¬ 
cen vehicle that crashed after 
he and five colleagues had 
been captured, telephoned his 
mother Hilary at Eryrys. near 
Mold. “He said that he was 
very concerned for the rest of 
the hostages. He also said that 
they were lucky to have es¬ 
caped so lightly from the 

loan Smith. 19. another 
victim of the crash, rang his 
family near Mold at 4am 

A highly powered 

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yesterday. Eric Hesketh. his 
stepfather, said: This is a day 
we won’t forget. It is wonder¬ 
ful news. It answers every¬ 
one's prayers. We only hope 
that the others will be released 
pretty soon now.” 

Christine Mitchell, whose 
wounded son, Steven 
McCabe. 21. was freed, said: 
“We know how the families 

6 He sounded 
really well-1 
must admit I 
was hoping he 
would pop the 
question ? 

still waiting must be feeling. 
Their anguish must be even 
harder, knowing that some of 
the boys have been released 
and worrying about the situa¬ 
tion getting worse." 

Steven’s girlfriend Kerry 
Chandler. 20. of Ely. Cardiff, 
who had an early morning 
call, said: “He sounded really 
chirpy and happy to be free. 
But he was also concerned 

about his mates who are soil 
being held." 

Captain Ed Dawes, speak¬ 
ing at the headquaners of the 
British forces in Split, said the 
11 men were being debriefed 
and given medical examina¬ 
tions over the next three days. 
“At toe end of that, they win be 
rejoining their battalion, obvi- 
ouslv depending on medical 
advice." he said. “They are 
thinking about their family 
and friends back home but 
their thoughts are also with 
their comrades still in 

A spokesman at the home 
base of the Royal Welch 
Fusiliers in Haverfordwest. 
Dyfyd. said: “Everyone here is 
mindful that we still have two- 
thirds of the way to go because 
only 11 soldiers nave been 
released so far. The families 
are bang very resilient and 
giving each other support.” 

Special prayers were said at 
church services across Wales 
yesterday for the early release 
of the 22 Fusiliers still in 
capitivity. The men known to 
have been freed are: Lieuten¬ 
ant Nightingale. Fusiliers 
Frowen, Richardson. Wil¬ 
liams. Party. Smith. David 
Jones. Stephen Richards and 
Steven McCabe. 

im t * 




■ * 

A wounded British soldier is helped on his arrival at 
Zagreb airport after being freed by the Bosnian 
Sobs. The II soldiers were then flown on to Split 

Serbs justify taking of hostages 
as Karadzic fires their resolve 

TO THE West he is a war 
criminal, the architect of “eth¬ 
nic deansing”, a man who 
takes hostages and uses the 
methods of President Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq. 

But Radovan Karadzic was 
in sparkling form at die 
weekend. For two and a half 
hours, (he Bosnian Serb lead¬ 
er railed against the West 
aimed barbs at the regime in 
Belgrade, and occasionally 
had them rolling in the aisles 
during a television phone-in 
aimed at reviving the spirits 
of his mountain people. 

It seems to have worked. 
They emerged from church in 
the Bosnian Serb “wartime 
capital” at Pale in tears over 
their dead yesterday, but sup¬ 
portive of their leaders. 

The morning service in the 
tum-of-the-century Orthodox 
church commemorated the 
deaths of 50 sons of Pale in the 
battle for Zepa three years ago 
this week. 

As men in fatigues and 
women in black sipped slivo- 
vitz and ate bread in the rain- 
sodden churchyard, they 
murmured about the “justice” 
m taking United Nations 
hostages and shooting down a 
Nato FI6. They agreed with 
the freeing of the 126 hostages 
on Friday, but wanted their 
leaders to make sure that no 
more would be released un¬ 
less the UN and Nato prom¬ 
ised not to launch further 

“Why should we release 
them?” asked Lfljana Dukic. 
"We have given a goodwill 
gesture but have nothing in 
return." The Bosnian Serbs 
have reason to be worried. 
Nato bombed the centre of 

Eve-Ann Prentice reports 
from Pale that the people of 
the town , despite fears of 
a prolonged war and fading 
support from Serbia , are 
in no mood to capitulate 

their universe in Pale They 
feel misunderstood and un¬ 
fairly regarded as pariahs of 
the Balkans, and their old 
ally. Serbia, may be about to 
“throw them to die wolves" by 
recognising Bosnia-Herze- 
govina. When the shooting- 
down of the Nato jet was 
announced on Friday, most 
were alarmed at the immedi¬ 
ate prospect of new airstrikes 
and a prolonged war. They 
are tired of the hardship of 
conflict, death notices In the 
market dealing on the black 

Karadzic seen in West 
as a war criminal 

market, and impossible tele¬ 
phone links with the outside 
world. Yet they are in no 
mood to capitulate: 

The psychiatrist in Dr 
Karadzic turned die mood of 
uncertainty to his advantage 
during the phone-in. He was 
the man of light and reason 
one minine; bait on negotiat¬ 
ing an end to the war. and the 
defender of ancient Serb 
lands die next determined 
not to relinquish “even a foot" 
of Serb ground. Territory 
which has been Serbian 
through the centuries should 
stay Serbian,” he declared. 

In the Olympic Hold in 
Pale, fatiguendad men young 
and old lapped it up. back- 
slapping one another at his 
joins, agreeing solemnly with 
every statement of policy. 

“I am calling on Muslims 
in Sarajevo to call us up with 
their questions,” Dr Karadzic 
said. The Muslims are gam¬ 
bling, like the Arabs gambled 
with Jerusalem. Even if this 
war lasts ten years. Serbs will 
stay on Serb territory and 
Muslims on Muslim territory. 
Why don’t they accept that 
fact? Muslim requests for 
more territory are out of 
order. The tragedy of the 
Muslim people is that their 
youngsters are dying for noth¬ 
ing." Apart from possible 

Church destroyed 

Zagreb: A sixth Roman Catho¬ 
lic church was blown up at the 
weekend in Banja Luka, the 
Bosnian Serb-controlled en¬ 
clave, church authorities said. 
They added that the “ethnic 
cleansing" of non-Serbs was 

The authorities said in a 
statement that the explosion of 
a bomb which had been 
placed outside the church 
caused no casualties. The 
building, however, was seri¬ 
ously damaged. 

Five Catholic churches and 
chapels were destroyed last 

month in the enclave in north¬ 
western Bosnia, killing a 
priest and two nuns. Four 
other churches were attacked. 

Mgr Frtmio Komarica, the 
Catholic Bishop of Banja 
Luka, said that, in the past 
week. 15 Croat families in the 
town had been expelled from 
their homes and taken away 
by armed men to ah unknown 
destination. He said he had 
written to Radovan Karadzic, 
the Bosnian Serb leader, ask¬ 
ing him to end the “injustices 
committed by local authori¬ 
ties” against non-Serbs. (AFP) 

Serbian recognition of Bos -1 
nia, there is also a growing 
belief in Pale that President 
Milosevic of Serbia has dis¬ 
cussed a wider peace plan for 
Bosnia with the international 
community and has limited 
the Bosnian Serbs' room for 

- lf the whole world recog¬ 
nises Bosnia, it is worth 
nothing because we don’t 
recognise it," Dr Karadzic 
said. “We don’t think anyone 
has the right to throw us out 
of Yugoslavia. 

“Why can’t the internation- j 
al community accept the na¬ 
ked fact that we didn’t invade 
Bosnia and we should have 
the same rights as Croats and 

Asked about the shooting- 
down of the Nato Flfc the 
Bosnian Serb leader said: “I 
ask this question: what was it 
doing over Bosnian Serb ter¬ 
ritory? Those who are bomb¬ 
ing us are committing crimes 
and even we small people 
have rights in the skies over ■, 
our temtory.” I 

□ Belgrade: Two far-right ; 
deputies opposed to President ■ 
Milosevic's possible recogni¬ 
tion of Bosnia have been . 
jailed for disturbing the 
peace. The fiery leader of 
the Serbian Radical Part} 1 . 
Vojislav Seselj, and five other 
party members were arrested 
on Saturday after scuffles 
with police in which shots 
were fired. Seselj was jailed 
for 20 days. 

The conflict began as Seselj 
prepared to address a crowd 
of about 100 in the centre of 
Gnjilane, in the majority eth¬ 
nic Albanian province of 
Kosovo. (AFP) 




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f THE first six British' JQSmm 

?' jXEJSj? 

': {CWSiiefe 

i ^ ^ gateway to central 
•■' Bosn ^ Qw feree convoys of 
‘ conainw trinte and white 
Land Rovers ended *eir 
n^l^dainous journey at the 
Nat ?'°ns basem Gomfi 

• . Vatoif. a mixed BosnfanrCroal 

town in the valley below 

:• F^Rqgirnent Royal Artillery 
. was unloaded, becoming the 
newest and most potent fire- 

* g*"** <£ the nascent Task 
. Hate Alpha, a battle group 


extra arms 


* .Z'" '■ 

-f ?w 

Offugrs on UpegrouMare 
warned byftie lack of a 
military aim and cohesion 
between the UN and Nato , 
Anthony Loyd writes from 
Gomji Vakuf 

• founded on the 1 st Battalion 
the Devonshire and Dorset 
K^nentinVitez. - 
On the highest point of the 
Makjjen Ridge sits a massive. 
stone fist dominating the area 
for mfles on each side. The fist 
is Tito’s, and commemorates 
die scene of one of his most 
significant .batdes.lh 1943, his 

partisan forces smashed com¬ 
bined Qietaflc, German and 
Ustashi umts in an-'engage-' 
. mentihatwas a turning point 
of the war in Yugoslavia. 

“Perhaps das, too, could be 
; attuning pomt," said Lieuten- 
;anfrCotonel Jeff Cook, com¬ 
mander of the British 
..battalion,- from his Warrior 

fighting vehicle as be watched 
the first vehicles winding into 
view. “I wonder if their shells 
are painted white too?” was 
the more sceptical common of 
another British officer. 

As the Western forces begin 
to pour in. Bosnians are 
asking which way the war will 
turn. Many are pessimistic. 
“We hear 6,000 English sol¬ 
diers are coming, out what 
good will that do?” asked a 
Croat woman who has wit¬ 
nessed the ebb and flow of the 
threeyear war through the 
surrounding hills. 

“Either they will do nothing, 
or the situation will become 
worse for everyone — them 
and us.” The newly arrived 

120 British troops are die first 
of a'tbree-phase deployment to 
Bosnia. They are to be fol¬ 
lowed by 1 a second battery of 
six guns, two Lynx helicopters, 
an engineer squadron and 
further artillery command 

They were sent to bolster the 
UN peacekeeping effort. But 
in the Bosnian mountains, far 
from London and Paris, there 
is confusion and suspicion 
among the UN troops as well 
as the people they are sup¬ 
posed to be protecting. The 
new European force was given 
limited “agreed objectives" in 
Paris. But officers on the 
ground are still worried by 
wltet they see as foe lack of foe 

one tiling military men most 
need: a clear aim. 

“Hie decision to send in 
these men was little more than 
a knee-jerk reaction to denied 
national pride,” said one army 
source. “What do you do with 
an armoured battle group and 
an airmobile brigade who are 
trained and equipped 10 de¬ 
stroy Russian tanks, when 
there is no political will to 
became involved in a serious 
tangle with the Serbs? It could 
be a very dangerous game of 

The rhetoric of the weekend 
seemed only to intensify the 
UN’s predicament On a visit 
to Vitez, General Sir John 
Wilsey. Comm ander-in-Chief 

give UN power 
to call the shots 


7B.DOO , Troops; 
370 . Tanks: 

700 AfHara: 

50000 Troops: 32,000 

8 combat n 47 com bat r Avtano 
flio'gfl ^jj Nroraft_ 

rockotsystsm: so 
Mortars: 900 

racial system* 30 
Mortars: 300 

Tanks 30 

tssss ,w 

rocket systems: 2 
Mortar* 200 

Gtad. O™* 

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Sador Northeast 

troops on 


By Michael Evans, defence correspondent 

THE newiyereafed rapid re¬ 
action force for Bosnia — the 
first of its kind in the history of 
United Nations peacekeeping 
missions — could lead to an 
i ncrea se in -hostile actions 
against the Bosnian Serbs. 

Although the defence minis¬ 
ters from Nato, Roland and 
Sweden agreed at their meet¬ 
ing in Paris on Saturday th at 
the new farce would not have 
an “offensive” mission, the 
clearly defined objective laid. 
down by the 14 countries 
underlined the determination 
to implement the e xisting UN . 
mandate “wifoom backing . 
down”. One of the principal 
weaknesses of the Bosnia mis¬ 
sion so fenr has been the 
vulnerability of die UN troops 
when confronted by obdurate * 
and threatening Serbs. -" and 

sometimes- Muslims and 
Croats. The inter p ret a tion of 
the rules of enga^ernent has 
uften erred on. die side erf 
caution to the extent that the 

the Sobs, have 1 been able to 
seize UN ^ weapons and 
armoured vehicles, hijack 
food and-.Aid supplies and 
detain, or take hostage, UN 
personnel with relative impu- 
nhy. One Ministry‘of Defence 
sourcesaid yesterday: “Ibis is 
Aqw going tp stop.”. 

- While the defence ministers 
in Paris agreed that the rajnd 
reaction force, consisting of 
one setf-supporting British 

multinational brigade, would 1 

THE fighting in former Yugo¬ 
slavia dates back to June 
1991. when the former com¬ 
munist republic broke apart 
with foe unSateral declara¬ 
tions of independence by 
Croatia and Slovenia (Mich¬ 
ael Btnyon writes). The main 

□ Phase Oner SfovgbtirseK 
cedes; Croatia etttactedby 
Serb-dominated.. Ywoete* 
Army. Ethnic Seths declare 
independence of Krc$n^ > T3ft 
of Vukovar to Serbia. - * . 

□ Phase TWo (December 
1991-April 1992): EU media¬ 
tion. Lord Carrington begins 
shuttle diplomacy. EU di¬ 
vided on alms, with Germany 
announcing unflateral recog¬ 
nition of Croatia and Stovenfa 
in December. Referendum on 
Bosnian independence to 
February, boycotted by Bos¬ 
nian Serbs; Muslims -and 
Croats approve, foflowed by 
EU and US recognition in 

April. Fighting breaks out 
□ Phase Three (April-August 
1992): Ethnic cleansing. Serb 
mifitias overwhelm Musfim 
vfllages. Inhabitants driven 
out, Musfim men sent to 
camps, refugees pour into 
Croatia. Sanctions imposed 
on Serbia; London Confe¬ 

rence on Yugoslavia appoints 
Lord Owen as negotiator. 
Camp atrocities prompt cua- 
ory. Bosnian Croats -declare 

. own state and conflict begins 

□ Phase Four jS^femta" 

n&ftf, j^^.^ancaQwen 

* .amis' strike 

Serbs. Contact Group 
.totmect.product plan to 
sp« Bosnia between Serbs 
and new MusfinVCtoat 
federation. Serbia accepts, 
BosntaBSarbs reject 
□Phase Five ' (February 

. 199fMay 1995): /failure of 
peaee-maMhg. Bomb in 
Saretovd market leads, to 
wflharavrad of. heavy weap¬ 
ons. Serbs step up attack on 
Bfoaa Muslims attempt 
breakout, in vain. Serna 
seals border with Bosnian 
Serbs but wffl not recofpfse 
Independent Bosnia. May 
1995, Bosnia truce ends, 
heavy weapons axdusfon 
zone violated tty Bosnian 
Serbs. More Nato afrsMkea; 

operate under the existing 
mandate, the heavily-armed 
reinforcements will ensure 
that it is properly enforced. 

On paper, this means that 
the two senior UN command¬ 
ers who will be in charge offoe 
two brigades. Lieutenant-Gen¬ 
eral Bernard Janvier in Za¬ 
greb and Lieutenant-General 
Rupert Smith in Sarajevo, 
could dispatch dements of the 
rapid reaction force to protect 
the six “safe areas” against 
attack; counter any attempt to 
stop the flow of supplies to UN 
troops, and rescue peacekeep¬ 
er held hostage. 

^However. the UN com- 
manders wOl not be allowed to 
use the 10,000-man rapid reac¬ 
tion force to batter the Serbs. 

: The first rule in peacekeeping. 
is tonegotiaie, not to open fire, 
and this will not change just 
because die frustrated and 
angry West has derided to 
{day tough. 

The Paris meeting repre¬ 
sented a turning point in the 
way the countries which have 
contributed troops to Bosnia 
now expect to enforce the UN 
mandate. The two brigades 
wifi take advantage of the 
flexibility in foe existing rules 
of engagement to impose forir 
wifi on intransigent warlords 
far more than UN command¬ 
ers have felt it prudent to do in 

the past. 

General Smith and General 
Janvier, foe overall command¬ 
er in foe former Yugoslavia, 
will also have the luxury of 
being able to call on two well- 
equipped and highly mobile 
brigades to provide back-up in 
file event of arty future mili¬ 
tary crisis. 

As agreed by the Paris 
meeting, foe Reaction Fbrce 
wifi consist of Britain’s 24 
Airmobile Brigade — at least 
5,500 men — and a multi¬ 
national brigade that will 
include 1,500 French troops 
equipped with armoured per¬ 
sonnel carriers and combat 
helicopters, and foe new Brit¬ 
ish Theatre Reserve Ebroe 
which is already bring formed 
in Vitez. This is based on the 

14 cortHt akenaft 




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From Susan Bell 



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23 combat aircraft 


1 carrier wfch 

B aircraft 







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23^65 troops 

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4^00 psrsonnol 
from 12 countries 








5^00 troops plus 
'5oo In support 

4 j 000 troops to include 
1^00 French troops 

FRANCE announced yester¬ 
day that it was putting an 
extra 4.000 troops on standby 
to go to Bosnia to back up the 
10.000-raan rapid reaction 
force agreed in Paris fay allied 
defence chiefs on Saturday. 

The purpose of the new 
deployments is “to execute 
combat missions, allowing 
foe ‘blue berets' to cany out 
their peace mission.” said 
Charles MOlon. foe French 
Defence Minister. “This is not 
a warfare operation, it is a 

^Frenct?* oBirials said foe 
rapid reaction force would 
have a simplified chain of 
command, allowing the 
troops to retaliate far more 
swiftly than previously. 

In a move welcomed try 
France and Britain, William 
Peny, the US Defence Secre¬ 
tary, offered air support in¬ 
cluding Cobra attack heli¬ 
copters. ACI30 gunships. and 
specialised communications 

24 Gazettes 

36 Puma and Gaattaa 
6 Super (Stoddards (on Foch 

12106 mm 


Plus British Theatre Reserve Force now being 
formed in VRez 


48 Lynx anti-fank and 
hdaidry support 

2,000 troops 

42 Warriors 
12 Scimitars 

12105mm tight gun* 

3 Chieftain 


Plue available from RAF: 
is Pumas 
18 Chinooks 

2 Lynx anti-tank heBcoptars 

be Bmtted to 8 Pumas and B 

To be supported by 1 Dutch mortar company (marines) 
and a mortar locating radar group, plus (dements from 
Canada and New Zealand 

Devonshire and Dorset Regi¬ 
ment, a dozen 105mm light 
guns from 19 Field Regiment 
and Scimitar fight tanks from 
the 9fo-12th Lancers and foe 
Household Cavalry Regiment 
Yesterday the Dutch also 
confirmed that they would 
supply to the multinational 
brigade a Marine mortar com¬ 
pany and a mortar locating 
radar group. Further elements 
from Canada and New Zea¬ 
land are expected to be offered 
this week. The rapid reaction 
force, which will take several 

weeks to deploy to Bosnia and 
has yet to be formally ap¬ 
proved by the UN Security 
Council, has been given a 
number of key objectives. 

The principle ones are: to 
improve operational capab¬ 
ility; to reduce the vulnerabili¬ 
ty of foe UN forces; to regroup 
foe most exposed units m 
isolated areas; to maintain foe 
UN presence in the six “safe 
areas” — Sarajevo, Gorazde. 
Srebrenica, Zepa, Tuzla and 
Bihac — and to guarantee 
freedom of movement and 

supplies into Sarajevo and foe 
other enclaves. 

Another objective is to 
ensure that all tanks and 
artillery pieces are removed 
from the UN heavy weapons 
exclusion zones, with the aim 
of closing down the weapons 
collection points inside foe 
zones. The Serbs have been 
able to remove tanks and guns 

The French proposal of cre¬ 
ating a secure comdor into the 
Bosnian capital has been 

equipment such as satellite 
navigation systems, infra-red 
night sights and artillery- 
locating radar. 

According to M MOlon. the 
new force, based in Bosnia 
and Croatia, will be placed 
under the joint operational 
control of French General 
Bernard Janvier, who leads 
foe United Nations force in 
the former Yugoslavia, and 
Lieutenant-General Rupert 
Smith, the British bead of the 
UN force in Bosnia. Although 
both forces will be under UN 
command, they will wear 
their national uniforms. 

Despite foe growth of An¬ 
glo-French co-operation over 
Bosnia. Britain and Fiance 
did not altogether see eye to 
eye at Saturday's meeting. 
French sources said. The 
French goal of establishing a 
land corridor across Bosnia to 
Sarajevo to channel aid to the 
city was resisted by the Brit¬ 
ish, who do not see it as a 
viable option. Russia, an ally 
of Serbia, was absent from 
Saturday’s meeting. 

Clinton gives in to critics on offer to send US ground forces 

From Ian Bbooie 


: c* St* f? ■}-. >G3*sSar I 

Perry, flying w> Paris for 
Nato ministerial meeting 

IN AN attempt to silence relentless 
criticism. President Clinton has 
sharply limited foe terms of his offer 
to send American ground troops to 
help United Nations peacekeepers 
to move to more defensibleposmans 
in Bosnia. 

just-three days after declaring 
that America should be prepared to 
assist Nato in a “reconfiguration 
and strengtherang" of its forces, Mr 
Clinton used his weekly radio 
address to put forward a far less 
sweeping policy- He said US troops 
would go to the rescue of UN forces 
only in the “remote, highly unlikely 
event” that peacekeepers became 
suanded in a particular area and 

needed help to move to safety. “If a 
UN unit needs an emergency extrac¬ 
tion, we would assist after consult¬ 
ing with Congress. 1 think it is 
highly unlikely that we would be 
asked to do iL” he said 

Mr Clinton had opened foe door 
to a far broader interpretation 
during his earlier speech last week 
at the US Air Fora Academy in 
Colorado, where he spoke of Ameri¬ 
ca’s obligations to Nato and said: “I 
do not believe we can leave them in 
the lurch." That speech was hailed 
in Europe as marking a significant 
change in US policy. 

But ft roused widespread fears 
among the American public and in 

Congress where almost nobody. 
Democrat or Republican, supported 
the President and many were 
strongly critical. Robert Dole, the 
Senate Republican leader, de¬ 
nounced Mr Clinton’s decision as 
“nothing more than a policy of 
reinforcing failure”. 

For two days after foe speech, Mr 
Ointon and his aides tried to justify 
the new policy without mentioning 
that US troops would be used only 
for an emergency evacuation. The 
shift outlined in foe President's 
radio address on Saturday was 
confirmed by TWfiiam Pferry, foe US 
Defence Secretary, as he flew to 
Paris for a meeting of Nato defence 
ministers. “Moving around UN 
forces to reposition them is not part 
of our prqposal,” he said. In the 

Republican response to foe address, 
Benjamin Gilman, chairman of foe 
House International Relations 
Committee, criticised Mr Clinton 
for sending “not a clear and steady 
signal, but foe wavering notes of an 
uncertain trumpet”. The President’s 
foreign policy had been one surprise 
after another, and Bosnia was 
merely foe latest instance where foe 
Administration had leapt before it 
looked, he said. 

Administration officials insisted 
that Mr Clinton was not backtrack¬ 
ing on foe radio, but was simply 
narrowing his policy to make ft 
more specific for an American 
domestic audience. They claimed 
foal his earlier speech had been 
directed more to foe Europeans and 
had bolstered their resolve. Still, 

Anthony Lake, Mr Clinton’s Nat¬ 
ional Security Adviser, while ac¬ 
knowledging that foe speech could 
have beat misunderstood as sug¬ 
gesting foe possible imminent use of 
US troops in combat, added: “We 
think it was misinterpreted." 

The speech was also put together 
in a hurry. Mr Clinton woke on 
Wednesday morning having derid¬ 
ed overnight that America should 
help if asked to support foe move¬ 
ment of peacekeepers from remote 
enclaves to more secure locations in 
Bosnia. The President and Mr Lake 
worked on the speech during foe 
three-hour flight to Colorado on Air 
Force One. The final version was 
typed on board before the aircraft 
landed and was delivered by Mr 
Clinton exactly as written. 


4U rirs - 

UK land Forces, said: “We 
wish to do things by consent, 
but for the moment consent 
has collapsed.” 

Few doubt the need for 
tougher international action in 
dealing with the Serbs. But the 
present chain of UN com¬ 
mand is already so fragment¬ 
ed as to be almost inoperable. 
“There is no military com¬ 
mand here,” said another UN 
officer. “What a British gener¬ 
al may order will be interpret¬ 
ed entirely differently by each 
national contingent And as 
for the UN coordinating with 
Nato, ft just doesn’t work — 
there are too many diverse 
national interests at stake 

Red Cross 
tug hit by 
mine blast 

Colombo: A Red Cross vessel 
carrying 12 people hit a mine 
laid by Tamil Tiger rebels off 
northern Sri Lanka yesterday, 
killing at least one crewman, 
the military said. 

One Indonesian crew mem¬ 
ber was missing, presumed 
dead, and two were Injured in 
the blast The tug. chartered 
by the International Commit¬ 
tee of foe Red Cross for foe 
regular run from Point Pedro 
125 miles down the east coast 
to Trincomalee, had just un¬ 
dergone security checks at the 
northern army-controlled port 
of Kankesanturai, near Jaffna. 

As the vessel pulled out of 
foe port, it hit foe mine, 
blowing a hole in the hull, foe 
military said. All foe other 
crew members were rescued. 
It is not thought that the mine 
had been deliberately planted 
with foe Red Crass vessel as a 
target. (Reuter) 

Russian Army 
Takes rebel base’ 

Moscow: The Russian Army 
claimed to have captured the 
Chechen separatist headquar¬ 
ters town of Vedeno, inflicting 
heavy casualties on fighters 
loyal to General Dzhokhar 
Dudayev (Anatol Li even 
writes). Rebels dismissed foe 
claims, and Western corre¬ 
spondents treated the “vic¬ 
tory” with scepticism. 

The fall of Vedeno would cut 
foe separatists’ remaining ter¬ 
ritory in half. A Russian army 
spokesman said that Vedeno, 
in the foothills of foe 
Caucasus, was captured on 
Sunday after fierce fighting. 

Film shock for 
Dole’s wife 

Washington: The attack by 
Robert Dole, foe Senate ma¬ 
jority leader, on Hollywood’s 
“nightmares of depravity" has 
prompted his wife Elizabeth to 
sell her shares in the Walt 
Disney Company (Ian Brodie 
writes). She discovered that a 
Disney subsidiary distributed 
Priesi. denounced by her hus¬ 
band as part of his pitch for 
conservative votes in his cam¬ 
paign for the Republican pres¬ 
idential nomination. The film 
portrays sexual misconduct by 
Roman Catholic clergy. 

Opposition press 
fights crackdown 

Attempts by President Mub¬ 
arak of Egypt to muzzle the 
opposition press are being 
resisted by three Cairo dailies, 
including Al-Wafd* and four 
weeklies, which have each 
cancelled an edition in protest 
at a new law introduced last 
month (Christopher Walker 
writes). The law imposes pris¬ 
on sentences of five years and 
fines of up to £1.875 for 
“defamation of the state and 
government officials". 

Carlos ‘aide’ 
is extradited 

Sanaa: Yemen has extradited 
to Germany Johannes Wein- 
rich, the alleged right-hand 
man of flich Ramirez S&tchez, 
known as Carlos the Jackal. 
The extradition followed a 
formal request from Germany 
after Wemrich’S arrest in foe 
southern Yemeni city of Aden. 
Germany has issued four 
warrants for his arrest on 
suspicion of involvement in 
terrorist attacks throughout 
Europe. (AFP) 

Strip tease 

Taipei: Hsu Shao-tan. a Tai¬ 
wanese nude dancer who pre¬ 
viously campaigned naked, is 
to run for parliament for a 
third time, but will nor say 
whether as an independent or 
party candidate. (Reuter) 


>71 * 

™ - .f p-p* 'r* ? „ t 

• ... . .ravelling to the Middle East and haven t vet booked vour flight 

WWL don’t uorrv d ) oU rc & ' 

• ta flights a week from Heathrow, Gatwick and Manchester to 

Emirates oftVr n° ™ 

_ , c . r( . bound to find a flight that - with vour busi-schedule. 

Dubai and Abu Dhabt. So you re 

And what’s more, we were voted Best Carrier to the Middle East 1995 bv the readers of 

Executive Travel (the UK's leading authority on business travel). 

Just call Emirates London on 0171 930 3711 or Manchester 0161 437 9007 and discov 

how it feels to fly with an International award winning airline. 



Taa 1 ^ 

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hto^dl Ming, wtfi won! 

” °J aadB ^w3k)a | BSouara.ihe 

2gSSft dl%B NewSto e E * "«* 

SM * -0 "* a &** performance 

thahbff,young European 

the Ones* 
popite dossks tomgm 
«wjfn*n»R John Ireland and B8y 
mbmil mrmnw 

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of dans him abroad 
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CompssfJrfB Kamvynchfl (ram 
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wwft and Quests bon Bartn won Teas 
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Totada Dance Company from Berin and 
«w and Rotate from Amswdam 
taha to the stags at Tha Piaca. Wei 
with catching 

UtanBajH* Rosebery A*. EC1Q 
©171-713 BOOO); Tha Baca, Duke's 
Hoad.WCl (0171-3870031) 

DEMON FOR L1VMG: Leal week of 
patamances tar Rachel Wtosz. Ripen 
Qrawa M Marcus O'Arrow in 
Cowart's rndnagedtrois comedy. Soon 
Mathtas’s eacual rough and tumUe 
awn^wJnrw. da seen at the Donmar 


\w z $M 


Progress of ihe rake foe 
paintings of German artist 
Jorg Immendorff, 
inspired by Hogarth's tale, 
on show at the Barbican 
OPEN: Now 
REVIEW: Tomorrow 


A daHy gidda to arts 


compiled by Kris Anderson 

Qfefgvd. Shritesbury Annua, W1 
©171-184 5005. ToritfB-Sat, 8p* 
mats Thura, 3pm end Sal, 4pm B 


BIRMINGHAM: Tha magnificent 
mezzo CacSa BmM appears unto 
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week. Strom math accolades and 

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©131-212 3333). lortgM. 8pm and Wad 
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con&rues its springtawnmar lour Rayed 
as a modem-day Qompeb- 

tlon, wnha nctwusvtearaa MC [Brian 
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Bogdanov and twittan w Rohm Davies. 
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Street B ©1232 24191ffl. Tonirfl-Sa. 
7.45pm. Next stop, Norwich. Thaatra 
Floyd (S ©1603 630000} 

LEEDS; Last weak lor Smen Beritofl. 

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Manaus Agrippe. 

Qmny. Waal Y crtaHw Playhouse 
(Q113-2442111). Torigh^Fn. 730pm: 
Sat. 8pm-B 

LPCESIBt: Last week too for EddB 
pul-upan hero dt Marlow's Edward L 
power, passion and vfafenoe. 

Hoy cw ria*. Behave Gate (0116-253 
97B7). Mon-Sat, 730pm. 6) 


P ro M eat Gaoiga Rodger Tha 
Retrospective aid JoiglnrnBnctaft The 
Rake's Progress ©171-8384141)... 
Design Hiiwoum Frank Lloyd VMgMte 
Chicago ©171-4076281)... 

Mijsmt Landscapes of Franca: 
Impresstorfcm and Is Rtoata ©71-828 
3144) .. Natarol Salary: Gombrteh 
on Shadows ©m-638 3321)... 
NaSonri Fortran fliriny ThB Hoad 
from 1945; Richard Avadon ©171-306 
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Exhtotnn ©171-438 7438)... Tnlr. 
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Porttotos ©1T1-887 8000)... V ft A: 
Jepenasa SkxSo CreBa ©171-938 


(IS)- inadequate thrOer atari London's 
smat young drug addets, with 
BeaOettr Hurtoy. C. Thonwa HoMfl and 
Joss AcMand. Dbectoi, Herwy Cola. 
Bacfrfc fijOITl-7822020] PtezaG 


talt vtxant tyrm to Na's undertags 
Irom Atexantta Roctavefl. dractv of In 
the Soup- With Rosta Perez and Hawey 

Curzon West End ©171-3891722) 

KMGHT (IQ: Uvdy spsvafl Irom the 
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MGM Ttacsdara B ©171-<34 0031) 

P1»ra (0800 888997) UaWhttoteys® 


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and Julie DelpY wafc and oh In Vienna. 
Asky, andasring flkn born Stackar 
dimeter RttSKlLWdater. 

Oitooa: Kamringtoa ©1428 91468© 
MazzantawB ©1425 81568© 

♦ BOYS Oft THE SIDE (15): 
Unappeakrg women's pKturewkh 
Whoopi Gddbag, May Louise Partar. 
Drew Banytme. HeTOert ftoss dram 
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Re&esHng and quaky romartic lantasy 
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Brando and Faye Onawy. 

MGMs: FUHrore Rood ©171-370 


Gooff Brawn's aanaaMnant of 
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Indicated with Itie ayqibol v) 
on release acrosaj the coontiy 

263© Haymrofcat ©171-8381527) 
Ttacadero B©171-4340031) Nottkig 
HU CoranetB ©171-7)27 67D© 
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Baker Street (0171-935 2772) ua 
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ED WOOO (15): Tim Butnn's 
vicndarfJ biography d Ob bizarre men 
voted the wexlrfs worst fkiHirakar. vvtih 
Johnny Oefto, and Martin Landau os 

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Irish folk daiice, 

Spanish flamenco, Russian 
bravura and a cast of 
100 come to London in 
Riverdance—Hie Show 
OPEN: Now 
REVIEW: Thursday 

AlbertEmshsn and 
Marita Mtgnpe sharea 

OPENS: Wednesday 

Roberto Alagna sings a 

varied oper^ic _ 

Garden recital 
CONCERT: Wednesday 
REVIEW: Friday v 

The biggest rode tour in history hits Europe, reports David Sindair in Sto^gto 


Defying the decades: the four Rolling Stones may have a combined age of204years, tort ten months of global louring haven't slowed them down 

S everal months ago Vir¬ 
gin Records dedared 
foe current Rolling 
Stones marathon to be 
foe “world's biggest-grossing 
rode tour ever," and according 
to foe piom otei Michael Cohl, 
by the time it finishes on 
August 29, foe band wifi have 
played on five continents to at 
least &5 million paying cus¬ 
tomers. Given an average 
ticket price of E25, gross 
takings of £1625 million may 
confidently be predicted, and 
that is before foe lucrative 
menhandising opportunities 
(T-shirts, badges, key-rings, et 
al) are taken into account 
Cohl is in no doubt that this 
is foe biggest tour in foe 
history of popular entertain¬ 
ment “I don't think anyone 
else comes dose. Michael 
Jackson's pattern of touring 
was different He maybe did 
four and a half to five million 
tickets. U2 might do it next 
time; they’re still young after 
all. Pink Floyd could be in the 
same league, but their lour 
was much shorter. They want¬ 
ed to get home a lot quicker." 

With worldwide sales of foe 
Voodoo Lounge album now 
past foe five mUlion mark it 
has evidently been a huge and 
hugely profitable year far foe ' 
Rifling Stones. But seeing foe 
four of them come bounding 
into a press conference in 
Stockholm last Thursday to 
launch foe European (and 
final) leg of their tour, one 
couldn’t help but feel that this 
mammoth undertaking is 
more than just a superWy 
organised exercise in making 

money. Deflecting questions 
from foe European press 
corps with their customary 
brand of jocular arrogance, 
Mick Jagger (51), Keith Rich¬ 
ards (51). Ron Wood (48) and 
Charlie Watts (54) resembled 
the unlikely survivors of some 
ancient warrior dass. 

None of them has gone to 
seed in foe conventional sense. 
Their hairlines, waistlines and 
spindly rock star legs all 
appeared remarkably un¬ 
changed. But their faces 
looked impossibly lined, and 
when the chain-smoking Rich¬ 
ards moved towards foe 
drinks tray it seemed as if all 
his limbs were about to fly off 
in different directions at once. 

Batflescarred veterans they 
may be but if any group could 
be said to have realised foe 
ultimate rock'n'roll dream it is 
the Rolling Stones. Without 
cracking at the seams or losing 
the essence of what made them 
a great act in foe first place. 

they have survived a Journey 
which was literally unimagin¬ 
able when they set out in 1962. 
Because they have bees 
around so long it is easy fa 
take for granted both the scale 
of foe achievement and their 
continuing role as pioneers 
providing covering fire for all 
foe ageing bands — from 
Aerosmifo to R.&M. — earn¬ 
ing up b ehind fo™- As Rich¬ 
ards tedd Railing Stone 
magazine; "Were ifoe : only 
band to make it ibis hr, and if 
we trip and foil, youll blow 
that’s how for it can be taken.”. 

W hat they are up 
against now is 
not foe aggrava¬ 
tions and mistra:. 
lions of fodr youth, or even foe 
creeping boredom induced fay 
their own longevity which 
seemed to undermine foe 
group in foe rmd-Eighties. 
With this tour they have gone 
into battle against foeir very 

mortality; At Stockholm's 
Olympic Stadium on Saturday 
they fired off foe latest volley 
in foe campaign. 

The. Voodoo Lounge show is 
a sensational state-of-the-art 
production which chafes at foe 
limits of what is technically 
feasible. An immense, futuris¬ 
tic set. designed by Mark 
Fisher and Jonathan Park, 
looms above foe stage, its 
shiny TnftHllic turrets and 
walls dominated by a snake- 
like fighting gantry rising to 
292 metres high. A panoply of 
lights, designed by Patrick. 
Woodroffe, flashes and spar¬ 
kles like a swirling arm of the 
Milky Way. Flares and fire¬ 
works ignite and foe huge 
screen in foe middle of foe 
stage relays exotic computer 
graphics along with dose-ups 
of foe band. 

But beating at the heart of 
this technological miracle is a 
group of individuals whose 
resilience now verges on the 

eerie: To seeftichards there at . 
: all seems uhlficdy, but watch¬ 
ing Jagger, thin as a stick 
insect; running from one side 
of foe stage to foe other — an 
incredible 100 metres — dur- 
" mg Brown Sugar, you could 
almost believe a man could fly 

Even so. Time is waiting 
with increasing impatience in 
the wings, and this tour has a 
distinctly valedictory fed to it 
At the Stockholm press confer¬ 
ence foe hapless journalist 
who asked the group if it was 
their last outing found himself 
- heaped wifo derision and 
scor^jfly awarded a “prize T- 
sWif for asking the most 
original question of foe day. 
But they will not mount 
another tour like this. 

After a shaky start in Ameri¬ 
ca last August; foe Voodoo 
Lounge-tour has.taken on an 
unstoppable momentum. It 
has visited locations foe band 
_ had never played before — in 
South America and South 
Africa — and gone to territo¬ 
ries such, as Australia and 
New Zealand which they 
. hadn’t played for 20 years or 
more. It has taken than from 
foe 1%000-caparity Mara- 
~ carta Stadium in^Wo de Janei¬ 
ro to foe 700-capadty Paradiso 
Chib in Amsterdam. And after 
they have played their three 
nights at Wembley Stadium 
next month (July 11,15,16) they 
are planning a “surprise" gig 
at London's Brixton Academy. 

“It* the Everest principle.” 
says Mark Fisher, “combined 
with a feeling that if they 
didn't do it now they might die 
having never done it" 

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Bertolt Brecht’s 
g^onkljoics and Kurt 

111 ^ 

^ City of Mahagonny 
OPENS: Thursday 
REVIEW: Monday 

■ POP 

The self-styled king of 
romance makes a rare 
London appearance as 
Engelbert Hump er din ck 
plays the Albert Hall 
GIG: Thursday 
REVIEW: Monday 


Bad guy Nicolas Cage 
locks horns with ex-convict 
David Caruso in the 
new Hollywood thriller. 
Kiss of Death 

OPENS: Friday 
REVIEW: Thursday 


Last seduction in Paris: 
Anita Brookner explores 
love and loss in her 
latest novel Incidents in 
Rue Laugier 

REVIEW: Thursday 

ARTS 15 



HjE ATRE: Gender-bending Shakespeare at the National with Fiona Shaw; and (below) a tale Told By An Idiot 

A verv feminine 

A fter colour-blind casting, they 
whld ? people now overt 
ac **pt, W gender-hazy favor 
performance the next • o h<vi 
step? flora moment the mind fills Sea 
with panicky images: the Magee In; 
SraiA Falstaff, the Nkxfl W fflSm. 
son Desdemona, toe Raquel Welch to sin 
Titus Andronkus. But Fiona. plexil 
Shaw's Richard II demands no scs, 
sudi suspension of disbelief nor is perse 
it Ukely to be the thin end of a great some 
jwdge of radical feminists with ''anyti 
beards. The performance has its -zJSfyta 
oddities, but they have more to do: wide 
with the actress’s interpretation. 
than her sex. ... v 7 ~” 

After all. we have seen As Yoil * 

Like It with grown men in the r * 
female roles. Sinularty, Hamlet has - : 7 . - 
often enough been played by .. —^ h r 
women, most famously fay a Sarah V 
Bernhardt whom Max 
unkindly dubbed Iris'. grapde ;audae 
dame". It would. I think;; sffl be pftta 
difficult to swallow a wcinan~ as'’- 
Henry VIII, Lear, or ooe of 
princes who fizz with, Jama 

and facial hair. But ft fa anooier: :^s Thi 
matter with diametersWte^ftasier ipfeia 
vvliat Jungians wQtddxaRaLStnoag. i 
feminine side to their psyches: a round 
Hamlet a Henry VL aRkfiardlL ' finds: 

The early stages ef Deborah pcebe 
Warners production left ipe won- with 1 
dering if Slows RjcfewT was ’scan - 
meant to be homo or at least which 
bisexual He scans momentarily is sh 
attracted to David Thrdfafl’s Bo- eager 
lingbroke. whom he pats, strokes est j 
and. not long before pronouncing Aume 
his banishment, gives a smacking stand 
kiss on the lips. And Graham and ft 
Crowden’s Gaunt co n ttaapt u austy - soser 
manhandles Shaw in the same kids 
way, as if to accuse Richard of other; 
effeminacy. But these boats lead malm 
nowhere very definite, nor should er for 

they do so. Only if one takes 
overiiteraliy a line about the king's 
favourites*‘dmjreing , ’hftn from his 
queen is his sexuality an issue in 
the original play. 

In any ease; to categorise Shaw’s 
Ri chard as “homosexual” would be 
to simpiily tfaeperfomance’s com¬ 
plexities and miss its true empha¬ 
ses, Her king is a man-child, 
personally unformed and, you 
sometimes feel unfitted to rule 
" anything larger, or older than Rnyl 
rBfytcxfs famous Five. That is 
. "evident the moment he enters die 

Richard II 


True, infantalism is not 
unerring or permanent Shaw 

ty before an abdication scene in 
which she erratically veers between 

^^^^a^tojetBridor, flanked by an 
pews, into which the 
.Gqfteslaehas been transformed. 

sfcorfSack hakvthtfbody- 
janguagedfflidda, awkward. 

^s lmsTSdiard is less die delicate 
spSh ce thrust into a butch world 
ffiap an emotional 11-year-old sur¬ 
rounded by adults he variously 
finds like, intimidating and incom- 
poehensthfe. He seems pleased 
with himself to the point of narris- 
'ssm —witness the troy mirror into 
which he intermittently peers—yet 
is simultaneously insecure and 
eager for reassurance. He is happi¬ 
est playing horsey-horsey with 
Aumerle, and simply cannot under¬ 
stood why the likes of Bolingbroke 
and Mowbray take their quarrels 
soseriousty.In his sandpit cosmos 
kids Trri gftt yell and py nc h earh 
otiSer; but they would end by 
making up and going home togeth¬ 
er fra-tea. 

diving for protection onto Unde 
York'S lap and slapping the usurp¬ 
ing Bolingbroke on the bottom 
between gasps. She also plays the 
prison scene beautifully, injecting 
new understanding and regret into 
“I wasted time and now doth time 
waste me”. On the brink erf death. 
Richard is growing up. 

But toe performance, daring and 
fascinating though it is. pushes a 
defensible reading a mile or so too 
far. The grace and wit that Shake¬ 
speare gave Richard, the class and 
lustre even his enemies attribute to 
him. are almost entirety missing. 
Moreover, the play's core question, 
which is whether and at what point 
a divinely sanctioned king can be 
deposed, loses its subtitty. A ruler 
who sits and sudts his thumb when 
troublesthreaten should not mere¬ 
ly lose his job bat be sent back to 
toe nursery. As Beerbohm might 
have said, trts petite fine. 

Despite this imbalance at the 
centre, Warner's revival is strong, 
clear, and, notwithstanding a run¬ 
ning time of nearty four hours, 
entirety gripping. Nor is there a 
weak supporting performance. 
Thrdfall is a cool incisive Boling¬ 
broke, as natural a ruler as Shaw is 
an unnatural one; Crowden is a 
passionately patriotic Gaunt; and 
Michael Bryant's perplexed York 
and JBsda Dionisotti’s fierce 
Yorkess ensure that the long last 
act does not outstay its welcome. 





Daring and fascinating portrayal: Fiona Shaw as King Richard II in Deborah Warner's new production 

Gypsies, tramps and thieves 

Feeding time: Paul Hunter as toe greasy, callous Maximo and 
Hayley Carmichael as toe savage, ifistressedchfld-tart Lovely 

ON TOP farm. Ibid By An Idiot 
(formerly the John Wright Com¬ 
pany) produces truly extraordinary 
physical theatre. On the Verge of 
Exploding . its previous piece, beau¬ 
tifully combined downing with toe 
profoundly touching. Pm So Big, 
inspired by Rusterik&’s film The 
Time of the Gypsies, is a tale of two 
brothers — short greasy Maximo 
(Paul Hunter) and Soppily tall 
Fredo (Javier Manan) — and of 
Lovely (Hayley Carmichael), the 
savage, distressed child-tart whom 
they chain to their trailer. 

Tm So Big, directed by Wright, 
again brings together broad cora- 

BAC, Battersea 

edy. brutal violence and gentle 
sweetness, but the show has a long 
way to go yet At this stage in the 
creative process, Told By An Idiot 
has not fathomed how to structure 
the story intelligently. Early scenes, 
introducing us to Fredo's grand¬ 
mother. prove oddly irrelevant 
Carmichael, briefly doubling as the 
old baggage, stumps funnily down 
toe aisle wielding her legs like 
short woolly tree trunks, begging 

us for hard currency in a preposter¬ 
ously wheedling Romanian accent 
But this merely stalls the main 
story of Lovely, whom Maximo 
callously sells to passers-by while 
she and Fredo develop a desperate 
tenderness for each other. 

The disappointing double act of 
the brothers, with thin improvised 
dialogue, needs editing, while ma¬ 
jor plot twists are too sudden. 
Hunter is horribly sleazy with his 
polyester suit and greasy locks. His 
slapstick is neat but he over¬ 
indulges in silliness, while his 
switches into drunken aggression 
do not cut deep. 

Pan of Told By An Idiot's charm 
is its witty embrace of toe audience. 
Carmichael throws us ironic 
glances as scenes spiral into insan¬ 
ity. Marram meant to be filling a 
hiatus with an animated mono¬ 
logue. deliberately bores us to 
tears. These two also have a 
wonderful chemistry. The zany, 
innocent seduction scene is exqui¬ 
site. Carmichael's Lovely, both 
vicious as a mad dog and vulnera¬ 
ble as a damaged child, once more 
proves herself a painfully good 

Kate Bassett 

Actress in 

EILEEN ATKINS is being paged 
to return to toe National Theatre 
for the first time since her award- 
winning performance in Richard 
Eyre’s production of The Night of 
the Iguana. She would return to 
star in Ibsen’s John Gabriel 
Borkman . opposite none other than 
Paul Scofield. If it happens, toe 
staging would have to wait a year 
or so until Atkins has completed 
her current eight-month contract 
on Broadway in Indiscretions. 
That, in turn, is due to be followed 
immediately by an American tour, 
opposite Vanessa Redgrave, in 
their recent off-Broadway two- 
hander, Vita and Virginia. 
Borkman, meanwhile, has its own 
illustrious NT pedigree: it last 
played the South Bank 20 years ago 
with Ralph Richardson and Peggy 
Ashcroft in toe cast. 

• ON TOUR in Britain until July S 
and with an Albert Hall concert on 
June 30, toe much-hyped violin 
prodigy Vanessa-Mae will this 
week be inducted into the “Wall of 
Hands” display at toe Rock Circus 
in London's Piccadilly, “lrs an 
honour to join many of toe stars 
I've admired since a small school¬ 
girl ," says toe 16-year-old. “Mich¬ 
ael Jackson and Phil Collins are 
just as important to music as 
Beethoven and Mozart 1 listen to 
them all ” Just as we suspected. 

• LONDON RECORDS is about 
to reissue its entire catalogue of IS 
Rolling Stones albums, digitally 
remastered and repackaged, and in 
some cases never before available 
in toe UK. Tides indude toe 1964 
debut England’s Newest Hit- 
makers, 12x5, Let It Bleed and toe 
live Get Your Ya Ya's Out. plus six 
compilations — among them The 
Singles Collection: The London 
Years, a 59-track triple CD. 

• LEST toe West End seem to have 
nothing on its mind beyond brassy 
— and often brainless — musicals, 
two straight play transfers are 
posed to give the summer season a 
lift. Taking Sides, Ronald 
Harwood’s new play about con¬ 
ductor Wilhelm Furtwangler, is 
expected to follow The Duchess of 
Malfi into Wyndham’s; its Chich¬ 
ester stars Danid Massey and 
Michael Pennington remain 
under Harold Pinter's direction. 
Expected at the Haymarket is 
Burning Blue, a play about gays in 
the military by the American writer 
D.M.W. Greer, a sell-out this 
spring at toe King's Head; Sunset 
Boulevard ?s John Napier has 
signed on as designer to lend toe 
play a West End sheen. Looking for 
a West End perch further along is 
Jonathan Lewis's anti-war drama 
Our Beys, which is expected to run 
in repertory with a play still to be 

CONCERTS: Barry Millington on the Vienna Philharmonic’s Mozart and the RPO’s Mahler I (Jq tll6 SflOW 

Less than a revelation 

U.’ M 



M ozart always has 
been a favourite 
calling-card of the 
■s'. Vienna Philharmonic Orches¬ 
tra. But it can be a double- 
edged sword In the third 
London concert of the current 
European series, this most 
venerable of. institutions, 
under toe direction of Seiji 
Ozawa, offered MazarfS/ffpr- 
ter Symphony, aloo^ide 
Berlioz's Wavertey Overture 
and Prokofiev'S Romeo and 
Juliet Suite. 

One does not have to be a 
purist to discern the problems 

:_v ’ . of presenting a figure as iconic 

Z.*Z as Mozart within a tradfocn 
-* *" established over two centuries. 

■; There have been more sugary, 

more reverential perfor- 

Festival Hall 

nances of Mozart — some of 
toon given by the VPO them¬ 
selves — than tins under 
Ozawa. But given the textural 
clarity and rhythmic indsrve- 
ness of toe specialists in this 
repertoire, it was less than a 
revelation. Having said that, 
the Meouetto went with an 
attractive waltz-like swing. 

The Andante cantabfle too was 
kept on the move, proje ctin g a 
r eal gag in g quality through 
the wreathes of demi- 
semiquaver decoratio n- 
It was Prokofiev, however, 
that inspired conductor and 

orchestra to produce some¬ 
thing out of the ordinary. In 
the portrayal of the rival 
Montagues and Capulets 
there was a palpable lift; a 
raising of the temperature as 
tize musicians responded to 
those tfariHingty expansive 
lines. Thai emotional release 
was mirrored in a wrenching 
“Romeo at toe grave of Juliet" 
near toe aid, while in between 
there was plenty of passion too 
in “Romeo arid JuKet", and 
virtuoso ensemble work in the 
“Death of Tybalt". But what 
was this in the “Dance with 
mandolins*? A woman among 
toe four mandolinists? Surety 
Vienna must be short of toe 
breed to allow such a breadr of 
a sacred tradition. 

right here 


by joe orton 

Conductor Seiji Ozawa: inspired most by the Prokofiev 

centenary season 

Telephone booking and 
personal booking iwi 
now open ySjjl 

0171-589 8212 * 

Ticket Shop open 9am~9pm 
seven days a week 

Proms Qulde an sale from 
booksellers and newsagents 

Easy ride for the Reaper 

WITH the memories of Mah¬ 
ler played by the Berlin Phil¬ 
harmonic under Claudio 
Abbado still vivid from a 
fonmgbt ago, toe Royal Phil¬ 
harmonic Orchestra and Vale¬ 
ry Gergiev would have needed 
to pull something very special 
out of the bag to be in toe same 
league on Wednesday night 
But toe symphony was Mah¬ 
ler's Sixth, which means that 
another unforgettable Festival 
Hall event comes into the 
reckoning: Klaus TennstedTS 
devastating account with toe 
London Mhannonic in Nov¬ 
ember 1991 (about to be issued 
on CD). 

Ten nst ed r s personal rir- 
cumstances .have given him 
unique insights into this unre¬ 
mittingly Weak symphonic 
representation of Mahlers ob¬ 
session with death. But even if 
one could scarcely hope for a 
replication of that perfor¬ 
mance. me fe surety entitled to 
expect a moderately grim en- 

Festival Hall 

actment of the life-and~death 
struggle so vividly set forth in 
tile first movement 

The latter is one of Mahlerts 
dark, foreboding marches: not 
a trace of self-pity, but a 
raging against the arbitrary 
cruelty of mortality- In 
Gergiev’s hands, the march 
was brisk and businesslike: 
full of noisy vigour, even 
exhilarating, but hardly _ a 
pitched battle with the Grim 

Reaper. At tois tempo, too. toe 
grotesque elements wait for 
little, as tod toe gracious 
subsidiary theme associated 
with toe composer’s wife, 
Alma. A more flexible and 
creative approach to the tempo 
markings is called for here. 

The Scherzo, which , fol¬ 
lowed (its plac&g remains a 
matter of contro v ersy), set off 

similarly in furious fashion, 
but Gergiev seemed unable to 
coax the right sort of colouring 
from the orchestra. More sat¬ 
isfactory was the Andante 
moderate, whose long lines 
eventually generated some 
heartfelt passion. The finale 
had something of the requisite 
air of desperation — a defiant 
final fling before the light is 
extinguished. The fatal ham¬ 
mer blows and the convulsive 
last gasp were chilling. Yet it 
was not enough. Gergiev is 
highly regarded, and rightly 
so, in the Russian repertoire, 
.but he has yet to find an 
authentic Mahlerian voice. 

It would be nice to be able to 
say that the preceding Mozart 
symphony. No 40 in G minor, 
made amends. Unfortunately 
it was severely compromised 
fay the RPC’S sloppy, lacklus¬ 
tre playing, while Gergiev's 
old-fashioned approach of¬ 
fered little more man a half 
decent nm-through. 

ON THE very wise principle 
that if you do not start some¬ 
time, then you will never start 
at afl, the new chamber opera 
house in Spitalfields has flung 
its doors open to the public in 
an unfinished stale. A plain 
box has been erected in two 
bays of toe old market; there is 
an auditorium seating 500 in 
tolerable comfort; the steps to 
reach it are temporary; toe 
smell of fresh plaster is rather 
invigorating: an orchestra pit 
holding 40 and a raised stage 
(but not. sadly, flying space) 
are to follow, depending—like 
everything else in the arts 
world — on toe wretched 
National Lottery. 

The house has been playing 
host since mid-May to existing 
shows given by assorted 
fringe groups. The home com¬ 
pany, Spitalfields Market Op¬ 
era, mounted its inaugural 
production last week, a double 
bill of Salieri's Frima la 
musica, poi le parole and 
MozarfS Der Schauspiel- 
direktor, which demonstrates 
with more clarity—and in Jess 
time — than Peter Shaffers 
Amadeus the difference be¬ 
tween talent (modest) and 
genius (blazing). Both deal 
with backstage operatic she¬ 
nanigans; toe Salieri passes 
toe time pleasantly enough, 
but the Mozart is — or should 
be—very funny indeed. 

In one vital respect SMO 
had got its priorities right 
musical values under the 
bright young conductor Jona¬ 
than TDbrook were more than 
just commendable. His re- 
orchestrations for a band of 
nine — string quartet, bass 
and four wind — were well 
managed, and the youthful 
players delivered the goods 
with spirit and musicianship. 
The singers, of varying levels 
of attainment, had been well 

Prima la musica/ 
Spitalfields Market 

prepared. Musically. Thurs¬ 
day's performance was enor¬ 
mously likeable. 

But lade of funds shows 
dearly in other directions. 
SMO obviously cannot afford 
a proper producer; the compa¬ 
ny's artistic director, Philip 
Parr, has perforce to fulfil that 
function. This was village-hall 
stuff, with direction barely 
rising above funny walks and 
face-pulling. Costumes and 
make-up were amateurish, 
sets (Philip Rawstome) and 
lighting (David Price) spare 
and elegant 

TDbrook could well have 
been spared the embarrass¬ 
ment of being made to take a 
long speaking role in toe 
Mozart and toe notion of 
expanding the dialogue to 
provide a showcase for Fenella 
Fielding was of dubious value 
When the music came back a 
good 25 minutes after toe 
overture, toe performance fi¬ 
nally got off toe ground. 

Jane Streeton was a spry 
Mile Silberklang (and a 
charming soubrette in the 
Salieri), and Toni Nunn 
skipped fearlessly, if not al¬ 
ways mellifluousty, above toe 
stave as Mme Herz. Jenevora 
Williams did nicely as both 
soubrette (Mozart} and prima 
donna (Salieri). If SMO can 
jack dramatic values up to the 
level of the playing and con¬ 
ducting, we—and they — will 
be getting somewhere. 

Rodney Milnes 



“High comic farce.. 



Emins Standard 



; Tv./ . ttZlSpa- 

'• YJ ’• • •’ £ 7.30pm 



A huge detector to solve a cosmic riddle □ Why natural resources have not run out □ A new technique for looKng belowthe surface of materials 

IT CAME from 
outer space, fold 
caused consterna¬ 
tion. Not a UFO 
blit a shower of 
cosmic rays, which 
hit a detector in the 
Utah desert with a 
Potw that physicists are still 
unable to comprehend. 

occurred on October 
1991, at Dugway Proving 
Grounds 75 miles from Salt Lake 
Gtty. where researchers had set up 
an instrument ca lle d the Fly's Eye 
tojfetect incoming cosmic rays. 
There are billions of such events 
wwy day: for each square metre of 
the Earth’s surface, 200 cosmic* 
ray particles with an energy 
greater than a few mil li nn electron 
volts strike eOery day. 

But the Fly's Eye event was 
something special. It was. physi¬ 
cists say. as ifyou went out to catch 
a butterfly and snared an F-lll 
mstead. It had an energy of 3^00 
billion billion electron volts, and 
theory dictated that such energetic' 
particles could not exist anywhere.' 
because they would rapidly lose 
energy in collisions with the. 
microwave radiation which per¬ 
meates the universe. 

Caught in a 
power shower 

Give a physicist a 
mystery and hell 
make an expensive 
machine to solve it 
Since the end of Janu¬ 
ary a team of 100 
physicists has been 
working on the de¬ 
sign for a huge cos¬ 
mic-ray detector 

which will cover an 
area the size of North¬ 

Loosely based at 
die Fermi National 
Accelerator Laborato¬ 
ry at Batavia, west of 
Chicago, the team is 
international and' 






and Professor Alan 
Watson, of' Leeds 

The project is 
called the Pierre Au¬ 
ger Project, after the 
French physicist who 
Erst detected very 
powerful showers of 
cosmic rays in the 
1930s. Since then, 
high-energy physics 
has been dominated 
by particle 


But the Flys Eye 
event puls such ma¬ 
chines in the shade, 
its energy was 300 

members have spent a lot of the million times higher than the 
time communing electronically highest ever achieved in an accel- 
from their home bases. The two erator. Particles of the highest 
leaders are Professor James Cro- energy are scarce: at 10 billion 
nin, of the University of Chicago, billion electron volts, the frequen¬ 

cy is only one per square kilometre 
per year. Hence the need for a 
really big detector — or actually 
two, one for each hemisphere. 
They will consist of 3JJ0O individ¬ 
ual detector stations, each about 
tiie size of a one-car garage, 
distributed in a grid th at will cover. 
5.000 square Irifixnetres. 

Because the cosmic rays hitting 
the atroosphse start a "shower of 
secondary sub-atomic particles 
when they hit air molecules, 
several stations are likely to pick 
iQi signals simultaneously. Data 
titan each station wfll be sent to a 
central control room, which wfll 
work out the direction and energy 
of the original cosmic ray. 

What mil this tell us? The team 
says that these particles hold 
secrets to the evolution and per¬ 
haps die beginning of the uni¬ 
verse. They might be produced by 
the collapse of hypothetical objects 
left over from the Big Bang. Next 
month, the design complete, the 
task of raising the $60 million 
{E37.5 million) to $100 million 
needed for each erne will begin. 
Physicists are good at that, too, so 
don’t bet against the first showers 
being spotted soon after the new 
millennium begins. 

First reserve /: 

1960s' and W70s, 
tiie air was loud 
with lamentations 
about., how, .we. 
were all gnihg-ttr 
run out of re¬ 
sources. The Club 
of Rome, with its Limits to 
Growth, suggestedthai faced with 
growing populations and ire 
creased prosperity, mineral re¬ 
sources would soon dwindle and 
prices would rise. 

Not so, happily. In the current 
issue of Sdeiux, Dr Carroll Ann 
Hodges, of the US Geological 
Survey, points out that not only 
have minerals not run out, but 
they are more plentiful than ever, 
and cost no more in real tears 
than they did 150 years ago. World 
reserves of man y minerals now 
amount to wen over a century’s 

The reasons include the slowing 
of economic expansion after 1974, 
the feet that mature economies 
consume fewer minerals as they 
shift to services — and that they 
substitute new products, including 

.plastics and ceramics- Recycling 
nffir~abo increased,, while re* 

- stktttxs Jiave^ipanded. 

--'•Not ‘everybody got it wrong.. 
Fffiocn years ago Paul jEhrikh, of 
Stanford U ni ve rsi ty, bet Julian 
Simon, erf ftp University of Mary* 
land, $1,000 Sim five key metals 
would risein pnceTSfewin won.' 
ami Ehrlich has paid up. Now tire 
two are discussing a new bef; on 
trends over the next 15 years, but 
cahoot agree the mease terms. 
My money's an Protes§ca i _.Sun£HL 

Inside story 

. AFTER X-rays, ul¬ 
trasound, and 
magnetic reso¬ 
nance imaging, a 
new way of prob¬ 
ing beneath the 
surface of things 
baa been invented 
by scientists at AT&T BeU Laborer 
tones at Holmdate, New Jersey. 
They call it - TT-rays” — for 
terahertz, ortrinioiHydeijer-rec- 

ond, electromagnetic pulses. 

Binbin Hu and Martin Niiss, 
the inventors, use laser pulses 
lasting only a tenth of a trifiionlh 

{Meets ana aerecn» ~ 

The amounts of distortion ottnex- 
rays give an indication of tne 
characteristics of the materm. _ 

The effects are striking, rat 
hardly absorbs any of the T-n*ys. 
whacfeairroea! absorbs 25 times 
as much, so a slice of bacon shows 
up briUfentfy. Leaves that are 
rairffn from trees and slowly dry 
out show the loss of water clearly. 

Dr David Miller, of the Ad¬ 
vanced Thdtonks Research De¬ 
partment at the lab, says mat the 
research is significant because 
although spectrosc opi c studis at 
there frequencies have been done 
in the past, nobody has yet usedT- 
rays m an imaging system. This 
is an exciting technique that lets us 
see things in a comjtietdy new 
way," he says. t , 

. .Thetechmque could have a tot of 
potential applications, from medi¬ 
cal imaging to the analysis of 
chemical reactions, materials in¬ 
spection, fault detection, examin¬ 
ing sflioon chips for faults and 
inspecting p ackagin g. Most plas¬ 
tics are transparent to T-rays. says 
AT&T, so-they can see inside 
plastic packaging. 

Understanding the 
mystery of memory 

T *22££KZ Tie ability to remember has reached M'S*'*” 

its height in man—but how do we 
do it? Dr Adam Zeman explains 

T he ability to adapt to 
circumstances is one 
of the hallmarks erf 
life. A bodybuilders 
bulging biceps, an athlete’s 
slow pulse, a sunbatherts well- 
tanned form, all testify to the 
capacity of our tissues to react 
to recent demands. Even our 
bones are shaped by use. and' 
wither with disuse. 

The ubiquitous plasticity of 
living things is the biological 
backdrop to an ability whidi 
has readied its apogee in man 
— the ability to learn. Well 
before we take our first breath, 
and throughout our long lives, 
our brains are shaped by our 
surroundings and our actions. 
In no time, behaviour and 
experience are pervaded by 
what we have learnt: you 
learnt this language once, and 
how to read it, and in a fairly 
straightforward sense you 
even learnt to see. 

The microscopic basis of 
human memory remains a. 
subject of active research. 
Experiments in the 1960s sug¬ 
gested that memories might be 
encoded in large molecules, 
akin to DNA This had the 
curious implication that mem¬ 
ories could literally be fed 
from one animal to another. 
Fortunately for common 
sense, this line of research 
proved ill-founded. 

Most current hypotheses as¬ 
sume that memory depends 
upon the strengthening of con-. 
nections between the nerve 
cells from which the brain is . 
constructed. The numbers of 
cells and connections involved 
are prodigious, making it 

plausible that they provide the 
.physical basis for memory: 
there are -about one hundred 
thousand million cells, each 
making and receiving hun¬ 
dreds or thousands of connec¬ 
tions with other cells. 

rials of a single patient will 
always be linked wife file sci¬ 
entific dissection of the var¬ 
ieties of memory. 

In 1953 a neurosurgeon, Wil¬ 
liam Beecher Scovule, per¬ 
formed an operation intended 

The environment in early to relieve epilepsy in a 27-year-- 
life has been shown to influ- old man, HM. The operation 
ence these cormections. Thus involved the removal of the 
the number and shape of sy- inner regions of both temporal 
napses, the points of contact at lobes, the part of the brain 

which a chemical _ lying deep to the 

signal passes from . inner ear. This 

one nerve cell to Skills area ^duties a 

another, are influ- curled structure 

enced by the rich- involve bearing a vague 

jiess of the sur- resemblance to a 

roundings in CPVPrRl ' s*® borse — hence 

which an animal is scvuai its charming name, 

reared. Similarly. —arte nf 1116 “bippocam- 

experiments in the yol is U1 pus”. As HJVJ. re- 

1970s, now of leg- covered from the 

endary status in U1C Ulcllll operation, his doc- 
neuroscience. ^tors and family re¬ 
showed that the ““ a jj sa j (haj jj C had 
growth cells in the visual areas paid a high price for tire ameli- 
of tire brain require normal oration of his seizures: he had 
visual experience, and will be been robbed of his memory, 
disturbed if the visual sur- In particular. H.M. had lost 
rounding are impoverished the ability to form new memo- 
or distorted. ries. a condition known as 

It ■ may well be that our “anterograde” amnesia. He 
continuing ability to leant had, in addition, lost access to 
depends upon subtle persis- memories from the ten years 
fence of tiie piastia'ty apparent or so preceding his surgery, 
in early development. But evidence for a limited “retro- 
while plasticity is seen every- grade” amnesia. The antero- 
where in the nervous system, grade amnesia was profound, 
memory is a . complex and After his operation, H.M. bec- 
multifaieted capacity. The ini- ame a captive of the passing 

involved the removal of the 
inner regions of both temporal 
lobes, the part of the brain 

_ lying deep to the 

inner ear. This 
area includes a 
curled structure 
lyp bearing a vague 

resemblance to a 
rnl • sea horse — hence 

1CL1 its charming name, 

, -,-f the “bippocam- 

> OI pug- as HJVI- re- 

rain covered from the 

ram operation, his doe- 

tors and family re¬ 
alised that he had 
paid a high price for the ameli¬ 
oration of his seizures: he had 
been robbed of his memory. 

In particular. H.M. had lost 
the ability to form new memo¬ 
ries. a condition known as 
“anterograde” amnesia. He 
had, in addition, lost access to 
memories from the ten years 
or so preceding his surgery, 
evidence for a limited “retro¬ 
grade” amnesia. The antero¬ 
grade amnesia was profound. 
After his operation, H.M. bec¬ 
ame a captive of the passing 

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moment, unable to accumu¬ 
late tiie record of exper¬ 
ience which we normally call 
upon to make sense of oar 

The intensive study of H.M. 
and others like him has led to 
the conclusion that die brain’s 
record of new experience, and 
the retrieval of recent entries, 
depends on the hippocampi of 
the temporal lobes. 

But, in retrospect H.M.'s 
predicament was as remark¬ 
able for the abilities whidi 
survived his surgery as for 
those which the surgeon's 
knife excised. 

H.M. quite dearly retained 
a short-term memory active 
over seconds. He remained 
able to make conversation. He 
scored normally on tests of IQ. 
He could perform quite de¬ 
manding tasks — just so long 
as they did not require that he 
learn new information. This 
implied that “short-term” or 
“immediate” memory func¬ 
tions independently of the 
abilty to lay down a perma¬ 
nent record. 

S everal years passed 
before the study of 
H.M.’S case yielded a 
record major insight 
some important forms of long¬ 
term learning survive the loss 
of the hippocampi The first 
hint that this might be so came 
from tiie odd observation that 
H.M. oould learn the tricky 
skill of tracing an outline while 
watching his hand in a mirror 
rather than viewing it directly. 
Although H.M. had no recol¬ 
lection from one occasion to 
the next that he had performed 
this task before, his perf¬ 
ormance steadily improved. 

Individuals like H.M. can, 
in feet, learn a range of skills, 
from complex sequences of 
movement to strategies for 
solving mathonaticaJ prob¬ 
lems, despite a dense amnesia 
for (heir reading. Such find¬ 
ings have suggested a funda¬ 
mental distinction between 
“declarative’ and “procedural” 

Your memory of last sum¬ 
mer’s holiday is declarative — 
available to consciousness. 
Your hippocampi were needed 
to put it into store. But your 

Synapses, the pointe at which a signal passes between nerve cells; cydfog is a skffl we perform without conscious recall 

ability to ride a bike is proce¬ 
dural, independent of arty con¬ 
scious recall of your first 
wobbly expeditions. Like 
short-term memoiy. procedur¬ 
al memory turns out to be a 
complex mix of dissociable 
skills involving several parts 
of the brain. 

H.M.’s story illustrates one 
more major demarcation in 
tbe brain's management of 
memory. His remote memo¬ 
ries survived his surgery, and 
in particular his "knowledge 
base” was unimpaired: he 
would have known, for exam¬ 
ple, what a skyscraper is and 

what “skyscraper" means. 
There is much still to team 
about learning, from tbe de¬ 
tails of tiie microscopic modifi¬ 
cations it induces to tiie 
patterns of activation in tiie 
brain when we remember. But 
the distinctions .which have ! 
emerged from the study of . 
patients like H.M„ between 1 
short and tong-terra memory, , 
declarative and procedural, 
semantic and episodic, wfll 
structure the study of memoiy 
for many years to come. . 

• Dr Zeman is a senior regist r a r 
in neurology at Addenbrookts 
Hospital. Cambridge. 

Rising sea temperatures may be killing Britain’s fish 

Where are all our salmon? 





S atellites are to be used to discover whether 
rising sea temperatures in the Atlantic are 
behind the sharp decline in salmon 
returning to Britain's rivers. 

Climbing temperatures, triggered by global 
warming, may be causing the cold-water 
feeding grounds off southern Greenland and 
the Faroe Islands to shrink. They may also be 
altering the point where the Gulf Stream meets 
cold waters from the Arctic reducing 
the supply of food to adult fish. 

The theory is to be tested by 
scientists in Canada and Britain, 
who are to use one of the world’s 
most sophisticated satellites to check. 

Atlantic sea temperatures from Nor¬ 
way to Labrador. Readings from the 
European Space Agency's ERS-2 
satellite are to be compared with 
those from other satellites and ship- 
made measurements over tiie past 15 years. 

Dr Brian Whitehouse. of the Atlantic Centre 
for Remote Sensing of tiie Oceans in Halifax. 
Nova Scotia, says: “When the salmon leave 
their rivers we believe they stay in colder waters 
of between two and 10 degrees C north of the 
Gulf Stream. The temperature could be 
crucial... we want to see if it has changed and 
what the size of that cold water is now.” 

The project is being orchestrated by the 
Atlantic Salmon Trust in Britain, with backing 
from tiie Ministry of Agriculture's fisheries 
laboratory in Lowestoft ana tiie Scottish Office's 
fish laboratories in Pitlochry, Tayside. and 
Aberdeen. Captain Jeremy Read, of tiie trust, 
says: “There has been a steady decline In 
salmon from British rivers in the last 2D years. 

“The numbers of smelts [young salmon] 
bong produced is high, but the numbers erf fish 
coming back is felling. So there is increased 
mortality at sea." 

Last year angling on the River Dee was 
dosed to conserve salmorL The trust hopes that 
the three-year research programme wfll also 
help to set up a better way of managing stocks. 

Satellites can beam bock information in 
minutes on the state erf tbe sea. 
p 7 ] Captain Read says that this could be 
used to forecast tire numbers, of 
salmon likely to return to rivers, 
allowing landowners to set quotas. 
The information could also be used 
to increase the stoddng of rivers to 
ensure that numbers do not fall. 

John Gummer, tiie Environment 
Secretary, has promised to step up 
research into rising temperatures. 
This follows research by the American Environ¬ 
mental Protection Agency showing that scores 
of species would be lost from huge areas if 
tonperatures continue to rise. 

Captain Read says that research carried out 
hi Britain by the Institute of Freshwater 
ErologyamfinnedtheAn^^ “It has 

drown Aral an irpease in temperature has an 
effect chi the size of sea-trout smolts and 
hampers their ability to survive at sea and 
migrate." he says. 

Captain Read says that research is needed to 
screen families of sea trout to find genetic 
differences. It may be possible then to breed sea 
trout and salmon to withstand global wamring. 

Nick Nuttall 



This week The TES devotes four pages to the 
debate about Wues Education. 

''Xfe ask whether schools should be teaching 
morality, and if so whose values should they be 
passing on? 

The TES. Every-Friday at your newsagents. 
V.YouH be right 

to. buy it. •. ■'*1 


S » 

! f 

f $. 

: f- '- v 

i : - 


s K 


the TIMES MONDAY JUNE 51995 \ , • _ 

jRife head of the Criminal Bar Association tells Anne McElvoy how she conquered a male bastion 



feel cowed 
by men’ 

A s 1 scan the board of mote touch punishments for 
names outside the young offenders in Order to 
pampers' chambers bcotf the Government's ima£ 

HI uie TemOle’S Bride ns h>mo truKi>i nn mma am 

A s I scan the board of 
names outside the 
banisters' chambers 
in the Temple's Brick 
Court, that of Anne Rafferty 
leaps out from the pathologi- 
ft eally neat lists. 

* I wonder why, given that it 
is nowhere near as exotic as 
many of the other illustrious 
purveyors of prosecution 'and 
defence. But it conjures up a 
reassuring image of the sort of 
no-nonsense poise you would 
be jolly glad to - encounter, 
were you ever to find yourself 
accused of murdering your 
husband’s lover. 

Person and . - 

name tum out to - . 
be a wonderful fit. *T WO 
Rafferty, 45, one of 
Britain's top crizni- mgr 
nal lawyers and; Yyaa - 
the new chairman • Vi TTC ,1 
of the 2,000-strong -LUio I 
Criminal Bar As- 
soctation — the 
first woman to 
hold the post at the WSEl 
head of the key , ; f i^ _ 
consultative body Ltt&V 
for criminal law 
' • matters — is adept. . IDG C 
at walking with ' 
great speed in her 1 " _l 
sharp, straight-skirted suit 
Slightly chippy at the idea that 
the appointment causes more' 
- interest than usual because 
she is a woman,, she admon¬ 
ishes The Timers photogza- 
. pher: “"We wouldn't be dqwg ; 
t this if I were a Wake.*u . 
She beat three tnaiMjS- 
dates to die post. • wb«cfi s¥ si 
win cany out besides M 
. schedule as a QC, a job m qi 
which she is highly regarded, 
according to one colleague, for 
her "extraordinary calm in the 
face of really ghastly mur¬ 
ders"* In addition, she is a 
part-time Crown Court,. 

Her main motivatioi for 
heading the CBA appears to 
be her frustration with the 
unsettling effects on lawyers ctf 
the welter of legidation- Tbe 
changes in se n tenc in g, and 
attempts to decrease the use of 
suspended sentences and pn> 

e’s Brick as being tough on crime; are a 
Rafferty particular bugbear. “You goto 
ithdogi- court thinking, T hope' I 
. . haven 1 tutissed something that 
n that it came in on midnight on Wed- 
xotic as nesday 1 ,- she says. •'It is 
ustnous .. discca^Krting for everyone and 
ion 'and it shows a lack of the strong, 
es up a courageous insight a gorem- 
fi sort of moot needs in order .to. give 
i would stability to the law.” 
counter, - . -But all ' adurinis tr atitips are 
yourself - pna^ to gorge themselves on 
tg your new legislation and, after a 
long time m pwwer, foe temp- 
• ' " nation to fiddle 

- /> with die margins 


for- change have 
W&TttTYfV*"' rnn out is irrerist- 
w U V ible. Would it be 

husband - 
sitting ^ Mons 

+Fu*r£lm ' °f 1** barrister- 
mcic ill . - turned-crown 


the court’ SSnSSSur' 

. ^eaf interest to 

_ me,”she says. "He 

d suit ought to know that it is better 
lea that for a government to take a 
5s more' long view of legislation. 1 
because- understand the tension he¬ 
adman- tween that side of hfrn and ' 
t otogra - , in^^fi^p^cahfoBds.'but' 

thewell of 
the court’ 

®air —;whonas, BkeMIss 
Raflffty, become a sflkwttii 
preoodoajf speed — wffl com¬ 
bine the rdtes of Prime Minis¬ 
ter's consort and full-time 
barrister, should her hus¬ 
band’s skills of advocacy sway 
die nation when it counts. "I 
don't think itwarid be profes¬ 
sionally difficult fra- her at as¬ 
says Miss l&Boty "even if 
die might find some mechani¬ 
cal problems combining two 
demanding and very different 

But she is unentbusfastic 

Look back in 

John Osborne’s loved ones should 
not carry on being angry for him 

Anne Rafferty-, she found the combination ofbarristeriiig and bringing up her children “an incredible grind" 

about Mrs Blair'S derision to 
embrace the role of political 
wife through the traditional 
channel of sitting an the party 
conference podium beside her 
■husband and holding his 
hand. *T thought she might be 
in the audience rather than 
beside him cm the platform. 
Thars his job. Hers is some- 

>r ie> 
.) pec 


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thing else. After an, I wouldn't 
want my husband sitting in 
the well of the court during a 
difficult case." 

Anyway, her husband, Bri¬ 
an Barker, is more likely to be 
in a court of his own — he is a 
leading QC specialising in 
fraud cases. "He is senior to 
me and being married to him 
has brought the extra benefit 
of having a walking reference 
book in the living room." The 
couple have three school-age 
daughters. A fourth died at the 
age of two. "That has coloured 
the way that I am." she says 
simply. "It was devastating for 

She found the _ 

combination of 
barristering and ‘S( 

bringing up her 

cha S? 1 defer 

credible grind* m 
the early years. "I 
didn't stop work¬ 
ing. The profes- 
sion was much ° . 
more old-fash- pofir 

ioned in its ap- Cain 

proach to women _r 

then. There was no Ui 

question of being . 

let off chambers llo 
rent far a while. I _ _ 
had to keep going 
and just hoping that I 
wouldn't go mad when they 
dropped their baked beans for 
the fifteenth time. It is better 
nowadays, but criminal law. 
wiH always be tough on 
women because it is court- 
based and rather inflexible.” 

She says that she was in¬ 
spired as a young barrister by 
the tenacity of Barbara Mills, 
now Director of Public Prose¬ 
cutions, who has become a 

eating out 
of my 

profession are likely to be 
disappointed. She was not 
convinced by a colleague's 
research claim that there is 
institutionalised sexual har¬ 
assment in the Inns of Court 
The case of Nigel Hamilton, 
QC. suspended for bestowing 
unwelcome attentions on a 
female colleague, does not 
strike her as part of a pattern. 
•There are still men who are 
intentionally or unintentional¬ 
ly patronising, but I think that 
young women are more and 
more able to be both pleasant 
and assertive." 

There is an emerging wom¬ 
en’s network among London 

_ barristers, of 

which she fights 
HC "shy. Her reput¬ 
ation is that of a 
Iflntg formidable, slight- 
ly intolerant ool- 
rp league and a loner. 

L & “My temperament 

~1 V is my own and I 

am prepared to 
, ni -j. tread a path some 

\ UUL might consider 

lonely," is a typical 
'iy self-summary. 

d . She clearly finds 

the embrace of 
conventional femi¬ 
nism stifling. A 
headmistress's daughter from 
Lancashire, she recalls that “it 
didn't cross my mind that I 
wouldn’t have a fulfilling 

career". She graduated from 
Sheffield University, and 
started her pupillage at a time 
when many top chambers 
were leeiy of taking on anyone 
— let alone a woman — from a 
non-Oxbridge background. 
The Bar still has a reputation 
for giving preference to candi- 

Herown eldest daughter, 15- 
year-old Camilla, may well 
follow her to the Bar. “The 
great thing about where 
women are now is that we can 
be amused, or diverted or 
plain fed-up about some men’s 
attitudes to gender at work. 
But we no longer have any 
reason to feel cowed by them." 

GREAT giggling among the 
literati over John Osborne^ 
memorial service. How 
amusing, how brave, how 
original of his widow and 
mdumers to put a placard by 
the church gate, banning his 
pet enemies from entry! “The 
following will NOT be 
admitted" it trilled, giving 
four names and nicknames: 
a director, a critic, an actor 
and a fellow-playwright. 

Framed and glazed, the 
sign marked not a sudden 
decision but a plot laid over 
months fry his friends. One 
told The Times'- “It was 
discussed at the Garrick 
Club in February and in two 
lunches at the Spectatorr 
Oh, super. So the placard 
was put outside the house of 
God, apparently without any 
demur from the clergy (two 
reverends, two 
canons) assemb¬ 
led at St-Giles-in- 
the-Fields. It 
would be nice to 
think they never 
saw it, but clerics 
are dreadfully wet 
these days; they 
are probably not 
in the business of 
spoiling the me- LI] 
morial service pi ji 
trade by bringing 
up all that embar¬ 
rassing stuff about turning 
the other cheek and forgiv¬ 
ing those who trespass 
against us. 

Oh no: not when there’s 
Lord Gowrie reading the 
lesson and Lord Snowdon in 
a pew. and Dame Maggie 
Smith doing a bit of Pil¬ 
grim's Progress and a sopra¬ 
no belting out Fairest Isle to 
the massed intelligentsia. 
The Church of England, at 
its oleaginous worst, regu¬ 
larly lets celebrities get away 
with murder at these godless 
socialite services, and this 
was just the ultimate piece of 
irreligious, spiteful and 
tasteless theatrical campery 
that was bound to happen. 

Nobody was there to 
round on this self-satisfied 
lot and say: “Look, if you 
want a memorial service in 
church, then behave like 
Christians. If we believe 
anything, we believe that our 
brother John Osborne has 
gone to a place far beyond 
earthly feuding. The fact that 
he ami Albert Finney once 
had a row about royalties is 
not relevant in die face of the 
great mystery of death. Any¬ 
way, who are you to pre¬ 
sume that the glorified John 
still hates anybody? In the 
clear dawn of eternity, all 
things are reconciled: even 
him and Nicholas de Jongh 
of the London Evening Stan¬ 
dard. So take that sacrile¬ 
gious flung down, or you can 
all go and do your dramatic 
readings on the pavement" 



Not a chance. Only we 
outsiders, at a distance, can 
read about the jape and 
murmur the only word that 
fits: pathetic. Osborne’S 
feuds were pathetic while he 
lived, and it does his memo¬ 
ry no service to prolong 
them. You don't mention 
people's bad breach or nose- 
picking at their obsequies so 
why their feeble inability to 
forgive, or at least, for God’s 
sake, forget? 

Still, it serves as a useful 
reminder that all feuding is 
pathetic and infantile (in¬ 
deed, die sort'of thing that 
infants get kept in at play¬ 
time for, and made to tidy 
the art-cupboard). There is 
an absurd tendency to glori¬ 
fy grudges and feel that 
those who hold on to them 
are somehow fine fellows 
rather than petu¬ 
lant retards. A few 
pages on from the 
Osborne disgrace 
you might have 
read the outburst 
of Julie Burchiil 
against her former 
friend and co¬ 
founder of Mod¬ 
em Review. She 
BY promised to de- 

V/T 7 Q stroy Toby 

vc,l> Young’s career. 

"Bald as a 
coot... incredibly 
stupid... everybody hates 
him...he has no future 
here. He'll have to leave the 
country, like everyone else 
who falls out with me.” 
Piffle. Julie; go and tidy the 
art cupboard until you are 
ready to shake hands and be 
friends. A quick roar of fury 
like Germaine Greer’s at 
Suzanne Moore is one thing; 
a few weeks' smarting rage 
at an insult is only human. A 
long-term deliberate feud is 
what we doctors call “sulk¬ 
ing”. It is not pretty. 

IN FACT, it is downright 
hideous behaviour, the mark 
of the most spoilt coterie of a 
spoilt and decadenr sodery. 
Meanwhile, Nelson 
Mandela can forgive the lost 
years on Robben Island, the 
bereaved of the Irish conflict 
can bring themselves to 
work for peace and reconcili¬ 
ation: and this week a Pales¬ 
tinian and a Jew bring out a 
joint book. Uzi Mahnaimi 
was an Israeli spymaster. 
Bassam Abu-Shartf is the 
Palestinian hijacker who 
trained Carlos the Jackal 
and was appallingly 
maimed by a Mossad parcel- 
bomb. They call themselves 
friends today, and write for 

The more you think about 
this, the more nauseous be¬ 
comes the spectacle of petu¬ 
lant, public, cliquey, self- 
satisfied feuding. Not clever, 
chaps; not clever at all. 

friend. After the stabbing of. dates from the older uiuversi- 
Mrs Mills's husband, she ties, which she is keen to 
rang to comfort her, character- dispeL “Being a good barrister 
istically dispensing strength demands a huge range of 
rather than weepy sympathy, formal, intellectual and intan- 
“I told her, ‘Chin up, old gible skills, like being able to 
bootr." Feminists hoping that talk to a judge, a thug and a 
she will use her high profile to detective inspector naturally, 
give force to their complaints The very unpretentiousness 
about the lot of women in the and originality that lead some 


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ties, which she is keen to 
dispeL “Being a good barrister 
demands a huge range of 
formal, intellectual and intan¬ 
gible skills, like being able to 
talk to a judge, a thug and a 
detective inspector naturally. 
The very unpretentiousness 
and originality that lead some 
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adventurous universities 
might later make them damn 
good barristers. We cant aff¬ 
ord to lose such people." 

Same solicitors she has en¬ 
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the idea of engaging a woman 
barrister-“But in other cases, 
it worked well for me — there 
have been defendants who 
were so stunned to have a 
woman cross-examining them 
that I had them eating out of 
my hand" 

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. F^ce^aflaMe subject tp-staU&V..-.. 


Technology with a human face :.custamer pro&tibh 

Unit 1. Cromwell Centre. 32 Thames Road, ■*£ -; 

Bariting, Essex IGII0HZ :/ jjiJufcfg 

Tel: 0181 591 9040 





Matthew Parris 

■ However far away evil may be, 
the media bring it home to us — and 
gives the impression it’s all around 

B ank Station being 
a terminus of 
the Docklands Light 
Railway, trains wait, doors 
open. [ was on one. From 
the passage to the platform 
came a woman's voice: 
“Help! Please, somebody 
help me!" 

Everybody in the carnage 
sprang up and ran towards 
the sound. We didn't stop to 
calculate the danger, or die 
risk of missing our train. 
Though apparently syn¬ 
chronised, each acted alone, 
instinctively. Isn't this how 
almost all of us would read? 

In bet there was no need. 
The shouts came from a 
woman in no danger, but 
mentally flL We'returned 
sheepishly to our train and 
our newspapers. 

In my mind was one of 
those articles — you see 
them all die time — about 
someone being attacked “in 
broad daylight" without 
anyone coming to his aid. I 
must say these stories sel¬ 
dom ring true. Journalists 
do not invent them, but 
surrounding circumstances 
which might explain by¬ 
standers' apparent callous¬ 
ness are left out — precisely 
because they do explain. 
The story of an unbelievably 

callous public is _ 

too good to check. 

But I have not 
noticed it — no. 
not even in Lon¬ 
don. Everywhere 
I see people hand¬ 
ing money to beg¬ 
gars and buskers, 
helping tourists. 

If you ask for 
help, complete 
strangers will of¬ 
ten go to some 
trouble. I am 
sceptical whether medieval 
or Victorian or Edwardian 
London was a kinder place. 

Soon after my Bank expe¬ 
rience. l was on a bus in the 
Outer Hebrides. A mother 
boarded with a youth who 
seemed harmless but a bit 
simple. They travelled to the 
end of the bus route and 
then (tike me) straight back 
again. She was taking him 
for a bus ride, for fun. On 
alighting she paid for her 
ticket but the driver turned 
a blind eye to her boy. A 
decent, commonsense hu¬ 
man act 

And I know this flies in 
the face of the wisdoms we 
like to murmur, but I doubt 
if people in the Hebrides are 
as different as we think 
from people in London. I 
doubt if the world is getting 
much worse, or any better. 

Whence, then, the impres¬ 
sion of a nation of 56 million 
hurtling towards moral dis¬ 
integration? We read about 
it every day some new, 
appalling story of evil or 
folly. Our news media 
present us with a nation we 
simply don't recognise in 
those around us: friends, 
street or neighbourhood. 
There is. in Mr Major’s 
phrase, a disjunction. 

I have a theory about this 
disjunction. It is that we 
human beings, as intellects, 
can count to 56 million and 
more, and with our brains 
calculate in every kind of 
number. But that as ani¬ 
mals we cannot really com¬ 
prehend die idea of more 
fellow-beings than we could 

I doubt if 
today are 
much better 
or worse 
than in 

Mve with in a familiar tribe. 
We sexy things like “one-andr 
a-half million people” but 
we have little fed for what 
that means. We really just 
think “a lor. 

The feet that two or three 
hundred people will be kill¬ 
ed on the roads this month 
sounds horrific to us. We 
can oicture two or three 
hundred bodies. Carnage. 
We cannot understand that 
300 is not many, because we 
have no mental grip on the 
number 56 million: the nat¬ 
ional pool from which they 
will be drawn. 

Lotteries and insurance 
companies trade cannily on 
the problems people have 
with grasping big numbers. 
We know the chance of win¬ 
ning the lottery (or finding 
your house burnt down) is 
very small, but — well, you 
still might. 

Tell people, however, that 
you are less likely to win the 
lottery than to walk up to a 
stranger in the street and 
correctly guess his tele¬ 
phone number; or that die 
chance of your house burn¬ 
ing down is smaller titan 
the chance of your dying of 
natural causes while wait¬ 
ing for the insurance payout 
.. . and they begin to see 
the size of it 
I think that in 
our heads we are 
all living ext 
a Hebridean is¬ 
land, or in a vil¬ 
lage: Our univ¬ 
erse is populated 
by the only num¬ 
bers we really 
know: the scope 
of our compre¬ 
hension, a few 
hundred. What 
news reaches us 
of human wickedness, its 
prevalance within the univ¬ 
erse is calculated (unconsci¬ 
ously) against the frame¬ 
work of those modest num¬ 
bers. So if someone is beat¬ 
en up in broad daylight and 
no one helps, or a ring of 
child-molesting devil-wor¬ 
shippers is uncovered, or an 
old lady is raped by a drug- 
crazed youth, then it is dear 
that our village (or island) is 
going from bad to worse. 

J ust one such wicked¬ 
ness just once in a 
decade would after all 
be a dismaying statistic in a 
village of 200. But in a 
population of 56 million, a 
few incidents like this are 
incomparably less signifi¬ 
cant. And although assent¬ 
ed to intellectually, this is 
never emotionally grasped. 
In the world as a whole, 
a child-molesting, drug- 
crazed. devil-worshippng 

youth is raping an old lady 
at any hour of the day. It 
doesn't mean very much. 

With increasing compre¬ 
hensiveness and in ever- 
greater detail, our news 
media bring us reports of 
evil gathered from the 
whole population. But we 
are reading the Daily Mir¬ 
ror as though it were the 
parish magazine. 

It is not Despite millen¬ 
nial hot air about die moral 
disintegration of modern 
Britain, the people on that 
Docklands train differ from 
the people on that Hebride¬ 
an bus in only the most 
marginal ways. 

Don’t assume that an old English gentleman’s historic culture means he is behind the times 

I n Somerset we may be better at 
fpnerals than at weddings. We 
like the long rhythms of fife; we 
enjoy the recognition of a long life 
well lived. Weddings always have 
some rue mixed wth the orange blos¬ 
som. A good funeral tells one a lot 
about tiie values of a society, and 
Somerset funerals particularly marie 
a chapter in the historic continuity, 
which is a strong a part of our cul¬ 
ture. Last Thursday afternoon I went 
to the funeral of Geoffrey Walde- 
grave, the 12th Earl, who had (tied in. 
his 90th year. The funeral was held at 
Chewton Mendip, where he had wor¬ 
shipped since file 1930s. The church 
has one of the finest Somerset towers, 
almost as good as Wrington, but the 
body of it was ruthlessly reconstruct¬ 
ed in 1865. In tile churchyard there is 
a medieval cross, with die Christ 
figure standing with arms not out¬ 
stretched, but bound behind hisback. 

The funeral brought together a 
large congregation. Geoffrey Walde- 
grave enjoyed a strong 65year mar¬ 
riage. and had a large family, with 
plenty of grandchildren, a son in toe 
Cabinet, a daughter who is a lady-in- 
waiting, a son-in-law who is chair¬ 
man of the BBC There were many 
neighbours, tenants, people from the 
village, representatives of West 
Country associations and the Lord 
Lieutenant It was a Somerset funeral 
in the old style. People were saying 
afterwards that this would be the last 
such occasion, that we should never 
see its like again, and so on. I have . 
been to several such last occasions, so 
I do not believe that this will be the 
end of so long a tradition. Half a mde 
away from Chewton Mendip there 
are the old green barrows in which 
they buried the local chieftains of the 
Bronze Age. I am sure that the 
mourners then, as they walked away 
from the pre-Druid ceremony, were 
telling each other that they would 
never see the like again. In Somerset 


almost everything has happened 
again and again bad; to a distant 
past, and will happen again and 
again, into a distant future. 

I was reminded on this occasion of 
seeing Geoffrey Waldegrave himself 
at the funeral of a neighbouring 
landowner, Bayntun Hippisley, in 
1956. Then Geoffrey was wearing a 
bowler hat; in the 1990s no one still 
wears bowler hats, so far as I could 
see. Otherwise little had changed. 
Like Geoffrey Waidegrave himself, 
Bayntun Hippisley demonstrated 
that this highly traditional culture, in 
which one could almost stretch out a 
hand and touch the earlier centuries, 
can still produce very useful men, 
and very modern men at that In 
Somerset we believe that Bayntun 
Hippisley personally won the First 
World War. He came from a family 
with an engineering and scientific 
talent: his gra ndfath er had been a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. Bayntun 
was an early pioneer of radio 
research; in 1913 he was appointed a 
member of the Parliamentary Com¬ 
mission on Wireless for the Army. 
When war broke out in 1914 he joined 
Naval Intelligence and was made a 
commander. He was the man who 
solved tiie problem of listening to the 
U-boats when they were talking to 
each other on the radio, by devising a 
double-tuning device which simulta¬ 
neously identified the waveband and 
the precise wavelength. That, it is 
said, was essential to clearing the 

Western Approaches in late 1917. 
when American troops were craning 
over. Bayntun Hippisicysalm Goon- 
hilly listening to the U-boat captains 
as they chatted happily to each other 
m dear German; he told the destroy¬ 
ers where to find them,- the food and 
the Americans got through. 1 
There was. so far as I know, noth- 
ing comparably dramatic in f Geoffrey 
Waldegrave* life, though he fought 
in the Second World War. He was 
remembered at his funeral as he had 
been in his later years, as something 


of a historic, almost a feudal, figure. 
That does hot entirely miss his 
character, but it misses the main 
point of his life. He succeeded his 
father as a young man in 1936, and 
inherited ah old-fashioned and rather 
run-down estate, which in the 19th 
century had been pillaged by the 
extravagant countess, who was said 
to have died owing £20.000 to her 

At heart, Geoffrey was a young 
moderniser. He modernised his es¬ 
tate, he became a pioneer manager of 
woodlands, he founded the successful 

cbeesemaking business, he went on 
to become a reforming chairman of 
the JRjrestry Commission in the 
1960s. he modernised the manage¬ 
ment of the Duchy of Cornwall estate 
when he was Lord Warden of the 
Stannaries for tea years in the 1960s 
and 1970s. When he -was young 
everyone realised that he was a 
moderniser, indeed Somerset people 
rather feared him for that, particular: 

ly after he had pulled down his own 

house, Chewton Priory^ which had 
suffered equally from foe Victorian, 
budding rnania anddiy rot Yet if a 
man is a I2fo eari, a Knight of the 
Garter, and has been Warden of the 
Stannaries he will not in his eighties 
be seen as a modernising manager, 
but more as a romantic relic. 

M y own experience has been 
that die very ancient cul¬ 
ture of Somerset is a fertile 
sofi for developing such very practi¬ 
cal - and innovative qualities. The 
common view is that a strongly 
traditional society with a sense of 
history inhibits the energy and 
fmagmatirm that make for the best 
response to changes in foeworld The 
Somerset people I have known do not 
at afl bear that out There could not 
be, for instance, a more deeply 
traditional Somerset family than the 
Showerings. whining their first 
prizes for sparkling perry in the old- 
fashioned flower-shows of the 1930s, 
but using that sparkling perry to 

dominate the brand name busin»5 
Stocompetitive British 
trade of the 1960s. , fiE . 

-Somerset* gnat % 

ures. such as Roper ® acon ' T hn 
earikst English scientist. or John 
inrfrp the greatest of English ph^j* 
ophers. were also innovators, men 
who changed the history of bimnto 
toouabt. Of course there are other 
Engllfo counties which 

them as well. The question is whetitet 
the ancient English traditions are 
now a help or a hmdrance toi^Do 

without them? , 

If fcehadnot been an earl Geofire} 
Waldegrave would have been seen 
moreaeariy for what by t f m ^‘ 
menthewas. a very practical and in¬ 
novative man. Even in his feter years 
he was a vigorous chairman of tne 
Wells Cathedral Appeal, climbing 
scaffolding, cajoling donors, putting 
his energy into restoring the cathe¬ 
dral The difference that Somerset 
and die earldom made was that he 
gavie more than half his life 10 public 
service. Few, even of die best manag¬ 
ers, do that. His traditions included 
this strong sense of public duty. 

Yet the history does all reach back. 

century behind century. The Walde- 
graves have owned their Chewton 
estate for half a millennium; the 
estate can be traced back before them 
to Anglo-Saxon times. Their land 
’ stretches to Priddy, that most myste¬ 
rious of the Mendip villages. The 
myth is that Joseph of Arimathea 
brought Jesus to Priddy as a youth 
when he was buying Mendip lead as 
a Phoenician merchant “As sure as 
Christ was at Priddy.” is a local 
saying. Such deep roots strengthen 
the Somerset people, and improve 
rather than inhibit their powers in 
practical life. 

The sinking state of welfare 

Peter Riddell on 

two views of how 
the public's rising 
might be met 

B ritish politics has too few 
informed iconoclasts. Most 
politicians are happy to 
foster die public's belief that 
it can have both ever-expanding pub¬ 
lic services and tax aits. That has 
now been questioned, not just by the 
Tory Right in imitation of Newt Gin¬ 
grich’s “Contract with America", but 
also by those always stimulating 
challengers of party orthodoxy, Rob¬ 
ert Skidelsky and Frank Field. 

The Government claims that im¬ 
proved efficiency, through market- 
based reforms, will allow universal 
provision to be maintained while it 
restrains the growth of spending suf¬ 
ficiently to permit tax cuts. Labour's 
response has been opaque. In its dash 
for respectability, die party has been 
ultra-cautious, saying that extra 
spending on services can be found 
from savings elsewhere, cutting bad; 
on the tax breaks of foe rich and “as 
resources permit". 

Lord Skidelsky believes this is a 
mere illusion. The demand for better 
education and health is rising faster 
than national income, and can never 
be met by foe State. There is obvious 
public resistance to paying higher 
taxes. Structural changes in health, 
education and other public services 
may help. But Skidelsky argues that 
no amount of supply-side raorrfi or 
efficiency savings will bridge the gap 
between expectations and reality and 
enable increased demand to be met 
entirely out of taxes. 

At present, the Government antag¬ 
onises providers of public services, 
while at best only slightly reducing 
the share of public spending in foe 
economy in years of strong growth. 
Consequently, there are protests over 
class sizes, hospital closures and 
nurses’ and teachers’ pay. Money is 
not the whole answer—efficiency can 

always be improved — but more 
money is part of the answer. As 
Skidelsky said in a recent Conserva¬ 
tive Political Centre lecture, “We 
cannot simply go on squeezing the 
public services while hoping for 
miracles of productivity to raise 
standards. In education, improve¬ 
ments in quality imply declining 
productivity as conventionally mea¬ 
sured — smaller classes per teacher, 
not larger ones. They are only two al¬ 
ternatives: to raise taxes or to inject 
private money into these services." 

Left-wing critics of foe Labour 
leaders’ caution argue that the party 
should publicly admit that needed 
improvements in foe welfare state 
will require higher taxes. But such 
candour is hardly appealing to those 
eager for Office. The Liberal Demo¬ 
crats have talked of earmarking an 
extra penny on income tax for edu¬ 
cation. But this is fraught with 

problems. There is generally no 
direct link between earmarked taxes 
and favoured p rog ram mes, nor any 
way a taxpayer can make a choice. 

Skidelsky’s solution is to provide 
an outlet for the suppressed demand 
for better services. National educa¬ 
tion spending should not be limited 
by the public sector's ability to raise 
taxes. People are prepared to spend 
more for these services. On top of 
what they pay in taxes for state 
schools, better-off parents pay rough¬ 
ly twice as much for private educa¬ 
tion. But parents in the state system 
cannot pay more to improve men- 
children's education, apart from 
fundraising for peripheral activities. 
Skidelsky's answer is to top up tax- 
payer-financed provision. This is al¬ 
ready happening in foe case of cash 

benefits, with people increasingly 
supplementing the basic state pvi¬ 
sion with occupational and, with 
some hiccups, personal pensions. 

■ The State, then, would finance a 
basic service, with everything else 
paid for by personal contributions. 
All schools would be allowed to 
charge fees, and parents would 
receive a voucher equivalent to foe 
current per-pupfl cost of state educa¬ 
tion, allowing for a top-up. flfris 
solution Is now favoured by Skidel¬ 
sky's old adversary, John Patten, in 
his recent book. Things to Come.) 
Most parents would have to contrib¬ 
ute something, which should make 
them more involved. There are prob¬ 
lems with Skidelsky’s scheme, such 
as how to prevent foe creation of 
greater divisions, with inferior 
schools far the poor. But a voucher 
could be weighted in favour of poor 
families, or a larger grant could 

be given to schools in poor areas. 

Wifothehealth service, the difficul¬ 
ties are even greater. 1 doubt whether 
Skidelsky’s suggestion of vouchers 
for a fixed number of GP consulta¬ 
tions per patient would work. The ! 
private sector could, however, have a 
greater role in financing care for tiie 
elderly, an area of growing concern , 
for many middle-tnooTne families. In 
parallel with private pensions, people 
of working age could be encouraged t 

to save, or insure, against healthcare 
costs in old age. This ties behind tiie 
proposals bring considered by foe 
Downing Street policy unit for retire- j 
mem sayings accounts. 

F rank Field’s starting point : 
is different, but he too wants 
to tap tiie driving forces 
of self-interest self-improve¬ 
ment and altruism. He deplores the 
effects of means tests in rewarding 
lying, cheating and deceit Unusually 
as a Labour MP. he argues that there 
is no general support among tax- ! 
payers for redistribution to tiie poor. ( 
Rather, welfare should create an 
income floor to replace foe income ; 
ceiling created by means-tested wel- i 
fare. He proposes comprehensive in- j 
surance cover with flexible contribu¬ 
tions, so that families can improve 
their own lot A national insurance 
corporation (run by employers, em¬ 
ployees and Government) and a • 
private pensions corporation would , 
oversee universal private provision, 
based on compulsory contributions. 
These bodies look too much tike giant • 

quangos, but tiie underlying idea of 
reviving personal involvement and t 
contributions is appealing. j 

Peter Lffley has begun to face up to i 
foe limits of state provision in social < 
security, but the dilemma has not i 
been addressed in either education or • 
health. Present policies win produce 
only growing tivstation. The Skidei- 
sky and Field proposals offer two 
ways out of the current political 
straitjacket Private provision should r 
be seen as a supplement to public .l 
services for the many, not an expen- •** \ 
sive alternative for a wealthy few. ? 
Everyone should be allowed to con- 
tribute more for services they want 
Frank Field's Making Welfare Work 
is published at £10 by the Institute of ■* 

Community Studies, IS Victora Park 
Square, London E2 9PF. 


i.‘ i 

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Running on 

OXFORD University’s famous 
runnign track- will be awash with 
nostalgia later this month at the 
100th anniversary of foe Oxford 
and Cambridge versus Harvard 
and Yale athletics match. The 
highlight at Iffley Road, where 
Roger Bannister became the first 

man to run the mSe in under four 
minutes, will surely be a veteran's 
race over the same distance involv¬ 
ing his pacemakers for that 1954 
triumph: Christophers Brasher 
and Chataway. 

A host of former participants in 
foe Transatlantic Series, the oldest 

international match in die world, 
are converging for the gala on June 
28. which will be followed the next 
day by a banquet at London's 
Guildhall. But the most keenly 
watched and competed event will 
surely feature Chataway, 64, now 
chairman of the Civil Aviation 
Authority, and Brasher. 67, the 
London Marathon supremo. 

“More than 90 past participants 
in the series will be competing, 
including this famous pair.” says 
organiser Pete Crawshaw. ’They 
are down for foe mile.” 

Chataway is vague about wheth¬ 
er or not he will be pulling on his 
spikes, and is unduly modest 
about his ability. On Sunday he 
runs in a 10km race at Cranfield 
University, which recently award¬ 
ed him an honorary doctorate. “1 
shall trot round slowly in my old 
age. 1 run two or three times a 
week.. Sometimes two miles, but l 
don’t think ever more than 12 — 
that was when I lost the way. My 
last serious trad; race was in 1§56. 
Maybe one or two of foe older 
ladies will be in sight when I 

In truth, he is in good shape. A 
couple of years ago he ran a mile in 
5 minutes, 36 seconds. “Not bad for 
my age,” he admits. 

• It may have taken the Catholic 
Church four centuries to rehabili¬ 

tate Galileo after his excommuni¬ 
cation for saying the Earth moved 
round the Sun , but it has not been 
slow to embrace the information 
superhighway. An “integrated ser¬ 
vices digital network” has been 
installed in the Catholic Commun¬ 
ications Centre in London so that 
Cardinal Basil Hume can speak to 
the world without any background 
crackle. ■ 

Burmese daze 

FURTHER to my note about the 
significant role played by mules in 
Burma during the Second World 
War, I have some additional details 
to impart, from a reader who was a 
member of the 2 Dorsets Ratrallnn 
in foe Far East at the time. 

“We once staged a mule Derby 
Day." he recalls, “but our mules 

used to eat through their tethering 
ropes, so orders were given that we 
should get rid of them. Luckily we 
were reissued with donkqys, or we 
would have had to carry all the kit 

However, the donkeys did not 
come up to scratch either. “The 
men ended up carrying more than 
the donkeys. One man was actually 
seen carrying his donkey.” the 83- 
year-oki warftorse remembers. 

Car doctor 

SIMON HARRISON — who fol¬ 
lowed his grandfather Rex into tiie 
acting profession — has found his 
on-screen japes coming back to 
haunt him. 

He is perhaps best known for his 
role as an accident-prone surgeon 
in the TV series Surgical Spirit 
Shortly after an episode foe other 
day in which his character took a 
driving lesson and ploughed into a 
vintage MG, be was preparing for 
the first night of Good Morning 
Bill, an adaptation of a P.G. Wode- 
house novel at the Palace Theatre. 
Watford, when he was an ihe re¬ 
ceiving end, 

“I was sitting at home having 
something to eat before foe perfor¬ 
mance when I heard a huge crash." 
says Harrison. "I thought it was 
just foe dustman being particular¬ 

ly noisy, but then a neighbour 
knocked on the door and asked if 
tiie red Escort was mine. Some¬ 
body had crashed into it It was not 
what 1 needed mi opening night" 

Dues paid 

LORD WILSON’S dedication to his 
native county has earned him the 
highest posthumous honour. The 
Yorkshire Society is to place a 
plaque in his memory on Hudders¬ 
field Town Hall. 

“He was one of our founder 
members and vice-president for a 
kmg time." says David Daniel of 

the society. “He came to a lot of din¬ 
ners over the years." dearly foe 
great man did not count the pen¬ 
nies in foe way that some misin¬ 
formed people cruelly suggest is 
characteristic of natives of foe Rid¬ 
ings. “He always paid his subscrip¬ 
tion _ promptly and always paid 
considerably more than the going 
rate." says Daniel. 

In the swim 

PIERCE BROSNAN wfl] be head¬ 
ing for his native Ireland for foe 
first time in ten years this week — 
but not to see tiie people so much as 
to visit Fungi a friendly dolphin cm 
the Dingle peninsula in Co Kmy. 

“Tomorrow is foe last day’s film¬ 
ing of the new James Bond film. 
Goldengye. I’ll be jumping about 
on a flying helicopter in Watford. 
Then we’re off to Ireland. I can't 
waft,” he said at Alfred Dunhili's 
Queen's Cup at tiie Guards Pdlo 
Chib. Windsor, yesterday. 

It will not be Brosnan's first 
brush with a dolphin. Last year he 
adopted a rare pink specimen of 
foe species, which lives in waters 
off Hong. Kong. “My girlfriend 
Kedy persuaded me to do it She’s 
an environmental journalist." he 






1 Pennington Street London £1 9XN Telephone 0171-782 5000 

Another Clinton policy is no sooner made, than unmade 

SSSS" 18 ?- tobea decisive change in Bffl - 
Clinton s policy on Bosnia last week has 
again evaporated in a series of 
Jons ^appalled presidential aides, and a 
• e ^ on 31 baClctracking the Presi- : 

apparently firm offer last Wednesday to use 

ground troops to help the United 
Nations to move and strengthen its fortes if 

•*** ^Sestion has quickly 
mleted of operanonal meaning — indeed of 
almost any meaning at alL 
^Saturday. Mr Clinton asked Ameri- 
^ J^beve that what he really meant 
was that US troops could be used for an 

emergency extraction” of UN forces in dire 
trouble — although his promise to consult 
Congress first hardly suggests that the 
cavalry would arrive in tim& At the UN, 
Madeleine Albright gamely attempted yes¬ 
terday to make all this sound consistent, 
before reaching for the comfortin g conclu¬ 
sion that “irs highly unlikely that we will be 
asked". William Perry, the US Defence 
Secretary, has reverted to ruling out the use 
of ground forces other than to assist a total 
UN withdrawal — while offering the new 
rapid reaction force led by Britain and 
France an impressive range of weaponry. 

What this flurry appears to signify is that 
Mr Clinton is now genuinely worried about 
appearing to leave America's close in 
the lurch in Bosnia, but still more worried 
that tiie first American casualty, seized on by 
a hostile Congress, would doom his hopes of 
re-election. With America firmly committed 
to participate in Nate's strategy for an 
Unprofor withdrawal, both these consid¬ 
erations inclined him to offer tactical US 
support for a strengthened UN mission. But 
as so often with this most changeable of 
Presidents, his latest wisp of resolve evapo¬ 
rated halfway down Pennsylvania Avenue, 
blown away by congressional muttering. 

Where Bosnia is concerned, that may be 
all to the good! The Bosnian Serbs, aware 
that Americans react with near-hysteria to 
the very thought of hostage-taking, would 
have made it their business to take 
American prisoners at the first opport un ity. 

But as a further instance of Mr Clinton's 
fruitless quest for a formula that takes the 
risk, out erf world leadership, it must worry 
and exasperate America's allies. 

Precisely because .American decisions 
have wider impact than those of most 
governments, all American Presidents come 
under fire from abroad. European dip¬ 
lomats and politicians have complained for 
years about the difficulty of discovering who 
in Washington was really in charge of 
foreign policy - the White House, the 
President's National Security Adviser, the 
State Department or even, when crises 
abroad inflame the 20-year-old battle over 
the War Powers Aict, the US Congress. 
Given the tortuous workings of America's 
constitutional checks and balances between 
executive. and legislature, much always 
depends on individuals. But the Clinton 
Administration is harder to fathom than its 
predecessors, because it lacks even the 
beginnings of an internal consensus about 
America's place in the world 

Domestic opinion will always shape 
foreign policy: it should not preclude its 
formulation. The President who came to 
office saying that Americans must manage 
change - “lest it engulf us" gives every 
appearance of being engulfed His attention 
to foreign policy is at best episodic: witness 
his failure to attend a White House briefing 
on Bosnia last week which he himself had 
demanded That would matter less if a Kiss¬ 
inger were there to do the job; but in the 
Ctinttm Administration, no such individual 
exists. There is internal feuding not only on 
Bosnia, but on dealing with Russia and 
China, on the fixture of Nato and even on 
trade. There is no need for America to use its 
military power everywhere in the world But 
that does not alter the fact that influence 
depends not just on its economic strength, 
but on its perceived willingness to stand by 
its commitments to international security. 
The post-Cold War world may need subtler 
forms of deterrence: but it needs them 
nonetheless. Last week Mr Clinton seemed 
for a moment to have remembered this. But 
only for a moment. 


What Britain need^a^st^GJtKmswg market 

Stung by the anger be f^cgd, fctweefc there are millions 

he blamed borrowed (.who* haw ^ money on their 

of the 1980s. John. Major seems desenmnro were responsible enough to 

to make amends. The No lOpoficyraait is 
reportedly concocring jrfans to fr^ house 
prices off the sandbanks.The Prime Minister 
should be wary of embarking oh yet ahoffier 
misjudged gamble in housing policy. 

Much of die grumbling on the doorsteps 
during the local election campaign was 
related to the state trf the housmg market -r- 
for which the Government, as wefl as 
borrowers and lenders, must take a share of 
the blame. Only recently have ministers 
woken up to the effect of past housing 
policies on their electoral fortunes. Eco¬ 
nomic growth, it seems, is not enough to 
make people feel good; the housing market 
must revive as well. The options under 
consideration apparently include tax relief 
for those with negative equity, a reduction in 
stamp duty, help for first-time buyers, and a 
rethink of the new proposals on payment of 
mortgage interest for the unenrployed- 

It is negative equity that is most eJectoraliy 
damaging. More than a million voters are 
saddled with unsecured and unanticipated 
debt. They cannot move house unless they 
take out an expensive personal loan to cover 
the difference between the value of the 
property and the mortgage itself. But any 
help for these people is fraught with 
difficulties. First, they are hand to identify: 
only when they try to move house is the size 
of their negative equity dear. But more 
important is the inequity of thfc proposaL 
Hundreds of thousands of people have 
already paid off their negative equity and 
traded down to a smaller property. How 
could the Government justify not extending 

-save fora decent deposit in the first place. 

The hunt is on, then, for a policy that 
relieves the pain of negative equity without 
infuriating an equal or greater number of 
voters. Other ideas aim to stimulate house 
prices so that the deficits disappear. Reduc¬ 
ing stamp duly would be expensive and not 
particularly effective, judging by the experi¬ 
ence of 1992. Going back on the mortgage 
. interest proposals for the unemployed would 
be thoroughly sensible, but politically 
embarrassing. Offering help to first-time 
buyers may prove to be the easiest policy; 
but it would be expensive and no less 
misguided than the others. 

Tne main problem with Britain’s bousing 
market has always been that people start to 
buy long before they need to settle down. 
They have bought for fear of prices rising 
beyond their reach- The result has been a 
torpid private rented sector and an inflexible 
labour market Artificially boosting first- 
time bityer demand could revive this cycle. 

The surest way to improve confidence 
without reactivating the worst habits of 
British housebuyers is to keep real interest 
rates low. This policy would be elector ally 
popular and cost-free to the TYeasury. More- 
over, as a report from Morgan Grenfell con¬ 
firms today, house prices are last expected to 
rise sensibly, roughly in line with inflation. 
The Government should be hoping that the 
recession has changed housebuyer psy¬ 
chology, so that prices will no longer follow 
the pattern of unsustainable boom followed 
by painful bust. Nothing could be better far 
the long-term health of (he economy. 


How one man and his piano saved La Scala from fiasco 

man in his time plays many parts. Few. 
wever. play all trf them at go® 3^“ 

tainly ncit at la Scala. where even the 
is must compete for attention. But a 
toning strike by the orchestra minutes 
crethecurtain rose on La 

audience incandesce and the honour 

world's most eddbrated 
It. Wccardo Muti, with the spontaneity 
i daring for which the 
dors are noted, stepped into the *ea , 
down at the piano and for wo hours 
nmpanied all the smgers 
a production (rfVerch^masierfM^ 
tit His heroic roar & f 01 ™ ^ 111111 
rionged and nmmiwtHisappJ^a 
Hheaaefience was rewarding «*£*» 
nectfonof their investment 

STm risk banality. Most.big 
ponies have suffered iast-aunu« °^«- 
oss ofa diva, the indisposmonofa 
n. a » of pique by 
e. things abo go wrong: scenery 
ipse&lSe-fate swords fail to op^orthe 

[km has rite had to see the company 

has gone ahead without any 

soenery, with no chorus or with last-minute 
substitutes on stage and in the pit But 
rarely, if ever, has it continued with no 
orchestra at all’ The failure by the aptly 
named Sandro Mala testa, a trumpet player 
and secretory of the Federation of Enter¬ 
tainment Workers, to enforce silence in what 
is (he more famous of Milan’s two great 
cathedrals bodes ill for organised labour in 
the creative arts. The enraged audience 
hurled anathemas at the absent players — 
“Thieves, downs, sack the lot of them" — 
and probably gave the indebted opera house 
managers a good idea for'a permanent 
reduction in costs. 

La Scala revels in its reputation for 
making or breaking .the best Well might 
Pavarotti's large frame have trembled when 
the unthinkable booing began as his voice 
displayed doubts an the higher notes. No 
star is too distant, no hurrmary too bright to 
escape the searing gaze of the Milanese. But 
while the players must now wonder whether 
they dare ever to grace a fashionable cafe 
again. Maestro Mud'S reputation will surely 
soar to new heights. If he can now use this 
momentary magic, to end the cantankerous 
discord that has brought the great opera 
bouse to the verge of financial ruin, he will 
be remembered, as toe saviour of La Scala 
for more than just an evening. 

British Gas and its responsibilities to shareholders 

From MrPeterlngram 

Sir, Your editorial. “Sid-turns up toe 
hear (June l),ts correct to call on 
institutional shareholders to "exercise 
their muscle” (letters, June 2). As you 
point out, shareholders “in their thou¬ 
sands" were present at British Gas’s 
annual general meeting, yet the block 
votes held by the institutions pre¬ 
vailed, avoiding a damaging vote of no 
confidence in toe company's manage¬ 

Alternatively, the process of cor¬ 
porate governance in Britain might be 
better served if the institutional share¬ 
holders sought to offer guidance and 
restraint to prevent such potentially 
contentious issues arising in toe first 

In the light of recent experience toe 
public mood has roughened. The 
views of the Government and toe 
establishment of toe Greenbury com¬ 
mittee reflect this change. If institu¬ 
tional shareholders wish to operate in 
toe best interests of toe corporate 
sector and the millions of individuals 
they represent through pension funds, 
executive remuneration should be co¬ 
ordinated at this level. 

Given toe diversified nature of their 
shareholdings, it is at the level of toe 
institutional investor that the extern¬ 
ality of the executive pay league and 
excessive salary increases, which are 
frequently fuelled by comparison rath¬ 
er than performance, might best be 
controlled A judicious application of 
gentle “muscle” of this nature is now 

Yours faithfully, 

University of Surrey, 
Department of Economics, 
Guildford, Surety GU2 5XH. 
June 2. 

From the Director of Corporate 
Affairs, British Gas 

Sir, In your leader you refer to “defeat" 
for Sid. In fact a relatively small pro¬ 
portion. of our 1.8 million shareholders 
actually came to the AGM, and wily 
11.5 per cent of the small shareholders 
cast their vote via proxy. Putting it 
another way, 885 per cent of them, 
representing well over 15 million, 
decided not to vote, which they were 
able to do if they had wanted to vote 
against the motion. Hardly a defeat 
for “millions of Sids". 

The results of the poll have been 
published today. Over half the total 
shares were voted and Cedric Brown 
was supported by 97.6 per cent in 

favour of his re-election. The board's 
rationale for Mr Brown'S basic pay 
was not based on the example of Other 
big gas companies. 

As we have stated on numerous oc¬ 
casions. toe comparison was made 
with other FFSE100 companies which 
did include international UK com¬ 
panies. However, our major compet¬ 
itor in the world is Enron, in the 
United States, whose chief executive is 
paid nine times as much as Mr 
Brown. These facts are on toe reoord 
as evidence iq the Employment Select 

Furthermore, to describe British 
Gas as “still a monopoly" is very 
misleading. Twenty-eight per cent of 
our profits are now accounted for by 
Exploration & Production, which is 
bigger than the oil companies Lasmo 
and Enterprise put together. 

Over half toe UK market for gas has 
already been opened up to competi¬ 
tion, and 65 per cent of this market is 
supplied by companies other than 
British Gas as a result of regulatory 

The domestic market, comprising 
the other half of toe total market, will 
be opened up for competition, com¬ 
mencing in toe South West next year, 
with full competition in 1998 once toe 
Gas Bfl] receives Royal AssenL 

As our chairman explained at toe 
AGM, we believe we have brought our 
pay structure into line with current 
best practice: Nevertheless we will 
listen very carefully to our sharehold¬ 
ers as well as shareholder repre¬ 
sentative bodies. 

Where we have a lack of consensus 
or clarity on best practice, we have 
taken decisions based on what is most 
appropriate for us at this time. We will 
continue to monitor this evolution 
and, if and when necessary, we can 

Yours sincerely, 


Director of Corporate Affairs. 

British Gas, 

RrvermiU House. 

152 Grosvenor Road, SW1. 

June 2. 

From MrC.J. H. Eden borough 

Sir, The only way that British Gas can 
regain any credibility is for an ex¬ 
traordinary general meeting to be 
called at which toe institutional 
shareholders should justify their 
behaviour In backing the board before 
toe minority shareholders. I am sure 
that if any of those institutional 
shareholders had been present and 

witnessed the feelings of the small 
shareholders they may have felt that 
what they were doing was not so clever 
after all. 

Yours faithfully. 



Ashley Green, Buckinghamshire. 
June 2. 

From Mr M. 1. Webb 

Sir . Socialism has done much to im¬ 
prove its image by changing its atti¬ 
tude to toe block vote and Clause Four. 
On the other hand, the “unacceptable 
face of capitalism" was presented to 
toe nation at the recent shareholders' 
meeting of British Gas when the great 
majority of shareholders present were 
defeated in their attempt to influence 
the board of directors by toe block vote 
of major players — ie. pension fund 
managers, etc. 

Intriguingly. toe funds these man¬ 
agers invest in some cases come from 
the same organisations that once 
wielded toe block vote to decide con¬ 
ference and party matters. 

Can this same power be used to help 
influence future derisions of share¬ 
holders? It surely would be preferable 
to encouraging their members to seek 
the same generous improvement in re¬ 
muneration for themselves. 

Yours sincerely, 


Smiddy House. Auchencrow, 
Eyemouth, Berwickshire. 

June 2. 

From Mr Gordon Philo 

Sir, Mr Richard Giordano, the chair¬ 
man of British Gas, says (report. June 
I) his board deserves toe going rate. 
They have the rate. When are they 

Yours etc, 


10 Abercom Close. NW8. 

From Mr A. C. O. Fergusson 

Sir, There is one answer to toe direct¬ 
or-general of Ofgas, Care Spottis- 
woode’s, request (report. June 1) for a 
65 per cent pay rise which would solve 
toe problem, and greatly increase Mr 
Heseltine's standing.nationally: “No." 

1 am, etc, 


Alton Albany, 

Barr, Girvan, Ayrshire. 

June 2 

Concern at China’s new genetic law 

Role for the Paras 

From lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Robinson (retd} 

Sir, The Royal Horse Artillery sur¬ 
vives without its horses, regiments of 
cavalry man tanks and armoured cars 
and battalions of fight infantry have 
forsaken their traditional rifle. The 
survival of The Parachute Regiment 
depends largely upon its willingness 
to abandon its particular method of 
getting troops to the battlefield should 
this prove unnecessary or unworkable 
in the future. 

If The Parachute Regiment remains 
too stubbornly attached to the para¬ 
chute (letters. May 30. June 2) it risks 
meeting the same sad demise as toe 

Yours faithfully, 


The Georgians, High Street. 

Market Deeping, Lincolnshire. 

June 2 

Currency conversion 

From Mr Edward Reader 

Sir, I had the pleasure of spending toe 
last week of April in Berlin. I arrived 
back with a surplus of about DM600. 
My wife and 1 are going to France in 
September. As the pound was particu¬ 
larly low in early May compared with 
the DM, an obvious move was to 
change this money direct into French 

I was turned down both by a well 
known travel agency and tty a high 
street bank. They both insisted that 
the money must fast be converted into 
sterling, thereby reoerving two lots of 
commission-1 will of course wait until 
I get to France to change it Roll on the 

Yours faithfully. 


Bridge House, 

Whimple, Exeter, Devon. 

June 2 

Expanding Heathrow 

.FVom Dr Richard Bloom 

Sir, Contrary to the opinion of Mr 
Alexander Thom (letter. May 30) 1 
believe that it is toe promoters of a 
fifth terminal at Heathrow who are 
acting like ostriches. 

In seeking to double the capacity of 
toe world’s busiest international air¬ 
port, whilst ignoring toe fact that its 
aircraft overfly our capital city, they 
are certainly burying their heads in 
the sand. 

Yours faithfully, 


% Halibunon Road, 

St Margarets, 

Twickenham. Middlesex, 

May 30. 

Letters should carry a daytime 
telephone number. They may be 
faxed to 0171-782 5046. 

From Professor John Bum and others 

Sir. We wish to record our concern 
over measures in toe Law of the 
People’s Republic of China on Ma¬ 
ternal and Infant Health Care, which 
came into effect on June 1. 

In order to enforce measures aimed 
at reducing morbidity associated with 
genetic diseases and malformations, it 
makes permission to marry depen¬ 
dent upon an agreement by “carriers 
of genetic disorders” to undergo 
sterilisation or adopt permanent con¬ 
traceptive measures (Article 10). 

The official translation of Article 16 
implies that couples will be obliged to 
undergo therapeutic termination of 
pregnancy if a previous child was ab¬ 

Quite apart from the difficulties 
associated with reaching a correct 
diagnosis, this is an undisguised 
embodiment of eugenic principles the 
implementation of which has had 
such a disastrous history in the West 

We recognise the great success of 
the Chinese people m meeting toe 

Botanical painting 

From Mrs Eve Reid Bennett 

Sir, 1 have no quarrel with John Rus¬ 
sel] Taylor’s statement that botanical 
painting is art in the service of science 
(“Saying it with flowers’*. Arts, May 
24), but I was dismayed at his singling 
out of Elizabeth Blackadder as a 
painter of "perfect precision". 

While the flower paintings of my 
felkrw-Soot are fine examples of the 
water colourist’s art. they cannot be 
said to serve toe needs of toe botanist. 

There are very many excellent and 
confident botanical artists working 
today and it is a great pity that the 
exhibition at toe victoria and Albert 
Museum does not make this point In 
no way can it be said that “the story 
peters out". 

Yours faithfully, 

(Tutor in botanical painting), 

Royal Botanic Garden. 

20a Inverleito Row, Edinburgh 3. 
May 29. 

Tories on TV 

From Ms Ruth Boulton 

Sir, Simon Brooke (“Why do they al¬ 
ways make Tories swineT, June 1) 
seems to attribute toe .fact that 
television programmes present Tory 
MPs as self-serving, ruthlessly am¬ 
bitious and “sexually avaricious mon¬ 
sters" chiefly to Was by left-wing 
programme makers. 

Isn’t ft more a case that “toe cap 

Yours etc, 


56 Harvist Road, 

Queen's Park, NW6. 

June 1. 

challenges of healthcare in their 
population and applaud their efforts 
® improve the health of mothers and 
children and to provide genetic ser¬ 
vices. But a balance is needed between 
cultural autonomy and fundamental 
human rights. 

We urge the People’s Congress to re¬ 
examine Articles 10 and ?6 so as to 
enable parents to continue to exercise 
a choice on whether to agree to ter¬ 
mination of pregnancy and whether to 
accept permanent childlessness. 

Yours faithfully. 


(Secretary, Clinical Genetics Society), 


(Members of the society's 
Standing Committee on Ethicsj. 

As from: 

University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 
19-20 Claremont Place, 

Newcastle upon Tyne. 

June 2. 

Fighting Fraud 

From the Leader of 
Hackney Council 

Sir, Hackney Council's robust and ef¬ 
fective approach to fighting fraud — 
110 staff sacked in the past'five years 
and systems strengthened to prevent 
it — has been praised by the district 
auditor and the Metropolitan Police. 
Despite this The Times continues to 
peddle toe myth that Hackney is a 
“rotten borough" by concocting a 
spurious cocktail between racism and 

On legal advice, we cannot com¬ 
ment on the disciplinary case of Hack¬ 
ney's former director of housing, but it 
is ridiculous for John Ware rChoice”. 
May 30) to suggest that equal oppor¬ 
tunities policies at Hackney discour¬ 
age people from tackling fraud. 

They ensure that the best person for 
a job gets it and that our workforce 
broadly mirrors that of the local com¬ 
munity. The number of ethnic minor¬ 
ity workers disciplined or dismissed is 
in proportion to their numbers in the 

Yours sincerely, 


Leader, Hackney Council. 

Town Hall, 

Mare Street, Hackney. E8. 

Caught out? 

From MrJ. B. Mackinney 

Sir. For Philip Howard’s information 
(article. May 26} “grown-up rounders” 
is not baseball: it is called rounders. 

Best wishes, 

(National Development Officer. 
National Founders Association), 

3 Denehurst Avenue, Nottingham. 

..; i' 

Attempt to curb 
cost of litigation 

From Mr Adrian A. S. Zuckerman 

Sir. Mr Malcolm Swift, QC. attacks 
the Lord Chancellor for his proposal 
to introduce performance indicators 
for lawyers (letter. May 31). He writes, 
“who is to judge performance? Who 
will decide whether the sentence im¬ 
posed was better or worse than ex¬ 

He is right As things stand there 
are no measures forjudging the qual¬ 
ify value of legal services. TTiis would 
not be so bad if lawyers had an in¬ 
terest in serving their clients as eco¬ 
nomically and expeditiously as pos¬ 

But notwithstanding Mr Swift’s as¬ 
sertion of the independence of toe 
legal profession, lawyers do have a 
financial interest in litigation. Since 
solicitors (and increasingly barristers 
too) are paid on an hourly basis re¬ 
gardless of outcome, the more com¬ 
plex and the more lengthy legal pro¬ 
ceedings are, the more they earn. 

In the absence of a system that en¬ 
courages lawyers to economise or to 
compete, litigation is bound to stay 
complex, lengthy and expensive. The 
Lord Chancellor’s solution to toe 
problem may not be the right one. But 
he should certainly be congratulated 
for at least attempting to rein in toe 
exorbitant cost of litigation. 

Yours truly, 

(Fellow in Law), 

University College. Oxford. 

June L 

Bosnian crisis 

From Mr Lionel Bloch 

Sir. Watching toe Government’s 
handling of toe Bosnian crisis re¬ 
minds one of the image of Shiva, the 
many-handed Hindu deity. 

On one hand, we will not take sides 
in the conflict — on toe other, we will 
have to if the Serbs provoke us fur¬ 

On one hand, our mission is a pure¬ 
ly humanitarian one — on the other, 
humanity may have to be defended by 
force of arms. 

On one hand, it is not our policy to 
withdraw — on the other, we may 
have to. if our troops are exposed to 
serious danger. 

Confronted with this formidable ar¬ 
ray of caveats, riders, qualifications 
and reservations, it is harolv surprise 
ing that the Bosnian Serbs behave as 
they do. 

Yours faithfully. 


9 Wimpole Street Wl. 

June 1. 

From Mr Chris Young 

Sir. I wonder if it has occurred to the 
Bosnian Serbs that one can only de¬ 
tain troops as "prisoners of war” when 
a state of war exists. In terming the 
detained UN troops thus, the Bosnian 
Serbs have declared that a state of war 
exists between themselves and the 
United Nations. 

1 am mystified as to how their 
leadership thinks that a declaration of 
war of this nature will reduce the 
likelihood of attack by the UN. 

Yours sincerely, 

la Woodbury, 

Castle Road, Woking, Surrey. 

From Mrs Daisy E. Finney 

Sir, So the Serbs did the obvious. 
What happened to contingency plan¬ 

Yours faithfully, 


207 Hampstead Way, NWll. 

Legal minefield 

From Police Inspector Peter Dolphin 

Sir, Joe Reeve, who laid a firecracker 
“minefield" in his garden after suffer¬ 
ing a spate of burglaries (report and 
photographs, June 2), need not fail 
foul of the law if he sticks to Section 31 
of the Offences Against toe Person Act 

This declares that it is not unlawful 
“to set or place... from sunset to sun¬ 
rise, any spring-gun, man-trap, or 
other engine ... in a dwelling house 
for the protection thereof. The section 
is headed “Setting spring-guns, etc, 
with intent to inflict grievous bodily 

This, according to current law 
books, is still the law. 



12 Sonning Way, 

Shoebuivness. Essex. 

June 2. 

living for today 

From Dr Edward Petch 

Sir. I have just arrived in my thirties, 
and can now adopt my 60-year-old 
father's philosophy which is similar to 
that of Mr William Folkes (letter, June 
1): never do today what I can pur off 
until tomorrow because by then some¬ 
one else might have done it. 

My father should not put it off until 
tomorrow any longer, and now that 
he is retired he ran also do it for me, so 
that I can put it off until tomorrow, 
because by then he wall hare done iL 

Yours faithfully, 


108 Agar Grove, 

St Pancras. NWi. 

June 1. 


Forces appointments 



June 3i The Princess oF Wales. 
Patron, Ty Hafan: the Children's 
Hospice in Wales, this evening 
attended the Concert of Hope at 
Cardiff international Arena and 
was received by Her Majesty's 
Lord-Lieutenant of South' 
Glamorgan (Captain Norman 
Lloyd-Edwards RNR). 

Mrs Duncan Ryan and 
Mr Patrick Jephsan were in 

Royal engagement 

TODAY: Princess Margaret as 
Patron of the Migraine Trust, will 
attend a dinner during the Mi¬ 
graine workshop at Leeds Castle. 
Kent, at 7.00 to mark the 30th 
anniversary of the trust 

Royal Ascot 1995 

To avoid possible queues at the 
Royal Meeting. Royal Ascot 
voucher holders are advised, 
where possible, to exchange their 
vouchers by post or at the Palace 
prior to the Meeting. Pull 
instructions are printed on the 
reverse of the vouchers. 

Atlantic College 

The United World College of the 
Atlantic is pleased to announce 
that Lady Prior has been elected 
Chairman of the Governing Body 
and the CbundT. Lady Prior is 
also a Vice-Chairman of the 
International Board of the United 
World Colleges. 

Rye St Antony 
School, Oxford 

The Old Girls' Reunion will lake 
place on Sunday. June IS. the 
occasion of the opening of the 
Sumpter Building. Mass win be 
celebrated at 11.00am by Dom 
Dominic Milroy, OSB, and be will 
then open the new building. Lunch 
will be at 1.00pm. Old Girts who 
have not yet received an invitation 
should contact the School. 

Royal Navy and 
Royal Marines 
CAPTAIN: G D ChaQands - MOD 
London 15.9.95; M A Johnson - 
Centurion 5.9.95; M N Lilllebqy - 
MOD London 30.9.95. 
Baldock - Daedalus 23-6.95. 
Robinson - MOD London 185.95. 
RNAS Yeovil ton 17.11.95: I. S 
McKenzie - MOD {Central Staffs/ 
14.7.95; V M Meazza - Warrior 
30.7.95; C P R Montgomery - 
MOD London 28.7.95; K 
Winstanley-Southampton in Cmd 


W Spalding - RNH Hasiar 24.7.95; 
P J Waugh - RNAS Culdrose 

MAJOR: j J B Lear - CTCRM 


CHAPLAIN: R F Buckley-Staff of 
FOSF 129.95; B R Madders - 
Raleigh 8.9.95; M L Wishart • 
Osprey 7.9.95. 


CAPTAIN: J R Smith - 5,8.95. 
NEL: A L Turnbull - 28.7.95. 
8.7.95: J R Smith - 1L8.95. 


COLONEL: THE Foulkes - To 
MOD. 1.6.95: B W F Holt - Tb 
UKMJS NY. 295.9S J R Snowdon 

Brown RLC-TbMOD, 305.9S R 
G C Campbell RLC-To 3{UK) Dry 
HQ & Sig RegL 5.6,95; P Davies 
RRW - To MOD. 5-6-95: J R 
Durance RE - To RAF Staff CoH 
IDS). 5-6.95; R J Guffle RA -To HQ 
Salpiain TYg Area. 5.6.95; G A 
James R Signals - 7b MOD, 
295.95; R J Kershaw Para-To HQ 
Landcent, 295.95: D Utttewood 
RLC -To BOD Dormingm 5.6.95; 
C G Patey RTR - To HQ Land- 
south East (BAE), 30.5.95: A J 
Roberts RHF-Tb CATC, 305.95: A 
M Wallace R Signals - To 
SANGCOM. 315.95 

BRIGADIER: SR Gilbert Late RE, 

COLONEL: M M Ayrton Late R 
Signals. 1.6.95; D M M Stobie Late 
RAOC, 5.6.95; C P Newtyn 
L/RADC, 45.95. 

Royal Air Force 
- To HQ PTC 5.6.95; C J Sharpies - 
To MOD 55.95. 

Davenall -1b HQ 38 GP 155.95; B 
S Mahafley - Tb HQ STC 225.95 


BIRTHS: Adam Smith, polit¬ 
ical economist. Kirkcaldy, 
Fife. 1723: Frederick Tenny¬ 
son, poet, Louth. 1807; John 
Couch Adams, astronomer, 
Lidcot, Cornwall, 1819; Pancho 
Villa, revolutionary, San Juan 
del Rio, 1878; John Maynard 
Keynes, Baron Keynes, econo¬ 
mist, Cambridge. 1883: Dame 
Ivy Compton-Burnett, novel¬ 
ist. Pinner. Middlesex. 1884; 
Ruth Benedict anthropolo¬ 
gist New York, 1887; Roy 
Thomson. 1st Baron Thomson 
of Fleet newspaper propri¬ 
etor, Toronto, 1894; Federico 
Garda Lorca, dramatist and 
poet Fuente Vaqueros. Spain. 

DEATHS; Orlando Gibbons, 
musician, Canterbury, 1625; 
Giovanni Paisiello. composer, 
Naples, 1816: Carl von Weber, 
composer. London, 1826; 
Thomas Henry Lister, drama- 

Nature notes 

Trees and bushes are full of 
young birds. Young bhietits 
and great tits can be distin¬ 
guished from their parents by 
their yellow cheeks — die 
adult’s cheeks are white. The 
fledgeling tits constantly call 
for rood with a 
thin, pleading 
note. Families of 
pied wagtails 
are running 
about on lawns, 
often fluttering 
up to catch flies. 

The male will go The pie 
on feeding the 

The pied wagtail 

every kind of habitat Fox¬ 
glove bells are opening in 
woodland glades and on 
moors among the bracken. 
Deeper in the woods, the star- 
like flowers of yeflow pimper¬ 
nel glimmer in the shadows. 

On dusty road¬ 
sides, mallow is 
tall and its 
pink flowers are 
coming through 
the abundant 
leaves. At field 
wagtail edges, the paler 
musk mallow 

young after his mate has can be found. Cinnabar 

started to incubate a second moths are flying about at 

dutch of eggs. Over com- dusk; they have dark red 

fields, the air is full of lilting wings with black streaks and 

skylark calls as the families gather round the dumps of 

start flying about together the ragwort on which they lay 

juveniles are more speckled their eggs. Clothes moths are 

than the older birds. More on the way indoors, 

flowers are appearing in DJM 

tist and novelist, London, 1842; 
Stephen Crane, writer. 
Baaenweiler, Germany. 1900; 
O. Henry (William Sidney 
Porter), writer. New York, 
19J(k Horatio Herbert Kitche¬ 
ner, Earl Kitchener, Field 
Marshal lost at sea on HMS 
Hampshire off Orkney, 1916; 
Georges Feydeau, dramatist, 
Paris, 1921; W.T. TUden, Wim¬ 
bledon and American tennis 
champion, Hollywood, 1953. 
The hot air balloon was first 
demonstrated by the Montgol¬ 
fier brothers at Annonay, 
France, 1783. 

The Six Day War began in the 
Middle East 1967. 

Senator Robert Kennedy, 
American Attorney-General 
was shot by a Jordanian Arab 
in Los Angeles. He died the 
next day, 1968. 

Duke of Windsor buried at 
Frogmore, Windsor, 1972. 

Service luncheon 

Federation of Old Comrades 
Associations of the London 
T er r ito r ia l and Auxiliary Units 
Colonel and Alderman Sir GreviQe 
Spraa presided at a luncheon of 
the Federation of Old Comrades 
Associations of the London Terri¬ 
torial and Auxiliary Units yes¬ 
terday at Armoury House 
following the Federation's annual 
parade at the London Troops 
Memorial Royal Exchange. 

Service dinner 

The Royal Logistic Corps (V) 

A Ladies Dinner was held on 
Saturday. June 3. 1995. for the 
Honorary Colonels of The Royal 
Logistic Corps Territorial Army in 
their Headquarters Officers' Mess, 
Grantham, to dine out Major 
General and Mrs D L Burden, 
CBE. The principal guests in¬ 
cluded Viscount Downe. DL, Bar¬ 
oness Chalker of Wallasey and 
Major General C E G Carrington. 
CB, CBE. Lieutenant Colonel J C 
Maier. RLC. presided. 

John Morrison, BEM, of 600 (City of London) Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air 
Force Association, at the annual march yesterday of the Federation of Old 
Comrades Associations of the London Territorial and Auxiliary Units. About 200 
ex-volunteers paraded to the London Troops Memorial at the Royal Exchange 
where wreaths were laid in memory of volunteers who lost their lives in the two wars 

Mr P.T. Sjdrfa ' ... 

and Min BO. Thorne 
The marriage-took place on 
Saturday Margarctx West 
Hoatidy, of Mr Paor Sychta. son 
trffliekde Dr Stanislav Sychta and 
of-Mrs Daphne Sychta, to Miss 

Slr mer and Lady Anne Thome. 
The Rev Alan Cazr.offkiated. 

The bride wre given in marriage 
by her father/Mr Hamish Ogsfoo 
was best man. ' 

‘ Axw»pdcai washed at the Ikxik 
of the. bride and the honeymoon 
wfllberspent ateWMl .. -. 

Mr DJHL CHshobn- - ■ 
and Mbs J&CDo# 

The- .-marriage took place oa 
Saturday - in the Chapel of 
Q uc aa w otid .School Hatfield. 
Hertfordshire, of Mr Daniel Hugh ’ 
Chisholm, Son of Dr and the Hon 
-Mrs -■Duncan Chisholm, of 
SttanmciHhe-Eosse, Somerset, to 

Miss Jufietfe Elizabeth Chalmers 

Dow, younger daughter of Mr and 
the Hon Mrs John Dow, of 
Wbking, Surrey- The Rev R. 
Lansky officiated. ... 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage fay. her father, was 
attended by Entity Davis ami 
Alexander Burgess-Smith. Mr 
Colin Christie was best man. 

A - recep tion ' was held at 
Queenswood School The hooey-' 
moon will be spent in Mexico. 

Mr AJ*. Gregory 
and Miss LA. ComaeD 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at 5t Peters, Steane. 
Northamptonshire, of Mr Adrian 
Gregory, second son of Mr and 
Mrs SJ. Gregory, of Benencten. 
Kent, io Miss Lisa Cormdl only 
daughter of Sir Michael and Lady 
Comtefl, of Brackfey, The Rev 
CM. Gregory and' the Rev 
Michael Beny officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Hannah Cohen, Lfly 
Wilson and" Mss Tamara Baines. 
Mr Mariya John Gregory was 
best man. A reception was held at 
the home of the bride. 

Iron Age fort link 
found at bypass site 

By Norman Hammond, archaeology correspondent 

ing at the site of tiie 
Batheaslon bypass, near Bath, 
have found evidence of contin¬ 
uous occupation from the Iron 
Age. Protests to try to stop the 
roadbuilding received wide 
publicity last year. 

There is evidence of an Iron 
Age fort linked to ancient 
fields, and native round 
houses overlain by Roman 
buildings with stone floors. 
Pagan Saxon pottery and 
weapons show the area was 
occupied after the Romans. 

Peter Davenport, of the 
Bath Archaeological Trust 
says in Rescue News: “The site 
is literally on the doorstep of 
foe village of Batharapton, 
which emerges into history in 
a charter of AD 940. It seems 
we are looking at a continuity 
of occupation from the early 
Iron Age to the present day.” 

Mr Davenport said much of 
protesters’ publicity last year 
was inaccurate: the Solsbury 
Iron Age hill fort, said to be 
endangered, “is nowhere af¬ 
fected by the new road. The 

road is only visible from the 
hilltop where it runs along the 
far side of the Avon-Valley." 

Surveys on the hillside be¬ 
low the fort, where the road 
has been cut suggested that 
few remains would be de¬ 
stroyed. Where damage did 
occur was during the construc¬ 
tion of the site works com¬ 
pound. before any archae¬ 
ological work was commis¬ 
sioned: a medieval farmstead 
site was obliterated. 

Mr Davenport criticised the 
lack of communication be¬ 
tween the various organ¬ 
isations involved in planning 
the road, which led to the Bath 
Archaeological Trust having 
to mount a watching brief at 
its own. expense “The plan¬ 
ning process had dearly bro¬ 
ken down in this case." 

As a result of the work. Mr 
Davenport said, “we have 
substantial dements of a com¬ 
plete ancient field system. 
This provides exciting poten¬ 
tial for a study of land use in 
the Iron Age and Roman 
periods and later.” 

‘Convert of 
St Patrick’ 

THE skeleton of one of Ire¬ 
land’s first Christian converts 
has been found buried on a 
hilltop in the Irish Republic 
(Norman Hammond writes). 
Dated by radiocartxm to the 
5th century AD, he may even 
have been one of St Patrick’s 
first successes. 

“If people want to believe 
that this man was converted 
by St Patrick, the evidence is 
there." Dr Fmbar McCormick 
told British Archaeology. The 
skeleton was found aligned 
east-west in the Christian 
manner and, unlike pagan 
burials, lacked grave goods. 

St Patrick began his mis¬ 
sionary work in Ireland 
around AD 432: die radiocar¬ 
bon date on the burial at 
Baflyhannis, in Co Mayo, 
places it between AD 418 and 
442 with a two-thirds proba¬ 
bility. It is the earliest Irish 
burial to lie east-west Dr 
McCormick said, and its loca¬ 
tion at the foot of a standing 
stone suggests that it was 
interred at the point when 
paganism was giving way to 
Christianity in Ireland. 



Miss Moira Anderson, singer. 55: 
Mr Spencer Batiste; MP, 50: 
Professor R. Angus Buchanan, 
director. Centre far the History, erf 
Technology, Bath University. 65; 
Viscount Cabhazn. 52 Miss Ann 
Curaow, QC. 6ft Mr AR 
Dawson; rugby player. 63; Miss 
B.K de.Cardi, archaeologist, 8U . 
Sir John DeUow. fanner Deputy 
Commissioner, Metropolitan 
Rtfice. 64; Miss Margaret 
Drabble, author. 56; Mr Robert 
Drayson, former Headmaster, 
Stowe School 7ft the Earl of 
Dundee, 4ft Mr DA. East farmer 
Cfaief Constable, South Wales 
Constabulary. 59: Professor CM. 
flttfer, physician. 84; Miss 
Elizabeth Gtostet QC. 4ft Mr 
David Hare, playwright. 48; Sir 
Jack Jacob, QC, former Senior 
Master of the Supreme .Court 
Queen’S Bench Divison. 87: Mr 
Neil: Mil l i gan, trade unionist 69; 
Mr Phil Neale, c ricketer, 41; Mr 
Roger Nightingale, econdmist and 
strategist. 50; Professor Sir Rudolf 
Rnerls. physicist, 8& Miss 
Margaret Rawlings, actress, 89: 
Mr Nigel Rees, author, 51;' Mr 
Jeffrey Hooker. 54; Mrs Elizabeth 
Shaw, executive director and 
secretary. Charity Commission, 
49; Mr Richard Stone, portrait 
painter,' 44; Sir Arthur Vick, 
former. Vice-Chancellor. Queen’s 
University, Belfast. 84c Vice-. 
Admiral Sir Barry Wilson. 59. 

Saturday. June i 
St Johfltbe Bapost TtaaU, oTMr 
Ronald Bentley. SPWWg*5 
Mrs Kenneth gM “JK 

House, by Dundee. and the^tate 
M^Kemetii Bentley. » 

Fiona Leigh. odrMw 

and Mrs Hugh 
Staffordshire-. The Rev 
VauBban offictautL - 

The bride, who w 35 6**” m 

■sss S4D5 


of theonde and the hooeynwem 
rrill be spent abroad. 

MrXG. Meflor 

and Mis L.C Henderson 

The marriage w* ptere m 
London, on May 31.1995. betw"^ 
Mr Joe MeOor and Mrs Lucinda 

MrWJ. Swadiing 
and Miss UE. Cameron 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 2 at the Chapel erf 
the Most Excellent Order of the 
British Empire, St PauPs 
. Cathedral, of Mr William John 
Swadiing to Miss Lama Elizabeth 
Cameron. The Rev John Paul 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Victoria Fersen and 
Juliet Fleming. Mr Tim Swadiing 
was best man. 

- A reception was held at 
Stationers' Hall and the 
honeymoon will be spent in Italy. 

Sir Alastair 
Pflkington, FRS 

A Celebration of the life and work 
of Sir Alastair PfUtingun. FRS, 
will be hdd at 4.00pm. an Mon¬ 
day, July 17. at St Martin-iiHhe 
Fields. Trafalgar Square, London. 



Mr SJL Afford 
and Miss SJ’.T. de Bertodano 
Tbe engagement is armotmeed 
between Stuart, son of Mr and 
Mrs Philip Alford, of Kenilworth. 
Warwickshire, and Sylvia, 
daughter at Mr and Mrs Martin 
de Bertodano. of - Sanerford 
Keynes. Gloucestershire. 

Mr BJp. Hehir 
and Miss E.K. Hodgson 
The engagement is announced 
between Brian Peter, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs Patrick Hehir, of 
South&ea. Portsmouth, and Emily 
Kate, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Robin Hodgson, of Sparsholt. 


and Min C RiddeH-Webster 
the engagement is announced 
between lan. eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs Rix, of Rookery Farm, Snape. 
and Caroline, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Riddell-Webster, of Lintrose, 
Coupar Angus. 

Mr J-D. Steff 

and Mias HA Bernerd 

Tbe engagement is announced 
between Jonathan David, younger 
son or toe Hon David and Mrs 
Sirfl. of London, and Hayiey Anne, 
younger daughter of Mr Elliott 
Bemad, of Chelsea. London, and 
Mrs Susan Bernerd. of Regent'S 
Park, London. 

BMD’S: 0171 782 7272 
PRIVATE: 0171 481 4000 


TRADE: 0171 481 1982 
FAX:.0171 481 9313 

I haw set the Lard before me 
at afl ttanes: with him at my 
right band I cannon be 

Psabn 16 : 8 (REB) 

HALL - On June lstatCbeisM 
and Westminster Hospital, to 
Swan and MBdL a daughter. 
Scarlett Mary. 

JACKSON - On 36th Mar. to 
Amelia U>4e SImMI and 
Matthew, a daughter, Bronte 
Eliza Jane. 

KINROSS - On 2nd June 
1996. to Jutte Onto Wingate) 
and Roger. a lovaly 
daughter. Emily Hannah: tar 
whom we thank Ood. 

WHto - On May 29th 1996. 

Hospital. Guernsey, to Jenny 
and John, a son. Jack. 




DEMPSTER - on lot June 
1995. Diana Katherine aged 
79. much loved wtfe of 
FKsrgle and Inseparable twin 
of late Ewte. maths of 
Honor and MUes. 
pi mcandren aiv mmi 
Marina and mni of Annabel 
and Kathy, deeply m ime d, 
peacefully at Elm Row 
Nursing Home. C ir encester. 
Funeral at Swindon 
Crematorium at 3L30 pm on 
Thursday 8th June. 


LOVELAND - Darts Emma 
Edith, widow of Wg. COT. 
FLB. Loveland and mother of 
Mark and Roun. «ad on the 
1 st or June 1995. The 
funeral service win bo at 
4pm an Thursday, me 8th of 
June, at The D ccfc enh a m 

Road. Beckenham. Keith 
Friends are welcome in 
attend. Flowers (ram tamny 
only. Donations, if desired, to 
the National Trust or the 

BLVTH - Ernest, on 31 St Mar 
1995. dotoMT and 
Botdnoilh. Funeral Ssvlca at 
Amentum Crwnatortnm. 
Bucks., on Wedneaday 7th 
June at d JO pm. No flowers 
phase but OtmaflcaH to 
Barnard os. 

CLEGG - Oh June M 1999 
peacnrully at home In Utuan, 
Ronald Anthony (Tony) 
Chm OBE. deeply loved 
husband Of Dorothy, devotad 
father of Ms three girls 
Vlndnia. Fiona and Victoria, 
beloved wn of Cicely, much 
loved grandpa of wnuara 
and father-in-law of Simon 
and Nicholas. The Amaral 
service win be held at Rlpon 
Cathedral on Thursday 8th 
June (U 12 noon. Flowers 
may be sod la The Chapter 

House, Rtpon Cathedral, on 
Wednesday 70i June. 
Enqulrtea to C-E- Kitchen. 
Boston Spa 843STB. 

COAKCN on May 29th. FTeda. 
of Costarth. NowcaeOe-UPbit- 
Time. beloved vrtft of Prof. 
M. R. a Coraen and moawr 
of UdiMi. Fflnarat at West 
Hoad crematorium. 

Newcastle, on Wedneaday. 
THi June, at 12 noon. 
Flowers if desired may be 
sent to J BardgeU A Sons. 
Westgam Read. Newcastle. 
NE4 9PQ- 

DEAN ■ On May 26th. 
peanftdly at Victoria 
Homtml, DsoL MafflOa Prtb 
orfe Daodridbei aped ion. 
bdoved sistar of Theuna and 
the late Lawrence 
DandrMpe. Emwirtes to E-H- 
Caved (OISCW - 373275). 

EDWARDS - Gordon Gtovsr 
aged 62. of Dibdan Purttsu. 
Hants. peacdUDy afler ■ long 
(tineas oa 1st June. Beloved 
husband or Otana. tamer to 
James and Roberta, taflaer- 
to4aw to Nicola. 

GRAVER - On 26th May. 
suddenly tn Spain. Edward 
Graver D.F.C. aged 73 years, 
at Chr is to ! l u rch. Dorset. 
Dearly loved husband o f 
Vera, tamer of Michael. 
father-bHaw of BlcU. much 
loved grandfather at KMI and 
Lnulse. Funeral Servke 
Bournemouth Crematorium 
on Tuesday June L3tb at 19 
noon. Flowers or d onate— . 
If desired, to the RJU-i. 
(Mudetard Branch) may be 
sent is Mum- Bros, and fJ> 
Butler Ltd. F/P. 119 
Bargates. chrtitciumh. kh 
CO1202) 485099. 

HAMILTON - On May 30lh 
1996 at the Royal lufUiumy 
Edtnburbb. Peacefutty after 
a short mnem. nimbrth 
(Betty) aaad 80 yean. Widow 
of the Utto Dr. James O.M. 
Hammon. mother of Rum. 
Alan. Bill and the Ms 
Pauline. Mother-in-law of 
Peter. Frances and Anna. 
Grandmother of MM. 
Claire and Cohn. A Service 
will be held at St John the 
Evangelist. Princes Street. 
Edlnbuttpi an Friday June 
9th at 1SLS0 pm to which oB 
friends are reOpecHUUy 
invited. Funeral Bwreaitar 
prtvate. FaxhOy flowers only 
please but donations If 
desired may ha sod to St 
Colomba's Homioe. 

Challenger Lodge. BoswaB 
Road. Edtnburgh. or The 
Royal Medical Benevolent 
Fund. 24 Hubs Road. 
Wimbledon. London. 

LLEWELYN - On May 50th. 
1995. Mscrfuny. altar a 
short tonem. Bmban 
Evelyn, wipe of die lida Wing 
Commander j.g. Llewelyn 
RJLF.. advad mother of Jto 
and Ann and much loved by 
her Hx g ra ndc lrf jrtnw. 
Cramatlon private. Service w 
Thankaohrmi at SL Mnani 
Church, .wargrara « 
Thursday. 6th June at M2 
noon. No flowm 


WATKINS - Phfflp George, of 
Morton Place 8W1 M Trinity 
Hospice. Clap hum common, 
on June 1st 1995. aged 64. 
Much loved by Ms br ot her*, 
tamny and frauds. Funeral 
Sendee on Friday June 9th 
at a pm at St Jamea the law. 
Morton Street. VauxhaO 
Bridge Road. Family Dowera 
only ptame. dooatems. If you 
wish, to Trinity Hnartce. 
London SW4 orn. 

WHITE - On May SlsL 
George wifflam aged 88. 
formerly Hweannbr and 
Head of the Oataskal SUe at 
Malvern College aad 
e om rthtw Scholar of Bt 
John's OoBege. Oxford. 
Funeral tn Mahrem College 
Chapel on Tuesday June 
ism at I 1 JO am. fonawed 
by private cramaUoR. FUnOy 
flower* only- DonaQoo* to 
Tetephonea tar the Blind 






Funeral sovlce at DaUuvwie 
Omumiun. BraanKioinc. 
CM—ow. at lOam. Friday 
9th June. FaraQy flowers 
only tdease. 

PITT - Peter Garnley. on 51et 
May aged 83 roars, ya fly 
loved fklhcr. grantfUhB- 
axtd husband of the late Joan. 
He wtn ha deeply mieaea. 
Funeral Service to be htU d 
St Mary me W0n, 
Rolvendan. on Saturday 
10 th Jane tit 5WO pm. AS 
engulrtes to T.w. Faggte & 
Son. Temterdm. teL- (D1580) 

ROBINSON - on May 31st 
suddenly aged 83 year*. 
Nancy beloved Aster or 
cuppy and Honor and of 
late Aston Maoorte and 
MabeL and much loved aunt 
and great-aunt. Funeral 
sendee at The Croydon 
Crematorium on Tbunday 
June 8th at 12 noon. No 
flowers hr request hut If 
deshed donations to: The 
tapertal society of Thaehare 
of Dancing BeaevtoeU Fund 
c/o W.A. Trualow A Son 
uo.. 118 Cxrthafnsi Road. 
Sutton. Storey SMI 4RL. tat 
(0181) 6424Z11. 

TUBNHAM - On 1801 May. 
Frederick George FOB 
{Major. Urn at Royal 
Hampshire Regl m e a O- 
Deariy beloved husband of 
Joan, father at Buzanns and 
VMsnneand t»-pa or Sarah. 
NKttWa. Lonbe and 

On Conn Page £1150 per fine plus VAT 
Court pflge ansotmeetneats fay vob/Sk* to: 

Mrs J Neenan 
Court & Social Advcrtaring 
. Iflyd ,5,1 viqpnm Street 
London B1 9BD 

Tet 0172.782 7347 Euc 0272 482 9313 
Please todnde in all conespondence: -. 
a aignsnin of either one of tbe parties 
conceited or a parent, a daytime and your 

home telephone somber and address 

Advertisements far^The Comt Page mast be 

ra b miniBrt ttiO makin g days prior ip 
pn b i knti on and are accepted arifajcct to_ 

cniifir Tna |^ ^ 





pflys Powell, 6lm critic, died on 

June 3 agpd 93. She was born on 
July 20.1901. 

DILYS POWELL'S first weekly film 
"anew appeared in The Sunday 
T vnes on March 26. 1939. her last 
aoout the movies on television this 
^sek; only yesterday. She was almost 
9®rainly the oldest working joumal- 
“tm Britain, if not the world, and for 
DJost of that time she was one of the 
■faost influential of film critics and 
?te of fhe most highly regarded 
inside and outside the film industry. 

In 1972 she was the first to spot the 

• Potential of a then unknown director, 
Steven Spielberg, from a made-for- 
television film. Duet, and her enthu¬ 
siasm persuaded Warner Brothers to 
give that film a cinema release. She 

. was also die first leading critic to 
recognise Clinl Eastwood’s gifts both 
as an actor and as a director. 

In I960, reviewing Peter OToole's 
fiord film. The Day They Robbed The 
Bank of England . she wrote: “Peter 
OToole looks like being a gift to the 
( British cinema... his performance 
as a young Guards officer drags 
one’s attention away from more 
familiar faces.” 

Writing about Billy Liar three 
' , years laten she wrote “ the 
debonair girlfriend, Julie Christie 
makes an impression of coolness, 
charm and the promise of an 

.She described A Hard Day’s Night 
(1964) as: “Deafening of course. But it 
really is restoring to find in the 
British cinema, apt to waver between 
devoted amateurism and mad polish, 
the seeming spontaneity of this 
exorcise in anarchy." 

Of The Railway Children (1970) 
she wrote: The green English coun¬ 
tryside comports itself as the land¬ 
scape of childhood should comport 
. itsof. It smiles." 

Elisabeth Powell was bom only a 
tew months after the death of Queen 
Victoria. She was the daughter of a 
Bournemouth bank manager and 
her chQdhood was spent in the 
comfortable ambience of that South 
Coast resort 

Prom Bournemouth High School 
for Girls she won a scholarship to 
Somerville College, Oxford, where 
she shone brilliantly, writing for/sis. 
and attracting attention in die nat¬ 
ional press after her rustication, 
imposed for climbing in following a 
late-night assignation with an under¬ 
graduate at Christ Church. He was 
Hmnfry Payne, later a distinguished 
archaeologist, and in 1926 she mar- 
. . ried him. 

V Her Sunday Times career began 

Cy fang before her first film review in 
! 1939. She joined the newspaper four 

years after graduating with first- 
class honours in modem languages 
from Somerville in 1924. Initially she 
had worked as Lady Ottoline 
Morrell’s secretary and literary assis¬ 
tant. and years later was upset by the 
caricature by Eleanor Bran in Ken 
Russell's film Women in Love. She 
recognised, though, that this was not 

• foe mult of the director or the actress 
but was far more the responsibility of 
D. H. Lawrence, whose portrait of 

Lady Ottoline in his novel she 
described as "a savage travesty” 

When her husband was appointed 
Director of the British School of 
Archaeology in Athens, she left her 
full-time job in the literary depart¬ 
ment of The Sunday Times , although 
she continued to* contribute book 
reviews. Her years in Greece in¬ 
spired a passion, and one of her 
greatest deprivations in later years 
was her inability to make her regular 
pilgrimages after her body had 
become too frail. 

Payne died suddenly in 1936, and 
was burial at Mycenae. Dilys Powell 
wrote movingly of him and her 
beloved Greece in several books, 
including The Traveller's Journey Is 
Done (1943) and An Affair Of The 
Heart (1957). in which she described 
vividly the shock of her first visit 
there after his death, made in 1945 
when the country was tom apart by 
civil war and internal strife. 

She rejoined The Sunday Times in 
1936, and in the spring of 1939. when 
the film critic Sydney Carroll sudden¬ 
ly left to become the Editor of the 
Daily Sketch, she was asked to take 
over his column. Her interest in 
cinema went back to childhood when 
she had watched the Westerns of 
William S. Hart and “Bronco Billy" 
Anderson in Bournemouth, and at 
Oxford, where she frequently visited 
a little cinema behind Somerville. 

Readers quickly noticed that she 
brought a freshness and enthusiasm 
to her reviewing that had been absent 
in her predecessor’s work. 

Although Fleet Street editors then, 
as now. tended to hold film reviewing 
in lower esteem than theatre and 
opera because it was a medium of 
mass entertainment, at The Observer 
C. A. Lejeune had been firmly estab¬ 
lished since 1928. Throughout the 
Second World War and until Le- 
jeune’S retirement in 1960. foe two 
women reigned as joint doyennes of 
the Sunday broadsheets. Where Car¬ 
oline Lejeune was tart and funny, 
often at her best when ridiculing bad 
films, Dilys Powell strove to be 
truthful and always to explain why 
she thought a film was good or bad. 
Her wrath was rare, usually emerg¬ 
ing only when animals were ill-used. 
Their differences in style were even 
noted on the screen itself. In a dinner 
party scene in foe frothy Wilcox- 
Neagle comedy of 1948. Spring In 
Park Lane. Peter Graves, playing a 
cinema idol says of his latest perfor¬ 
mance: “Of course Caroline didn’t 
like it, but Dilys went absolutely 

Wartime newspapers were small, 
and The Sunday Times had a mere 
eight sometimes wily six. pages 
which imposed strenuous disciplines 
on its journalists. Her elegant but 
unadorned style with its scalpel 

precision, was shaped in these condi¬ 
tions. In wartime she also began to 
broadcast her views on films on the 
BBC radio, and her attractively 
modulated voice became familiar to 
listeners, some of whom were far 
from home but dose to military 
cinemas where they could see the 
films she endorsed. 

In 1943 she remarried. Her second 
husband was Leonard Russell asso¬ 
ciate editor and chief literary editor of 
The Sunday Times, and their flat- 
fronted early- Victorian house in 
Albion Street, near Marble Arch, 
became a salon for fine conversation 
and glittering company in the austere 
postwar period. Although she was 
shy. she always enjoyed the company 
of friends to whom she was kind, 
generous and unfailingly loyal. 

As a critic she was indefatigable. 
She never hesitated to tread unfamil¬ 
iar paths as the cinema diversified in 
strange directions. She would often 
cover obscure films that other critics 
had ignored, and many independent 
film-makers had cause to be grateful 
to her for tracking down and writing 
about their work. She always wrote 
sanely and sympathetically out of a 
completely open mind, unswayed to 
a remarkable degree by fashion, and 
affected not at aD by the preconcep¬ 
tions that might have seemed natural 
to one -of her generation. 

She never knew or wanted to know 
how a film was made. She had no 
interest in camera angles or editing 
processes. She told Dirk Bogarde: “I 
don’t care how it’s moved, cut what 
angles are used... Perhaps that is ■ 
why I am so uncluttered. I am really 
the child with the magic lantern. 
Don’t tell me how they lit foe lamp. 
Just let me be enthralled." 

Dn her later years she astonished 
younger journalists with her imper¬ 
turbability as she would sit through 
scenes of torrid love-making against 
pounding Heavy Metal soundtracks. 
She sometimes would discover merit 
in the most unpromising contexts. 
Her preferred position was foe centre 
of the front row. where the screen's 
size was big enough to engulf her. 

In 1976, two years after she had 
been widowed again, she ceased to 
review the week’s new films. She was 
by then ten years over the notional 
retirement age for staff journalists 
and the writer designated to succeed 
her was waiting impatiently for her 
to vacate her post Initially the 
Editor. Harry Evans, took her to 
lunch with the hope of getting her to 
agree that, in view of her age. it was 
perhaps time for her to call it a day. 
However, she resolutely failed to take 
the hint, merely thanking him for 
taking such an interest in her work. 

Frustrated, Evans eventually felt 
forced in one fell swoop to purge 
several other elderly critics, includ¬ 
ing Sir Harold Hobson and Des¬ 
mond Shawe-Taylor. Dilys Powell 
returned from holiday to learn that 
she had one week left. Before she had 
had time to open her mail, a 
concerned colleague phoned. When 
he asked if she had opened her 
letters, she coolly replied: “Why? 
Have I got the sack?" 

Her departure provoked many 

protests from readers, led by Dirk 
Bogarde. Godfrey Smith, having 



recently beat appointed arts editor, 
sensed Evans’s embarrassment and 
created a new column for her in 
.which she could comment an the. 
films to be shown that week on. 
television- It was in that area of the 
newspaper that she worked for the 
rest ot her life, addressing a far larger 
audience than ever attended foe 

Nevertheless, in 1979 she was 
invited to become foe film critic of 
Punch, and resumed her regular 
attendance at press shows, contribut¬ 
ing a weekly review until the maga¬ 
zine’s enforced closure in 1991 

In foe summer of 1988. after a fall, 
she endured a hip operation, and 
although she was back to her manual 
typewriter in only six weeks, she 
found mobility increasingly difficult 
Her progress to her seat at 
screenings was a stately affair, and 
she would politely but firmly decline 
offers of assistance. 

Although she never converted to 
foe electronic revolution in print 
journalism, preferring to stay with 
manual typing, neatly annotating 
her corrections with a fine ballpoint, 
she adhered to deadlines wkh metic¬ 
ulous conscientiousness, and her 
copy required the minimum of sub¬ 

She became very ill last summer 
and after a spell in hospital was 
confined to a wheelchair. She with¬ 
stood a series of strokes with aston¬ 
ishing resilience, although each 
imposed more damage on her frail 
body. Her extraordinary willpower 
gave her an extra year and, even at 
foe end. she strove to cling to a life 
that had been full and fulfilled. 

As well as being a newspaper 
journalist Dflys Powell was an 
accomplished broadcaster. She was a 
regular participant in the BBC radio 
programme The Critics and its Radio 
3 successor Critic t Forum as well as 
the series My Word. 

In 1974 she was appointed CBE 
She served on the board of foe British 
Film Institute. 1948-52, and on the 
Independent Television Authority, 
1954-57. She was president of the 
Classical Association, 1966-67. 

She was a pillar of foe Critics' 
Circle and inspired foe establish¬ 
ment. in 1956, of the London Film 
FtestivaL In 1991 foe Dilys Powell 
Award was instituted as foe Critics’ 
Circle Film Section’s highest honour 
for those whose contribution to 
cinema has been outstanding. 

The recipients have been Sir Dirk 
Bogarde, who appreciatively recalled 
her “spot-on" comment, “Given too 
little to do. Mr Bogarde does far too 
much”, the triple-Oscar winning 
cinematographer. Freddie Young, 
the actor Christopher Lee, and most 
recently Lord Attenborough who. at 
this year’s awards ceremony last 
March, spoke of her generosity and 
movingly recalled that foe encour¬ 
agement she had given him as a 
young actor had supplied foe impe¬ 
tus for him to make a career in 
British cinema. 

Dilys Powell had no children. She 
is survived by her nephew. 


GeoffreyWatts. engineer 
. and international 
businessman, died on 

May 3 aged 73. He was 

born on August 26.1921. 

fitted foe conventional picture 
of foe British businessman. 
For one thing, he was profes¬ 
sionally qualified in his own 
right as a mechanical engi¬ 
neer; for another, and even 
more to the point, foe forging 
ground for his successful 
boardroom career was not 
London or even the provinces 
but rather foe wide open 
spaces of East and Central 
Africa. He developed remark¬ 
able skills in management and 
finance and became a director 
of more than 60 highly suc¬ 
cessful companies, of which he 
was chairman of 16. 

Geoffrey Alan Howard 
Watts was bom on a family 
farm at Awre, Gloucester¬ 
shire. and at the age of five he 
was already accompanying 
his father to management 

the family bigness which was 
one of the largest employers in 
the area. His sole ambition, as 
he grew up, was to go into 
business and he made a point 
even as a schoolboy, of concen¬ 
trating on those academic 
subjects which would further 
this ambition. 

After he left Wycliffe Coll¬ 
ege. Stroud, he attended Glas¬ 
gow University, cramming a 
four-year mechanical engi¬ 
neering degree course into 
three years but still gaining a 
first He was immediately 
commissioned into the Royal 
Navy as an Air Engineer 
Officer. He attended the RAF 
Air Engineering Officers' 
course at Heniow before being 
posted to HMS Heron at 
Yeovil ton, and subsequently to 
HMS Hunter in the Indian 
Ocean. After service in India 
and Ceylon he was 
demobilised in 1946 and re¬ 
sumed his engineering train¬ 
ing before becoming chief 
engineer of Red & White 
Services, a large bus company 
operating in South Wales and 
the West of England owned by 
his family and some friends. 

In 1951, after the national¬ 
isation of UK bus companies. 
Watts was appointed chief 
engineer of the group's bus 
companies (by then renamed 
United Transport) in East, 
Central and South Africa 
which rapidly expanded. He 
designed new depots in the 
principal towns and cities, 
buses that tolerated foe harsh 
“washboard” condition of Af¬ 
rica roads (some of his designs 
lasted 25 years), and foe 
Mombasa ferries. Additional¬ 
ly, he instituted long-distance 
bus routes which opened up 
employment opportunities for 

many East Africans who had 
previously been isolated, in¬ 
cluding the first Nairobi- 
Harare (Salisbury) service, a 
distance of 1,800 miles. Within 
four years he was made chief 
executive in East Africa, based 
in Nairobi. 

On his return to the UK in 
1961 he joined foe boards of 
several industrial companies 
engaged in aluminium fabri¬ 
cation. wire brush manufac¬ 
ture, rubber moulding and 
motor distribution, as well as 
those in all fields of transport. 
In 1976 he became managing 
director of United Transport 
Company, and in 1980 chair¬ 
man. Numerous directorships 
followed in sectors as diverse 
as publishing and aircraft 
simulation. He was masterly 
as a company “doctor” and he 
had a remarkable gift for 
spotting a company's 
strengths and weaknesses 
from a balance-sheet. Under 
his chairmanship foe family 
business became the largest 
manufacturer of industrial 
tyres in the United Kingdom. 

His main hobby was avia¬ 
tion; he held a private pilot's 
licence for more titan 50 years 
and for some years he also 
held a commercial licence so 
that he could ferry executive 
staff in his own aircraft, a 
Cessna 182. to board meetings 
around Africa. He enjoyed 
sailing and in recent years 
competed several times at 
' Cowes Week with his second 
wife. Mary. He was a keen 
skier and at the age of 72. after 
four months' intensive chemo¬ 
therapy for leukaemia, de¬ 
scended on the old Olympic 
men’s downhill run at Val 

He was always interested in 
education and served as a 
governor of two public schools 
for many years, taking an 
active part in policy making to 
within weeks of his death. 

His first wife, Phyllis 
Harris, died following a shoot¬ 
ing accident His second wife 
was the biographer Maiy 
S. Lovell. He is survived by 
her and by four children from 
his first marriage. 



Louis Krasner, violinist 
died in Boston, 
Massachusetts, on May4 
aged 91. He was boro in 
Cherkassky. Ukraine, on 
June 2L1903. 


/ • WHEN Alban Berg was com- 
! missi oned to write his Violin 
j Concerto in 1934, foe aim was 
l to bring serialism and the 
whole 12-tone ethos espoused 
by Berg. Webern and their 
i teacher Schoenberg to a wider 
j audience. Whether or not the 
work was particularly success¬ 
ful in achieving this remains a 
L- matter of some debate. 

The commissioner, Louis 
Krasner. went as far as mov¬ 
ing to Europe from America in 
order to advise Berg on violin 
technique during foe work's 
gestation, once saying of his 
motive in commissioning it “1 
tried to tell him IBergJ that 12- 
tqac music was not making 
headway, but if he could 
undertake to solve the prob¬ 
lem of writing a piece for 
violin, of making good music 
tolisten to in his own way. that 
i t would mean much to 

In foe end, it took foe 
suddfli death of Alma Mah- 
Jerts beautiful daughter 
Gropius at the age of 
19 to stir Berg into honouring 

the commission which he ulti- 
jjjajgiy dedicated To foe 
memory of an angel ". 

Louis Krasner, right, with Dimitri Mitropoulos 

Critics of the Violin Concer¬ 
to. premiered by Krasner at 
foe ISCM Festival in Barcelo¬ 
na in April 1936 four months 
after foe composer's death, 
argue that in his persistence 
Krasner distracted Berg from 

ever completing his master¬ 
piece. the opera Lulu. 

Nevertheless foe Violin 
Concerto quickly received per¬ 
formances by Krasner in Vien¬ 
na conduced by Otto 
Klemperer, in London under 

Sir Henry Wood and New 
York with Serge Koussevitsky. 
The same year Krasner re¬ 
corded the work with foe BBC 
Symphony Orchestra and An¬ 
ton Webern, a recording 
which has recently been reis¬ 
sued on compact disc. 

Throughout the next ten 
years or so Krasner remained 
an important figure to the 
Second Viennese School, most 
notably in premiering Schoen¬ 
berg’s Violin Concerto—origi¬ 
nally written for Rudolf 
Kolisch in 1936 but until 
December 1940 unperformed 
— with the Philadelphia Or¬ 
chestra under Leopold Sto¬ 
kowski. For this he received a 
rare letter of appreciation 
from foe composer. He record¬ 
ed it 14 years later with the 
Bavarian Radio Symphony 
Orchestra under Dimitri Mi¬ 
tropoulos (also recently re- 
released on compact disc). 

Among other composers 
whose works he introduced at 
this time were Erich Wolfgang 
Komgold, Ernst Krenek. 
Alfredo Casella, Roger Ses¬ 
sions. Henry Cowell and Roy 

Thereafter Krasner faded 
from foe international plat¬ 
form. forsaking his solo career 
in 1944 to become leader of the 
Minneapolis Symphony Or¬ 
chestra. Later he moved to 
Syracuse University to coach 
violin and chamber music. 

At the age of five Krasner 
was taken by his parents from 
their Ukrainian home to settle 
in Providence, Rhode Island, 
where four years later he 
began playing the violin. An 
anonymous listener who 
heard him performing at a 
soda! club paid for him to 
study with Eugene Gruenberg 
at the New England Conser¬ 
vatory in Boston, from where 
he graduated in 1922. He 
remained both there and as a 
regular coach at Tanglewood 
until the time of his death. 

After graduation Krasner 
came to Europe, subsequently 
studying with, among others, 
Carl Flesch in Berlin. Howev¬ 
er. it was while visiting Vienna 
in 1930 that he first encoun¬ 
tered the 12-tone technique 
and became a fervent believer 
that, if properly presented, 
such a system of music could 
attract a. wider audience. He 
heard the American premiere 
of Berg’s opera Wozzeck in 
1931 but it was performances 
of foe composers Piano Sona¬ 
ta and Lyric Suite for string 
quartet that truly fired the 
interest in Berg and his music. 

Despite his early withdraw¬ 
al from public life Krasner 
continued to be a revered 
figure in the American 12-tone 
school of thought. 

He is survived by his wife 
Adrienne and their two 

Reginald Dix, 
construction and 
engineering consultant 
and wartime RAF pilot, 
died on May 14 aged 73. 

He was born in Stoke 
Newington. London, on 
August 26.1921. 

REG DIX was widely known 
and respected in construction 
and material production plant 

While tending to devote 
himself Largely to long-term 
single-dient work, he was 
considered to be a prime 
mover and innovator in foe 
application of management 
and technical sales systems in 
previously undeveloped pro¬ 
duction sectors. 

As the son of an engineer’s 
toolmaker he was introduced 
at an early age to novel 
machine applications and ad¬ 
aptations. and this back¬ 
ground shaped his career in 
foe postwar world. 

Having enlisted in July 
1940, Dix was commissioned 
in the RAFVR in May 1942 
and received rapid promotion 
to flying officer as a fighter 
pilot After periods with 141 
and 239 Squadrons, be joined 
169 Squadron in October 1943: 
after varied locations the 
squadron went to India as foe 
war was ending. 

Dix flew Mosquitos Mark □ 
and ID, and became com¬ 

manding officer of the squad¬ 
ron’s 173 Group, finishing his 
service as a wing commander. 

Prom his industrial man¬ 
agement standpoint Reg Dix 
placed great emphasis on the 
methodology by which the 
building industry was to be 
modernised, starting from the 
coordination of product di¬ 
mensions but extending to a 
wide base of construction tech¬ 
nique assessment 

He and a set of like-minded 

professionals were considera¬ 
bly assisted in foe search for 
co-ordinative principles by 
their establishment of the 
Modular Society, of which Dix 
was a council member and 
executive committee chair¬ 
man. The society forged an 
invaluable link between tech¬ 
nological professionals and 
foe British Standards Institu¬ 
tion. and this link was cement¬ 
ed when the society eventually 
gave way to foe Building 
Standards Group of the Brit¬ 
ish Standards Society in the 
late 1970s. 

His innate organising ca¬ 
pacity on behalf of the Modu¬ 
lar Society was influential 
over several years in ' foe 
achievement of respect and 
standing for the educational 
and standards support func¬ 
tions of the BSG. 

Indeed, Reg Dix had a 
highly developed perception of 
the value of industrial stan¬ 
dards as useful tools for 
rationalisation in production 
and marketing; in recent 
years, for example, he applied 
this conviction to foe develop¬ 
ment of mineral-bonded wood 
products in several European 
countries including Britain, 
and he founded an interna¬ 
tional federation to represent 
that sector. 

In September 1952 Reg Dix 
married Evelyn Martha 
Ormston, who survives him. 



v Maureen Allchin, Assis- 
Curate. Sr Mary's, 
gam (Chichester): to be 
itor, gridpon Team Min- 

ev David Belcher, vicar, 
ipmwfch Good Shepherd w 
i (Lichfield): to be Priest-in- 
, Bratton. Edington, Erie* 
bJ Coulsion (Salisbury), 
v Malcolm Bridger. Rector, 
irth. Ludgershall and 
gown; to be also Rural Dean 
i (Salisbury). 

v Dr Neil Biugess. lecturer 
istural Studies, Lincoln 
cried College: to be Di- 
Diirctor of Training 

# Cameron Bull and. Vicar, 
gg to be Team Rector. 
■Team Ministry (Oxford). 

* Linda Chun*. Assistant 
(NSM). Kirkby-in-AshficW, 
rnas: to be Assistant Curate 
. Skegb y (Soudmtfl). 

Church news 

The Rev Harty Eden, Chaplain 
and Head of Religious Studies. 
Brentwood School, and NSM. St 
Thomas'. Brentwood (Chelms¬ 
ford); to be Team Vicar (NSM). 
Beaconsfidd Team Ministry, w 
responsibility for St Michael's 

The Rev Anthony Frans. Rector. 
Ordsall. All Hollows and Retford 
St Alban: to be Priest-in-charge. 
Sutton-in-Ashfidd St Mary Mag¬ 
dalene (Southwell). 

The Rev Rodney Garner. Priest-in- 
charge. Si Paul. Scufooares, and 
Lay Training Officer for the East 
Riding archdeaconry': to be Priest- 
in-charge, Holy Trinity, South- 
port. and Diocesan Theological 
Consultant (Liverpool). 

The Rev Chris Gamid. Assistant 
Curate. Si Paul's, Ireland Wood: to 
lx: Rector. Famlev. St Michael and 
Si James (Ripor) 

The Rev David Gavrin. Curate, Si 
Peter. Parr to be Team Vicar. St 
Cteopas. Toxteth (Liverpool). 

The Rev Roger Haring!on. Bishop 
of Ripon’s Drama Adviser Vicar. 
The Epiphany. Gipton iRipon). 
Hie Rev Alan Holmes. NSM. 
Shinfidd St Mary: to be Assistant 
Curate. Beech HflL Grazeley and 
Spencers Wood (Oxford). 

The Rev Colin Horseman. Vicar. 
Christ Church. Hedey (Sheffield]: 
to be Priest-in-charge, 
Ducklington. and Diocesan Evan¬ 
gelism Adviser (Oxford). 

The Rev Paul Hunt, Assistant 
Priest, Leeds City Team, and in 
charge of St Mary'S: to be Vicar, 
Richmond Hill. Leeds (Ripon). 
The Rev Diana Jones. Assistant 
Curate. Hamham St George and 
All Saints’: to be Assistant Curate. 
Tidworth. Ludgershall and 
Fabertfown (Salisbury). 

The Rev Elmbeth Jordan, Parish 
Deacon, St Bartholomew, Ewood. 
and Assistant Director of Or- 
dinands (Blackburn): to be Res¬ 
ident Minister. Walsall Wood, 
Sheffield, and Area Local Ministry 
Adviser in the Lichfield arch¬ 
deaconry (Lidtfidd). 

The Rev jean Kings, Assistant 
Chaplain. University of the West of 
England, and Hoi Curate, St 
Mary w St Francis. Lockkazr to 
be Assistant Curate, All Saints’, 
Fishponds (Bristol). 

The Rev David Lashbrooke. Assis¬ 
tant Curate, Sherborne w 
Castleton and liDington; to be 
Priest-irKharge, Weymouth St 
Paul (Salisbury). 

The Rev Richard Newton, Priest- 
in-charge, St Andrew's, Malvern 
(Worcester): Team Rector, Kings- 
wrod Team Ministry (Bristol). 

The Rev Neil Pollock. Team Rec¬ 
tor. Ridgeway Team Ministry: to 
be Priest-in-charge, ChickereU w 
fleet (Salisbury). 

The heroes and the ideals 

If one wanted to look at the blunders of the 
referendum dejxne. it would not be difficult to 
find absurdities. Both sides have used 
arguments which can hardly be excused even 
by the excitement of the moment. But both 

sides have also developed arguments of a 
serious historic character and it is no doubt 
those historic arguments which will stay in 
the mind when the details of the debate have 
been forgotten. 

There is no doubt who hare beat the heroes 
of the debate. On the “No" side Mr Enoch 
ftwril has argued in a most skilful and 
sympathetic way. putting his arguments, 
particularly on television, with a combined 
darity ana courtesy which reminded one of 
the cradmonai standards of English politics. 
Yet on that side it has been Mr Tony Benn 
who has been the leader of foe debate, wen if 
like a batsman with a weakness on the offside 
Mr Benn is liable to be caught off his 
statistics. Whatever die result of the referen¬ 
dum, his is a significant political achievement. 

June 5,1975 

Ejrmzcfs from a thm<olumn leading article 
summarising the debate.on the referendum 
on whether Britain should join the European 
Community. Two days later, the result showed 
the country 2-1 in favour 

He was the author of the referendum itself 
and for much of the time he has managed to 
make his arguments the central arguments in 
the debate. On the "Yes" tide there hare also 
been two leading figures. Mr Roy Jenkins is 
he most eloquent of our politicians. He writes 
nd speaks better English even than Mr Enoch 
Rjwefi; Mr Ptnreifs arguments arc con¬ 
structed as a series of defined logical 
propositions, while Mr Jenkins’ arguments 

are shaped in English prose of which it is Ihe 

vital quality that it should be fluent. Yet the 
other hero of the debate was not Mr Jenkins 
any mare than it was Mr Powell. The Achifles 
of the European cause was Mr Heath. He 
throughout used the simple, central argu¬ 
ments which go to the heart of political 
discussion. He spoke with a freedom which he 
did not show when he had the responsibilities 
of a Prime Minister or a Party Leader, as a 
man can speak who has nothing on his mind 
except to express his own convictions about 
important matters... 

We accept the ideal of Europe because it 
involves an outgoing of will towards nations 
who belong to the same European family as 
the four nations of the United Kingdom. It is 
through Europe that Britain wjQ gain most 
and serve test in 1975 Britain is as much in 
need of an opportunity for service, for 
purpose, as for any opportunity of gain. If 
there has been a disappointment in foe 
debate. i( is that it has concentrated too much 
on what Europecan do for us, and too little on 
what we can do for Europe. 

Bosnian Sorbs ‘in the firing line’ 

■ Britain' brushed aside a threat by the Bosnian Serb 
commander to continue holding the remaining 260 United 
Nations hostages unto Nato called off airstrikes, and warned 
ihe Bosnian Serbs they'liad “put themselves in the firing line". 

Despite the release of 121 hostages on Saturday, and hints 
hom Serbia that the rest would be allowed to go, General 
Ratko Mladic told the UN no further releases would happen 
unless he received assurances .that Nato would refrain from 
using its air power..Page I 

Major urged to oppose single currency 

■ The Prime Minister was urged by close advisers to speak out 

against a single European currency. Jacques Sanfer, President 
of the European Commission, demanded an end to the national 
veto on foreign and security policy.Page 1 

MP pressed 

Sir Nicholas Scort, the Tory MP 
arrested last week after allegedly 
leaving the scene of a road acci¬ 
dent, came under pressure from 
local Tories to resign at the. next 
election--.‘..Page 1 

Legal guidance 

Judges are to be taught how to 
avoid comments and off-the-cuff 
remarks that may offend homo¬ 
sexuals as part of a training 
progam me in “human, aware¬ 
ness”__Page 1 

Rescue hopes 

John Major's Downing Street 
policy unit is leading attempts in 
Whitehall to draw up a rescue 
package for more than a million 
homebuyers caught in the mort¬ 
gage trap-Page 2 

Hospital failure 

A Commons committee is to 
cross-examine ministers and of¬ 
ficials on the financial collapse of 
a private hospital... .Page 2 

Crop of trouble 

A champion flower grower who 
was once gamekeeper to the 
Queen's equerry was found with 
a crop of cannabis among his 
prize-winning.violets Page 3 

Transport costs 

Parents will have to pay up to 
£1,000 a year for their children to 
travel to school if Essex County 
Council's plans to charge new 
grammar school entrants pro¬ 
ceed next year.Page 5 

Country dangers 

Drug-taking is on the increase in 
rural areas and some teenagers 
seeking excitement are resorting 
to veterinary medicines, a report 
suggests.Page 7 

Tories unseated 

Tory party chiefs are braced fora 
summer of infighting as MPs 
compete for new constituencies 
laid down by the Boundary Com¬ 
mission-Page 8 

Musical discord 

Musicians at La Scala threatened 
further disruption after Riccardo 
Muti. the director, coolly foiled an 
orchestra strike at the Milan op¬ 
era house by accompanying sing¬ 
ers alone in a production of La 
Traviata .Page 10 

Genetics outcry 

British geneticists have de¬ 
nounced as “an undisguised em¬ 
bodiment of eugenic principles” a 
new Chinese law aimed at con¬ 
trolling the number of disabled 
children bom Page 11 

Joy in the valleys 

Throughout Wales came the long¬ 
distance telephone calls for which 
12 families had prayed. Their sons 
and loved ones were alive—freed 
after a week held hostage by Bos¬ 
nian Serbs.Page 12 

Force at hand 

The Rapid Reaction Force is to 
have a proactive role that could 
lead to more hostilities against 
tiie Bosnian Serbs.Page 13 

Scholar accuses Jung of fraud 

■ Carl Jung falsified evidence to promote his theories on 
psychoanalysis, according to a Harvard University scholar 
who claims the Jung family has blocked access to archives that 
would prove the Swiss psychologist was a fraud. Richard Noll. 
35, a prize-winning academic alleges, that Jung was “the most 
influential liar of the 20th century"..Page 11 


'V ::*r f 




■ '%-• 


Young dancers reaching for the stars at an audition for die Kirov Ballet’s production of The Sleeping Beauty at Covent Garden 


Asda millions: Archie Norman, 
chief executive, is sitting on poten¬ 
tial profits of £23 million from 
share options.-__ Page 44 

Union campaign: The GMB called 
for changes in the law governing 
proxy shareholder voting as it an¬ 
nounced a list of companies against 
which it is to take legal action over 
political donations_ Page 44 

Fears discounted: A minimum 
wage of £4.10 an hour will not lead 
to job cuts, say managers consulted 
by Personnel Today.- .Page 44 

Lloyd's action: An antiquarian 
book dealer is suing a firm of ac¬ 
countants for breach of contract in 
an attempt to gain compensation 
for more than £300.000 of losses in 
tiie insurance market-Page 41 

Memory man: After a brain opera¬ 
tion to end his epileptic fits. H.M. 
could tackle IQ tests and hold a 
conversation but he could not redis¬ 
cover how to ride a bicycle. Dr 
Adam Zeman on tiie mystery of 
remembering -Page 16 

Woman at the Bar. The first fe¬ 
male head of the Criminal Bar 
Association tells Anne McElvqy 
how she managed to conquer a 
male bastion_Page 17 

Exam survival: Don't cram, do 
sleep, don't panic, eat well, leant 
from past mistakes and don't mull 
over the-material afterwards with 
your friends. Ben Preston offers 
tips on taking tests and retaining 
your sanity__—..Page 37 

f Vi Mi fe: - yir. - ■ 

Gathering no moss: The biggest 
rock tour in history hits Europe, as 
the Rolling Stones arrive in Stock¬ 
holm after a mete ten months bn 
the road__Page 14 

Role reversal: The National The¬ 
atre turns a blind eye to gender as it 
casts the actress Fiona Shaw in the 
title role of Richard H. .She succeeds 
in delivering a daring and fasdnaJ- 
ing portrayal —-...Page 15 

Viennese visitors: Under Seiji 
Ozawa, the Vienna Philharmonic 
came alive only when it played 
Prokofiev_Page 15 

Now or never, Its new chamber 
opera house may not be quite 
ready, but Spitalfields Market Op¬ 
era went ahead with its inaugural 
production anyway-Page 15 


Part one of a series by 
John Charmley on the 
special relationship 

Rob Andrew wites as 
the serious business 
begins in the World 
Cup in South Africa 

Cricket: England selectors sprang 
two surprises when they - named 
Robin Smith and Richard Illing¬ 
worth for the first Test against the 
West Indies—-Page 28 

Rugby union: An understrength 
New Zealand trounced Japan 145- 
17 in Bloemfontein and set a string 
of World Cup team and individual 
records-;-Page 26 

Football: Paul Gascoigne chided 
the doubters among Scottish foot¬ 
ball followers in Glasgow as he 
enlarged on why he would be join¬ 
ing Rangers next month . Page 30 

Tennis: An angiy Boris Becker, of 
Germany,-was beaten by a qualifi¬ 
er, Adrian Voinea, erf Romania, in 
foe third round of the French Open 
in Paris--Page 25 

Golf: Philip Walton, of Ireland, 
won foe English Open at foe Sorest 
of Arden, beating tiie favourite 
and long-time leader Colin. 
Montgomerie in a sudden-death 
playoff_i-Page 24 

Athletics: The new generation of 
British sprinters is out of the blocks 
and ready to take over as Linford 
Christie approaches retirement 
after a glorious career — Page 31 

Equestrianism Britain won the 
Nations Cup at Hickstead, beating 
their nearest rivals, foe United 
States, by 20 points-Page 25' 

L 21.29, 3U 32. 4a Bonus: 27 

Prcntw: Addenbroote* in 
bridge opens ks doors for five 

Hospital Watch (BBC1. r 
10.05am). Review: Lynne Truss 
mtffes-from a blighted past to a 
black future, finding very Uttie 
way of light relief...—.-Page 

Fireflies in June 

The President who came to office 
saying that Americans must man- 
Sange “lest it engulf us" gives 
every appearance of being en- 

guM His attention to foreign pol¬ 
icy is at best episodic-.PagcW 

Safer than houses 

Hie Government should be hoping 
that the recession has changed 
housebuyer psychology, so that 
prices wiD no longer follow foe 
pattern of unsustainable boom fol¬ 
lowed by painful bust Nothing 
couJd be better for foe long-term 
health of foe economy-Pag® w 


British politics has mo few in¬ 
formed iconodasts. Most politi¬ 
cians are happy to foster tiie 
public’s belief that it can have both 
ever-expanding public services and 
tax cuts. But now this is being 
challenged-._Page 18 


In Somerset we may be better at 
funerals than at weddings. We like 
the long rhythms of life we enjoy 
foe recognition of a long life wdl 

DDys Powell film critic; Geoffrey 
Watts, engineer and businessman; 
Louis Krasner, violinist: Reginald 
' Dix, construction and engineering 

consultant—.. Page 21 





The United States has no interest 
beyond a humanitarian one in the 
outcome of Bosnia's war 

• -‘The New York Times 

Qy contiguigg to say yvhai he wont 
cut from the budget instead of what 
hewpr President Clinton is putting 
the programs he daims to care 
about at great risk. It is reckless 
—- The Washington Post 




□ General: most of England and 
Wales wilt start sunny, but low cloud 
and drizzle wiH drift slowly south, 
reaching southwest England durfrig 
the evening. Eastern and southern 
England will have a mostly dry 
afternoon. Eastern parts of Scotland 
will have a mostly dry day with sunny 
intervals. Western Scotland and 
Northern Ireland will be cloudy with 
outbreaks of rain or drizzle. 

□ London, SE England, E Anglia, 
Central S England, E Midlands, E 
England, W Midlands, Channel 
Isles, Central N: mainly dry with 
sunny intervals. Wind northwest light 
to moderate. Max 18C (64F). 

□ SW England, S Wales: dry with 
sunny mtervals, becoming cloudy with 
drizzle later. Wind northwest light to 
moderate. Max 17C (63F). 

□ N Wales, NW England, Lake 
District, Isle of Man, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow: dry with a little sunshine at 

first, becoming cloudy with coastal 
drizzie. Wind west to northwest fight 
Max 17C (63F). 

□ NE England, Borders, Edin¬ 
burgh & Dundee, Aberdeen, Cen¬ 
tral Highlands: mostly dry with sunny 
intervals. Wind west to northwest light 
Max 16C [61F). 

□ Moray Firth, NE Scotland, Ork¬ 
ney, Shetland: sunny Intervals at 
first, becoming cloudy later. Wind 
west to northwest, light to moderate. 
Max 14C (57F). 

□ Argyfl, NW Scotland, N Ireland: 

doudy with rain or drizzle. Wind 
westerly light Max 15C (59F). 

□ Outlook: ran, but mainly dry In toe 
south and east on Tuesday. 

□ Pollen forecast: Scotland L,; 
Northern England L; Northern Ireland 
L; Midlands UEast Anglia L; Wales U 
South East L South West L London L 

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Improved display earns quarter-final 

Johannesburg yesterday 

against Australia 

Photograph: John Stillwell. Report, page 26 

iuip^ TV,v ^--J- ^ - ---- ^ j 

Champions await England 

_good eft* and after Callard sm*ed ov 

? 3&i-: 


Weste rn Samoa —.** 

From Davto Hands 

rugby correspondent 

ENGLAND- withthdrj 1 ^ 

convincing S 

rugby unions World oro» 

ensured a 

meeting wi *J? 1 ?Sdav S 
Cape Town ram Sunday* 

King's Park here 

^ dash of foe two unbeaten 

in pool B- howevw. 

left a 

rides and Western Samoa wu 

he desperately short of for 
wards when they teke 0 

■ S^sSaS 

a teiful of mes. 
confidence at stand-off nan 


ris. a bundle of energy « 

orriim half, may have 

will recreate foe l^ 1 ^ 

England kicked off on a merd- 

his first game 

men3 they received due re¬ 
ward when. ? 

seooiais. England hidscOTed. 

Qjomoh soared ai the baj* 
of auneout leaving the blmd 


ball with two rakmg dear- 
ances. Even an offside by 
Hunter did not spdl danger 
since Umaga lacked the in¬ 
jured Kefletrs strength and 
accuracy as a goalkkker- 
Nonethdess a relieving pen- 

AH Blacks smash recorns 
Irish reach last eight — 26 

Scots condemned- n 

Clement Freud--—■ Li 

alty after a series of Samoan 
lineout successes was wel¬ 
come. and paved the way fora 
breakaway stopped aruywTtn 
difficulty five metres from me 
Samoan line. Dawe conceded 

a good position by tefoS 
penalised at the scrum but 
even so the points came when 
Leaupepe’s short-arm tackle 
was punished from 38 metres 
by Callard. 

Again the Samoan line 
came under threat from a 
finely-judged ganyowai by 
Catt but poor English disci¬ 
pline. including stamping ala 
ruck, wasted the chance. Yet 
England found space m a way 
they had not in their first two 
pool games, backs and tor- 
wards combining m the style 
which has been their ambition 
over the last year. _ 

The row, driven on by 

Richards, whose susped ham¬ 
string was heavily bandaged. 

comer. a come, and paved 

^ Endwid Australia NeiZealand . Scoitond 

. Hilt ‘ y- V 

tedde. Dean kw“ UU3 



P< ^^md?bid to 

: France, 

: ‘ Ireland 

■ cimiHi Africa _ 

’ ' yyggt^nSamO 0 


fascination on the 

lag as foe last outpoSJB 


Sssws"— ■ 


linked to good effect and gave al 
Catt room to drop a low close- ic 
range goal. At the same lime, 
however. England lost s. 
Rowniree, one of the four fi 
Leicester forwards in the pack, w 
the prop limped off and f< 
Mallett trotted eagerly on to t 
win his first cap. ® 

It was the prelude to a c 
chanter of injuries: Leavasa s 
leftthe Samoan back row. » 
be replaced by Tatupu. who 
promptly surged down the i 

right-hand touchline. Then 
Back, clutching his thigh, gave 
way to Rodber as England 
tried to reclaim their territori¬ 
al ascendancy and their equi¬ 
librium at the lineout where 
the Samoans were unexpect- 

of Mber had 

beneficial effects. First at the 
lineout then at a midfield ruck 
where his Northampton col¬ 
league, Hunter, deserting me 
right flank, send Underwood 
over for his 44th England try. 
Canard’s second penalty gave 
England a comfortmg nait- 
time margin of 21 points. 

The celebratory conga oi 
several England supporters 
was cut short by Fa’amasmo s 
40-metre penalty which began 

the second half, but the zest of. 

the islanders, hit by 
even before the match, seemed 
to have been left behind m 
East London. 

If the English Ime escaped 
then, it fell seconds later. So 
quick in thought, the Samoans 
took a free kick and Smi. the 
replacement stand-off, scythed 
through to the posts to give 
1 Fa’amasino an easy conver- 

A sion. The score raised 

H thoughts of the second-half 

■ ralli es in which the Samoans 

|| specialise, thoughts confirmed 

after Callard stroked over a 
long penalty. 

The circumstances were tne 
same, a free kick ten metres 
from England's line, and so 
was the scorer. The Samoans 
forwards were held short but 
the stocky Sini stretched his 5ft 
8in frame over the lme, the 
conversion dosing the gap to | 
seven points. England looked 
flat-footed by comparison ana 
even Catt cool throughout, 
missed touch twice. 

He compensated oy 
prompting the move which led 

to an increasingly-common 
award in this tournament, a 
penally try- Doubling behind 
a rude set up by Rodber. he 
sent Ubogu surging forward. 
Morris and the England for¬ 
wards drove in behind and. 
when the Samoans collapsed 
the maul two metres short, 
Patrick Robin had no hesita¬ 
tion awarding the try. 

ecoflsts: England; Tri ®5 

Umaga. Cometstons: 
^'Penalty goat Fa'arrc™ 

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BBC out to grass again in tennis overdose 

I n just three weeks, the first 
ball mil be hit on the 
Centre Court at Wimble¬ 
don. and the whole country 
will again be caught up in a 
fortnight of glorious self-delu¬ 
sion about Britain's status as a 
serious tennis nation. It is, as 
they say, fun while it lasts. 

However, while there is 
little sign of improvement in 
our ability to play die game, 
there seems to be an unexpect¬ 
edly growing faith in our 
ability to watch it. Spurred 
perhaps by an Australian 
Open that finally served up a 
winning mixture of drama 
and emotion, the television 
companies are packing their 
summer schedules with ten¬ 
nis. And that* before Wimble¬ 
don even begins. 

The executive producer. 
John Rowlinson. returns from 
holiday today to pul the finish¬ 
ing touches to the BBC's plans 
for its Wimbledon coverage. 

Already, though, most of his 
team are warming up at the 
French Open at Roland 
Garros — John Barrett Mark 
Cox. David Mercer, Virginia 
Wade and the never-to-be- 
forgotten 1976 women's cham¬ 
pion there. Sue Barker. The 
coverage from Paris is a big 
step up from fast year, open¬ 
ing up four days earlier in 
Grandstand on Saturday and, 
until the first cricket Test 
intervenes, dominating the af¬ 
ternoon schedules on BBC2- 
It is a big investment and a 
big gamble, especially given 
the enduring ability of French 
day to produce games and 
champions somewhat lacking 
in spark — Barker apart of 
course. But if Andre Agassi 
can swashbuckk his way to 
the final stages, and Steffi 
Graf and Gabriela Sabadni 
continue to combine brawn 
and beauty for a round or two 
more, it should pay off. Win or 


-—— . — 


lose, die women* final and 
men's final fall neatly for 
Saturday and Sunday Grand¬ 
stand next weekend. 

Hie BBC's mob-handed ar¬ 
rival at Roland Garros must' 
be frustrating for Eiuosport, 
which had the first week to 
itself. Both channels are using 
the same pictures, supplied by 
the Joint host broadcasters. 
Antenne 2 and France 3. 
These have generally been of a 
high quality and include a 
replay device that 1 have not 
seen before — a magnifying 
glass effect that reveals the 
changes in a player* grip 

during shot. The sound, too, 
has been frighteningly precise, 
picking up every cough, grunt 
and Anglo-Saxon curse. 

In common with so many 
tennis broadcasters, however, 
the French do not have cam¬ 
eras positioned for disputed 
line calls- In these days of 
advanced camera technology, 
having commentators reduced 
to spouting the familiar "cant 
really tell from that angle" just 
is not good enough. As for 
upsetting officials, television 
replays have been successfully 
incorporated in top-cfass crick¬ 
et, so why not tennis? 

Unfortunately, Eurosport 
has not been able to recreate 
the commentary team that 
stole such a march on the 
competition during the Aus¬ 
tralian Open. Frew McMil¬ 
lan* . commitment to Sky 
-Sports and its coverage of • 
Beckenham later this wok 
'means he is unavailable for 
the vital role of expert 
summariser in Paris. As a 
result, Simon Reed and David 
Mercer have been doing long. 
solo stints behind the micro¬ 
phone, with only Clare Wood 
for occasional company in the 
commentary box. 

Reed has a relaxed, easy 
style that sounds like h could 
go on forever — which is 
probably just as well when he 
is commentating for up to 2h 
hours at a stretch. The knowl¬ 
edgeable Mercer, who can 
spot a players girlfriend or 
coach at 50 paces, has a 
slightly more impatient tone 

and a frankness that can be 
dangerous arid -.endearing. 
“Not really a game to stir the 
emotions," may be an accurate 
description of many .-of the 
early encounters in Paris last 
week, but is if wise? Mercer, 
for those of you confused, will 
spend this week flitting be¬ 
tween the Eurosport and BBC 
commentary boxes.. . 

Whoever picks up the "silver¬ 
ware in Paris next weekend, 
the television companies will 
barely pause for breath. The 
BBC goes on to Queen* Chib 
and then Eastbourne, while 
Gerald Williams and fhe team 
at Sky have Beckenham, parts 
of Queen*, and Nottingham. 
As for Eurosport its grass- 
court coverage continues in 
Europe with tournaments at 
Rosmalen, in Holland, and 
Halle, in Germany. And after 
all that, it* game, set and 
Wimbledon to the BBC. Quiet, 

Montgomerie extends poor play-off run with defeat at second extra hole 

Walton’s wizardry 
earns second win 
in eight-week spell 

WHEN he was leading the 
Murphy’s English Open by 
three strokes on Friday night. 
Colin Montgomerie said that, 
if he lost from that position, he 
would he bitterly disappoint¬ 
ed. Yesterday he did and he 
was. going down to Philip 
Walton at the second hole of a 
sudden-death playoff after 
they had tied on 274,14 under 

A day on which the quality 
of the golf was dramatically 
reduced by a cruel wind that 
gusted its capricious way 
round the Arden course at the 
Forest of Arden, both Walton 
and Montgomerie made more 
mistakes in IS holes than they 
would normally reckon to 
make in 72. 

Happily for them both, only 
one man who was within 
striking distance of them as 
the day began was able to 
make much of a move. The 
honourable exception was 
Roger Chapman, one of the 
nearly-men of European golf, 
who finished third, three 
strokes behind, after a 69, two 
ahead of Peter Senior, Wayne 
Westner and Darren Clarke. 

The E108.330 Walton won 
for his victory — his second in 
Europe in eight weeks after 
five years without a win — 
puts him into second place in 
the order of merit, while 
Montgomerie's second place 
returns him to No 1. 

It also elevated Walton to 
seventh in the Ryder Cup 
points list. In spite of a 
performance which demand¬ 
ed nerve as well as technique, 
he remained guarded about 
the big match. "I don’t want to 
talk about the Ryder Cup at 
the moment." he said. "Ill see 
how 1 feel about that in the 

Montgomerie was less in¬ 
hibited about Walton’s desir¬ 
ability' as a Cup colleague. 

By Mel Webb 

“Philip battled hard today." he 
said. "He would be a valuable 
asset to have in any Ryder Cup 
team." This was Mont¬ 
gomerie’S fourth play-off. and 
he maintained a 100 per cent 
record by losing it. To his 
credit, he maintained his 
sense of humour about it "I 
love play-offs," he said "No, 
wait, let me rephrase that I 
hate play-offs.” 

"I cant explain it," he said. 
"It* just a coincidence that I 
haven’t won one. 1 don’t suffer 
too much from nerves, so it* 
not that" Since his other three 


GB end he irtass stated 
27* P Walton & 70.69.70 (won at second 
extra hole). C Montgomerie 69. 63. 72.70. 
277: R Chapman to. 70. 69. 27a W 
Westner (SA) 68. 72. 71. 66. D Claifca 72, 
67. 69. 71 P Senor (Ausj 66. 70. 09. 74. 
280: T Price Wus) B lane 68. H Oak 68. 73.71.69 282: 
D Robertson 70. 72. 74. 66. J Townsend 
(US) D Cooper 70,66.73.73 
283: A Lyte M MactenBB 74. 
68.6& 73: J ftvero(a>) 
IGando tSp) 74.68V72. 70: E Darcy 70.69. 
74. 71 G Evans 71. 69. 73. 71. M Clayton 
(Alb) 70.71. 72. 71. G timer (NZ1 74. 68. 
71771: P McGWey M Gates P Bate, 69.6a 74.73 285; S 
Torrance 70.72. 75.66 M Gronberg Sen) 
68.71. 77.89 J McHenry 71.71. 71.72 M 
Roe M Campbell (NZ) 67.71. 

74, 73, A Forebrand (S«j 68,75.69. 73; J 
Haaggman (Swe) 71. 72.69. 73; C Rocca 
(11)69,71.71.74. J LGuepy (Ft) 68,75.67. 

75. PAfltecfc71.70.66.76 

defeats were at the hands of 
such luminaries as Ernie Els. 
Sandy Lyle and Severiano 
Ballesteros, he need have little 
cause for embarrassment 
Montgomerie, who was at¬ 
tempting to win the title for the 
second year running, was left 
downhearted at his defeat “I 
don't fed I lost this today." he 
said. “Philip went out and won 
it I feel good about my game. 
It* nice to be back on top of the 
order of merit and I am 
looking forward to going to 
the US Open with my game in 
good order." 

- Walton had to show his 
stkkabiiity as Montgomerie 
larded the front nine with four 
birdies. If he had not Upped 
out with par putts at the 2nd 
and the 5th. he would have 
had the tournament won by 
the turn, which he reached in 
34 to Walton* 35. 

Walton birdied the 10th to 
put him level. Montgomerie 
went ahead again on the 1 4th 
when Walton missed a ten- 
foot downhill putt for par and 
they finished with 70 apiece 
after Montgomerie bogeyed 
the 15th and both men birdied 
the 17th, where Walton again 
proved his courage. 

Montgomerie played a su¬ 
perb wedge to no more than a 
foot and Walton provided the 
perfect riposte with a wedge to 
15 inches. Montgomerie holed 
the putt and led tor precisely 12 
seconds before Walton tapped 
his in. 

Montgomerie hit a metal 
wood into the teeth of the gale 
on the first play-off hole, the 
210-yard ISth, and ran 
through to the back of the 
great. Walton, all of 75 feet 
from the flag, putted up to 
eight feet and Montgomerie 
Upped out with his chip-and- 
nin from 30 feet 

Victory and defeat came at 
the next, the par-five I7th. 
where Walton put his third 
shot gloriously to no more 
than two feet. A birdie was a 
formality. Montgomerie 
played in to 35 feet in three, 
had to putt over two ridges, 
and left the ball a foot to the 
left of the flag. 

It was a good putt, no 
question about it. and rune 
tunes out of ten it would have 
taken the play-off back to the 
18th. It was just Mont¬ 
gomerie* misfortune that on 
this day he met a man on a 
mission. Comfort zone? What 
comfort zone? 

Walton chips onto the green during his final round at the English Open yesterday 

Glasgow harbour hopes of medal 

ft Oi r Sports Staff 

GLASGOW Western, the 
Scottish champions, have a 
chance of a bronze medal at 
the European women’s dub 
hockey championship at 
Utrecht today. Glasgow play 
Siauliai. from Lithuania, in 
the third-place play-off while 
Berliner HC. of Germany, and 
the home side. Kampong. 
make their first appearances 
in the final. 

The Dutch teat Glasgow 3-1 
yesterday fo leave the Scots 
second in Lhcir pool ahead of 
Siade Francois on goal differ¬ 
ence. But Leicester, who need¬ 
ed to draw or beat Berliner to 
reach the plav-off against 
Glasgow, lost ML Today they 

meet Swansea in a classifica¬ 
tion game. 

Leicester had revived their 
challenge on Saturday when 
Sue Holwell, the former Great 
Britain international, scored 
in the last minute from a 
penalty comer against Ran- 
dalstown. from Ireland. 

Glasgow Western had Sue 
MacDonald to thank in a 
comfortable 4-0 victory over 
Swansea on Saturday after the 
Scottish international had 
scored a hat-trick. Sheena 
McKeivic scored the other 

England rounded off their 
build-up to the European Cup 
yesterday with a 5-1 victory 
over a depleted Scotland, for 
whom Alison Ramsay was 

making a world record 250th 
international appearance, at 
Lilleshall. After Rhona Simp¬ 
son put Scotland ahead from a 
penalty stroke, England lev¬ 
elled immediately from a simi¬ 
lar award through Karen 
Brown. Usa Bayliss converted 
a penalty comer before half¬ 
time and Mandy Nicholls. 
Jane Smith and Anna Bennett 
rounded off victory in the 
second half. Bennett* goal 
followed an excellent passing 
move involving Smith and 

On Saturday, Nicholls 
scored the only goal four 
minutes hum the end in the 
first match after England had 
missed a host of chances, 
including 10 penalty comers. 

Jane Sixsmith set up the goal 
when she broke clear and as 
the ball rolled loose in the 
circle, Nicholls shot in-' 

Jane Swinnerton-Ions. the 
England manager, was not 
impressed with the perfor¬ 
mance against a Scottish side 
missing seven regulars. “It 
definitely wasn’t one of our 
best performances," Swinner- 
ton-lons said. “They put a lot 
of players behind the ball and 
were hard to break down, but 
we needed more composure in 
attack and certainty should 
have won by more.” 

England defend their title at 
Amstdveen, Holland, later 
this month. _ 

Resalts, page 32 

Experience eclipses 
young pretenders 

By a Correspondent 

Late goal plunges Havant into gloom 

From Sidney Friskin' 


HAVANT fought back from 
the depths of despair in the 
European men’s dub hockey 
championship against Am¬ 
sterdam here yesterday, but a 
goal in the last minute by- 
Jacques Brinkman deprived 
them of a precious point as the 
Dutch moved into the final 
with a 3-2 victory. 

At half time Amsterdam 
were two goals in front. The 
Australian Graham Reid and 
Peters having scored to give 
them what seemed like a 
comfortable lead. But in (he 
second half Havant put the 
Dutch defence under pressure 

and two goals by Giles from a 
short comer and a penalty 
stroke levelled die score. But 
in the end Havant slumped to 
the foot of the table in Pool B 
having on Saturday lost 2-i to 
the Italian club Cemusco. 

Havant, with only one 
point to their credit should on 
yesterday* performance have 
been worth more. But they 
will now play off today 
against the Belgian dub Bau- 
douin to avoid relegation to 
the B division next year. 
There seemed little hope 
against Amsterdam yesterday 
for Havant who appeared to 
have been outweighed in in¬ 
ternational strength but they 
had (heir injury problems 

with Lawson unable to play 
and even Giles did not come 
on to the field until after 25 
minutes because of a groin 

Saturday's victory by 
Cemusco over Havant was 
fashioned by the Argentine 
international Fernando Fer¬ 
rara who scored both goals 
from a penalty stroke and a 
short comer. The teams were 
level 1-1 tty half time. Pattison 
having scored on the follow 
up from Havant’s only short 
comer. The Italians had six of 
these awards, three in each 

In today's final Amsterdam 
will meet Utalenhorst from 
Germany who are seeking 

their eighth successive tri¬ 
umph. Uhlenhorst were with¬ 
in three minutes of defeat 
yesterday against Atietic 
Tenassa, when Fischer lev 
tiled the score at 2-2 from a 
short comer to put the Ger¬ 
mans on top of Pool A. Atietic 
will play off with Cemusco for 
the bronze medal. 

If Havant lose to the Bel¬ 
gians today, Teddington, 
winners of the national title, 
will have to play in the B 
division of this tournament 
next year. Guildford, who 
beat Teddington 4-1 in the HA 
Cup final, will play in the Cup 

Results, page 32 

EXPERIENCE won through 
at the Leeds Water Ski Classic 
at the weekend when Olga 
Gubarenko, of Russia, took 
the women* overall title anti 
Steffen Wild, of Germany, 
came first in the men* event, 

The performance of the 
young pretenders, however, 
against a leading European 
field also made its mark. 
Gubarenko narrowly won the 
women's title, but it required a 
display of consistency in all 
three events. 

On the way to the podium, 
she took the slalom title, a 
discipline m which she 
specialises. However, she was 
pushed throughout the compe¬ 
tition by two 18-year-olds, 
Sarah Gatty Saunt. of Britain, 
and Angeliki Andriopoulou, of 

Andriopoulou was an out¬ 
standing junior, winning the 
overall European title two 
years ago, and all three indi¬ 
vidual medals. Her. second 
place overall in Leeds con¬ 
firmed that she has continued 
to develop her skills in the 
senior division. 

Andriopoulou showed that 
she can take the pressure 
when she gave a determined 
performance in the trick event, 
where nerves traditionally 
play their part. She included 
two perfect somersaults in her 
programme and deservedly 
won the individual title. • 

Gatty Saunt also set out her 
stall. Last season, a knee 

injury put her out of competi¬ 
tions, bur she has begun the 
1995 season in determined 
mood. Her weakest discipline 
is the jump, and although she 
leapt 332 metres, just short of 
her personal best, this area 
needs further improvement if 
she is to better her third place 

"I have never made the final 
in this event before," Gatty 
Saunt said. "I won the slalom 
title at the Australian Masters 
earlier this year, and I hope I 
can now put my injury behind 

The men* event was domi¬ 
nated by Wild, whose power¬ 
ful build gives him an 
advantage over the younger 
competitors in both tire slalom 
and jump. Nonetheless. Jason 
Seds. 18. showed flair and 
maturity to give him third 
place overall and make him a 
prospect for the future. 

The trick performance of the 
young Frenchman,. Nicholas 
Le Forrestier. was the high¬ 
light of tite competition. His 
ability to perform front flips 
and back flips in rapid succes¬ 
sion with seeming ease puts 
him in a class of his own. 

British water skiing enjoyed 
a golden era when Mike 
Hazelwood dominated the 
sport more than a decade ago. 

The Leeds Water Ski Classic 
has shown that Britain has the 
talent coming through the 
ranks to challenge the old 

County arGrahame Park. Gosford, with nunu| 

remaining, ihe louring side scored two tries, one or um 
converted; but had felt their rally frir too late and v| 
beaten 28-23. .. _ 

Kevm Yates. fl»e prop forward, scoredfirst-nan 
England A artd the acting captain, Paul Grayson, lanoa 
penalty goaL-Inua grandstand finish, the flanker, urn 
Eves, and the wing, Steve Hackney- with a fine sole eg 
scored tries, the second being converted tty Graysonj 
said: "We failed to keep the pressure on in the middle pa 
the game. :But the County boys ran hard and straight! 
didn't do anything fancy, all credit to them. They played* 
in the conditions and deserved, their win.” 1 

Rain delays Faldo j 

GOLE Nick Faldo was among 22 playep who faffif 
complete their third round as rain again played havocs 
the Memorial Tournament in Dublin. Ohio. Greg NoiS 
was teaming the field after bird! ring the Mth tomovel 
mirier par when play was h? 1 **** tor the day. The scO 
round leaders-were due to complete their rounds eariX 
mornin g, fart the tournament organisers still hope thep 
will finish on time. M 

□ ParnWrighi of Britain, sawed a second successivg 
under-par 69 for a total of 209, seven under par. aS 
thir d round of the OldsmobUe Classic in Michigan. V 
is six shots behind Dale Eggeiing, of die United Staw 

Rematch for Foremal 

BOXING: George Foreman has been ordered to de& 

. International Boxing Federation (IBF) world heavw 
tide agains t Axel Schulz, of Germany, or forfeit the* 

;The IBF directors raised Sdmiz; from the No 9 tft 
mhtpnrii-r and ordered the bout be contested witiff 
days, but the deadline could be extended. The winneS 
face Franz Botha, of South -Africa. Foreman refused ■ 
wife Tony Tucker to face Schulz and was stripped A 
World BOxing Association crown. He won a controv* 
majority decision over Schulz in Las Vegas on April 

Ryan topples Jahan | 

SQUASH: DerekRyan, the Irish champion, ranked Now 
in the world, beat ZaiakJahan, of Pakistan. the world No Jfij. 
13-15,15-13.15-7,6-15,15-6 in 76 minutes in ttie first round eg 
the Tournament of Champions in New York yesterday. Tb^ 

played in a Perspex court mounted in the main waitinifi 
room of Grand Central Station in front of curious weekemfi 
travellers. Peter NicboL the No 3 seed, Simon Parke. Chrisffl 
Walker, Mark Cairns and Danny Middings. all of BritainJg 
won their first-round matches along with Jansher Khan, o|S 
Pakistan, foe No l seed. ? 

Betting ban remains ] 

ATHLETICS: On-site betting has been ruled out by the j 
British Athletic Federation (BAJF).The BAF council, which L 
met on Saturday, decided not to amend rule 19, which would i 
have cleared the way for William Hill to set up mobile * 
betting unite at the mam international meetings in Britain. g 
. Barry Snell grove, thd BAF commercial' director, who was ^ 
keen to see on-site betting introduced, said that the coundrs y - 
derinon had been “pretty unanimous". .V 

Vines challenges elite 

YACHTING: Ben Vines. 2L the youngest national champi¬ 
on in history, joined Stuart Cbflderiey and Glynn Charles 
among the right competitors from the qualifying heat 
yesterday who will face some of the world's best match 
racers in the first round of the Vauxhail Royal Lymington 
Cup tomorrow. Hie top sailors with direct invitations 
include Peter Gilmour. ranked No 3 in the world, and Chris 

Staines sprints clear 

ATHLETICS: Gary Staines, 
right, outsprinted Justin 
Hobbs to win the Bupa 
Great Welsh Run in Cardiff 
yesterday. The duo fought 
an intense battle over a fast 
city-centre 10-kilometre 
course before Staines took 
command to win in 28min 
34sec Staines said he was 
not yet sure if he would 
replace Paul Evans at 10.000 
metres in Britain’s Euro¬ 
pean Cup team. 

Fiji joins Super League 

RUGBY LEAGUE: Fyi followed Tonga and Western 
Samoa yesterday in joining tire Super League next year. 
They join New Zealand and Great Britain under the league, 
backed fry News Corporation, parent company of The 
Times, and will receive £638.000 to underwrite two-thirds of 
their budget over the next five years. Fiji will also replace 
Sydney as hosts for the official world sevens, including all 
Austr al as i a n and European Super League dubs. 

Under-15s target Lord’s 

CRICKET: England have been drawn in the same group as 
West Indies and India for the Lombard Under-15 World Cup 
in England next year. The semi-finals of the tournament, 
which is the first for this age group, will be played on Test 
grounds and the final wfll be held at Lord’s on August 20. 
The draw is: Group A: Canada. England. India. West Indies. 
Znnhabwe. Group B: Australia, Holland, Pakistan. South 
Africa. Sri Lanka. 

Your chance to win 
the new 400 Tourer 

The Times cSers you the chance 

10 win the new Rower 400 Tourer 
worth £15J95. 

Simply collect six tokens to 
enter our prize draw. You may 
enteras many limes as you wish, 
but must attach your tokens to 
the official application form, 
which win be primed last 

Post your entry to: 

The Times Tourer Competition, 

11 Wiiitefriars Street. London 

EC88 7NG. The competition* 
doses June-24 

Rjr farther information on the 
Tourer call 0345186186. 

the times Monday june 51995 


Britain’s anchorman rides two faultless rounds at Hickstead Becker makes 

Whitaker inspires Nations Cup win ag aiiStVoiiiea 

From Stuart Jones, tennis correspondent 


JTWAS not a viniage Nations 
Cup at Hickstead yesterday 
but there was nothing second- 
rate about Britain's victory. 
Helped by a superb double 
dear round from John 
Whitaker, riding .Everest 
Wdhara, a horse competing in 
this event for the first time, the 
British team won by 20 points 
from the United States; who 
had started as favourites. 

Ronnie Massarella, the Brit¬ 
ain team manager, had plenty 
to smile about. AH four horses 
in the team were competing in .* 
the Hickstead ENZA New, 
Zealand Nations Cup for the 
first time and three of them — 1 
Welham, Ins Otto,. Geoff 
BiflingtonS Zurich Grand 
Prix winner, and William 
FunnelLs Domex proved more 
than equal to the challenge. 

“You wouldn’t be afraid to 
send any of them to ihe 
European champi on ship s." 
Massarella said. “1 just wish! 

had known they were only 
third favourites today for I 
would have put some money 
on them." 

Only Emma-Jarie Mac's 
amend, the horse bn which 
she won the Ladies National 
championship at Windsor last 
month, proved a disappoint¬ 

Mac, who incurred 24 faults 
in the first round and retired 
in the second, was selected, 
reluctantly, after Michael 
Whitaker's Elton damaged a 
fetlock earner in the week. 

“She'S a brave girl" 
Massarella said. "She came in 
under duress knowing her 
horse was too inexperienced 
but she did her best" 

Jon DonejOs 12-fence course 
was not as Trig as in previous 
years but, given the sticky 
conditions and the second 
string nature of the teams 
offered an appro pria te chal¬ 

the most difficult line was 
from the notorious water fence 
to the fifth, the Derby Rails, 
which proved one of the most 
influential tones on tine 
course. Diamond was one of 
several horses who became 
unsettled by the sharp pulling 
up required immediately after 
the fast gallop to the water. 

At halfway Britain held a 
comfortable eightpoajt lead • 

William FimneU and Coroex who rose to the challenge of helping the British team to victory yesterday. Photograph: Julian Herbert 

ahead of Holland doe to dear 
rounds from Funnell and 
Whitaker and just four faults 
from Billmgton. The latter, 
who. at 40, has competed in 
more than 20 Nations Cups 
but was making his debut m 
tins contest has almost cer- 

fccam for the European cham¬ 
pionships in September after 
ITS Otto’S effortless display of 

In the second round, over 
the:'same cause, ihe British 

lead was lengthened by two 
more well-ridden rounds from 
Ftmndl and BAlington, who 
incurred four faults apiece. 
The United States rallied, with 

Ihst* tro° l ri2taref S Peter and 
Marie Leone, but they had left 
it too late to pose any serious 

With Holland felling be¬ 
hind the United States iff the 
second round and Germany 
and Ireland dropping out of 
contention. Britain looted in 

an unassailable position. 
Whitaker,-the last rider to go, 
could afford to hit four fences 
and still win the Prince of 
Wales Cup for his country. 
“Ronnie said if I fell off I was 
to get back on quick," he said 
afterwards. Whitaker, so often 
tire anchorman of foe team, 
never gave his team manager 
any cause for concern. 

He started riding Welham, 
13, last December al the invita¬ 
tion of the horse's owner, 
Keeky Durham, who wanted 

him to compete at more inter¬ 
national shows. Despite Ins 
age, Welham appears to im¬ 
prove with every performance. 
In the British Grand Prix on 
Friday he had incurred only 
four faults and was evidently 
having a good luck at 
Hickstead’s imposing fences. 

Whitaker, though, never 
had any doubts that he would 
acquit himself well. “I always 
knew he was a good horse," 
Whitaker said. Watched by a 
tearful Miss Durham, 

Welham showed just how 
good he is by bring foe only 
one of the 24 horses in the 
contest to achieve a double 

Afterwards. Whitaker, 
whose children, Louise, 14, 
and Robert, 12, won eight 
junior classes between them 
during this meeting, con¬ 
firmed that, if selected, he 
might ride Welham in the 
European championships. 

Results, page 32 

Gem of dispassion strikes the perfect balance 

S ometimes you stumble 
over moments in sport 
that open an edraonfi- 
nazy vignette; not into foe 
mind of foe competitor but 
into the heart and soul of the 
sport itsdt Recent examples 
indude football's first division 
play-offs final which finish e d 
4-3, the Rugby World Cop 
match between Argentina and 
Western Samoa, and Michael 
Atherton's innings in the third 
one-day cricket international 
at Lord's. 

We had such a vignette at 
Hickstead yesterday: 50 yards 
of rather squdchy green turf 
that, if yon happened to be a 
show jumper, sprit out foe 
entire meaning of bfe- 
Tbis was the ground be¬ 
tween fences four and five in 
the Nations Cup. Four was 
the water, five a steep post and 

ra3s upright It was a classic 
bit of course-btzikfing, and it 
did exactly what it was sup¬ 
posed to do: It sorted the 
winners farm the losers, and 
showed what show jumping 
isall about 

Yon most take foe water 
tong. fast, and fiat you must 
take foe post and rails, short, 
compact, and bounty. Think 
off athletics, and imagine a 
long j um p er s ran-up. and a 
high jumper's. Utterly differ¬ 
ent gabs for utterly different 

But foe show jumping 
horse must do both- Picture 
Emma-Jane Mac on a won¬ 
derfully athletic beast called 
Diamond. Yes, but canalising 
all that lovely energy, that is 
the problem. Keen, too keen. 
They splashed in foe water, 
and then clobbered the fence 



At Hickstead 

Control That is what foe 
sport's about Another com¬ 
parison for these derisive 50 
yards imagine driving your 
4x4, and shifting straight 
from normal to towratio 

So in came the penultimate 
rider of the day. Albert Vooro 
and Jules’ Brown Bey, need¬ 
ing a dear if Holland were to 
have any chance. And he was 
controlled an right Far too 
controlled. He jumped with 
pedantic precision, and paid 
the same penalty as foe over- 

zealous Diamond. Carefully, 
he dropped a foot into the wet, 
and carefully he dipped the 
upright beyond. 

Between water and upright 
foe rider seeks not so much to 
correct speed as to change the 
entire shape of his horse. It’s 
not a matter of slowing down. 
You must keep all that drive 
and energy you had for the 
water — and convert it into 
vertical impulsion. 

Most riders hit the far ride 
of foe water and made swift, 
grabbing corrections. Obvi¬ 

ous; unsubtie — and dearly 
leaving a fair bit to chance. 

After the Dutchman had 
completed John Whitaker 
rode for victory with four 
fences in hand This is not a 
scenario to make British show 
jumping followers demented 
with anxiety. 

The Whitaker brothers are 
both unappreciated away 
from the grime's impassioned 
followers. Charisma bypass is 
one of the kinder remarks 
heard Well, John showed yet 
again yesterday that he has 
had a nerves bypass. A bur¬ 
glar would envy him. 

And Blondin would envy 
foe balance. Blondin was the 
man who kept crossing foe 
Niagara Falls by tightrope. 
Watching Whitaker and his 
horse. Everest Wribam, take 
fences four and five was an 

Roland Garros offers recipe for relaxation 

4 ome years ago, I held 
h the position of press 
t officer to the Becken- 
1 tennis tournament, the 
t grass-caul tournament 
Britain in the run-up to 
nbledon. I had little ater- 
ve bur to accept the post 
luse the newspaper series 
which I then worked was 
sponsor and the editor 
- me. his tennis writer, as 
man for the job. 
ideed. it was a local scoop 
nine, disclosing that the 
nament was in danger of 
ing through lack of a 
nsar. that prompted the 
repaper management’s 
«to takeover as backer. A 
for my services was men- 
ed by foe editor but, 
ire I had time to suggest 
t ft seemed rather tow, he 
zed foe conversation on to 
me the idea on thebaas of 
sricr 1 would be sent © the 
t week cf the French 
fnpjonshi^ in Paris. 

David Powell takes a day-trip to Paris to savour the charm and 
singular atmosphere of the French Open tennis championships 

VS rawaiftU) - • 

rank! have foe chance to 
with the players, 1 would 
pected to sign first-wees 
j and bring than » 

Sahara, which coincided 

ortiy a sroaD budget Uil 
persistence, 1 succeeded 

jnfog Andrea Jaeger » - 
m visit 

as foe fiend) champmn- 

btaune an annual treai 

ehuL until last Friday. I 


the complete sportin g, shop - 
experience. Want to measure 

the speed of your service? You 

r?Ti do so at Roland Garros. 

For a fast service to Paris I 
chose Eurostar: Waterloo to 
Gare du Nord in three hours, 
fton there to Forte d’AuteuiL 
the nearest stop on the metro 
to Roland Garros, takes 30 to 
45 minutes, depending on 
connections. The first train 
out erf London will get you 
there within an hour of the 
start of play and. if you are 
prepared to miss the last 
hour, it is possible to do the 
trip in a day-You would have 
seven hours at the t ennis. 
Tickets can he obtained from 
the French tennis federation, 
sold out 

#*C r+T- JT^.v 

-V \ : nrass 

My ticket was for Court A 
where, for Fr255 (about £33). I 
could watch five marches, 
four singles and a doubles. 
Court A is the most recently 
built of the three main courts 
and, with Roland Garros 
shaped like an aircraft wing, 
it is positioned almost at the 

Ten national flags fly at one 
end, the Union Jack among 
them. It is reassuring to know 
that it remains in the top ten. 
even if it seems like a fifetime 
since a British player was. A 
walk to Court No 1, where the 
names of the singles winners 
down the years are inscribed 
on slabs of stone, is a remind¬ 
er that British success was 
mare rebent 1976: Adriano 
Parana and Sue Barker. 

Between Centre Court and 

\'i /amt; 

I - -. ..-v, _ -CheeaM, rated. 

etsrM j 

(E rf OB ter ano 


rae scrag ***- 

Of MtevSfldhood and 
struck fay the change. 

days Roland Garros is 

.tfy'A * ;-'/ 7 

A wli _ j c 


Court Nol Is “Smash Cor¬ 
ner", where FrlO buys all¬ 
comers three timed services. 
No need for accuracy, just 
serve into a net and watch the 
digital display for an instant 
reading. Compareyourspeed 
with foe record for foe day. I 
tried when 211 kilometres per 
hour stood as the mark to 
beat Nobody mistook me for 
Jeremy Bates. 

1 turned to the giant screen 
outside Centre Court to 
watch, briefly, Andre Agassi, 
then picked up his match 
again on television in die shop 
beneath the scoreboard, dar¬ 
ing not to move in case an 
assistant thought I might be 
interested in parting with 
Fr595 for a bathrobe. From 
the window display, die shop 
is as inviting as a short lob 
but foe prices call for 

Food is inexpensive and, for 
Jess than the price of a Roland 
Garros T-shirt (Erl30) lunch 
for two can be bought a 
selection of four French 
cheeses, salad and wine. 
What you Jose in the exchange 
rate (Fr7-6 id the pound), you 
gain on the raspberry. Rasp¬ 
berries and ice cream for 
much less than the price of 
Wimbledon’s strawberry 
treat The atmosphere at Ro¬ 
land Garros is sympathique- 
It feels roomier than Wimble¬ 
don. Court A was only half 
full, the onesidedness of the 

matches inviting the tempta¬ 
tion to seek excitement an foe 
outride courts. Court A was 
the only ■ one in which all 
matches were won in straight 

By lunchtime, Anke Huber 
and Thomas Muster had 
reached the last 16 of the 
singles. Gab riel a Sabatini 
opened the afternoon pro¬ 
gramme. With her multi¬ 
coloured racket (blue, yellow 
and fluorescent orange), she 
dazzled and bludgeoned her 
way into a 6-3. 5-1 lead over 
Irina Spirlea. Tea was loom¬ 
ing too soon after lunch. 

Spirlea, though, delayed 
the tarte aux pommes. win¬ 
ning three games before Sa¬ 
batini closed business. Lira 
Courier'dispatched Christian 
Ruud with similar efficiency 
and, by now, I was in need of 
excitement. I found it on 
Court No 12. 

I was under the impression 
that British interest had long 
gone but J had forgotten 
about the mixed doubles. On 
Court No 12 Clare Wood and 
Libor Pimek, her Belgian 
playing partner, were set-all 
against a Swedish pair. 
Wood, ! had read recently, 
contemplated suicide not long 
ago but was saved from 
despair by a new man in her 

Here she was smiling, even 
through a tense deciding set 
which she and Pimek won 9-7. 
Her troubles seemed far be¬ 
hind her now. But then h is 
hard to imagine anyone feel¬ 
ing troubled at Roland 

education. Apart from the feet 
that there was nothing you 
could learn from it 

Whitaker rode a double 
dear, and he took the trouble¬ 
some SO yards of turf with his 
usual insouciant, what’s-all- 
the-extitement-about aplomb. 

You can’t say what he did 
that other riders didn’t You 
could only really say what he 
didn't do. He didst hit the 
water, he didn't hit foe fence, 
and he didn't make a fuss. 
Flamboyance is for fair¬ 
grounds. For showgrounds, 
you need a rider who can 
balance a horse on the cusp of 
control; toppling neither into 
impulsive carelessness nor ex¬ 
aggerated carefulness. 

No, Whitaker is not flashy 
and carefree: But then neither 
are foe men who carve dia¬ 
monds for a living. 

too strong 

By John Watson 

LABEGORCE, foe team put 
together by Hubert Perrodl. 
overcame John Manconi's 
Alcatel 9-8 to win the Guards 
Polo Club’s premier high-goal 
prize, the Dunhill Queen's 
Cup. at Smith’s Lawn. Wind¬ 
sor, yesterday. 

The final was perhaps the 
closest encounter in a tightly 
fought tournament, challeng¬ 
ed by ten teams over a three- 
week period. 

The most forceful player 
was Alcatel's No 3, Ptori 
Alberdi, who displayed the 
most remarkable facility for 
threading his pony through 
foe opposition, always backed 
up fay his Chilean No2. 
Gabriel Donoso. That duo 
was faithfully served in de¬ 
fence by Anthony Fanshawe. 
Alberdi scored all eight of foe 
loser’s goals. 

Labegorce triumphed by 
virtue of their one-goal handi¬ 
cap advantage. They present¬ 
ed a line-up of almost exactly 
similar ability, with a ten and 
an eight-handicap at the 
centre and a three handicap in 
foe back slot Milo Araujo's 
ball control is a joy to watch, 
while his accuracy in front of 
goal was fatal for Alcatel. It 
was a penalty conversion by 
Araujo, followed by a goal 
from Pepe Heguy's mallet in 
the last chukka that ultimately 
gave Labegorce their victory. 

LABEGORCE 1 H Potato (01.2 M Araujo 
(ffi; 3 P Hefluy (TO}. Bat*. M Brawn (3l 
ALCATEL: 1J Manccm (IV 2 G Donoso (8). 
3 A Afcatb (10) Back: A Fanshawe (3i 

AMID bitter recriminations 
on both sides of the net. Boris 
Becker was ignominiously 
knocked out of the FYench 
Open tennis championships 
yesterday. The German, seed¬ 
ed No 3 and three times a 
semi-finalist here, was beaten 
by a qualifier. Adrian Voinea, 
in an extended third-round 
match staged over 18 hours. 

He was followed our by the 
women’s third seed, Mary 
Pierce. The Australian Open 
champion and the runner-up 
here last year, she was beaten 
in straight sets by Iva Majoii, 
the twelfth seed, who has been 
burdened by being compared 
to her fellow countrywoman, 
Monica Seles. 

After his belittiement, 
Becker directed his anger at 
the organisers, complaining of 
inflexible and insensitive offi¬ 
cialdom. In turn. Voinea, a 20- 
year-old Romanian Becker 
had never heard of before, 
accused him of belligerence 
and less than gentlemanly 

The trouble started for 
Becker on Saturday evening, 
when a four-hour wait ended 
with foe instruction to prepare 
for play because foe weather 
was improving. “I looked out 
and asked whether they were 
talking about Paris or some 
place in Africa.'’ he said. 

Amid thin drizzle, dim light 
and further gnimbles of dis¬ 
content, he yielded two sets 
before play was suspended. 
“What is the difference be¬ 
tween now and 45 minutes 
ago?" he asked foe supervisor . 1 
Brian Early. “It is still raining 
and it is still dark.” 

He explained why foe lead¬ 
ing players are at a disadvan¬ 
tage in such conditions. 
Instead of “doing the things 
that make us better than the 
other guys’*, aiming for the 
fines and serving heavily, they 
play a percentage game which 
is “not special but average” 

Both players stated that, 
before leaving foe court they 
were told that matches else¬ 
where had all been stopped. In 
fact unfinished sets were still 
being completed. “They cheat¬ 
ed my opponent because he 
would have won easier than 
today,” Becker said. Voinea 
charged the official with 

When they resumed yester¬ 
day, Becker was unable to 
recover and went down 6-3, 6 - 
4,3-6,7-5. Only once before, in 
1993. when he was eliminated 
from foe Australian Open by 
Anders Jarryd, had he been 
removed from a grand slam 
event by a qualifier. 

He had been idolised by 
Voinea, but no longer. Sensing 
that his opponent had at¬ 
tempted to intimidate him 
with steely glares and unintel¬ 
ligible comments, “ir was sad 
for me to change my idea of 
him. This kind of behaviour is 

not what we expect from him’*- 
Voinea endured ait undistin¬ 
guished junior career and his 
only previous grand slam 
victory was at the Australian 
Open in January. Yet he and 
foe equally unknown Austra¬ 
lian, Scott Draper, have 
reached foe last 16. 

So did another qualifier, 
Younes El Aynaoui, but foe 
Moroccan was ouipJayed fay 
Andre Agassi. The top seed, 
interrupted only by a sharp 
shower in mid-afternoon, 
went through 6-4,6-2,6-2. 

Pierce, though not visibly 
inhibited, left the arena at the 
end of the first set so that her 
strained groin could be 
strapped. She invariably calls 
for treatment whenever she is 
trailing and Magdalena 
Maleeva recently said that foe 
habit amounts to cheating. 

Pierce encouraged herself 
with frequent cries of “allez”. 
yet Majoii endeared herself 
more to the crowd when she 
invited a ballboy to rally with 
her during the three-minute 
injury break. 

"I don't like making excuses 

Voinea: discontented 

when I lose," Pierce lamented, 
"but it was hurting me when 1 
served and when I ran for a 
wide shot." In four previous 
meetings, she had never been 
defeated by the 17-year-old 
and had conceded only one 
set The roles were reversed as 
she submitted 6-2,6-3. 

No-hopers should have 
gone before the second week 
but Adriana Serra-Zanetti 
subsided to the fastest defeat 
so far. Against Cbnchita Mar¬ 
tinez. the fourth seed and 
prospective champion, she 
lasted for a mere 40 minutes in 
an example of miserably non¬ 
competitive tennis. 

Jana Novotna provides a 
contrast on her own. On 
Saturday she led 5-0 and 40-0 
in the third set against 
Chanda Rubin but later made 
the stunningly banal claim 
that “she didn't feel in con¬ 
trol". Missing nine match 
points, she lost her nerve, as in 
foe 1993 Wimbledon final, and 
foe match. 

Results, page 32 

£ u&jt— 


19 9 5 

Finest Scotch Whisky " 



Wales flattered by margin of defeat as dismal display ends their hopes 

Bold Ireland march into quarter-finals 


Wales .23 

From Gerald Dames 


IRELAND now travel to Dur¬ 
ban to play France in me first 
of the World Cup quarter¬ 
finals next Saturday. They 
now so for glory , and for 
inspiration they need only to 
remind themselves of how 
close they came to reaching 
the semi-finals in I9QI. when 
they nearly put out the 
favourites, Australia. 

After this pool C defeat 
yesterday, there is only the 
journey home for Wales and. 
as so often in recent years, to 
wonder what next. At least, as 
hosts, they do not need to 
qualify for the next World 
Cup. The question is what son 
of shape will Welsh rugby be 
in then. 

Playing die more astute 
tactical game. Ireland were 
never really troubled by a 
directionless and ineffective 
Welsh team. Ireland were the 
more skilful side, but only in 
the sense that they were bener 
than their opponents, who 
were in dire form. Indeed, it 
was a game of utter mediocri- 

Max Brito, the Ivory Coast 
wing, was in intensive care 
in a Pretoria hospital yester¬ 
day after sustaining a spinal 
injury' during the match 
against Tonga in Rusten- 
burg on Saturday. Brito in¬ 
jured his neck and spine 
after being trapped in a maul 
and was paralysed in both 
legs and left arm. He will be 
operated on this week. 

ty. bringing to mind their 
previous World Cup encoun¬ 
ter. in IQS7. At least then, in 
New Zealand, they had a 
difficult wind to contend with, 
but Ellis Park yesterday 
pro\ided ideal conditions. It 
was a game in which the kick 
dominated. In this respect, 
Ireland were superior to 
Wales, but there was little else 
to admire. 

The match was as dull and 
lacking in invention as the five 
nations' championship match 
at the Arms Park this year. It 
was frustrating, vision!ess 
rugby, and as poor an adver¬ 
tisement for the European 
game as the match between 
Scotland and France was 

The match began superbly 
for Ireland, who were accurate 
from Ehvood’s kick-off and 
confident when going for¬ 
ward. Wales were uncertain, 
their game error-strewn. They 
were not only losing the 
possession from even' phase, 
but also what little they actual¬ 
ly won was stolen. 

Just after Elwood had 
missed with an early penalty, 
a scrum on the Irish 22 was 
won by Wales, but when the 
return arrived at Lewis’s feet, 
he then lost control and 

McBride runs clear of the W'ales defence to score Ireland’s first try in Johannesburg yesterday. Photograph: John Moore 

allowed Hogan to steal away 
with the ball. Derwyn Jones 
won the ball in the lineout. 
only for Frands or Fulcher to 
rob him. 

Whereas the kicks from 
Clement or Davies invariably- 
found O’Shea or Wallace, 
Elwood and Muffin found 
their mark deep in Welsh 
territory. From one such kick 
fry Elwood. from within his 
own half and towards the 
comer, their first points came. 
They won the ball, drove into 
the Welsh defence, and 
Popplewell emerged with a 
try. Elwood convened. 

A poor kick-off confirmed 

Wales's incapadty to do any¬ 
thing right. They might have 
counted themselves lucky, too. 
in that while Ehvood's posi¬ 
tional kicking was of a top 
order, his place kicking was 
inconsistent. Had he been 
more accurate, Ireland might 
have put themselves beyond 
Wales’s reach, espedally after 
the second try was scored. 

Again the points came from 
the lineout, where McBride 
charged away. He was tackled 
but burst free for the second 
rime before scoring near the 
posts, and for Elwood to add 
the extra points. 

Before the interval. Jenkins. 

having missed one penalty, 
succeeded with the next, and 
before the half ended. Davies 
had dropped a goal. Jenkins 
dosed the gap further with 
another penalty after the inter¬ 
val. For all their effort and 
territorial advantage in this 
third quarter, there was no 
him that W'ales were capable 
of scoring a try. Ireland, 
having soaked up the pres¬ 
sure, did. Hogan and Johns 
set up the path for Halvey to 
score. The flanker, coming on 
as a replacement for McBride, 
had only been on the field for 
four minutes. 

The last ten minutes livened 

up. and for a while it even 
looked as if W'ales might pull 
the game out of the bag. 
Mounting their attacks 
through desperation rather 
than calculation, they man¬ 
aged to create a try for 
Humphreys. With Jenkins 
converting, there was the 
whiff of a chance for Wales. 
Elwood, however, widened the 
gap with a penalty. In the 
fourth minute of injury time. 
Taylor scored Wales's second 
try. and with Jenkins again 
adding the extra points, the 
scoreboard stood at 24-23. It 
made the game sound more 
exciting than it ever was. 

SCORERS: Ireland: Trim: Popcteaefl 
McSnde. Halvey-. C onv ers io ns: Ehmod 
loi Penalty goat Ehreod- Wales: Tries: 
Humcnreys. Tayior Conversions: Jartara 
12}. Penalty grate Jentons \7\ Dropped 
goat A Dawes. 

WALES: A dement (Swansea). I Evans 
(Uaneffi). M Half (Carcfcfl. caplanj. N 
Jenkins [Pontypridd). G Thomas 
(Bndgend): A Davies (Carcfcfl). R Jonas 
(Swansea). 14 Griflftte (Canfcfl). J Hum¬ 
phreys (Cardiff). J Davies (Neath;, H 
Taytar [Carcflfl. D Jones iCarcfiff). G 
UewengMNaalh). S Davies (Swansea). E 

IRELAND: C O'Shea ILansdowne); R 
Wallace iGarryowenl. B Muiiin 
(ERadaock). J Bed (Ballymena), S 
Geoghegan (Bath); E Elwood 
(Lansdowne). N Hogan rr&msce). N 
PoppteweB (Waspsl. T Kingston 1 D 01 - 
phln. cap(am). G Hatpin (London Insfi). D 
McBride (Matonel. G Fulcher (Cork). N 
Francis (OW Belvedere]. D Corkery 
(Cork). P Johns (Dunoarmom McSreJe 
replaced by E Halvey (Shannon. 65mm) 
Referee: I Rogers (South Atnca) 

o/i!y 'hk&s 3 

lAsK hg/z 

't? d/'oi *' 1 *i (Pi//- 

} ec<&{a/c 

All Blacks unmoved by annihilation 

New Zealand.145 

Japan .17 

From John Hopkins 


ASTONISHING is the only 
word for this performance by 
New Zealand here yesterday. 
Nobody could have dreamt 
there was going to be such 
disparity between these pool C 
teams when neither W'ales nor 
Ireland could score more than 
60 points each against Japan. 

What was no less surprising 
was the appearance after¬ 
wards of the All Blacks man¬ 
agement — Laurie Mains, 
coach. Colin Meads, the man¬ 
ager. and Brian Lochore, the 
campaign manager. They 
looked stony-faced, as though 
their team had lost instead of 
scoring 21 tries and breaking 
just about every possible 
record. Are they never satis¬ 
fied — or were they, like many 
spectators, stunned at the 
clinical dissection they had 
just seen? 

The All Blacks played sev¬ 

ens rugby, running in tries 
that began behind their own 
line. Marc Ellis seemed to be 
able to score at will — his six 
tries equalled the world record 
for an international match. 
New Zealand scored at the 
rate of one try every four 
minutes, scoring their first in 

Most points by a 

team in a match 

14&- New Zealand v Japan. 1995 

B9: Scoland v ivory Coast. 1995 

74: New Zealand v R|i. 1987 

70: New Zealand v Italy. 1987 

70: France v Zimbabwe. 1987 

Most points by a 

player in a match 

45: S Cuthane (NZ v Japan. 1995) 

44: G Hastings (Scot »■ hrav Coast. 19951. 
31:0 Hastings (Scot * Tonga, 1995) 

30" □ Cambsrabero (Franca v Zim. 1687) 

Most tries by a 

player in a match 

6. M E&s (NZ v Japan. 1995). 

4; l Evans (Wale s v Canada. 1987) 

4: C Green (NZv Fiji, 1987) 

4: J Gaflagher |NZ v Fij. 1987). 

Most Irias by a 

team in a match 

21: New Zealand v Japan 1995. 

13: Rano? v Zimbabwe. 1987 
13: Scotland v Ivory Coast. 1995 
12: New Zealand v Italy. 1987. 

12: New Zealand v 1987 

rhe second minute and three in 
all before the first scrum. 

Any Scotsmen who were 
watching would have been 
advised to cover their eyes 
because this was clearly New 
Zealand's second team. Only 
six of them had played against 
Ireland and not many will be 
at Lofrus Versfeld foT the 
quarter-final against Scotland 
on Sunday. 

Simon Culhane. who was 
making his debut for his 
country, set two records. The 
stand-off converted 20 of the 21 
tries and then scored a try 
himself for a total of 45 points, 
thus edging past Gavin 
Hastings’s 44 points compiled 
against' the Ivory Coast. He 
had also beaten the world 
record points total for a man 
making his international de¬ 
but, set by his countryman, 
Andrew Mehrtens. against 
Canada, before half-time. 

This score far exceeds New 
Zealand's previous highest of 
117 points against South Aus¬ 
tralia in 1971, not to mention 
New Zealand's previous best 
in an international match — 

70 points against Italy in their 
opening game of the 1937 
World Cup. “I would not have 
thought this was possible," 
Mains said. “If someone be¬ 
fore the match said we would 
break 100 points. 1 would have 

Japan did score two tries, 
both of which received loud 

SCORERS: New Zealand: Tries: Efts 161. 
Rush (3) Osborne (2). Wilson (3). Lea, R 
Brooke (2). kserraa. Culhane. Dovrt. 
Hanflereon Conversions: CUfoana (20). 
Japan: Tries: Kajftara (2) Conwretona 
Hbose (2). PereKy goal: H*ose. 

NEW ZEALAND: G Osbourne (Norm 
Harbour) J Wilson (Otago), M EJQs 
(Otago). A leramta (Weftngion). E Rush 
(North Harbouri S Culhane (Saaraand). A 
Strachan (Norm Hartxxr): C Dowd (Aii*,- 

Hartwur. rep J Joseph. Olago. I7riwi). P 
Henderson (Southland, captan). ZBrooks 
(Auckland) Larsen replaced by J Joseph 
(Otago. 17rtwH) 

JAPAN: T Matsuda (Toshte Fuchu); LOta 
o Bunka IJnW). A Yoshida (Kobe 
l). Y Mould (Kobe. Steel). Y Yoshida 
ml. K Hrro6e (Kyoto Sangyo Lfrw), w 
jrata (Toshiba Fuchu). O Ota (NEC). M 
Kunda (Toshiba Fuchu captain). K 
Takahashl (Toyota). H Kajihara 
(Kataunuma). B Ferguson (Hino Motor). Y 
Sakwaba (Nippon Steel). K tzaws (Data 
Bunka Univ), Sinai) Laiu (Sanyo Bectrtc). 
Latu replaced tv T Akssuka (Met Urav. 

Referee: G Gads*** (Canada) 

Dominguez’s burst salvages Italian pride 

Argentina .. 




ARGENTINA who started 
the World Cup in such prom¬ 
ising style against England, 
will go home with nothing, 
robbed by one of their own 
(David Hands writes). Lead¬ 
ing by a point in the pool A 
meeting at the Basil Kenyon 
Stadium in East London yes¬ 
terday. they could only watch 
with horror as Diego 
Dominguez, the Italian stand¬ 
off half bora in Argentina, 
made the interception for the 
txy which turned the match. 

Dominguez, whose 21 

points carried him past 300 in 
his international career, dom¬ 
inated a contest upon which 
only honour hinged. “It was 
very important for Italian 
rugby that we win one game." 
Massimo Cuttitta. the Italian 
captain, said. 

As a contest it was over¬ 
shadowed by too much inac¬ 
curate kicking. But Italy 
forced a different approach 
when they scored two tries in 
three minutes to break the 
half-time deadlock of I 2 rl 2 : 
indeed having established an 
apparently decisive advan¬ 
tage they allowed Argentina 
to take the initiative. 

Casting aside their forward- 

• • • \i— " • 

based game, the Argentinians 
showed they could offer a 
combined front Arbizu broke 
the defence, CD ley moved to 
the short side of a ruck and his 
inside flick gave Coiral the 
try. Having moved to within 
four points, they profited from 
a careless Italian offside and 
Cilley broke clear from a 
scrum on the 22. 

With only six minutes re¬ 
maining. however, the Argen¬ 
tinians could not keep the 
upper hand. Cilley was 
caught behind a lineout His 
excellent back row piled in to 
support him and Crexell 

whipped the pass away for a 
^ clearing kick but found only 

Dominguez, who rubbed salt 
into the wound by converting 
his try from an acute angle. 

SCORERS: Argentina. Trios: Mann. Cor¬ 
ral. CtUey, penalty try Conversion: Dflay. 
Penalty goal: Cfley. Italy: Triao: Vaacari. 
Gerosa Dominguez Conversions: 
Dominguez 2. Penalty goals: Dominguez 4 

ARGENTINA: E Juratio (Jockey. Rosano). 
D Cuesta SBva (San Isroroi. S Sahrat 
(Alumni, cap lain}. L Arbizu iBetgrano AC). 
M Terin (Tucuman). J Oley (San Jsfcftol. R 
Crew* (Jockey Rosanai. M Corral (San 
iskfco). F Mendez (Mendoza). P Noriega 
(HrWu). R Martin (San Isidro). G Danes (La 
Plata). P Sporiader (Curuoavti). C vtoj 
(Newman). J San tam arina (Tueuman). 
ITALY: L Troiani (L'Aquia). P Vaccmi 
l Freneascato (Trevtsol. S Bordon 
o). M Gerasa (ftacenzai. D 
(MSan/. A Troncon (Mian}: 
Massimo Cutdna (Mian, captain). C 
Oriandl (Piacenza). F Pioporaf Curd 
(Milan), A Sgortan (San DonaL P Pedrord 
(Mun), M Gfactan (Treviso), Q Anrofo 
(Catena), J Gardner (Roma). 

Referee; C Thonfes (Wales) 

Little appeal in 
South Africa’s 

riposte to brawl 

South Africa.—20 


From David Miller 


SOUTH Africa's prospects of 
winning the third Work! Cup. 
and their moral worthiness, 
was east in doubt by their in¬ 
volvement m the first all-out 
brawl of the competition here 
on Saturday night. Having 
looked as immensely power¬ 
ful against Canada as they 
had against Australia on the 
opening day, they then sur¬ 
rendered setf-comrot, dignity, 
and the respect of rival 

Their final match in pool A 
began and ended in darkness. 
A floodlight failure immed¬ 
iately before the start delayed 
the kick-off for 45 minutes. 
Ten minutes from the end, a 
brawl involving at least ten 
players resulted in James 
Dafton. the South Africa 
hooker, being sent off with the 
Canada captain. Gareth Rees, 
and prop, Jon Snow. At least 
three on each side might 
realistically have been dis¬ 
missed by David McHugh, 
the Irish referee. 

After a study of the video by 
the disciplinary commission, 
the referee’s action was up¬ 
held. and all three players 
suspended for 30 days. Snow 
was exonerated for eye-goug¬ 
ing but instead found guilty of 
punching, by his own admis¬ 
sion. The South Africans ap¬ 
pealed against the sentence 
on Dalton, a decision being 
expected last night. It would 
be weakness in the extreme 
were the appeal to be upheld. 
Without discipline, the whole 
competition is devalued. 

The appeal Is as regrettable 
as the brawL The South 
African Rugby Football 
Union, confronted with an 
appalling example of violence 
to foe watching youth of their 
nation, should instead be 
expressing public regret in¬ 
stead of their expedient shuf¬ 
fling. There were several 
besides Dalton even more 
disgracefully involved. 

1 am not excusing Canada. 
Rees had promised that they 
would make it a battle, and so 
it was. At times, the commit¬ 
ment of both teams was 
bordering on frenzy, most 
noticeably in the six minutes 
when the South African pack, 
dominant in the tight, drove 
the Canadians like cattle back 
across their own line from 
five-yard set scrums. Richter, 
their No 8 . was twice able to 
touch down amid the surf 
from the front five's beds. 

Yet. in the loose; the Cana¬ 
dians remained unbreakable 
in the venomous running- 
handling style of their for¬ 
wards that was reminiscent of 
the league game; tackk-hed- 
pass, tadde^edittss. The Ca¬ 
nadians' defensive resistance, 
too. was often heroic, as when 
Christian Stewart’s flying 
tackle drove Richter into 
touch, two minutes from half¬ 
time, as he forged through 
towards another touchdown. 

When the Canadians began 
the second half with a contin¬ 
ued stampede of forward run¬ 
ning, tire South Africans 
could barely believe it though 
they responded with charac¬ 
ter. Summoning all their will¬ 
power. they again drove Can¬ 
ada back to their own line for 
a series of scrums and mauls, 
during which the Canadians 
somehow held them at arm’s 

At this point the score was 
17-0, just as it had been when 
the Canadians played Austra¬ 
lia before they staged a recov- . 
eiy. Now. a scuffle in touch 
between McKenzie, the Cana¬ 
da No 8 , and van der West- 
huizen, who had come on as a 
replacement for Johnson, 
resulted in a penalty that 
Stransky converted for 204). 


AB times BST 




Australia 42 Romania 3 

Australia: Tries. Rod 2. Buko. Fofey, Smith. 
WBson. Cora: Estes 4, Burke 2 Romania: 
Dropped goal: Narrate. 


South Africa 20 Cmdi 0 

South Africa: Tries: Rtchnsr Z Cora: 
Strswfcy 2. Para: Stransky 2. 

(Few BeabethJ 


Tonga 29 Nory Coast 11 

Tonga: Tries; "Ota. Latutaftj. Tuputatu. 

penalty. Corn: Tujputatu 3. Pair TiTpiriofej 
(wry Coast Try. Chou Pens Oafi 2 


Scotland 19 France 22 

Scotland: ~ny: Wamwnght. Core GHas t aios. 
Pens G Hastings 4. France: Try: NTamack 
Con: Lacrow. Pens LacrmS. 



Pool B 

Aigenfina 25 Uafer 31 

Argentina: Tries: GBey. Corral. Mann, 
penalty Con: Coey. Ren: Ctiey Italy: Tries: 
Donw^uez, Geroo. Vacean. Cons 
Damnguez £. Pens Dom«i!**z4. 

(East London) 

Not tndurSng by right's match England v 
Western Samoa. 

Pool C 

New Zealand 145 Japan 17 

New Zeeland: Tries Rush 3. Loe. Efts 6, R 
Brooke 2. Osborne 2. lerenu, Qilhar* 
Wilson 3, Dowd. Henderan Cons: Cufftane 
t®J._Japan:TriesKafhara 2 ConsHkose 


Iretand 24 Wales 23 

Ireland: Trios: Heftsy. McBnde. Rappiewtfl 

Stiff Canada buried theo>. 
selves forward like breaking 
waves against tire SouthA&> 
can din. searching for a 
reward that would never be 
found. Midway through the 
half they f or ced five consecu¬ 
tive scrummages along the 
South African tine as the 
hosts, faltering under such 
pressure, conceded repeated 
penalties from which Canada 

instantly opted fire tire dose- 
range scrummage. In vain. 
We marvelled at tire endur¬ 
ance of both teams. Mean¬ 
while; Stransky. stighdv 
injured, had been replaced bv 
le Roux at stand-off half. 

Then came tire emotional 
explosion- Hendriks, South 
.Mika's deputy for Williams 
on tire wing, and bis opposite 
number, Stanley, tumbled iu- 
temperedly into touch togeth¬ 
er. Hendriks knocking Stan¬ 
ley through a hoarding. 
Christian Stewart, tire Cana¬ 
da centre, heavily shoved 
Hendriks in the back, where¬ 
upon Hendriks. Wiese and le 
Roux began accosting anyone 
within reach. The Canadians 
responded, and instantly a 
red-hot rugby match bad be¬ 
come a boiling saloon bar 
free-for-all. All that was miss¬ 
ing were the broken chairs. 

McHugh was meanwhile 
running around blowing his 
whistle like a trumpet volun¬ 
tary. to not much effect When 
the fists eventually dropped, it 
was difficult to apportion 
blame, though unquestion¬ 
ably McHugh did not get it 
right Thai is hardly to blame 
him. as the Sooth African 
press hasdone. 

1 saw nothing, for instance 
done fry Rees, who in a dignif- 
ied s t a te men t said: “There 
was a fight. I was d efia kefy 

Dalton: sent off 

involved. We are a very tight 
team and it was an awful situ¬ 
ation. bull do not think I dis¬ 
graced myself and I am proud 
to be Canada's captain." 

Strydom. the South Africa 
lock, left tire mtite with a 
badly cut eyebrow, so that 
with the injuries to Small 
Johnson and Stransky, and 
Dalton's suspension. Kitch 
Christie, the coach, has un¬ 
welcome selection dilemmas 
for the quarter-final. Naka 
Drotske. tire Free State hook¬ 
er, is on standby- 

Yet however the South Afri¬ 
cans may resolve their forma¬ 
tion, serious harm has been 
done to their image, and that 
of the competition. As other 
sports have sadly shown, 
being soft on discipline is the 
road to rain. 

SCOTERS: South Attca: Tito* ftdtw (2) 
Comwalore: Stransky (S). Ranaffy grate 
Stransky (2) 

SOUTH AFRICA: A Joubart (NaW) G 
Johnson (Transvaal). C Schott ffians- 
vaalj. B Venter (Oranga Fm Safe). P Han- 
driks (Transraafl. J Suraty 
Province]. J Rout (Tunwa*. G PagjJ 
(Western ProwncB). J Dalton fnwwatfl, U 
Hurtw (Wortham Tna n awa n . K wesa 
(Transvaal). H Snydom (fraravrafl. F 
Ptonaar (Transvaal). A-RfeMac (Northern 
Transvaal). R Brink (Wtatem Prow® 8 ) 
Johnsra replaced by J van te Wauhttan 
(Narrbam Transvaal I9nwi): Stransky re¬ 
placed by H to Roux (frown). 6 fam- 
tkxT) raptaeed ay K Ow> (Northern 
Transvaal, 72). 

CANADA: S Stewart (UBCOB). W Stattey 
]. C Stewart (Western home). S 


nia Lions) 


I (Torona wtw. 

l J Graf (UBCOB). E 
... Canfinai I Janet. Bay). 
. G EraW (Katd. A Charon 
Gordon (James Bay). C 
JBh G MacKinnon (Bntan- 
rapteced by J Hutenlnaon 
65). McKenzie replaced by C 
(Vancouver RrawnQ Club, 79} 
Rotoras; D McHugh (Ireland) 

CaracBwood3 Prim Bwood-WWaKTrias: 
hhmphws. Taytar. Cora: N JenUns 2 
Pens: N Jenkins £ DroppedgoaCADawK 


South Africa.- 3 
Austral® 3 


Romania_ 3 


Pool A 

D L F . APB 
0 0 68 2B 9 

0 1 87 41 7 

0 2 45 SO 5 

0 3 M 97 3 

W Samoa. 


Argantra . 

RESULTS: South AHca 27 ASMS If 
Canada 34 Romarsa 1 South Africa 21 
RomanraS. Ausrala 27 Canada 11. Aurtrata 

42 Romtra 3. South Africa SO Canada 0 

Pool B ‘ 

P W D L P A Pto 

2 2 fl 0 74 44 -6 

2 2 0 0 51 38 6 

3 1 0 2 69 94 5 

-- 3 0 0 3 60 S7 3 

RESULTS: Western Samos 42 aa* £ 
England 24 Aigenana Ttt. Western Samoa® 
Argemna 26, Staland 27 Italy 20: Bafts’ 
Aigsrana 25 Not netuefcog M ngHTl 
match England v Western Samoa 

Pool C _ 


NewZeaiand .330 

Ireiana.3 2 0 

Wales.3 1 0 

J^an .... 3 0 0 - 
RESULTS Wales 57 Japan W NwWW 

43 frtfard 19. fcetend SO Japm X. Jw 
Zealand 34 Wriss 9. New Zatesnd tf**** 1 
17: Ireland 24 WWsa 23 

. P W D 
Ana ...330 
Scotland ... 3 2 0 
Tonga...... 3 1 0 

Coe*. . 3 0 0- 
LTS: Scotland 99 
38 Tonga TO. Fnmv 

0 222 46 9 

IBB g* l 

2 99 89 5 

3 47 250 3 

hoyC c 

38 Tonga TO. Haws wja 
SeortmiRl Tonga 6: Tonga* 
11. Franca 22 ScottjwajS^ 




r> . 


Last-gasp try provides dramatic sting to French fairy-tale recovery 

Saint-Andrg, the France captain, leads the celebrations as NTamack touches down to secure a thrilling win against Scotland at Loftus Versfeld. Photograph: Ian Stewart 

Scots condemned to All Black option 

VICTORY fiar Scotland by two 
points in Paris in February: 
victory for France try three 
points in Pretoria m Juju. 
Where will the excitement 
end? France and Scotland 
have played each other in 67 
internationals,' • of. which 
France have won 33 and Scot¬ 
land 31 — and do not forget 
that 20-20 draw in the 1987 
World Cup. Are they now con¬ 
demned to thrill spectators for 
years to come, as they did in 
the French capital four 
months ago. and in South 
Africa's capital on Saturday 

Only a blind man with icein 
his wins could be unmoved at 
die way events unfolded in the 
dosing moments at Loftus 
Versfeld on a balmy evening. 
The doughty Scottish defence 
was worthy of being written 
and sung about by Scotsmen 
for years to come. This was 
countered by demonstrations 
of Gallic flair that bordered on 
the desperate, and had the 
39,000 spectators fidgeting 
constantly in their seats. 

Scotland led 13-3 at half- 

time; by seven points with 16 
minutes renaming, and by 
four with only four minutes 
left Then, almost 84 minutes 
. after the Jrick-off, the French 
made one last bid. Brave 
Scottish defence had scythed 
down one French aftnrirer 
after another hitherto, but this 
time Benazd rumbled upheld, 
the bad moved swiftly left, and 
-Emile NTamack dived over 
the despairing tackle of Scott 
Hastings and over the line for 
die match-winning try.. 

On such a day, after such a 
game, there was only me pos¬ 
sible conclusion. The fury-tale 
had to be completed. Thierry 
Lacroix converted from the 
louchline, and as die final 
whistle Hew he turned to die 
crowd and, with clenched fists, 
be raised his arms trium¬ 
phantly. He had had five pen¬ 
alty kicks and one conversion, 
and bad landed every one. 

Lacroix had missed five 
lodes out of six against Scot¬ 
land in February. He ex¬ 
plained that four months ago, 
EBane Lacroix, bis mother, 
was still badly injured after a 

John Hopkins in Pretoria on a 
22-19 victory after one of the 
tournament's outstanding matches 

car crash, and he was so 
worried about her that he was 
unable to practise for any 
length of tune. Now die is 
recovering and receiving 
physiotherapy at his practice 
inDax. hewas able to work at 
his goaBddang in the right 
frame of mind- 
in Paris, it was a magnifi¬ 
cent try by Gavin Hastings, 
which he then converted. that 
sealed France’s fate. This time. 
Hastings set up another mag¬ 
nificent Scottish tiy; but it was 
not to be the match-winner. 
Jean-Luc Sadoumy sliced an 
attempted clearance kick. Bry¬ 
an Redpath. who played bril¬ 
liantly. deftly caught the ball 
and flicked It on to Hastings, 
who broke through a tackle by 
Philippe Sella as if he was 
bursting through a flimsy 
piece of paper. With 15 yards 
to go, Rob Wainwright was on 

his captain's shoulder to take 
the scoring pass. 

Like Lacroix’s goaOridung 
transformation, another rid¬ 
dle concerned the perfor¬ 
mance of Hastings, whose 
goalkicking was marginally 
less accurate than usual and 
who was less of a command¬ 
ing captain to an he has been 
on other occasions. Had the 
Fhench somehow worked out 
how to reduce his efficiency? 

“We knew that the more we 
got him to run, foe less 
successful he would be with 
his locking," Lacroix said. T 
don't know whether it is his 
age. (t probably is. It is the 
same for me. If I make a 40- 
metre break and score a try I 
do not have all my faculties 
afterwards, so I give the 
conversion to someone else. 
We tried to make Gavin run." 

Scotland’s tactics were to 

play a tight game and, accord¬ 
ingly. Chalmers kicked 19 of 
foe 26 times he received foe 
ball, and passed only six 
times. Scotland demonstrated 
considerable physical pres¬ 
ence, too, and Benetton and 
Accoceberry suffered broken 
arms to prove iL Cronin was 
warned for stamping. Scot¬ 
land's undoing was that, hav¬ 
ing led for the last 45 minutes, 
they could not hold on for one 
more. “Some things in life you 
deserve and I don't think we 
deserved to be beaten in that 
game." Douglas Morgan, the 
Scotland coach, said. 

The conclusion was unfor¬ 
gettable — two teams trying to 
win for aB they were worth, 
not just for foe honour- of 
victory but 1(7 the greater 
prize of avoiding New Zealand 
in foe quarter-finals. As the 
dull thud of defeat began to 
sink in, Scotland confronted it 
with magnanimity and digni¬ 
ty. Gavin Hastings particular¬ 
ly. Not for foe Scots the 
relatively easier match against 
fellow Celts and the real 
prospect of a place in a semi¬ 

final. “I guess we are now 
feeling what the French felt in 
Paris a few weeks ago,” foe 
Scotland captain said. 

“We have to go out now and 
play foe game of our fives. 
France made history by beat¬ 
ing the All Blacks twee last 
year. We must make history 
by becoming the first Scottish 
team to beat the All Blades." 
One'S heart went out to him, 
even though one's head said 
he was whistling in the dark. 

SCORERS; Fiance Try. NTamack. Con- 
MMfcxc Lacrabc. FtnoHv goals; Lacroix <51 
Scotland: Try; Wahwmafi Convulsion: G 
Haaings. Panaky goals: G Hastings (4). 
FRANCE; J-L Sadoumy ICctorreers): E 
NTamack (Toubuse), P Se«a (Agon). T 
(Mob (DwJ. P SeM-Arete {Moiraarand, 
capiaoi): CDaylaud (ToJoum), GAococa- 
beny (Dot). L Btfnfagcti (flabng), J-M 
Gonzales /Bayonne), C CrtHano fTcu- 
lousa), A Bonsai (men). O Roumat (Oax), 
O Maria (MontfenaroQ. L C ab anoa e (Rac- 
««. PBanotton (Agen). Benetton replaced 
by M Cegftor (Bourcxin, 30min): Accoca- 
becry replaced ty A Huaber (Touhaw 32). 
SCOTLAND: G Hastings (W&sonsns. 
captain): C Joiner (Meboae), S Hastings 
Wascrdms). G Spiel (Melrose). K Logan 
rStrtng Courty). C Chafinere (MrtroseJ. B 
Rfidpefli D HBton (Bath). K 

Mine (Hanoi's FP). P Wright (Borough- 
mur), R Wanurtgm (Mast HantepooO. G 
Wet (Metcee), D Cronin (Bougas). I Mor¬ 
rison (London Sccdtefi), t Pstare (Ban). 
SPlrt reptacad by I Jardlrie (StnUng Courty, 
46); Wright replaced by P Burner(London 
Scottah. 71) 

Referee: W Erickson (Australia) 

Australia still searching for the missing link 





From David Hands 



THOUGH vrith less of a fanfare than 
four years ago. Australia safely 
negotiated their way to the quarter¬ 
finals of the World Cup in foe first 
international to be played at the 
Danie Craven Stadium here on 
Saturday. In the process they have 
deflected, intentionally or not. atten¬ 
tion towards South Africa and New 
Zealand while they endeavour to 

recover foe missing parts of their 
own game. 

- Like England, they have yet to fire 
oaafl cylinders, but four second-half 
tries against a Romania side unable 
to sustain its forward effort far more 
than an hour acted as quite a 
restorative. The natch also demon¬ 
strated that Joe Roff, anfy 19, may 
become a useful commodity on foe 
wing, and foe classically simple 
goafedong of John Bales. 

Yet there is a greater predictability 
to these Australians- On Saturday, 
this was partly due to foe absence of 
the mercurial David Campese, but 
they have yes. to recover from foe 
retirement two years ago of-Nick 

Farr-Jones. His judgment at scrum 
half and his linking with foe back 
row was at foe hub of so many 
positive movements and, not surpris¬ 
ingly. neither Peter Slattery nor 
George Gregan have the same skills. 

But will Australia find foe extra 
gear required for foe quarter-final in 
Cape Town? The form erf Eales has 
become critical for them, as ball- 
winner at foe Kneout. as a founder¬ 
ing force in the loose and here, where 
he took over from Matt Burke in the 
second half, as goaflricker. 

Eales has played all three pool 
matches and they cannot afford to 
rest him now. So. too, has Tim 
Gavin, foe steadying influence in the 

bade row and counterpoint to the 
rampaging Willie Ofahengaue or, 
here. Hie Tabua. Australia need such 
workers, to tidy up their play at ruck 
and maul, where they turn over too 
many balls for comfort and to give 
David Wilson foe chance to forage 
wide in support of his backs. 

Wilson deservedly picked up the 
final try of the match, by which time 
the Romanians were wflttng. Trail¬ 
ing only 14-3 at the interval, having 
opened foe scoring through 
Ivandurt dropped goal, they contest¬ 
ed foe fineout with great enthusiasm 
but their midfield handling constant¬ 
ly let them down and they did not 
come to terms with Roff. 

SCORERS: AustmiK Trias: Roll |Z). Foley. Bute, 
Smi8i, W9scn Conversions: Eates (4). Eute (2) 
Romania: Dropped goal; tanduc. 

AUSTRALIA: M Bute (Navi South Wales). D SmWi 
0, D Herbert (Queensland). T Horen 
5, J Rofl (ACT). S Bowen (NSW). G 
1. A Oaly '(NSW). M Foley (Queensland). 
E McKenzie (NSW). 1 Tabua (Queensland), R McCzd 
(Queensland, csotan). J Eeies (Queensland). D 
Wileon (QueenSand). T Gavin (NSW). Gregan 
repteed by P Settu y (Ou eo tm o n d, 72n»n); Hubert 

VvSn^OTpOT^n^CBd by*oTtaiu(NSfV. tH- 

(CM UrwereiiyV G 
}. I Negred (CTO Comma). G' 

, AGurenaaoi {Dnamo Bucharest). S 

;.** ijocartu(Bayonne),AGeetapu 

(Staaua Bucharest), T Brtnzs (CM Urmvrsky. 
captain) Gontneac replaced by A Lungu (Cadres 
Otympicije, 57): Nagned replaced by VTUfe (Dnamo 
Bucharest 74). 

Ho tel oo : N Sabo (Japan). 

Feasting on 
delights of 

W hen, in foe fullness 
of time, they ask me 
to name my most 
enjoyable afternoon's rugby 
overall, I shall not hesitate 
“Rustenburg, June 3, 1995, 
Tonga v Ivory Coast veri¬ 
fy"... a word 1 took from foe 
Gideon Bible. 

The vibes for this event had 
been inauspicious. The local 
paper published a letter from 
a citizen who had encountered 
acute haplessness at foe previ¬ 
ous match: endless queues 
causing him to miss foe 
beginning, an hour-plus wait 
for egress. A Welsh linesman 
had observed foal the folk of 
Rustenburg would be unable 
to organise a piss-up in a 
brewery. As foe local drink is 
an undemanding brandy 
known as KUpdrit he proba¬ 
bly had a point 
We had derided to make a 
day of it Ivan to supply 
chocolates and wine; Mark to 
bring his four-year-old daugh¬ 
ter and drive. Gill and India 
in charge of software, roast 
chickens and cream dough¬ 
nuts. I made smoked salmon 
sandwiches from foe side 1 
had brought out and took an 
icebox filled with Klein 
Constanzia Chardonnay and. 
fruit juice. — " 

Ivan was late. There are just 
too many Second Avenues in 
Johannesburg. We left a note 
on foe gate with Mark’s cal's 
cellphone number. Then 
Mark had to fill up with petrol 
at a garage where he bad an 
account which was not the 
most adjacent. When Ivan 
phoned we agreed to meet in a 
shopping mall carpark, trans¬ 
ferred his booty to our boot 
and, as foe journey is a 
hundred miles, we did not 
reach our destination until the 
teams’ anthwnc had been 
played on our car radio. “A 
disappointing crowd, don’t 
you think, Ruth?" the com¬ 
mentator says. Ruth, who is 
the radio station’s token 
woman, agrees. 

Rustenburg is a platinum 
town with a fairground atone 
end, the stadium at the other. 
On foe surrounding terrain 
were hundreds of cars, many 
dozen bases and a very few 
people queueing to be body- 
searched at the entrance. 

We left our drink in foe car, 
except Ivan, who carried his 
in a plastic bag. and we were, 
all of us. patted about our 
bodies and let through. Ivan's 
hand baggage did not receive 
so much as a glance. Nobody 
asked us for tickets, which 
was fortunate. We had none. 
Nobody asked for money 
either, which was silly for 1 
earned a wad of notes in my 

The ground is small and 
was bathed in sunshine. Two 
largish stands provide excel¬ 
lent views of the action and 
behind foe posts are banks of 
sloping lawn with a few 
Transvaal olive trees to afford 

About 20 policemen and 
their Alsatians sat on the 
perimeter track between us 
and the dead-ball line. The 
dogs were well behaved, 
though they growled at the 






security men who wore yellow 
jackets and walked bade and 
forth; one wondered why. if 
ever there was an unlikely 
scenario for violence this was 
it men and women wandered 
among foe crowd selling ice¬ 
cream, biltong and sun-bats; 
girls who had not previously 
encountered so large an audi¬ 
ence preened themselves as 
they traipsed in front of the 
boys. Children played run¬ 
ning games- 

On the Arid of play, nothing 
took one’s attention, though a 
general pattern emerged: Ton- 
gans are tougher than 
Ivorians; Ivorians are faster 
than Tongaris; neither team 
would beat OrrelL If points 
were awarded for looking 
over your shoulder as you run 
with foe ball this might have 
been the highest-scoring 
game ofali time. 

After 20 minutes Ivan’s 
provender had been con¬ 
sumed and It was derided to 
send a party to collect the rest 
of our stuff from foe car boot. 
Lots were drawn, a couple 
dispatched, we waited. The 
siege of Ladysmith lasted 199 
days, Mafeking in excess of 
seven months. Rustenburg 
was relieved in ten minutes, 
foe scouts having talked their 
way out of foe ground and 
returned with their boxes 
explaining. “We are foe 
people who just went and are 


No. Oh. all right 

O n the pitch there were 
many stops: for injury 
— one very serious 
consultation; physiotherapy, 
referee speaking to linesman; 
half-time ... but the action 
was sloppy by foe Tongans 
and ifrconceived by the 
Ivorians, whose every move 
forward was cheered by foe 
crowd because (a) they are 
living locally, (b) they were the 
undeiriogs and (<3 it was such 
a lovely afternoon. 

With a quarter of an hour to 
go and the result assured’ foe 
crowd derided to take things 
into their own hands and 
executed a series of such 
wholehearted Mexican waves 
that the players slowed to 
wardi us. Waves started at the 
far end of the stand, moved to 
foe people sitting on the grass 
behind the posts, who went to 
some trouble and inconve¬ 
nience to keep it going into foe 
hospitality boxes, from which 
men in suits emerged to speed 
its passage along foe near-side 
lane and on to the folk behind 
the far posts. 

We fod the wave clockwise 
and Chen anti-dock wise; we 
waved and laughed and col¬ 
lapsed and tried ever harder 
to perfect it Then we glanced 
at the Grid and found that foe 
players had gone. The final 
score was 29-11. 

As a sporting gesture to our customers we're giving away 

two Rugby World Cup Final tickets. 

Here* how you get them. First use your mobile to call 
our very own Wbrld Cup Keep In Touch Line. (One finger 
j*ouid be sufficient.) The number is 222 on Ceilnet* 

Ybu'll hear an entirely amiable interview with one of the 
English team players about the World Cup, followed by our 
competition question. 

There will be a new question every week for four weeks. 
Give four right answers and you'll win a crisp, new training 

shirt as worn by the forthright Mr Moore. Ybu'll also get the 
chance to answer the tie-break question. 

Whoever gives the best answer to that wins the two 
tickets plus free flights and accommodation. Just call two digits, 
two digits, two digits on Ceilnet 

Ceilnet. Mo one covers the ground better 


/ ... 

.. r ■ 



Smith profits as England turn to Illingworth 

Smith: promotion 

By Alan Lee 


ROBIN' SMITH’S Test career has 
been revived in a way even he 
cannot have envisaged. After 12 
months of aeonisine "in the wilder¬ 
ness. he will open the innings in the 
first Test match at Headingley on 
Thursday for an England side that 
will also, bizanrely. include a spin 
bowler named Illingworth. Appar¬ 
ently. it is Richard Illingworth, of 
Worcestershire, although it would 
scarcely have been more of a 
surprise had it turned out to be 
Raymond himself. 

The party of 12. announced yester¬ 
day. is entirely pragmatic. It lacks 
flair and sensitivity.'and flies in the 
face of Michael Atherton's plea, 
when the winter tour of Australia 
ended, to identify players for the 
future, instead, it focuses squarely 
on the match ai hand. “We feel." 
Raymond Illingworth, the chair¬ 
man of selectors, said, “we have 
made such a mess of the first Tests 

in recent series that it’s vital we get 
off to a good start" 

The selectors' chosen path to such 
a goal, however, is not exactly route 
one. In order to accomodate live 
bowlers rather than four, they have 
broken up one of die team's great 
assets, a settled opening pair, reim¬ 
posed the wicketkeeping gloves 
upon a reluctant Alec Stewart, and 
given his batting position to a man 
who has virtually no background in 
the job. 

Additionally and astonishingly, 
they have chosen a 31-year-old slow 
bowler of negative inclinations well 
suited 10 one-day cricket, hut whose 
only two Tests were played four 
years aga also against West Indies. 
His first ball took a wicket and his 
last, at Edgbasron. was struck 
contemptuously for six by Vivian 
Richards. At the time, it seemed a 
fining farewell. 

In a newspaper survey' of county 
captains yesterday, even Tim Cur¬ 
tis. of Illingworth’s own dub. did 
not include him in his ideal England 


Player (county) 

M A Atherton (Lancs, capt) 

R A Smith (Hampshire). 

G A Hck (Worcestershire) 

A J Stewart (Surrey) 

GP Thorpe (Surrey) 

M R Ran»fM3h (tuBdcflesexl 
P A J DePrenaa fDertjysrwej 
0 Gough (Yorkshire) 

P J Mann (Lancashire) 

S K Ohnqiwrth NVorcsi 
ARC Fraser iMKMleseu! 

D E Malcwn (Derbyshire) 



























12. Nor, for that matter, did anyone 
else. Richard Illingworth himself 
cannot have expected to play again 
at this level, and the explanation of 
his namesake — that he is “a good 
pro who won’t let us down” — is a 
depressing testimony to culpable 

With the twelfth man being 
chosen from the five seam bowlers 
in the squad. Illingworth will defi¬ 
nitely play. Watched by Raymond 
Illingworth and David Graveney, 
his fellow selector, within the past 

week, he impressed them sufficient¬ 
ly to queue-jump past Richard 
Stemp, Min Patel and Ian Salisbury 
for the position that might routinely' 
have remained with Philip Tufnell if 
he had not attracted the sort of tour 
report that a schoolboy would lose 
in a convenient bush rather than 
show to his parents. 

Regrenably. Stemp was. thought 
to have had too little bowling on the 
seam-orientated pitches that York¬ 
shire have'played upon this year. 
Patel has attracted criticism for his 
negative line, but despite signs that, 
late in life, he has begun to employ 
the virtue of flight. Hlingworth 
himself is the very antithesis of an 
attacking slow bowler. What he is, 
of course, is a doughty, durable 
Yorkshireman. qualities appreciat¬ 
ed by the present regime. 

As expected, the meeting of the 
four selectors, in Manchester on 
Saturday evening, was dictated by 
the choice of a wicketkeeper. Stew¬ 
art had received a telephone call 
from the chairman, earlier in the 

day, and h came as some surprise to 
him that, against all previous 
declarations, there was once more a 
strong chance that he was to suffer 
for the shortcomings of others. 

The selectors could not find 
anyone good enough to bat at No 6 
and bowl, so Stewart must give up 
whaT he is best at — opening the 
batting — and keep wicket. “Deep 
down, he would prefer to open and 
not keep." Hlingworth admitted in a 
careful understatement erf his vice- 
captain’s feelings, “but whether or 
not this is a long-term thing will 
depend on us finding an all-rauncier 
at No 6. That is the ultimate aim for 

Stewart has become a capable 
wicketkeeper and. if the recall of 
Jack Russdl is to be resisted, he is as 
good as anyone available. Whether 
rt is worth sacrificing the stability of 
the top-order barring, however. I 
very much doubt. Stewart will now 
come in at No 4 or No 5. with 
Graeme Hick remaining at No 3 
and Mark Ramprakash—preferred 

10 John Crawley and Alan Wtffc - 
atNo6. - . .. * ■ 

Smith, whose cre dentials agrifatt 
fast bowling and record agafnst 
West Indies cannot be finfied is 
now rechanneUed towanfrfcegame 
after a period when Keith Befcter, 
then the England manager, w&sune 
of manv who believed him » be 
distracted by business mtcre as.Bc 
has opened twice in Tests befca, 
making 128 against Sri Lanka fo 
Colombo on the last occasion, bur 
his promotion here is at the expanse 
of Jason Galfian and Trevor Ward, 
who do the job regularly. 

“Pot this march we redly warned 
to go along with people we fcngw." 
iningwonh said. It i stostan ecW"** 
an understandable instinct tm. 
■experiment and adventure, fa r ,., 
land have made a habit of kntag 
Test series before the halfway point, 
but the entire selection recks of 
short-term ism, of a compromise 
held together with sticky-tape. and 

of the false security of the familiar at 

the expense of the unknown. 

Bishop proves fitness to return to Test side at Headingley 

West Indies 
enjoy useful 

By Simon Wilde 

amptonshire won toss}: North¬ 
amptonshire have scored 2SI 
all out against the West 

THIS was more like the West 
Indians of old. In what may 
have been their last >oeli of 
outcrieket before the TesT 
march, their fast l\jw!er< 
bowled with pace, hostility 
and accuracy — well, they 
delivered only 11 no-balls and 
a wide — and were given 
tigerish support in the field. 
Northamptonshire gratefully 
mustered a total of 2S1 after 
tottering ar SS for five shortly 
after lunch. 


ft R Mcnioowne c Lara o Bafwp . 27 

A Fgrdi-jm c Chandeipauf b Waists — . 0 
•R J Ruley c Chaneerpaul b Bstap » 
T G watim t> onaruai . .. 0 

RJ Warren tow b Wash.3? 

D J Capei c Adams b B«shop .12 

A L Penbentiy c Mixray b Adams 73 

J N Srtape Bm d Onanrai .. 17 

tD Rip*ey b Bishop.3 

N A Maflender not out .. .49 

j P Taytar c Walsh b Adams . .. . 7 

Baras (©3. w I nb221 X 

Total (971 overs)_.._281 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-1.2-67. 3-fiS. 4-70.6- 
66. 6-157. 7-ISP 3-137.9-243 
BOWLING. Ambrose 13-6-250 WDsh 15- 
-1-L3-2 Sishop 23-7-64-J ■ Arthurian 2-0-9- 
0. Dhanrag 33-5-113-2. Adams 111-4-21-2 

Williams. B C Lara. J C Adams. K L T 
Anhunor. S Oranderpaui. TJ R Murray. IR 
Bishop. CEL Ambrose. ’C A Walsh. R 

Umpires J C Baidersone and J D Bond 

The curious thing was, the 
touring team did this not 
under the leadership of Richie 
Richardson but Courtney 
Walsh, a man whom some 
would rather see permanently 
lead them. Richardson, de¬ 
spite indifferent form and 
uncertain confidence, chose to 
miss the game. 

As it happened, the loss of 
the first day’s play to rain 
reduced the scope for mean¬ 
ingful practice but the West 
Indians were anxious enough 
to play that they risked injury 
on an outfield still damp in 
patches. Though Ambrose, 
Walsh and Bishop are certain 

to play at Headingley. each 
had good reason to want a 
strenuous workout 

The pick of them was Bish¬ 
op. who took four for 64 from 
23 overs, his first first-class 
wickets of the tour. He bowled 
with the fire he showed before 
his last back injury two years 
ago and claimed good scalps 
in Montgomerie. Bailey and 

Montgomerie and Bailey, 
who put on 66 for the second 
wicket, were both caught in 
the slip cordon (Montgomerie 
through a knock-on from 
Campbell to Lara) and Capel 
taken on die boundary' hook¬ 
ing. With Capel. it was always 
going to be all or nothing. 

Walsh, in his first bowl 
since damaging his back at the 
Oval eight days earlier, also 
performed impressively. In 
his second over, he had 
Fordham caught in the gully 
and also accounted for War¬ 
ren to end the most productive 
stand of the innings, the 69 
Warren and Penberthy put on 
for the sixth wicket. 

For Ambrose, the day was 
not so productive. Even a 
return to one of his favourite 
hunting grounds was not 
enough to bring him the 
wicket for which he has been 
desperately searching since 
May 14. But his first spell of 
eight overs yielded only three 
runs and few pleasantries. 
Equally importantly, perhaps, 
he bowled only one' no-ball. 

His line — though not his 
front foot — strayed during a 
second spell of five overs 
which osi Jte runs and all he 
had to show for the day was 
three separate awards, pre¬ 
sented to him during the tea 
interval, as Northampton¬ 
shire's plaver of the year in 

Fortunately for Northamp¬ 
tonshire, the West Indian at¬ 
tack was made up by Dhanraj, 
who entered the attack in the 
22nd over. His regular loose 
deliveries eased the path of 
Penberthy, who batted three 
hours for 73 (with two sixes 
and seven fours), and 


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Bailey off drives Dhanraj, the leg spinner, at Northampton yesterday 

Mallender, who finished un¬ 
beaten on 49 with the aid of a 
variety of squirts wide of the 
slips and gully. 

For a representative West 
Indian team to field a leg 
spinner seems like a crime 
against nature and his figures 
went some way towards prov¬ 
ing it But Dhanraj and his 

fielders gave it their best shot 
with a series of impassioned 
appeals, the best of them for a 
catch against Snape by 
Dhanraj himself after the ball 
appeared to have taken a 
deflection off the heel of silly 

Another concern for the 
West Indians must be Murray 

behind the stumps. Yesterday, 
he missed a straightforward 
chance from Bailey, then 18, 
off Walsh. It was reminiscent 
of the catch Courtney Browne 
missed off Steve Waugh in 
Jamaica in April, and the West 
Indians now know what the 
consequences of errors like 
that can be. 

turn fails 
to rescue 

By Michael Henderson 

LORD'S (Middlesex won 
toss): Derbyshire (4pts) beat 
Middlesex by 24 runs 

DERBYSHIRE were comfort¬ 
able winners yesterday in a 
game reduced by rain to 31 
overs a side. Although Fraser 
turned in Sun day-best figures 
of five for 29, Derbyshire 
made, and easily defended, a 
total of 152 for nine. 

On this pitch, bowler-friend¬ 
ly if not sub-standard, it was a 
handy score. Feithanrs 33 not 
out in a losing cause was the 
highest innings of the after¬ 
noon. No Derbyshire player 
made more than Krikken’S 
unbeaten 25 so, in the context 
of a low-scoring match, Cork. 
DeFreitas and Dessaur con¬ 
tributed usefully. 

it was only when Feltham 
and Emburey were together, 
adding 42 for the ninth wicket 
in six overs, that Derbyshire 
were troubled. A Middlesex 
victory was possible until 
Emburey, heaving at Cork, 
struck low co extra cover 
where Rollins was the alert 

Aldred finished the game 
when Fraser lifted him high to 
Ciillinan at long off. It was the 
bowler’s third wicket, two 
more than either Cork or 
DeFreixas rook, if that means 
anything. There was one each 
for Malcolm and Warner, and 
a run out executed by Coric 
after DeFreitas had stopped 
Carr's stinging drive. 

Middlesex lost their way 
badly after Weekes had fallen 
to Malcolm. PooJey went Jbw 
to Warner’s first ball and by 
the halfway stage Rampra¬ 
kash and Brown had followed 
them. Brown, slicing a vast 
skier, was held at third man 
after Malcolm successfully un¬ 
dertook a "Golden Shot" oper¬ 
ation (up a bit. back a bit, left a 
bit right a bit). 

Fraser had taken the last 
five Derbyshire wickets, dean 
bowling DeFreitas and 
Rollins, and being well served 
by his fielders. The innings 
ended with a spectacular take 
by Ramprakash at deep 
square leg. 

Emburey had shown his 
worth when Derbyshire bat¬ 
ted. .Middlesex were restricted 
by DeFreitas who bowled his 
seven overs for 15 and re¬ 
moved Ramprakash and 
Brown. Derbyshire's ground 
fielding was sharp and they 
looked busy. As for Middle¬ 
sex, this is not really their 

Surrey floored by Moody 

WORCESTER (Surrey won 
toss): Worcestershire (4pts) 
beat Surrey by nine wickets 

IT WAS all over before even¬ 
song. An unbroken second- 
wicket partnership of I2S in 24 
overs between Tom Moody 
and Graeme Hick swept 
Worcestershire to their eighth 
victory in nine one-day match¬ 
es this season and joint leader¬ 
ship of the AXA Equity & Law 

Moody hit 73 off S5 balls, 
with two sixes and eight fours, 
and Hid; 51 off 63 bails, with a 
six and five fours, to make a 
mockery’ of Surrey's paltry 126 
all out on a pitch that had 
seemed wholly unsuitable for 
this kind of cricket 

It was a damp, slow searner 
that turned out to be ideally 
suited to Gavin Haynes, the 
Worcestershire medium-pac¬ 
er. who whipped out the top 
four Surrey batsmen. Stewart 
and Thorpe, of England, 
included, at a personal cost of 
21 to finish with the best 
fieures of his career. 

^Surrey, who, like Worcester¬ 
shire, had won their three 


previous Sunday games, could 
hardly complain too much 
since they had chosen to bat on 
it.. but they had reckoned 
without Haynes, who has 
been a revelation since being 
pressed into opening the bowl¬ 
ing in limited-overs cricket 
this season because Moody 
has a bad back. 

Haynes has already played 
a big part in taking Worcester¬ 
shire to the semi-finals of the 
Benson and Hedges Cup and 
now he shrugged on the 
indignity of seeing Brown 
smash his first ball straight 
back over his head for six by 
having both Darren BickneU 
and Stewart caught behind 
with his sixth and ninth balls. 

His third wicket Thorpe, 
gave Rhodes his 200th victim 
m Sunday cricket, which was 
some kind of compensation for 
losing his England place, be¬ 
fore Haynes completed his 
spell, by claiming Brown leg- 

When Mirza. a young fast- 
medium bowler who was re¬ 
placing the injured Radford, 
bowled Ward, Surrey were in 
disarray at 55 for five and. 

though Hollioake and Butcher 
effected a recovery of sorts, 
they both self-destructed be¬ 
fore it became a serious threat 
to Worcestershire. 

Hollioake was daft enough 
to go for a third run when 
Hick already had the ball in 
his hand at deep mid-wicket 
and paid the inevitable price, 
and Butcher attempted some¬ 
thing too ambitious against 
Illingworth and was stumped. 

Rackemann. having his first 
taste of the Sunday game, did 
raise Surrey's hopes by having 
Curtis leg-before in his first 
over, but that only brought 
together Moody and Hick, 
and they were irresistible. 

They played cautiously 
enough for a while but when 
Hollioake let slip a beamer 
which flew over Moody’s 
head, and no apology was 
forthcoming, the floodgates 
opened. The next ball went 
past Hollioake’s head for six at 
a rather higher velocity and 
the Jasi SO runs came from ten 
overs as Moody took his 
aggregate in four league 
games this year to 301 at an 
average of 100. 

Essex win in former style 

ESSEX, as even Keith Fletcher 
has remarked, are not the side 
they once were. So yesterday, 
when they achieved the kind of 
victory which was once .com¬ 
monplace in the AXA Equity & 
Law League, fond memories 
were stirred. They beat Not¬ 
tinghamshire at Trent Bridge 
by 112 runs. Mark Waugh, 
Paul Prichard and Graham 
Gooch, batting in the middle 
of the order, all making size¬ 
able scores. 

A measure of their domi¬ 
nance was that Nottingham¬ 
shire were at one stage 71 for 
eight in response to a total of 
267. That there was any sort of 
a contest owed much to an 
unbeaten partnership of 84 
between Wileman and Pick. 
The return to form of Mark 
Waugh was particularly ap¬ 
preciated by Essex, for he is a 
much travelled and weary 

At Cardiff. Glamorgan de¬ 
feated Hampshire by the 
crushing margin of 113 runs 
with numerous overs to spare. 
James and Morris provided 
the ideal start, putting on 106 
in 21 overs, and there were 

By I vo Tennant 

characteristic contributions 
from Maynard, who struck an 
unbeaten 58 from 57 balls, and 
Cottey. Lefebvre and Watkin. 
touted in one or rwo quarters 
for a recall by England, then 
took the first four Hampshire 
wickets for 28. including 

There was no coming bade 
from that. Hampshire muster¬ 
ing their lowest total against 
Glamorgan in this comped- 






Lancastwe (4)... 





0 16 

Glamorgan (7). 





0 16 

Wares (2). 





0 16 

Keni 0). 







Essex (17). 







Leics (10). 





0 12 

Surrey (6). 





0 12 

Yorkshire (5). 







Somerset (16). . 







Sussex (15). 







Dertr/shire |8) . 







Durham 19) . 







Notts (11) .. . 














Warwicks <ik 







Widdtesex (I4j.. 







Northants (13) . 







Hampshire (ig. 







(last season's posterns tn brackets) 

don. Metson, that most com¬ 
petent of wicketkeepers, took 
four catches and stumped two 
other batsmen. All of which 
left his side contemplating an 
important match next Sunday 
at Old Trafford against Lanca¬ 
shire. The two counties are at 
the top of the table. 

Kent, who jointly led the 
table last week, were unable to 
take the field at Chester-Ie- 
Street There was also rain at 
the other end of the country, 
on the Sussex coast where 
only an abbreviated match 
was possible. Gloucestershire 
managed to score at eight runs 
an over, but that was not 
sufficient to contain Sussex. 
Stephenson and Wells both 
struck half-centuries. 

There was one other match 
yesterday, involving a strong 
Rest of the World XI. to 
celebrate the three trophies 
that Warwickshire won last 
year. The World XI, captained 
by Healy and including Slater 
and Wame, won by three runs 
at Edgbaston. not least 
because of a partnership of 102 
in 19 overs between Cronje 
and Steve Waugh. 

AXA Equity* Law League 
Glamorgan v Hampshire 

CARDIFF i Hampshire non KMS) 
Glamorgan (4ptai beat Hampetom by 
113 nns 


SPJamessbwbUda. 87 

*H Mortis ran oul.- 42 

SI PMaynmanot ou] .- .. .58 

PA Cottey not our .—. .20 

Extras (b 1.89 li. w 13. nb 6). .. ■ 3t 

Total (2 vmkts, 40ovani>-238 

D L Hemp. A Die ROB Creft. R P 
LfltetWB. tc F* Mason. S L Waters and S 
R BantnckcM not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS 1-106.2 : J81 
BCWUNG. Boas 50-30-0 James 8-0- 
47-0 Connor &-0-53-G Sfntak 8-1-31-0: 
Udai 8-0-38-1. NU-cias 3-0-27-0 

V P Terry c Meteor & Lefebvre -.4 

R S M Mcrris b Water _ . 8 

R A Smith c Mecwo b Watton ..7 

G W VWuIb c Meteon b LeteOvre . .0 

■UCJ Nicholas c Dale b Craft-8 

K D James s( Metson b Dale . - ..30 
tA N Aymes st Metson b Barwck .. 25 

H H Streak not out ... 24 

S 0 Udal b Dale .. ....1 

C A Connor c Metson b Ban*** .. 8 

J N B BoviK run out —.0 

Extras lb6. w 4).._KI 

Total (32.1 overs]_125 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-4. 2-15. 3-18. 4- 
20. 5-41.6-75. 7-104.8-114 9-123 
BOWLING Lefetwe6-M7-2.Wa!ton6- 
2-11-2: Banach 50-21-2 Craft 8-0-34- 
1: Date 61-0-36-2 

Umtxe& J H Hams and B Laadbe^a 1 

Middlesex v Derbyshire 

LORD’S (Mdtflesex won toss)- Derby- 
shae (4pts) beat Mkkliesexby 2* runs 

*K J Barnett cFefthamb Emburey .17 

DGCofcbNa*. 22 

DJCuffinanst BrownbWeekes . ...15 
C M Wefts c Carr b Emburey . . ..6 

PA J DeFreitas b Fraser.. 23 

A S Rotas b Fraser... 11 

tK M Knhfcen natoui..25 

W A Dessaur c Weekes b Fraser . 18 
AE Warner c Fettharnb Fraser . —0 
D E Malccbn c Ramprakash b Fraser 0 

Extras (lb 8. w 3. nb 4) __ _ 15 

Total (9 wfcts. 31 ovars)_152 

P Afcked cM not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37,2-47.3-58.4- 
87, 5-92. 6-106, 7-145.8-147. 9-152 
BOWING: Fraser 50-32-5. Nash 60- 
33-1; Emburey 70-152: Johnson 60- 
320. Weekes 60-32-1 


P N Weekes b Malcolm_ .. . 17 

JCPootey Ibwb Warner. - 4 

MR Ramprakash bwbDeFredas 8 
tK R Brown c Malcolm b DeFreitas.. 5 

P Farbtace b Aldred.. .12 

MDCanbCork- . ...12 

DJNashiunout . ... 2 

U A Fetttam not out ..33 

R L Johnson c Warner b AkJrad ..0 

J E Emburey cRoffirtsb Cork __11 

ARC FrasercCuttnanbAlcfted . 2 

Ertras ( 4). .22 

Total (28.4 overs). >.128 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-25.2-33.3-37.4- 

40.5- 66. 573.7-78.803.9-125. 
BOWLING: Mafcsfen 60-27-1. DeFreitas 
7-1-15-2: Warner 50-13-1; Aldred540- 
47-3, Cork 50-152. 

Umpires; K E Palmer and R Palmer. 

Nottuag h a in shire v Essex 

TRENT BRIDGE (Not&nghamshro won 
toss): Essex (4pts) beat Nottingham¬ 
shire by 112 runs 


M E Waugh c Noon b rvBte_ . 89 

■PJ Prichard c Archer bWiteman ..57 
N Hussain c Robinson b Mke .. „ .. 33 

G A Gooch not out.. 55 

R C Irani ran out_....._ ... 5 

D D J RoWnscn not out..8 

Extras (to 6, w 10. nb 4). ,20 

Total (4 wkts, 40 overs)_.267 

R M Pearson, tR J Rollins, S J W 
Andrew, P M Such and D M Cousins (fid 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-126. 2-188. 5 

BOWLING. Mike 8-0-552: Evans 80- 
620; Pick 80-390, Pemett 50-440. 
Hind son 50-330: Wilamai 50-27-1. 


M P Dowman b Cousins. 0 

*R T Robinson c Hussain b Cousins 7 

G F Archer rvn out . 14 

tw M Noon c Such b Cousins.5 

C Banton c Rolms b Andrew. i 

J R WBeman not out.. .42 

K P Ewans b SutfJ_ . . u 

G W Mte c Such b Waugh. 0 

J E Hudson c Rofllns b Such .5 

R A Pick not out. ....56 

Extras (to 2. w 5. nb 2) . 9 

Total (8 wkts, 40 overs)_155 

D B Pemett did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: lO. 2-18, 528, 4- 

29.5- 29. 555, 7-58.571 
BOWLING-Coisks51-353. Andrew 5 
2-251: Waugh 80-31-1; Such 60-20-2- 
Pearson 60-210, Robinson 20-190. 
Umpires- J H Hampshire and G Sharp 

Somerset v Yorkshire 

TAUNTON (Yorkshire vwn toss): Somer¬ 
set (4pts) beat Yorkstm by three 


•DByasc Tuner b Ecclestone.39 

M P Vaughan c Musrtaq b Tramp ....3 

M G Sevan ran out. „ fgj 

C White c BoMer b Mushtaq 29 

ffl J Biakey c Lettwell b Ecclestone 16 

B Parker not out. 17 

D Gough tow b Hayhurst.1 

P J Hanley not out . 15 

Eiftras (to 11. w2). 13 

Total (8 wkts, 40 overa)_213 

M M A 

BfWUNG-R° 3 e 55350; Tramp 55 

SS-JKa.g'BS, K$s 

Hayhurst 5517-1. ■ 


M N Lattwefl c Bevan b Hartey in 
M E Trescothx* bw b ~ " 2 ? 

P D Boater tow b Robtreon . 7 

R J Harden b Robinson_ __ m 

*A N Hayhurst rui out . *> 

G D Rose not out."I".' .«a 

S C Ecclestone b Harflev . Sr 

tR J Timer b Gough . .. 

Musht ap Ahmed not out.. . 4 

Extras(b2. to3, w2,rb2)“ g 
Total (7 wkts. 352 oven)_ 

J D Batty and H R J Trumo *3 nor Dm 
FALL OF WICKETS. ’-34. 2 SO 300. *■ 

64. 5 i 20 .5>78. r-aa 

BOWLING Hartley 55452 Gouflh ?■ 
5351 Stemp a-C-29-’. Rcc«rson 55 
29-2 Grayson 5533-C. 5NM* 3 2-525- 
0- Bevan 15130 
Umpires R Juvar arc M J Kir^er 

Sussex v Gloucestershire 
HOVE (Sussex wen ipssi^ Smsea f«S5 
beat Glouo Mte Whre by ssr **>*•« 
A J wngtt b Lawy ~ — - _ . ’3 

M A Lynch st Moores b Saw&urv - K 
A Syrnonds tow b Jarv* ...... 

RI Dawson c Lowry b Sakstur, % 
MW ABeyne not out - - - - • .13 
G D Hodgson nor out 
Extras (to 4. w 3. nb 2) - -9 

Total (4 wkts. 21 overs) -_t« 

*tRCRusseK JSmatfi.MC.iBa* < T - 
Cooper and a m Smfth drt oat 
FALL OF WICKERS !-2i 2-'-:-’ 5"i 

BOWLING Sieohensor 4-5 ZS-Z *e*'- 
452M- GidOxte 55435 jar« 45 
351. Sabsbury 4-C-34-2 


K Greenfield rvn out ... -3 

J A North bSmatt 1 . r- 

F D Stephenson b Sreatfr .. 54 


N J Lenham ran out _ .. . - 4 

TP Moores not cut 24 

Extras (b 2. to 2.« 4. nb 2i .. «. tc 

Tbial (4 wkts. 193 over* ] . .168 

PW Joins, i D K Sattt-jrv J i.wy E S 
H GxJetns and N C P^*os cm not bar 
FALL OF WCKET5 1-7. 523. 5HT ■«- 

BOWUNG Snrueh 45533-2 Sm» 3 
514-0: Coaon 45315. A4eyn» 4-C 
350. Bal 45450. 

Umpms: K J Lyons and N T Pimi 

W or ces te rshire v Surrey 

WORCESTER {Surer non Haul 
i Worcestertfvrc ?4pni beat Scney tw 


0 j Bicknefl z Rhodes t Haynes 2 . « 
AD Brown tow OHayne - - ... 28 
*tAj srenart cWiodnbHavnm . * 
G P Thorpe c Rhaoes D Haynes - '5 
DMwardb D wvaz . . .... 7 

AJHofeoakarunout . . 26 

M A Butcher a Andes b Amgwodh 29 
M P Htekne* c.Cuta b Lampto .7 

ACSPtaottbParvaz - - . .8 

5 G Kentock 0 Farvaz —__ * 

C G Rackemann net out . _ .0 

Extras (to 3). 3 

Total (393oi«n)-L. _ 126 

FALL OF WtCKETS 1-9 2-1V 3-46.4-48 
555,599. 7-111 5120 
BOWLING Newport 55250 Hayn«» 5 
1-21-4; Lampitt 85251: Paroz Ifcza 
75524-3; Brngworth 55351 


T M Moody not put.^3 

*TS Curbs tow bRaoHamarm . tf 
GAHicknotout *• 

Extras(b 1 . to 1 . w l.nb?) . .. , 5 

Total (1 wfo, 24.4 men) .129 

V s Soienki. G R Ha-,nqs D A 
UwheiTJate.tSJ Rhodes. Sfi lump*. P 
J Newport. Parvaz Moza and P < 
Sngworth dd not bat 
BOWUNG- Rackemam 5251 W P 
Bckna* 55370 Hooft 5*0-45:. 
Kenlock45150, Hotaaks 3524-0 
Umpres: GI Burgess and D R Shepherd. 

No pl a y yes terday 

CHESTEB-LE-STREET: I^shsrn v Kar*. 
— match abandoned Durham 2pte. 

Other Match 
Warwickshire v World XI 

EDGBASTON fl/lferwicJcstwB won tossl 
WbrtdXJ beat Wannckstmby three runs 


M J Si^er c Piper b Donald .. ..ig 

P V Slmmcra b Donald. 10 

WJCrar^ecReevebNMKSrmffi .51 
S R Waugh c Twow b N M K Smith 52 

J N Rhodes run out ......19 

D C Boon c Knght b Mtrton ... u 

A Rower not out ....26 

’tl A Healy c Penney bPASmfri... .9 
M D Marshal b N M K Smith .. . 22 

SK Warm not out... . . i 

Extras (to 9, w 3. nb 2) . .. *4 

Total (6 wkts, 50 overs) . 235 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-30.2-33 3-135 4- 
138. 5170,5176, 7-192, 5233. 
BOWUNG Donato 95452 Small 55 
3143; Munton 5542-t. Reeve 55255. 
PASmth 151-35-1;NMKSouth KW- 


N V Knight c Healy b Marshal n 

N M K &rith c Healy b Svnmors 

D P Ostler c Healy b,- 

PA Smith tow bma 

R G Twoee ran out . _ 

*0 A Reeve c Waugh b May 
TL Penney not out .. . 

tKJ Piper not out.. 

Extras (to 11. w2) .... 

Total (6 wkts, 50 mere)_ .. 

T A Mutton. G C Small and A A Dona 
cso not bffl 

WLL OF WICKETS- 15. 2-45 3-OL 

BOWUNG MarshaB 7-1551. 5ornp 


Umpires-. DJ Constant and B Dudecto 

Wells: scored 70 not qet 
against Gloucestershire 



ing in positive approach to set county championship pace 

to lead from 

Simon Wilde on a captain keen 

to Confront the problems of 
his team’s imderachievement 

A llan Lambalways plays 
with a straight bat; 
metaphorically if not 
phys ically. Whether he has to 
staid op to a menacing last 
bonier, defend himsdfm fee 
High Court or criticise a fellow 
cricketer for not p uffin g his 
weight, he new fnraches from 
his task. He fo kes an hi<; 
knocks on the chin. too. 

New, his bluff approach is- 
being brought to bear on 
Northamptonshire's first- 
team affairs, which he is 
running single-handed for tbs 
first time since he finished 
playing for England in 1992 
and gave himself full-time to 
the county. Phil Neale’s depar¬ 
ture for Warwickshire in 
March was not planned, but it 
suited Iamb who fch that the 
presence of a manager was an 
encumbrance to his captaincy 

He is doing a good job of 
showing it Almost one-third 
of the way-through the cam¬ 
paign, Northamptonshire, 
who have never won the 
county championship, are top 
of the Britannic Assurance 
table and Lamb, although he 
will be 41 later this month, is 
dattermg the bowling as well 
as he ever did, despite suffer¬ 
ing first from a hand injury, 
aim now from a tom 

“We did not really need 
Phil.* ««iri as his team 
prepared for die match with 
the West Indians this week¬ 
end. “He was there to help 
players with their tedmkpie 

and mertftd approach,”—not 

areas that have much troubled 
Lamb personally — * 1)111 I 
always ran the playing side of 
things. I took on to thefiddtfae 
sides I wanted. We have 
several experienced players 
now and I feel that ! can run 
firings myseH” 

Only a few minutes earlier. 
Lamb's leadership technique 
had been on display in the 
nets. Iamb was telling Kevin 
Curranfhat he hadbatted well 
fins season but was cwnlribut- 
ing little with the ball Curran 
was saying he had trouble 
with his back. - 

Fbr-ten minutes. South Afri¬ 
can and Zimbabwean waved 
arms at each other in the 
manner of disputatious Italian 
car-drivers. “If that's his atti¬ 
tude,"* file captain was over¬ 
heard to remark afterwards, 
“I’m not going to play him." 
AndhedidnoL . 

Lamb then retired to the 
physiotherapist's table for 
treatment on his thigh, vritich 
prevented him, too. from play¬ 
ing against the touring team, 
and reflected on Northamp¬ 
tonshire's recent reputation 
for underachieving, fa file past 
14 years they have won only 
file NalWest Trophy, under 
Lamb in 1992. 

“When I was captain and 
often away playing for Eng¬ 
land. some of file players 
needed some leadership to 
push them along,” he said, 
recalling a time when he 
himself had favoured the pres¬ 
ence of ^.manager. “We were 

Lamb's qualities as batsman and captain could help to bring the tide to the County Ground for the first time. Photograph: Julian Herbert 

too relaxed. One of the prob¬ 
lems with English players is 
that they are riot arrogant 
enough- They are afraid to 
show who’s boss out there. We 
have now got this attitude at 
Northampton; we believe we 
can win all the time. And for 
cnce we have got off to a good 
start this year." 

Before the season began, 
Tamh gave himself and each 
of his players stiff personal 
targets for runs and wickets. If 
they get anywhere near them, 
file team will be sure to have 
had a good season. Lamb’s 
own aim is to score 1,700 
championship runs, and it is 

one he is on course to accom¬ 
plish as long as his injured 
hamstring does not restrict his 

“The older I get file harder 
it is to get over the injuries.'’he 
granted from the treatment 
table, “but my weight is as low 
as if has been for a long time." 

Ute physiotherapist ap¬ 
peared to be trying to push his 
elbow into Lamb’s damaged 
thigh. Lamb has been pum¬ 
melled tike this for years, but 
not for many more. He retires, 
next year, after a testimonial 
season played out under 
another captain, so if he is to 
lead his side to championship 

glory, it is now or never. If it 
does happen — and the team 
has finished in the top five in 
each of the last three years — 
much of the credit will be 
Lamb’s for choosing Anil 
Rumble, the India Test player, 
as overseas player in succes¬ 
sion to Curtly Ambrose. 

“He has been a major 
success.” Lamb said. “When 
he was signed, people said it 
was ridiculous going for a leg 
spinner, but he does not need 
pitches to be in his favour. He 
bowls quickly, with lots of top- 
spinners and googlies. and 
turns the ball away from the 

“He also has a fantastic 
attitude. He always wants file 
ball — he has already bowled 
289 overs in the championship 
— and can tie up one aid while 
I rotate the seamen at the 
other.” Rumble was given a 
target of 100 championship 
wickets fay Lamb, and has 31 

Another outstanding and 
unexpected success has been 
David Cupel, who is ‘deter¬ 
mined to prove that he is not 
too old at 32 to return after two 
injury-ravaged years. 

Lamb expects Lancashire 
and Warwickshire to stay the 
distance with Northampton¬ 

shire and. keen gambler 
though he is. he is not betting 
on the outcome. What his team 
has in its favour is depth of 
resources and the likelihood 
that none of its players will be 
lost to England. 

Lamb's dressing-room is as 
strong and unified as it has 
been for years. It remains, one 
suspects, a place for men 
rather than boys, but Lamb is 
looking forward to handing 
over his place to the likes of 
Malachy Loye, who lan¬ 
guishes in the second XI. and 
the prodigious David Sales — 
and giving those tired old legs 
a well-earned rest 

Inconsistent Hampshire a microcosm of English game 



TO LOOK upon H am pshire is to 
see simultaneously afl that is good 
and bad about modem county 
cricket There is a charm and 
friendliness about flic dub, Ms 
modest size positively offset by 
grand plans for a futuristic. £C 
million new base fay die turn of file 
century. Yet where it matters, on file 
field. Hampshire show all foe 
frailties and insecurities that beset 
the English game. _ ■ 

Their playing staff is too big. 
containing too many cricketers who 
fall into the categories of Beyerwere 
or never-wiU-be good enough- And 

their cricket significantly mirrors 
that of the present England side — 
capable of occasional heights and 
rapid . regression to familiar 
troughs. It is the English malaise of 
inconsistency taken to extremes in 
their bizarre start to this season. 

A fortnight ago, Hampshire had 
managed only two victories in all 
cricket One was nHMe a humiliation 
than a triumph, beating fire Com¬ 
bined Universities because they bad 
lost eightrockets as opposed to nine 
when fire scores finished leveL The 
other was a sound thrashing of the 
West Indies. Explanations on a 
postcard please... 

Hampshire lost their first three 
games in the championship but. 

suddenly, they have turned the form 
around and won two in succession. 
Moreover, they have won both 
inside three days, which heightens 
the bewilderment of it all because 
. ibeir three losses were also regis¬ 
tered with a day to spare. We are 
into June, and Hampshire have 
played no cricket on a Monday. 

Confidence, of course, has a large 
part to {dry in all this and a team 
that, until recently, was mutely 
expecting defeat is now in a better 
frame of mind. Heath Streak, the 
Zimbabwean farmer with an envi¬ 
able Tbst record, has begun to locale 
an English line and rhythm for his 
bowling and Jim Bovil], one of the 
country’s most promising seam 

bowlers, is responding to him. 
Robin Smith, too. is starting to play 
with conviction again, as the Eng¬ 
land selectors have been quick to 

Smith finished off Glamorgan on 
Saturday, dubbing a brisk unde¬ 
feated 30 to complete an eight- 
wicket victory. Glamorgan, having 
won their first two games, have 
failed to win any of their next four, 
their own self-confidence suffering 
as Hampshire’s flourishes. 

None of the top four counties is 
playing in the present round of 
matches, and it is a good one to sit 
out Other than at Cardiff, only 
Taunton was permitted substantial 
play on a rainswept Saturday and. 

even there, Yorkshire must ap¬ 
proach the final day with rare 
enterprise if they are to secure the 
win they need to stay in the leaders’ 

Yorkshire's attack was neutered 
by a third century of the season 
from Richard Harden, one of the 
worthier products of the county 
system. Include a question about 
Harden in a pub quiz and there 
would be a minority who had heard 
of him and fewer still who would 
have any idea that his career 
average hovers around 40. the 
benchmark of file good player. With 
neither Lathwell nor Trescothick 
firing consistently. Somerset have 
depended upon him this summer as 

much as their bowling has depend¬ 
ed on Mushtaq Ahmed, who will 
today play a crucial role as York¬ 
shire try to extend their overnight 
lead of 94. 

Elsewhere, Derbyshire and 
Worcestershire remain well placed 
for victories, despite the complete 
loss of the third day. and Sussex, 
having declared 280 runs ahead of 
Gloucestershire, may well maintain 
their 100 per cent record at Hove. 

Essex will doubtless be set a stiff 
fourth-innings target by Tim Robin¬ 
son, of Nottinghamshire, and the 
only route to a result at Chester-Je- 
StreeL which has seen the equiva¬ 
lent of less than one day’s p! 
three, is by forfeitures. 


Flying Finn 
Scottish at 
first attempt 

By a Corresponded 

Finland, driving a VauxhaU 
Astra, won the third round of 
foe Mobfl 1/Top Gear British 
rally championship, the Perth 
Scottish rally, after an inci¬ 
dent-packed final day yester¬ 

The 33year-old, in the com¬ 
petition for the first time, 
completed the 39 stages 3min 
90sec ahead of Gregoire de 
Mevius, of Belgium, who re¬ 
covered from losing three 
minutes with electrical prob¬ 
lems on Saturday to bring his 
Nissan Sunny home second. 
Alain OrriDe. of France, just 
failed to snatch second place 
after recording the fastest time 
around file final stage at the 
Knockhill racing circuit, but 
his third place takes foe Re¬ 
nault Clio driver into the 
championship lead. 

The six stages in foe Scottish 
Borders on Saturday had set 
up a final-day confrontation. 
De Mevius seemingly lost all 
hope of victory on the first 
stage when he dropped three 
minutes with a repeat of the 
electrical problem that had 
sidelined his team-mate and 
foe crowd favourite, Alister 
McRae, an the first stage of the 

That left the flying Finns, 
Kytolehto and Tapio Lauk- 
kanen, to trade fastest 
times. Laukkanen entering the 
rest halt at Dumfries with an 
eight-second overnight lead. 

The drama began early for 
the 61 crews that restarted. 
Tapio Laukkanen hit a rock on 
stage 11 , the first of the day. 
bent foe steering of his VW 
Golf and lost foe lead. On 
stage 13 he slid off into a 
ditch and rolled into retire¬ 

His VW team-mate, Dom 
Buckley, of Kelso, also had 
problems on the first stage, 
damaging the side of his car 
and losing a door. 

Three stages later. Buckley 
went off again, dropping ten 
minutes and losing his hard- 
earned third place. 

The most bizarre incident of 
tiie morning befell Malcolm 
Wilson, in his Ford Escort 
Coswonh. Rounding a fast 
comer near foe end of stage 13. 
he found a dosed gate across 
foe road. 

The gate had been open 
when ralfy safety officials had 
driven through the stage min¬ 
utes earlier. Wilson swerved 
into a ditch to avoid the gate 
and damaged the radiator. He 
retired on foe next stage with a 
blown head gasket. 

Martin Rowe, theManx 
man. also retired on stage 13 
and rolled out of fourth place. 
Kytolehto’s victory and de 
Mevhis’s place as runner-up 
moved them into joint second 
in the championship with two 
rounds remaining. 

Results, page 32 

Spin doctor tends an ailing art of bowling 

S pin doctors are not exdusive to 
politics. There is one practising 
widely in English cricket Many 
ounties have consulted bim and two, 
uney and Yorkshire, hare him on 
egular call to treat a longstanding 
lalaise. . , 

Peter Phflpott who played Jar 
Luscralia eight times in 1965 aim 1966 
s a leg spinner* first became worried 
bout the dedine in spin bowling m 
be Seventies. Uflee and Thomson had 
aptured the public i m a g i n ati o n and 
Australian cricket was bang dominat- 
d by pace or. failing that 

Pat Gibson talks to the Australian based in England 
whose coaching dimes have created county interest 

FhflpotTs answer was to set up spm 
aics all around the country, first 
officially, then with the Messing of 
» Australian board in a s cheme 
tied "spin Australia*. His efforts 

me to full fruition in EngHantLm 
» when Shane Warpe and Tim 
ay playe d a hu ge role m Australia's 
Ashes triumph. 

Ground tire sajne time, Phflpott 

ashing a three-year contract with 

South Australia and. invited to Eng¬ 
land by Mike Gatling, be fizushed up 
at Rossafl School in Lancashire 
teaching history, c oac hing rugby and, 
most significantly, looking after foe 
cricket Uam Botham, son of Ian. was 
one of his pupils. 

Within a fortnight. Micky Stewart 
National Cricket Association director 
of coaching, who was painfully aware 
of the results Phflpoti had achieved. 
Had asked him to speak at a coaching 
seminar — and his work snowballed 
from there. Yorkshire were foe first to 

offer him a more permanmt role, 
Surrey quickly followed- He splits his 
holidays between the counties. 

Saturday found him at Worcester, 
whore Storey’s latest championship 
•nrrateh provided a perfect example ^of 
whal he is up against But for the rain, 
it could have been over made three 

days on a pitch that only Graeme Hick 
has tamed with one of the most 
awesome innings of his career. 

"Surih wickets have been typical of 
the season.” Philpott said. “You don’t 
mind if the ball is moving laterally 
because of swing or spin but when foe 
bounce is uneven and it is going up 
and down, it is difficult You don’t 
need spinners because medium-pacers 
just have to bowl straight and wait for 
the wicket to do foe work. The problem 
is that on Test wickets, bowlers like 
that haven't got what it takes to get 
good batsmen out 

"1 think there is a renewed interest 
in spin bowling in England, probably 
because Waroe and May came over 
here as wonderful examples of spin¬ 
ners who realty give file ball a ffick 
and a xijg. This is what a lot of ootmties 
are looking for in four-day cricket bat 

they don't appear magically from 
nowhere and we’ve got to find ways of 
developing them. 

“The answer must be that wherever 
cricket is played we hare to encourage 
spinners to be more involved. There 
have got to be people who are more 
interested in the development of 
players and long-term development of 
cridcet than in short-term success.” 

Yesterday. Philpott approved of the 
surprise selection of Richard 
Illingworth, the Worcestershire spin¬ 
ner who has been playmgm the match 

against Surrey, for foe first Test “I 
fhmk Richard has suffered from 
having a reputation for just being a 
flat, negative, one-day bowler and I 
don’t think thars fair," Philpott said. 

"He was having to bowl in oneday 
and three-day cricket when a lot of foe 
spin work was negative but from what 
1 have seen, in four-day cricket he is a 
different bowler. He is prepared to 
flight the ball, he is turning it and he is 
very accurate. Among the spinners, he 
is right at flie top." ■ 

Britannic A ss urance 
county championship 

Glamorgan v Ham pshire 
CAflBFF flfwtf d»y of toofl: 

(23p&) boat Qamatpn W ty 
wetoss _ , 

myp SHWfc Fkst lumas 324 (H C J 
Nicholas 75. J P S1 bfO«boh 65; H AG 

Second fcre^js 

BSM Mo«racMemwbWafth --..-4 
V P Terry e «***—:• ’ .‘ 14 


RASmflhfBtaut —- 4 

&WWFfo4) ..- 

-3CS3S. 14.2-17- 
luaftnfro-’** **!*?!,§- 

K Fs« wmBS 174 


tC P Masai net ° 

S L WsOdncTanybSwell ---0 

Exlras&Jl.toS.wi.nbtq.-— -J& 

Total- 204 

FALL OF WICKETS: t-40, £48. *■ 

' 8a 5-110, ft-na 7-1**. WW' 

BOWLING: Streak 1A1-M1-3; Oomw 
24-1; Stephenson 126-27-2. 

Umptee: j H Hams and B Ladbeater. 
Nottinghamshire v Essex 

' nuBntfim *** 

(Ms wickets h hand. ae 12 T fin s 

stead# Essex 


Second brings 

M P flmrtran asc... H 

-RTRobnsonlSwbSUCh- 48 

GF Archer n*<«- ® 

Extras (to 2. 1 * A -=£ 

TooJCIwMJ- w 


ROWUMS: VteUQft 7-1-200; CousreJ- 


ESSSJt first ftrings 

G A Gooch C ftens O Hhdaon. * 

MEVteugfteKincOTBeams .. -1 

N Htssain c Evans b Kndsorr-32 

'PJWchadcBentonbHriJson .109 

RC Irani tow b Afford-36 


1 ft JfMhsc Calms b Pick-18 

PM Such c PickOHhdson-1 

D M CouSfs-iwt out —-17 

JHCMdscCairnsbHritocn -.18 

ExinB ( 6.1*0-.Jl 

Total (99.1 were)--——3)1 

FALL OF WtCKEIS: 1-23.2-33,3-77.4- 
116,5-198, MOT. 7-237.8-238,92B9. 
BOWLING: Mndson 31.1 -44*2* Pick 
20+64-2; Ctfms 11-1-405; Affoid 17-S- 

32-1; Evans 20-7-48-O. 

Bms potnte Nottinghamshire 7 Esa« 

Urn;* 68 ' J H Hampshire and G Stap- 

Somersct v Yorkdiire . 
WWY70W fifth/ day of tax): Yokstes, 
Mfft sort seccncHrrinss Merits in 
hatd, m 94 ruts ahead at Samv&t. 
YORKSHIRE: Rst brings 413 (A 
MoOratfl 84, D Byas 66 . Muartaq Afiwd 
5 tor 128) 

Second imoigs 


M P Vaughan b Batty —.--ft) 


*0 Byes not out...-.-0 

Extras (b 4)- ^4 

Tbtafpwtos) -- 32 

RALL OF WICKETS: 1-32.202. - 

toOj Mushvaq Ahmed 4-1-11-1; Batty 3- 

BOMBIser: Hret brings 
M N Lafiwrit c Boon b Harttey........ si 

M E TiasooWch c Batey b Stamp... to 

PDBawrieBJariy bVsugtan.„48 

fl J Hatton not out--■-128 

-ANHayhuratcHariwbSiemp. 6 

SCBx&ttma bwbRobinson .— 44 

tflj Tuner not out-19 


Total (5 wkts dec, 104a oven) —.351 
JD Batty, Mushtaq Ahmed. JIDKarr end 

FAU. OF WICKETS' 1-66. 2-116.3-161. 

SWUNG; Gough 183-57*0: Hartley 
12-3-48-1; Rcbinaon 18-557-1, Stemp 
27-7-77-2; Vaughan 17-4-52-1; Grayson 
34*0; B0W3-1-5O: WWte 50-S-0. 
Bens ports: Somerset 6 Yortahre 4 
Umpires R Julian and MJKHchen. 

Sussex v Gloucestershire 

HOVE «JW dsy of fax)- Ooucssfes- 
stim. a8 SBCcat-kxwigs nckets in 

hand, are 250 rune behrijaasot 
^ Symonds 83; J Lewy 6 lor 45} 
Second brings 

AJVMgtanotout.-. —6 

GD Hodgson not out..10 

Extras (to 2, nb 2)- 

Total Inn wkt)_ 

BOWLING: Gttflns 32-2-0; Lowry 1 4M- 
0; Safetx/y 5-B-6-0. PhBpg 30-6-0. 

SUSSEX: first innings 482 for 7 dec (C 
W J Whey 163 not out, FD Stephenson 
106 .1D K Safebwy 74 . N C 50 
rot out} 

Bonus ports: Sussex 8 Qoueesterehro 

Umpires: K J Lyons aid N T Ptews. 

No play 

CHEBTER-L&STftEET: Kant 272-9 (P A 
de Shs 80J v Dunam. 

LORD’S; Dertjyshbe 267 {C M Wefts 81. 
AS Rotas61, ARC Eraser 4 tor39)and 
831; Middlesex 174 (J C POoiey 65 not 
out] _ 

WORCESTER; Worcestershire 204 U E 
Benjamin 4 far 47. C G Baetemsnn 4 far 
56) and 178-3 (GArtdc 120); Surrey 183 
(AD Brawn SB). 

Tetley Bitter Challenge 

NORTHAMPTON: Northamptortshre v 
West Indans 

Other match 

THE PARKS: Oxford Urmerety 320 tor 9 
dec (C M Gupre 97. W S Kendall 34; A 
Shovst 5 to 61) v Leicestershire, 


Win a VIP trip to the 
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npoday. The Tunes and Schweppes, the 
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1. By what name is the Open championship 
trophy referred to? 

2. Name the famous bridge on the ISfo 
fairway at St Andrews? 

w \ ^ -r *'.« t 

_r L __ 




all t 







and : 


a wic 





after I 


R R Men 
*R J Ban- 
T C Walk 
R J Wan* 
D J Cap* 
TO Rratej 
N a MaBe 
Extras rib 
TQOI (97 


4-«3-2. S 
0 Ptanr. 




Btshap. I 



lead t 
miss ti 
As if 
the fir 
to play 
on an 

beat Si 

song. . 
overs • 
and ( 
ship of 

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six anc 
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this kir 

It W3 

that tu 
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four Sl 
and T 
21 ro 



Sparse Wembley crowd witnesses abject performance against enterprising Japan 

England achieve little with hollow victoiy 



By Rob Hughes 

IF NATURAL justice had 
prevailed at a wet Wembley on 
Saturday, the Englishmen 
would have slipped embar¬ 
rassing]} From their presump¬ 
tion to superior*!}. Japan 
came to England for the first 
rime, they lost to a deflected 
goal and a late penalty, they 
scored the cleanest goal of the 
afternoon and the} hi: a pos: 
with Tim Flowers beaten. 

So much for the pa iron is Lie 
altitude that, of all people. 
Gat}' Lineker had shown in 
the build-up to this first match 
of the Umbro Cup. He. who 
should know mow about Jap¬ 
anese football than most, hav¬ 
ing spent two lucrative }ears 
in'the J-League and being a 
paid ambassador for Japan’s 
2002 World Cup bid. had said 
the visitors would accept a 
three or four-goal defeat. 

He now knows well that his 
words were as hollow as two- 
thirds of ihe stadium, where a 
crowd of 21.142 huddled in the 
rain. It is fatuous to claim, as 
Teny Venables, the England 
coach, sought to do. that this 
was a patchwork England 
side, thrown together in the 
absence of 14 players who 
might have had prior call io 
his intended rehearsal for the 
19% European championship. 
For the visitors, too. had other 
priorities. Some of their finest 
talents had been left at home, 
preparing for the Olympic 
qualifying games thar, in the 
short term, mean much more 
to their rise in international 

From ihe first momenrs it 
was clear that England’s front 
two. assumed to have a mar¬ 
ket value of £IS million, would 
be Ill-served against a defence 
astutely marshalled by Tetsuji 
Hashiratani, a sweeper whose 
technique is at least equal to 
any defender in the English 
game. He was to give away the 
SSth-minute penalty and to 
suffer the indignity of becom¬ 
ing the fourth player in an 
international to be shown the 
red card at Wembley. The card 
was indisputable 'given the 
diktat of Fifa. the sport's world 
governing body, regarding de¬ 
liberate handball, but after his 
fine performance it was a 
soulless end. 

As early as the ninth minute 
Hashiratani was to educate 

Hashiratani. whose accomplished performance for Japan was marred by his late dismissal for handball, slides in to halt Anderton. Photograph: Marc Asp land 

Stan Collymore in the ways of 
international football. 
Collymore. as eager as a 
puppy, had turned'to use his 
pace and his directness on the 
left flank. He does it aft the 
time, with great, rumbling, 
menacing effect in English 
football: but he was unsus¬ 
pecting of the fact that foreign 
teams'usually deploy a spare 
defender, and so. despite sur¬ 
prising his marker. Tasaka, 
Hashiratani nimbly and 
quickly came across and stole 
the ball. Bewilderment regis¬ 
tered on Collymore’s features. 

He was later to miscue 
woefully a heading opportuni¬ 
ty created by' Beardsley. 
Shearer was denied by the 
quick reflexes and brave 
blocking tactic of the impres¬ 

sive goalkeeper. Maekawa, 
and then the supply to the two 
coveted forwards shrivelled 
up as England's wretched 
inability to pass the ball 
became apparent to the 

While Venables continues to 
indulge a half-fit Gascoigne, to 
bring him on for 20 minutes at 
the end and to release him to 
fly to Glasgow in open mock¬ 
ery of the coach’s statement 
that all players had to forsake 
transfer negotiations while the 
tournament was on, one must 
wonder again how Matthew 
Le Ussier is not even afforded 
an explanation as to why his 
talent is surplus to require¬ 

LeTissier. indolent at times, 
can at least find the right 

coloured shirt over a range of 
40 yards and more. Batty 
managed unerringly to pass to 
players scurrying around in 
blue. Nevertheless, that dread¬ 
ed presumption rose again 
moments after half-time when 
Anderton and Shearer ex¬ 
posed naivety in the Japanese 
ranks. They exchanged a one- 
two, with Shearer toying with 
the ball and slipping it 
through die legs of Tasaka, 
before Anderton ran at the 
remaining defence. His left- 
foot shot defeated Maekawa 
principally because it struck 
Ihara and took a wrong¬ 
footing course. 

Unlike some of his col¬ 
leagues, Ihara is not fresh out 
of university. He knows the 
same, he is a student of 

English football via television, 
and is aware of the reputation 
of British learns for at least 
getting dead-ball situations 

'He therefore look delighr in 
equalising with a simple head¬ 
er from a comer. It had been 
conceded in the first place by 
David Unsvvorth’s abject in¬ 
ability to control a moving ball 
when under no pressure. 
How strange: throughout the 
season, and'particularly in the 
FA Cup Final. Unsworth had 
looked a potential England 
player. His qualities are bull- 
like. brave and strong and 
alert to on-rushing forwards. 
Now. among those who play 
with surprise and technique, 
he was groping, and he was 
half-asleep when Ihara stole in 

to head in the comer from 
Kaziu Miura. 

England, of course, had an 
answer. It was to call on the 
court jester, the bleach-blond 
Gascoigne, the inspiration in 
waiting. To be fair, even 
without getting to the pace of 
the game, his obvious quality 
in passing the ball was a 
beacon, and it did have some¬ 
thing to do with England’s late 
rally. But after Piatt had 
headed forward from Pearce’S 
slanted cross, after Maekawa 
had palmed the ball onto the 
woodwork, it was Scales, the 
most comfortable of the new 
caps, who drove the bail bade 
towards goal, inducing the 
instinctive handball from 
Hashiratani. The penalty was 
emphatically banged away by 

ve by 

to improve by leaps and 
bounds if they are to rope with 
Sweden, never mind the world 
champions. Brazil. 

ENGLAND fS-a-T: T Flowers (3/ackttjn 
Rovers' — G Nevrta > Manchester Unrafl J 
Scales (UvergoKi 0 Unsworth lErertoru. 
5 Pearce (Nodnaham Fores-.i — O 
Anderton iTcSeoftan Hccspu! D Plat: 
fSamposra'r. D Batty ;3awSum Roecs. 
sub P Gascocna Lazo. SSrorj. P 
Beardsley -Nnwaste Umetf sun S 
McMansman Lvsrpcci 69? — A Shearer 
ftjvetst S Cooymcre iNcnmg- 
ha-i Fores!: E Sheringftam. Totten¬ 

ham Korspur, 7®i 

JAPAN ■ 2-5-21: K Maekawa <SF Wrasftmai 
— N Tasaka 'Seircare Hara’suU). T 
Hashiratani iVerdv Kawjsafc.:. M Ihara 
(Ycistara Mmcsi — A Narahacl* IV 
Ka*2sak3. H Mort shima iCerezo Osana 
sub: MFukuda. Uavra Red Diamonds 80). 
M Yamasuchi (Yekstu-a F!jge») T 
KttazawarV Kawssanij. N Soma MutUo 
loan, sjti H YanaaimotD SF 
74; — K Mura (Genoa;. M tafcaywm 
tJubZo Mate. Sub. H Kuroufei. U:a*a Red 
Diamonds. 665 

Referee: J UMROetg fKsaand*. 

Edmundo’s strike fails to reflect Brazilian superiority 



By Rob Hughes 

SCORELINES often lie. but this one 
fails, as possibly any score could do. 
to reflect the joy and invenrionby 
which Brazil toyed not only with the 
ball but with their opponents. After 
Wembley, this second Umbro Cup 
match, at Villa Park yesterday, 
treated 20,131 spectators to jojo 
bonito. the full measure of pretty 
football which is in the soul of 

They so utterly mesmerised Swe¬ 
den. including seven of the team 

who were third in the World Cup 
less than a year ago. that, had this 
been a boxing match, it would have 
been declared no contest long before 
half time. 

Much of it stemmed from a 
flyweight. Juninho of Sao Paulo. At 
22 and therefore something of a late 
developer, he has the build, and 
some of the expression in his 
movement and his enthusiasm for 
the ball, of Gordon Strachan. With 
his speed of thought and movement 
he turned the yeliow-shirted Swedes 
into something they are noL 

He made them appear incompe¬ 
tents, waltzing between them to 
such telling effect that, before the 
end. the phlegmatic Scandinavians 

were riled to violence. Though 
Juninho wears No 10. the shirt 
down the years of Pele, Ziro and Rai, 
he is the playmaker of the new 

There are other emerging talents. 
In defence, Ronaldao. already a 
mighty centre back, a figure appar¬ 
ently hewn out of ebony, has 
become, surely too early in life, one 
of the migrant Brazilians employed 
in the Japanese J League. Mighty in 
physique, and yet as capable as any 
Brazilian of suddenly striding out of 
defence and releasing a ball with 
Gascoigne-like precision. 

Then there is Roberto Carlos, 
nominally a left back, a marauding 
counter-attacker whose ability to 

use the ball and to run at defenders 
would not disgrace a winger. 

So many Brazilian skills, unfamil¬ 
iar to those who saw the World Cup 
just 12 months ago. but already 
components in a side that has 
extended their unbeaten streak to 19 
matches. Add to them. Ronaldo, the 
18-year-old for whom everyone from 
Brazil's head of state down clam¬ 
oured to get onto the world’s stage. 
He is tall, sometimes slightly unco¬ 
ordinated in movement, so heavy 
are his thighs, and yet he leads the 
line of attack with prescient ability. 
He will surely score in this tourna¬ 
ment, as he has done 30 times in his 
first season for PSV Eindhoven. 

Yet it all boiled down to a single 

goal, just before half-time. Dunga 
and Jorginho. the two experienced 
men, began the move at the bade. 
Zinho then released the ball into the 
inside-left channel and. after that, 
the understanding of a partnership 
schooled with Palmeiras took over. 
Roberto Carlos glided forward, held 
the ball a fraction and found his 
dub-mate, the lurking Edmundo. 
who. with the most nonchalant of 
side-foot shots, put the ball into the 

The Swedes mustered two shots of 
note, both from Dahlin, which 
stretched Zetti. it was Dahlin. too, 
whose temper snapped. Teased, as 
were all the rest, he came in with a 
spiteful tackle from behind which 

put Cesar Sampaio of the match. 
For that, a yellow card, the same 
colour which Aldair received for his 
challenge on Dahlin. But we should 
not end on a sour note, for this was 
samba football, created in blustery 
conditions on an English ground. 

BRAZIL. (4-3-1-&. Zeal iSaa Paioj — Joighno 
(Kashina Aiders) Aldair r RcrraL Ronaldao 
(Stimuu S-PuStt. Robono Cartes (PaJnetas). 
Dunga (Sucgan*. Cesar Sampan (Yokohama 
Flugels. sub A Cruz, Kapok 77mm). 2nhio 
(Yokohama FTugsto) Jurmho /Sip Pauto). 
Edmundo iPatmy-asj. Ronaldo 'PSV ondtimen) 
SWEDEN (J-J-2; B Andureson (Orgiyte): P 
Kamartt (IFK GcEhenDara) T Lucre (Vastra). J 
BJacMurd (FK Gcdienoergi. R LJung JMSV 
Duisburg) N Alexandersson IHaim&ach). JTnam 
(Roma sub N Gudmunddson, Habnstada, 461. H 
MM (Senezel M Ei fl ngtnark (>FK Goth&ib&g]; M 
Oahfin iBoussa MCnchenglar&ach: sub* D 
Udman. AIK. 785. K Anderson (Caart sub H 
Larason. FsyenoortL 67) 

Beteee: 0 Joi (Hoterat) 

runs neat 
rings round 
in Glasgow 

By Kevin MeCutiu 

ON SATURDAY night in 
Glasgow, the onslaught of the 
Paul Gascoigne phenomenon 
turned out to be a charm 
offensive. After his appear¬ 
ance as a substitute in En¬ 
gland's victory over Japan ax 
Wembley, he flew north and 
contentedly' posed for photos 
at the airport Over a weekend 
in tire city, the player chatted 
amiably about his decision to 
sign for Rangers. The Eng¬ 
land international will formal¬ 
ly complete the 143 ntiUian 
move from Lazio in early July. 

David Murray, the Rangers 
chairman, said that the small 
delay was due to "personal 
reasons" but Gascoigne made 
it abundantly dear that the 
three-year deal will go ahead 
Referring to his initial meeting 
with Walter Smith, the dubs 
manager, in Rome at the 

beginning of last month. Gas- 

coigne said: -ft took me about 
three minutes to decide to join 

Elaborate theories suggest¬ 
ed be had been persuaded to 
relocate to Scotland by former 
England team-mates, such as 
Trevor Steven and Teny 
Butcher, who had preceded 
him at Ibrox. Gascoigne 
would have none of it "Rang¬ 
ers are a massive dub," be 
said simply. *T was only too 
pleased when they came in for 

In a curious piece of role 
reversal. Gascoigne played 
the pan of a Scottish national¬ 
ist at a press conference while 
the locals spoke sceptically 
about standards in their 
homeland. “You've got to pro¬ 
mote Scotland." he gently 
chided die audience. "If you 
keep on saying it's no good, 
nobody win come here." 

On a personal level, he said: 
“What is important is that i 
enjoy my football and {day 
with guys who can perform. 
We all know what Rangers 
can do." The dub’s domina¬ 
tion may explain its allure for 
Gascoigne, 28, who has only 
one FA Cup-winners’ medal to 
show for his years in the 

“I want to help Rangers win 
the European Cup and make it 
eight championships in a 
row." he announced. Rangers 
are also expected to sign Florin 
Radurioiu, the Romania for¬ 
ward. from Esparto! for £25 
million as they regroup. 

Gascoigne was asked where 
in Scotland he might find 
sufficient sednskn to live. 
Having spent the nighi at the 
opulent Cameron House Ho¬ 
tel on Loch Lomond, Gas¬ 
coigne jokingly suggested 
building a house “in the 
middle of that lake". A Scot¬ 
tish journalist mildly correct¬ 
ed him: “We call it a loch." 
Murray intervened: “It's a 
lake if Paul says it's a lake." 
Time will tell whether Scottish 
football, too. bows to Gas¬ 
coigne’s will. 

□ Warren Barton. 26. is ex¬ 
pected to complete his £45 
milli on move to Newcastle 
United from Wimbledon, 
making him Britain's costliest 
defender, today. 

Trio carry England World 
Cup hopes in Sweden 

A s the women's World 
Cup opens in Sweden 
today, it is tempting, if 
unfair, to compare interna¬ 
tional male and femaie foot¬ 
ball teams. Not fair to the 
men. that is. England's 
women have qualified for 
their World Cup. England’s 
men did not qualify for USA 
’94. Norway's women are 
among the favourites to win 
the World Cup, whereas their 
male counterparts were not — 
but then more women titan 
men play football in Norway. 

The United States, defend¬ 
ing their title, are taken more 
seriously in America, where 
there are four million regis¬ 
tered women footballers. 

There is no doubt women 
football players can hold their 
heads high in male company, 
but female football in Eng¬ 
land has been slow to gener¬ 
ate interest 

Up to 20,000 spectators can 
be found at an Italian female 
football match — divide that 
figure by 1,000 to discover the 
average gate for a women's 
game in England. 

The Football Association is 
hoping that England's pres¬ 
ence in Sweden this month 
will help to boost the populari¬ 
ty of the sport one of the 
fastest-growing in the coun¬ 
try, with the number of regis¬ 
tered players doubling to 
almost 16.000 over die past 
five years. The FA was partic¬ 
ularly keen for England's 
women to be on television and 
the BBC will screen high¬ 
lights of England’s three 

Alyson Rudd assesses 
England’s hopes in 
women’s football World 
Cup which starts today 

group matches. Tomorrow 
night John Motson wilL on 
International Match of the 
Day, commentate on England 
against Canada. 

This is, indeed, progress. 
But there is a danger that 
those desperate to improve 
the image and popularity of 
the women's game are expect¬ 
ing too much from this World 
Cup. England qualified for 
Sweden after reaching the 
semi-finals of the European 
championship, an impressive 
achievement in itself. How¬ 
ever. the chances of England 
progressing as far as the semi¬ 
final stage are modest 

Ted Copeland, the England 
manager, has taken relatively 
young and inexperienced 
players to Sweden in an 
attempt to counter the 30- 
something look of recent Eng¬ 
land lineups. Having been 
criidsed in some quarters for 
failing to keep tabs on our 
emerging, young talent this is 
a reasonably radical move by 
Copeland, although whether 
the eve of England's most 
important tournament is the 
time to experiment is 

There is the added problem 
that England lack an obvious 
identity. They are not the flair 

side of the World Cup. Nei¬ 
ther are they particularly dis¬ 
ciplined. defensive or 
physical. Copeland has con¬ 
centrated on making the 
women operate as a unit but 
they sometimes shift into 
automatic, varying their indi¬ 
viduality too deeply. 

T here are three players 
who will have to play 
well if England are to 
pass the quarter-final stage. 
Karen Burke was mesmeric 
during this year’s women’s FA 
Cup finaL She was undoubt¬ 
edly Liverpool Ladies best 
player and scored two outra¬ 
geous. splendid goals. The 
reason she collected the run¬ 
ners-up medal was due to 
Marianna Stacey, the Arsenal 
midfield player, called the 
Matthew Le Ussier of wom¬ 
en's Football by her manager. 
almost worse than anony¬ 
mous for much of the matrix 
and then, suddenly, making 
the runs, the passes, the goals 
thar turn games upside down. 

Gillian Coultard operates in 
midfield with panache. She 
has, however, recently been 
stripped of the England cap¬ 
taincy, having rowed with 
Copeland. They will have to 
put their disagreements be¬ 
hind for England’s sake. 

The draw has been kind to 
England: they should be able 
to beat Nigeria and Canada, if 
not Norway, and they have 
avoided Germany, who beat 
them in the European champ¬ 
ionship semi-final. Sweden 
and the United States. 


| groups! 




United States 










g June 5 UK 

Pool A Germwiy v Japan (Karlstad. 7pm) 
aireclen v Brazil (Hetengborg. 5pm) 

June 6 

Pool 8: Norway v I'figeria (Karlstad, tom) 
Ehgland v Canada (Hetetnigborg, 6pm) 

Pool C: United Stales v China (Gavle, 6pm) 
Denmark v Australia (Vasteras, 6pm) 

June 8 

Pool B: Norway v England (Karlstad. 6pm) 
Mfceriav Canada (Heteingborg, 6pm) 

Pool C: United States v Denmark (Gavle. Bpm) 
China v Australia (Vasteras, 6pm) 

June 10 

Pool B: Norway v Canada (Gavle, 3pm) 
Nigeria v England (Karlstad, 3pm) 

June 7 

Poo) A Sweden v Germany (Helsirigbotg, 6pm) 
Brazil v Japan (Kadstad 6pm)‘ - • 

June 9 

Pool C United Sates v Australia 
(Hetsing&org. 3pm) 

China v Denmark (Vasteras, 3pm) 

Top two in each group and the two 
third-placed teams with the best ' 
records qualify for quarter-finals 

Sheer frustration 
for unsubtle Irish 


Ireland .0 

From Peter Ball, 

THE unthinkable happened 
here on Saturday as Ireland 
were held to a goalless draw. 
by tiny Liechtenstein, and the 
scoreline was only the most 
bizarre occurrence of a surreal 

A crowd of 4,500. most 
wearing the greet of Ireland, 
crammed round the tiny field 
underneath the Alps, with a 
mountain towering behind 
one goal and a large portable 
cross ready for outdoor Mass 
overhanging the other, to 
watch Ireland suffer the most 
frustrating afternoon in Jade 
Chariton’s managerial career. 1 

Forty shots. 16 on target 
rained on Liechtenstein's goal, 
but the only one to enter the 
net was propelled by John 
Aldridge's hand, earning the 
Tranmere Rovers forward a 
yellow card. 

Instead of the canter Ireland 
expected. Liechtenstein earned 
their first point in- a competi¬ 
tive game. Martin Heeb. the 
groundsman at the Eschen- 
Mauren Sportpark in his day 
job. produced numerous 
heroics, one breathtaking re¬ 
flex save from point blank 
range to deny Tony Cascarino 
earning him every accolade. 

In front of him, the sweeper, 
Hasler, also performed be¬ 
yond the call of duty, twice 
soaping the ball oS the. iine- 
when Heeb was beaten during ' 

the second-half siege of the 

At the end, the home side 
celebrated as if it had won the 
European championship, cul¬ 
minating in a lap of honour. 
The Irish supporters gave 
them a warm reception in 
spite of the .possible damage 
they might have done to their 
team's qualifying prospects in 
group six. 

It might have been different 
if Niall Quinn's headers had 
found the target in the first ten 
minutes. But Quinn was off 
colour, reflecting a difficult 
end to the week after his 
transfer to Sporting Lisbon hit 
a snag, leaving Quinn in 

Instead. Ireland failed to 
capitalise on their chances, 
and there was also the thought 
that, for all their pressure, a 
little extra subtlety might have 
unlocked the door more effect¬ 
ively. than the barnstorming 

With Portugal beating Lat¬ 
via to go to the top of the 
group. Ireland will now have 
to beat Austria on Sunday to 
get back on coarse. 

M HMb 

(Vaduz). T. 

_ __OcpaK (Vaduz 

sub: J Zech. EschertMEmn, aomra — J 
R&w (Vatiz), H Zach (Vaduz). R HU 
(EacherwMaran), o Taber (Beizertl. W 
Oepdt (Vaduz; sub. P H a nnt. Eschetv 
Maraen. 841 —~ A .EAvgraakr. (Eachan- 
Mauren), U FWCk (St Gam). 

tan (SodfMdd Untod], J 
J WBcfcws day ). 5 Statm- 
v— J Aldridge (Trawnara 
rrispcwlrtg ifibonc auto A 

. J! 

-Jj ; 



in the fast lane 

Bavid PoweflTeports 
on the sprinting talent 
waiting to follow m 
the C3iristie tradition 

J ulian Golding is not frightened 
by his own prediction. The 

work! record for the 100 metres 

at present.*85 seconds, wiD. he 
esbraates, be 9.72 or better by the 
ume he is 35. Linford Christies age 
now. Golding has 15 years to 
ntiprove by just over half a second, 
i would in the sport if I did 
not think 1 could do rt." he said. 

He was sitting in the main stand 
at Crystal Palace on Saturday, 
having just run. third behind Solo¬ 
mon Wariso and Christie in a 
British League 200 metres. Golding' 
wiU welcome any chance he is given 
to measure himself against Christie 
before the great man retires after the 
Olympics next year, as he said last 

On th e worst kind of day far 
sprinting, grey and wet, Christie 
was drawn in lane seven and 
Golding was unfortunate to have 
the lane outside lm "My main 
objective was not to let Linford caidi 
me earfy," Golding said. Before foe 
bend unfurled Christie, was past bat 
Golding kept working, holding foe 
gap to three metres. 

This is an important year for 
Golding, not because it is a world 
championships summer but be¬ 
cause it is a time when he must learn 
to live with losing. He is a graduate 
from the highly p rom is ing British 
junior sprinting dass rf % Three of 
that dass — Jason Gardener, lan 
Madde and Golding—were among 
the fastest teenagers in,, the world 
last year. 

However, foe journey from jonfar 
to senior riches is across a rope 
bridge. Darren Campbell was foe 
last successful junior British sprint¬ 
er to attempt the crossing and the 
knots have looked unsafe. Camp¬ 
bell. foe 100 and 200 metres junior 
world silver medal winner in 1992, 
was unable to make the British top 
20 last year in his second senior 
season and has even been trying his 
luck in another sport with football 
trials at Mfttwafl, Plymouth ArgyJe 
and Dagenham and Redbridge. 

Twoyears ago. Campbell spoke of 
the difficulty he was having in 
adjusting to life in foe senior ranks. 
"I am used to winning and I find 
losing hard to accept* be said at the 
world championships in Stuttgart 
when be was a member of foe relay 
squad. That year i» said of 
Campbell: " one m 
pick up where I leave off. Ho 
problem is gomg to be sunmfog foe ~ 
next two years as a senior..” •• 

At least Campbell is holding onto 
foe bridge, running a refay leg Scar 
foe North last month in an area 
match. “He is stiQ Involved but not 
100 per cent" Keith Antoine, Brit 
sin's national event coach for 
sprints, said. 

Athletes who woe good junkr 
intemationals find suddenly that 
their supply of airline tickets has 
dried up. Golding, who reached foe 
world junior 100 metres final last 
year, said he knows not to expect too 
much too soon. "We have a lot of 
juniors who go wrong because they 
go out there thinking they have to do 

confident he can bridge senior gap 

. ^ . -r. 

"X':-"0 va":v ' 

The foniridaWefignrc of Christie is poised to strike as Golding leaves foe blocks in foe British League200 metres at Crystal Palace. Photograph: Andre Camara 

it stra|ria;$Kay.~ Gokfing said. “I 
bdS^ Lean dob because I have a 
good*' t y h fji «wd - good mental 

Gardener, die world junior 100 
metres runner-up last year, ap¬ 
proached foe season ready for a 
bruising. 1 am going to get 
thrashed week in. week out,” he 
said, “ft is.going to be a hard 
leanmg process. I am on a twoyear 
approach to 199b That is when 1 
want to come out flying.* 

If foe new TSB rankings are a 
yardstick, Britain's future is with 
sprinting. The rankings were de¬ 
signed to compare performance 
across the distipiines and Gardener, 
from Baft. Golding, from Harks- 
(ten. and Madde, from Dunfenn- 
Ime. are afl among the top six.‘The 

future e> looking good for British 
prin ts,” Madde, foe world junior 
200 metres brume medal-winner, 
said. “We want to keep op the 
tradition once,Linford leaves.” 

Madde had a foretaste of life 

among foe seniors last year _]_ 

when be was invited to 
Gateshead for a 200 metres 
that included Frankie Fred¬ 
ericks, foewerid champion. j 

He finished last To be 
expected,” was his verdict. 

Put off? “No, you have got to ' 

take the rough with foe 
smooth.” He thinks be should be 
ready by 1997 . 

Antoine identifies foe weaknesses 
in foe bridge. “Juniors on foot level 
are used to winning and. as seniors, 
foal ceases to be the case. In the 

United. Kingdom, when they are 
selected, they are looked after like 
little people. 

There is always someone helping 
them. When you leave the juniors, 
you look after yourself. Leaving the 

'It is an important year 
for him because he must 
learn to live with losing’ 

e junior ranks coincides with going l 
away to university, which means 1 
s leaving foe training group they have 1 
i worked with, or going to work for I 
i, seven hours a day then training.” t 

e An under-23 British squad helps 1 

to ease the transition and Antoine 
points to another important alter¬ 
ation. "We have changed the coach¬ 
ing structure." Antoine said. “We 
used to have a national event coach 
who dealt with sprinters while they 

_ were juniors and a different 

coach who dealt with the 
seniors. Recently, it was 
split between men and 
t women so the same nat¬ 
ional event coach could 
* follow them all the way 
_____ through." 

This week Golding will 
be bade training with Mike 
McFariane’s group at Haringey. 
Raring against Christie in the 
British League and working with a 
training squad that indudes John 
Regis, Darren Braithwate and Tony 

Jarrett. Griding is in one of the 
world's best breeding grounds. “It 
bolts down foe mental attitude,” 
McFarlane said. 

Brahhwahe, world indoor silver 
medal-winner at 60 metres, has bro¬ 
ken through after years of trying. 
“Being around these guys, Julian 
knows that it is not going to come 
overnight It is hard and foe comp¬ 
etition is rough," McFarlane said. 
Golding, though, at least sounds 
determined to stay the course 
□ Sally Gunnell is hoping to lead 
foe Great Britain women’s team into 
the European Cup in Lille on June 
24. despite recent Achilles tendon 
trouble. Gunnell will have her first 
training session over hurdles today 
with a view to opening her season in 
Nuremburg on June 15. 

Top seed 
sets record 
to retain 
25-mile tide 

By Petto? Bryan 

rate readied 187 beats a 
minute yesterday with the 
effort of retaining his national 
25-nule time-trial cycling title 
at Famdon. Cheshire. 

As defending champion — 
and also Britain’s ten-mile and 
Sp-mtie title-holder — he was 
fop seed of the 120 accepted 
entrants starting at one 
minute intervals and set off 

The 27-year-old rider, from 
Cheltenham, had spent 45 
minutes on a gentle warm-up 
ride in the area and was 
unaware that one of his princi¬ 
pal rivals, Geoff Hatts, the 
veteran rider, had recorded 
foe fastest time of 53mm 09sec. 

Prebble, riding a new £1.500 
carbon-fibre bike, had 
planned to “give everything" 
tor the first five miles into a 
head wind, having covered the 
course in a trial run on Friday. 

At the halfway point, a time 
check showed that he was 30 
seconds ahead of Platts, with 
Ray Eden, a London bike 
courier, third, a farther 12 
seconds behind. 

Prebble built on his lead 
during the return run. whidh 
included foe 15-raile climb of 
Marford Bank six miles from 
foe finish and crossed the line 
in 52min Q3sec. 

That last climb made me 
change into a lower gear and 
get out of foe saddle," he said 
as local specialists confirmed 
that he had taken well over a 
minute off the course record. 

Eden took foe bronze medal 
in 53min 42sec in a champion-. 
ship in which some of the 
favourites never appeared 
comforlableon the undulating 
course. . 

Prebble takes another step 
today in his ambition to be an 
international all-round per¬ 
former when he makes his 
debut in a 4.000 metres pur¬ 
suit with a trial on foe 
Manchester indoor track. 
Prebble will head a British 
team in the three-day French 
amateur Tour de lOise this 

□ Tony Rominger. of Switzer¬ 
land. recorded his first win in 
the Giro d'ltalia, which ended 
in Milan yesterday, finishing 
more than four minutes ahead 
of his main rivals. Evgeny 
Berzin, of Russia, and Piotr 
Ugrnmov. of Latvia. The final 
14Skm stage was won by 
Giovanni Lombardi, of Italy, 
in 3hr 32min 53sec 

A confident Rominger 
started the race as dear fa¬ 
vourite after Miguel Induidin, 
of Spam, announced he was 
not taking part. Lnduntin said 
he wanted to concentrate on 
preparation for the Tour de 
France, where he is aiming far 
a fifth consecutive victory. 

Results, page 32 
Photograph, page 32 

T\ i 1 






[ 111 1 Ni t I I l\ I < Kl I \K\ ^H< l" 

• Are you oommioed to dewdoping the **j»wtW of your PA? 

• Do trif fce«ay « foe * Dd i 1 * 1 * 61 * orjeurrecreuiy? 

away last 

Amsterdam Admirals... 17 
London Monarchs.7 

By Richard Wexhereu. 

THIS ignominious defeat for 
foe Monarchs in the World 
League of American Football 
ended any realistic hopes they 
had of returning to play 
Amsterdam in the World 
BowL Their record in the 
setiood half of the season is 2-2 
and even if other results go 

3 on the tiSbreaks—a club’s 
>rd in the first half of the 
ton or points difference. 
The game on Saturday end¬ 
ed in a sour fashion with a 
push-and-shove session after 
th^Manardts took exception 
to foe Admirals celebrating an 

Schools draw on traditional virtues 

By John Goodbody 

NOT even unrelenting drizzle, 
interrupted by sharp showers, 
can stop prep school cricket 
“It is our Corinthian spirit" 
Rhidian Llewellyn, foe head¬ 
master of Papplewick. whose 
six fixtures against Hailey¬ 
bury Junior School were com¬ 
pleted with aplomb in Berk¬ 
shire on Saturday, said. 

Whereas country cricketers 
might have been inclined to 
leave foe field, the boys aged 
from eight to 13 continued to 
play with enthusiasm. A wet 
widket? No problem. Teams 
played an artificial pitches or 
just coped with foe unseemly 
conditions. What was striking 
was the correctness of ap¬ 
proach. The weU-driDed atti¬ 
tude of both schools, with their 
tethnical proficiency, loud 
calling and alert fielding, 
would have warmed any tra¬ 
ditionalist's heart 

It is confidently, and proba- 



bly correctly, asserted that 
cricket is now less popular in 
most state schools, and possi¬ 
bly even at public schools, 
where a much earlier start to 
the summer term and foe in¬ 
creasing importance of A lev¬ 
els has diminished foe prom¬ 
inence of England’s national 
summer game. However, any 
declining interest in cricket is 
less evident at prep schools. 

John Hare, the headmaster 
of Hailey bury Junior, has 

been teaching at independent 
schools since 1962. He said: “A 
great deal depends on whether 
boys come from families 
where cricket is popular. 
There are now fewer boys who 
are students of foe game, who 
pore over Wtsden. 

“However, there are still 
boys who love foe gazne, even 
if they are not particularly 
good at it Prep schools have 
to have people available to 
keep that interest going, as we 
do.” He pointed out that 
whereas at one stage there was 
only cricket in foe summer 
term, there are now inter¬ 
school matches in sports such 
■ as athletics and swimming. 

Kwik-cricket, foe play¬ 
ground form, is popular. Rob¬ 
ert Spencer, the master in 
charge of cricket at Hafley- 
bury Junior, said: “It gets 
them out and running about. 
It can encourage bad habits, 
like hitting across foe line, but 
it certainly sparks their inter¬ 

motivating zs effioe team? _ _ 

_ .__ wodaas and services ftr effective office 

* UPS, 3M, Earostsr, Tvaxooc, Otivttn md 


Bosiaess Trrtm aonm - 


***** -!« to ft* t* *m><*'***' n7M71 "" 

Once foe officials had re¬ 
gained some son of order. 
Chris Luneberg and Terrance 
Wisdom were thrown out of 
fog game, along with Mike 
Aiiderson, of the Admirals. 
Horace Morris, of the Mon¬ 
archs, had been ejected 

Having three players eject¬ 
ed was not the only unwanted 
league record the Monarchs 
established, far. in addition to 
nine turnovers, they also had a 
fidd-goal attempt blocked and 
let another running back rush 
far more than 100 yards. AD 
this against a side led by its 
third-string quarterback for 
most of foe game. 

The Monarchs remained in 
touch until late into the fourth 
quarter as a touchdown by 
Tbny Brooks made the score 
14-7. The Admirals replied 
immediately with a Terry 
Bdden field goal. 

Rodgers, who shared a 79-run first-wicket stand for Papplewick, swings a ball to leg 

est." At Papplewick, Llewel¬ 
lyn, who has been teaching 
since 1975. believes the interest 
is as high as ever. “You see it 
in March when playground 
cricket starts up and boys are 
queuing up to play." he said. 

Joanne Wallace, who coach¬ 
es foe under-nine rugby team, 
said: “After two terms of 
rugby, everyone switches over 
to cricket It is nice to see the 
boys adapt to a completely 
different sport” 

Both schools have benefited 
from having artificial sur¬ 
faces, so allowing more inter¬ 
school games to be completed. 
However, last summer, de¬ 
spite this facility, Haileybury 
still could not play on four. 
Saturdays because of the wea¬ 
ther. Hare says: “This is not 
only half the playing season 
gone, but half foe learning 
season as well." 

The Papplewick boys will 
certainly learn from their 
scheduled tour of Zimbabwe 
next March, just as foe rugby 
players did when they toured 
New Zealand last year in whal 
they believed to be foe first 
visit to the country by an. 
English prep school At home,'. 
Papplewick’s first XV collected 
a record 409 points and 
reached the last right of the- 
Rosslyn Park prep schools. 

On Saturday, Pappiewidc 
first XJ declared at 140 for four 
after Tristan Rodgers and- 
John Mark Fitzpatrick had- 
put on 79 for the first wicket 
Haileybury were 21 for six. but : 
Kyle Nathan and Charlie 
Fisher steered them to safety 
at 60 for six. 

Ben Coombes, the head of 
sport at Papplewick, said: 
“Our boys will try to call it a ‘ 
winning draw. We tell them 
foal there is no such thing, it 
was a draw.” Some traditions, - 
in English sport happily re- 
main undianged- 

Schools result* page 32 




RESULTS: Israel 2 Potent 1. Romania 3 
Azerbaijan 0. StovoMa 0 Francs 0, FrancaQ 
Romania 0, Israel 2 Stanfca Z Potand 1 
Azemaqan a Ronwna 3 Slovakia 2 , 
Patent 0 France 0. Azerbatan 0 load Z 
AaErtrann 0 France 2, Isoei 1 Ronania 1. 
Romans 2 Potent 1, boat 0 France 0. 
Soaks 4 Azabaxan 1. Franca 4 Skwaha 
a Poland 4 tsraft 3. Azerbaijan 1 Romarta 

P W D L F A Pte 

Romans. 6 4 2 0 13 5 u 

France.... 6 2 4 a e 0 10 

Israel .. e 2 3 1 10 a o 

Poland.. . - 5 2 t 2 7 7 7 

Storakta. 5 1 2 2 8 10 5 

Azotnjan.. . 6 0 0 6 2 16 0 

FIXTURES: Jun 75 Potand v ft***, 
Romans v Israel. Aug ift France v 
Poland. Azabeijan v Sorataa. Sept ft 
France v Azabaxan, Stovafca v taras. Oct 
11: Rwrurna v Fiance. Israel v Azerbatan. 
StowaWa y Poland. Nov IK Slovaks v 
Romania. Azobatan v Poland. France v 


RESULTS: Macedonia 1 Danmark 1. 
Cyprus 1 Span 2. Befgum 2 Armens 0. 
Armenia 0 Cyprus 0. Defsnark 3 Belgian 1. 
Macedoraa Q Spam 2. Btegwn 1 Macedo¬ 
nia I. Span 3 Denmark 0. Cyprus 2 
Armenia 0. Botgun 1 Span 4. Macedonia 
3 Cyprus 0. Spam 1 Belgian 1. Cyprus 1 
Denmark 1. Armenia 0 Spam 2. Belgium 2 
Cyprus a Denmark 1 Macedonia 0. 
Armena 2 Macedoraa 2. 


P W D L F A Pis 

6 5 1 0 14 3 16 

5 2 2 1 6 6 6 

Befloun- 6 2 2 2 8 IQ 8 

Macedonia- 6 1 3 2 7 7 6 

Onus. 6 1 2 3 4 8 5 

Armenia .... S 0 2 3 2 8 2 

RXTllRES: Jun T. Denmark v Cyprus, 
Macedonia v Belgium. Span v Armenia. 
Aug 16: Armenia v Dertmok. Sept ft 
Bftgkxn v Danmark. Span v Cyprus. 
Macedonia v Armenia Oct 7: A 
BefatemOct 11: Denmark v: 
v Macedorda. Nov 15: 

Deranaikv Armena. 

; Armenia v 

RESULTS: Huigary 2 Turkey 2, Iceland 0 
S-ecten i.Trekey S Iceland 0, S*taofand4 
Sweden 2 . SMbzertend 1 leetend 0. Sweden 

. I Turkey 

11 fcetmdi 

p w D L F A Pta 

Turkey.— 5 3 1 1 12 6 10 

SMtzsrtant.... 5 3 1 1 10 7 70 

Sweden_ 6 2 1 3 7 8 7 

Hingary- 4 12 15 6 5 

Iceland . 4 0 13 16 1 

FIXTURES: Jun 11: Icatand v Hungoy. 
Aug ift Iceland v Swttzartanft Sept ft 
Sweden v Swcedand, Turkey v Kurnaty. 
Oct 11: SuAzBitand v Hisnary. kxtendv 
Turkey. Nrer 11: Hwgary v Iceland Nov 
ift Sweden vTiekey 

GftOCPF Wit: 

RESULTS: Estonia 0 Croatia 2. Utastoe 0 
Uhuaraa 2. Slovenia 1 ttaJy 1, Croatia 2 
Llthuaiei a Estonia 0 Italy 2, Utoatoe 0 
Skwenia 0. Utaana 3 Eorm 0. Stovena 1 
Lithuania a Katy 1 Croatia a Croatia 4 
Ukrane 0, Italy 4 Estonia 1, Stoma 3 
Estonia ft Ukraine 0 Utey 2, LBhuarua 0 
Croatia ft Lthuano 0 (My 1. Croatia 2 
StavwtiaO, Estonia OUtoaina 1. 

ENGLAND, as hosts, qualify auto¬ 
matically for the 1996 European 
championship 6nalS- bat the hold¬ 
ers. Denmark, do not. The eight 
group winners qualify, as do the six 
best second-placed teams. The other 
two second-placed teams w23 play 
off at a neutral venue in December 
for the last of the 16 place s . The ax 
best runners-up wfll be determined 

by results achieved against the tint 

third an A fourth-placed iwwt in 
each group. 




Croatia.. 6 5 0 v 12 1 16 

Rafy...__. 6 4 1 1 11 4 13 

UfffiflOta_ 5 2 1 2 4 4 7 

Utoatea.. 6 2 1 3 4 8 7 

Skwenia. 5 1 2 2 5 5 5 

Estonia_ 6 0 0 6 1 15 0 

FIXTURES: Jin 7: uthuana v Stovotia. 
Jm 11; Estonia v Sbwtt. Urane v 
Croatia. Aug 16; Estoria v Uthuerta. Sapt 
3: Croatia v Estona. Sept & My v 
SJowWsi Utuarta v Ukatea Oct ft 
Croatia v fifty. Oct 11: Stoveraa v Ukraine. 
Lflhuanav Estonia Nov 11:lhfyv Ukraine 
Nov ift Skwenia v Croftta. &a*y v 

RESULTS-. Czech Rep 6 Meta 1. Uixenv 
boug 0 Hofiend 4, Norway 1 Belarus 0. 
Mata 0 Czech Rep ft Belarus 2 Uasm- 
bdvg 0. Norway 1 Hoflsnd 1. Beterus 0 
Norway 4 . Holand 0 Czech Rap ft Mata 0 
Norway 1 , Hctand 5 UaamOourg 0. Meta 

OLuentxur U"di Bep 4 Betausft 
Luxentxxxc j mntey 2. Hctand 4 Mata 
ft Betarua 1 Mata 1. Cmch Rep 3 Hctand 
1. Norway 5 UMonboug 0. 

P W 

Norway.- 6 6 

Hofend_ 6 3 

CMchFtep ™. 5 3 

Betana. 5 1 

lifloa m bouro... 6 1 
M*&-_ 6 0 

L F A Pte 

0 14 1 
1 15 4 
0 13 4 

3 5 10 
5 1 18 

4 2 13 

FIXTURES: Jun T. Mens v Hgtand 
UscanfcGug v Czech Rep. Norway v Mata 
Aug IS Norway v Czech Rep. Sept ft 
Czech RepvNoway, Luemboug v Mteta. 
Hofiend v Batons Oct 7: Batons vCasch 
Rep. Oct 11: Mata vHotaid. Luaamooug 
v Batons. Nov 12 Mata v Belarus. Nov 
i& Czarii Rep v Luxembourg. Ho fie nd v 

RESULTS: Northern Ireland 4 Ltochtsv 
stain 1. Uadtanstakl 0 Auetna 4. LeMa 0 

L F A Pte 

1 17 6 IB 
0 13 1 14 

2 9 9 ID 

2 17 3 9 

5 4 15 3 

6 1 28 1 

Ireland 3, Northern Ireland 1 Portugal Z 
Lamia 1 Portugal 3. Austria . 1 Northern 
Intend 2, Maid 4 Ltechtensteto ft 
Portugal 1 Austria ft Uachtonstah 0 Latvia 
1 . Northern Intend 0 Ireland 4. Portugal 8 
-UachtssteinO, Wand t Northern retold 
IrAuetta 5 Latvia ft Ireland 1 Portugal ft 
latv* 0 Northern Maid 1. Austria 7 
L te c Uw» tain ft Portugal 3 Letvte z 
Lsdtonoan 0 batand 0 
. P W D 

Portugal. 6 5 0 

katand..- 6 4 2 

Nth Wand. S 3 1 

Austria..._ 5 3 0 

Latvia.._ 6 1 0 

Lte chte nstan, 7 0 1 

FIXTURES: Jim 7: Northern Mend v 
Latvia. Jun 11: Ireland v Austria. Aug 1R 
UMttaratBinv Portugal. Aug 1ft Latina v 
Austria. Sept 3: Srtugfl v Northern 
Mend. Sept ft AuBrta vWand. Lflhsa v 
LtecNenstew Oet lit belaid v Ucvta. 
Austtav Portugal, Ltecttaratamv Northern 
Matt Nov IS Portugal v Ireland. 
Northern IrelandvAusWfl. 

• RESULTS GeogiaO. MOM 1 Wtf»2 
Albania ft Moktawe 3 Utelea 2. BUgala 2 
. Georgia O.At»ta1 Gormany2,Geortf85 
w*aa frig** 4 UoUntal. Atoms 0 
Oe«ta 1. Moldavia 0 temam 3. Vtetas 0 
Bubo* 3. Gomany 2 Manta 1. GeorrfaO 
Gomory 2, Bijgate 3 Wfitea 1. Atoante 3 
Moktevte ft Qamany l Wtees 1 . Moktevte 
0 Bulgaie 3. Georgia 2 Albania 0 

■ P W D L F A Pt* 

BUgana_ 6 5 0 0 15 2 15 

Gamany_ 6 4 t 0.10 3 13 

Geo^a:._ 6 3 0 3 8 5 9 

Motoawa.. 0 2 0 4 6 16 6 

Wales_ 6 1 1 4 6 15 4 

Abarta-_ 6 1 0 5 5 9 3 

FIXTURES: Jun T. Bulgaria v Germany, 
watae V Gaorgte. Moldaa V Atoanta. Sept 

ft Gamer* v Georgia. Wfilea vMsBfft 
Alberta v frigate. Oct ft frAgenajr 
Ataans Oct 8: Germany v MoWavte. Oel 

11: Wales v Germany. Nwl&Gem®vv 

Bilgarte, Atoarta v Wteae, Moktaute v- 

RESULTS: Fatand 0 SeoMnd 2, Faarea 

Wands 1 Greece 5. Scatters 5 Faeme 

Wands i. Greaca 4 Finland ft Rucela 4 

SanMertnoO. Scotland 1 Rosea 1, Greece - 

2SenMarino ft RniaidS PaarostetendBO. 

FHand 4 Ban Manno t. Graace i Scotand.. 

ft Rlbob 0 Scotland'0, San Martw B 

Fvtand Z San Motno 0 Scotland ft 

Greaca 0 Aosa 3, Faeroe Wench O 

Rntend 4. Russia 3 Faeroe Wanda ft 

Faaroa Waite 3 San Marino 0. 


FHand. 6 

Greece —. 6 

Ante— .- 5 

Scotland- 6 

FaaroobX- a 

Sen Moino_ 6 


L P-A Pta 

2 15 -7 
1 12 4 
0 11 1 
1 10 3 

5 6 22 

6 1.17 

SooOand. San Moino v Ruesa. An 11 : 

FHand v Greece. Aug. 1ft.Scotland v 
Greoco. FHoidvRueate. Saptft Scotland 

v FHand, Faeroe Wands v Russia, San 

Marino v Greece. Oct 11: Ffcesfev Greece. 

Faeroe tetends v 9an Marina Nov. IS 

Scoftrd v San Manno. RlteSte v Finland, 

Greece v Faeroe Wends. 

Wamttay. June 23: Old Trattaftlffia Park 
SEM1-FMALS: Arne 2ft OW Traflord 
Miteakf v VBa Park winners]. Wemttay 
{Wemttey v Old Traftxd amera). 

FWAU June 3Ct Warrtfcy. '• 

Umbra Cqp 

AodBfi»4S . 
PftlB&ipvH . 

bn 82 

Enteml («-4af T; RMara {BtocMun 
Roverte—G Navta (Mandiecw United). J 

Seteee (UinpooQ. D Unaworth (Enicni. S 

Peeroe(Nonfoiam Forert—D Andarton 
rrottotom Hotspur). D Ptett {Sampdorte}. 
D Baity ffiteckbun Rovox auts P Gae- 
caltjia. life B9mH, P BoanWoy 
(Newcastle United; ltd): 9 McMomnai, 
— A , Sheerer {Btet*Um 
hreorerNalikighan Forest; 
gvrtL Tottenham Hotspu, 



jM'_ , . . 

T Ktaaw (V KnHaaafc}, N Soma . 

htaa) tiub H Ytetegbnoto, SF HkDSttan, 

74 — K Una ®noe), M Netr^ona 
■.H KunsaW, UruwB Red 

Sent off: HatakteanL B8. 
Referee: J Ufiepberg (Hofiand). 


(1) 1 SHB&- 

- ■■ P W O L F A Pti 

Brazil-—- 110 0 10 2 

&K 0 and_ 110021 2 

Japan_....— 10 0 1 1 2 O 

Sweden-- 10 0 10 1 0 

HXTURBSi Tomorrow: Japan v Brazil 
“ ‘ 1 . 8 Jft June 8 : Engand v Sweden 
80),. Jute 10 : awe d n n v Jepen 
Jwn ForeeLftQ-Juw 11 i GrHaxt 
(Wembtoy, 4JJ). 

Europeaa Championship 
Qroup etx - 

LECHTBtSTEM p) 0 BBAND . (0) 0 

nwiAN LEAGUE Bari 1 Samprtaia ft 
Cremona* 2 fHta 5 l^araronal AC 
Ufan 2 Genoa 1 Ton) ft filter loan <- 
Padova' 1; Juwrflua 3 Cag tanj. tazo 1 
Bmscte ft Nopoi 1 Parra ft Regtfana 1 

Jituertus 3423 4 7 

tm*, 3419 6 9 

Parma 3418 9 7 

Wan 3417 9 8 

Roms 341811 7 

inter 34141010 

jfepc* - 341312 9 

Sonpdorfa 34131110 

SmSrt 341310U 

fSEtaa 341211J1 

Tortoo 3412 913 

Bart - 3412 814 

Cremoneaa 3411 615 

Padova 3412 418 

FOOOE . 34 81016 
34 4 624 
Brescia . 34 2 826 

SPANI8H LEAGUE Esp^S vatenwa 
Real Medrtd 2 Deporfto La Coruna 1 {Baal 
Matted wtnttOa). 















31 . 


















































Real Zaragoza 

Rate Bads 



Ffcvd Oviedo 
Rest Sodedad 

Attedco Madrid 





3622 8 5 



301811 7 



351610 9 



3518 611 



351315 7 



361413 9 


















3513 614 






3512 815 






35 91214 



35 81413 



35 81215 



35 7 919 



3S 2 924 




WORLD LEAGUE: Amsterdam 17 London 
7. Barcelona 31 Rtain 21. 


BRITISH LEAGUE Crystal Pataca: First 
dwtston: 100m: L Otesbe (Thames V) 
1O.4SE0C. 200 m: I. S WOtso (Harley) 
20 77. ft Chnsbe 2087 40ftn: P McBumay 
(Newham and Essart 4708 800m: ADute 
(Thames V) Imtn 5312sec 1,500m: S 
Fartvathar (HartewyL3-4836 5.000m: P 
Hogsion (BtackhaffliT 1405.66 ftOOQm 
steeplechase: J Sear (Woodfanl Greeni 
909 50 110m hurdles: N Owen (Beigravei 
14 18 400m htetffes G Jawigs (Nw- 
ham and Essex Baades) 5030. 4 x 100m 
relay. Hannqey 4053 4 x400m relay: 
Newham and Esoro 307 33 high jump: D 
Gram (Haringey) 210 m Pole vauK N 
(Vrtof (Shaft^txry Barnet) and P WBkam- 
son (Thames 
MjWC tej. 

Sh«TS QI Soctor (Newham and 
18.10. Dfascus K frown (Beterawl 5688. 
Hammer M Jonas (Shaftesbury Barnet) 
70.48. Javeftc C Mackenzie (Newham and 
Essex) 7990. 

Match result 1. Thames Valley Hamas 
363pls. Z Hanngey 321: 3. ShafeGboy 
Barnet 286:4. Betgrava 286.5. Blacfcheam 
261 6 . Woodford Green 226: 7. Newham 
and Esse* 21 1 . B. Bvrtifeld 210. Stendngs 
rafter two marches) 1. Thames Valey 
Hamers ISpis. 2 . Bakyava 13.3. Sheftes- 
bixv Bamel 12:4. HonrVwy 9:5. BbcMweth 
9 6 . Wootfioid Green 7.7. frrchfieid 4. 8 . 
Newham and Esses Beagles. 

EDINBURGH: Second dMstorc 1 . Sale 
2*1. ?. Cardiff 228. ft bveraool 206. 4. 
Crawley 194 5 5. Ednburgh Souinon 189: 
6 . Swansea 174 5 Stanrfings: 1 . Sate 1£ Z 
Carte It 10. ft Lmipoal 7: 4. Crawley 7.5. 
Swansea 3: 6 , Edinburgh Southern ft 

BRACKNELL Thkd dvlsion: 1. 0 
Gayuruans 224. Z Hotustow 216: a 
Windsor. Slough and E 212 4. EnBeld 210: 
5. Stoke 208. 6 . Wokierhamoton 100. 
Stondngs: 1 . Hounslow 10 . Z O 
Gaytoreans 1 ft 3. Stoke 8 .4. Enfield 6 .5. 
Wddsor, Sough and E 6 . 6 . Wbtvarhamp- 
100 2 

WAKEFIELD: Foulh dvisxm. 1 . Amorecs 
232 2. Porcrbontegh 222 .3. Sofert 221.4. 
CorrCxidgo Hamas 208. 5. UKdS C 189 ft 
Edirtjurgn 762 StandtegK 1. Petabor- 
ou^i 11 2 . Solera 9. ft Avwrucs 9. 4. 
Camonctee Hamers 7. ft Leeds Cny 4. ft 
Edinburgh 2 

BARHNa FBft cSvfeion: 1 Border 281. ft 
Morpeth 225. 3 Sheffield 202 . 4. Bristol 
196 ft Havwro 17b. 8 Bcumonouth 171 
Standnga: 1 . Border 12 2. Bristol ft 3. 
Morpeth ». 4. Sheffield 7. 5. Boumemrxih 
5. 6 . Havowg 3 

SEVILLE, bitamational meeting: Mai: 
100 m. A Lava ispj i085sec 200 m j 
Wi 8 , 3 ms (USr 20.59 1.500m: N Mercer. 
1 AI 31 JrciBi 32 99sec 5.D00m: P Tergal 
rKenvai 132? 12 110m hurflea: C Haw- 
-.nsiuSr T3J6 aocom etaepleehase: M 
Bvx (Kenya) 814 59 Long (ana 1 Pedrosa 
rCuoai 849m Hammer l Astapkoinch 
iBeroi 61 62 

Women: 100m: F Ogurfipya (Nigeria) 
11 47 200 m: L Fem (Sp) 2507. 800m: L 
Hoodctava (Ru3«,i 20064 5.000m: DTuftj 
lEir) 154003 100 m hurdtav M J 
Mardomingo iSpI 14 00 aoom fwdtes: D 
HcmrT w g s iJaml 54 97 High lump: Y 
Tcpchnu (Rumi 193 TrftSa Jump; l 
Lesa.sKaya (Hjssi 15 OS 


TENTH ROUND: Were! Coas: Eagles 1710 
if 12) tr Srsapno Boars 10 7 «T*i. Camcr 
2616 (1721 tr Hi Album 1010 (7ft). 
Ricnmgnd 13 16 (96> tl Pettway ft 10 
i64l. Mctoaume IE 12 i!02r be Sydney' 
Swans IT II17”! Fninvuriea) M H3l)M 
S: l-LLlj9f.(ECl Geeteng 1620(I161Ci 
AdrtJFi; 14 7 191 1 . Cd'no.vood 13 15 |93) 
bi Ftpoy 10 !9 rtTh North Ue4»urr» 
13 12 Mi 6 ) K EssoLion )59 193). 


MAJOR LEAGUE. American League: 
Soslan 10 Sc-aftr.' 6. CV-.tUnd 3 Tcrarco 0 
BiWirrc 9 iDaiJand 5 Caftroma 4 Nea. 1 
>prk Yankees 2 Cfraajj WTnfte Sot 10 
Oefroil 6 Kansas Gift- 2 Mitwaikcc 1 
Llimnscl.l 4 Teras 0 
Nafloral League. San Fraressao 3 Ruiadd 
cha T Cmcnnaii 6 a Lums 4. Ronda 5 
0 : 4 a:' Cues 4 Ha listen 2 Atlanta 1 1*1 
10- C-akarada 7 REsauigh €. Ncvv Turk 
Met S Los Angelas 3 htemreaf 1 San 
□■egoOim 10) 


Ploy-ota: Eastern Contemnoa: hidaiu 

fJ i Crijrdi 96 (bcsJ-o! »wen sates >3] 


BATH: Opentowrament Man: StogtaK 
J Howard 

Fteat J 


(Aieiandra FW ift 
Soutficarrbe * M Perrett 


Andrews) 10. 
: B Wltaon 

21 J Deflow 
FtnoL D 

& D Pteslow 

. 2lh Hay 

9 Paks: FkraL J trQb & J 

28 B Shuttered & I D a w so n 
‘ 20 . 


121 Essex 109. Camtmdgesfwa 113 Suflotk 

10ft Home Counties Championship: Cbt- 

tardsture 111 Kent 117. Sum 89. Berkshre 

125. Hdtand Courtees Cnaniptonship: 
Lecestershne 112 Warwickshire 117. 
MURAS TROPHY: Curtena 97. Ytekstm 

108 (ftt Dafcton), Loicashde 104, Durham 

118 (at Southport) 

RED ROSE TROPHY: Cwnbna 132. 
Yorkshire 86 (at Appleby). Lancashire 100. 
Durham 118 (al Stanley Ptek). 


LEAGUE: Alsus 187-5 dee, Didsbury 
129-4. Abandoned: Bowdon v Macctes- 
fteti. Haakxr Money vTImpariey; Poyrtonv 
Wklnex Toll v Grappenhafi; Wanlngfon v 

BEY GLASS LEAGUE: Itaston 1155. 
SOnsby 115-8; Heanor 172-2, Aston 171-ft. 
A&B 161-6, Sawiey 161-ft Ouomdon2l2-a 
Langtay M 2104: W Hakam 126. Derby 
209-7. Ockbrook 193-3, Wiksworth 191-7 
Slough 174-ft Kkknore End 157-9. Aban¬ 
doned: B a anmtohe v Hayes; Bass- 
borough v OMi; Owsham v Harrow: H 
Wycoribev Boyne H. Howslow v Eastcore: 
Ickenham v flaatervr MaKkmhaad & B v 
haretaid: Tring Pk v Bauansflefd. 
WoUngham v Finchampstead 
amtey 205-8. Laicastar 1 52-3. ftoehrood 
177-3. Si Ames 174-6: Leyland Da( 178-4, 
Btackpool 178-7: Morecambe 1888. Ley- 
land 1B3-2: Nateerttei d 2304. Damn 190- 
7. Preston 56 Kendal 85. 

LEAGUE: team 1814. Roe Greer 145-7: 
WaodtKBik 156-3. Thomham 157-7. Aben- 
doned: Denton a Laurence v DukWiekt 
Denton Was » Preslwidi. Giossop v 
Longsighi. Sale Moor v Woodhouaas 
SHIRE LEAGUE: Dalon 2064. Utvamton 
19: Furness 180-ft Workte^on 181 -5. 
Penrith 2764. vtckeratown 1669. Aban¬ 
doned: Askam v Garfcie. Camtonh v 
Barrow. Hauengg v Orator: VUrers Sports 
v Warn. Whitehaven v Undal 
lONSHti*: Achtas 232. Mfidoihal 1664. 
Ab a ndoned: Bravttee v Halstead. Bury a 
Eds v Sudbury. Durvnaw v Clacton. Makton 

Astley Bridge 97-2. Tongs 9& fradshaw 
79 S. Norwich 227-1 dec: Egenon 132-1. 
Ftenuxth 12ft Kearstay 103-1. Famwoflh 
SC 102 7 dec. Lute Laver 1658 dec. 
Heaton 957. WaHtdan 132 2 Osenmount 
1304 dec. Westhou^rion 137-9 dec. 
Eegley 53-6 

Loughton 262. Fives Heron 1584 dec. 
Orsen & T 1758 dec. Wansiead 28. 
Southpnd 2458 dec HadW^i & T 2108 
Abandoned: Chetmcford v CiayhaU. 
Chngtord v Lagh On Sea Catchetfer v 
Hutton. Gkiea Prek v Saffrcn Walden. Utord 
v O fraewoote WastcMt v S Woodford 
Waoctod W v Brerawood 
Betehamsted 181. Ratfiefl 2008. Luton 
Town 2014. Barren 2008. Abandoned: 
Urichworth » North Mymms. LangtevOury v 
Hcridradoru Weal Herts v rtreten. WeWyn 
Garden C4y v Hertfard B c h o p s Stortford v 
Sav-breigEwrin. Watford Town v Hone) 
Hempaoad CheVunr v Si Albans. 
Siownage v Codtetos. 

United Senx»s 149. htersiey Pk 149-7. 
Abandoned Borenemouth v Portsmouth 
Caimare Sports v Uphook & Ripstey 
Hungerfod v Bashtey-. Longpamh v Gos 
oofl Eorou^i. New Niton v Lymmgtrat 
Pe!ersfierd v Old Tautorsare. South Wits v 
Hartjredon Winchester KS « Havart 
ed: Ashford v St Lawrence. Baflev v Dart- 
ford EfcrdJicaaivSevenaataV.Chestfielc 
v Hi,us. Darer v BrorrteT Goto Ct v 
Hotrreedate v Midland BL. 
LEAGUE Hafryn 1228. Bangor l»-a 
Marchwttl 94-S Swtton 33. Abandoned: 
Beteesda v Mochdre Grestard v Cormahs 
Oxry Day v Llandudno: Ponr&fyddyn v 

doned: Harrogato * CostWoid. Hm v York. 
9tcft Coflegare v Sc a boro i gh Bamstoyv 
>crkdwe Acatemy. Cteofhorpes v Driffield, 
im v Shra t 



Lee Rathbone starts the Men’s national 25-mile championship at Farndon. Cheshire. Photograph: Chris Loufte. 

doned: Banstead v Bank Of Er^a«t 
Craniaghv Honor Oak Esher vUnpsfekt 
Famham v MUcharre Met Fofice v NWdwi 
Wonder ers. Spencer v O Whdgrfhane, 
Suntxiy v Gitidford Sutton v Sheppert o rr 
Chaam v Wafton Oi Thames. Weytndge v 
Ashford, Wimbledon v DJvwch. 


GIRO D - ITALIA: 22nd stage (fiom Luinoto 
Mtan. I4flkm):l. G Lonteadl ft. Pofii) 3U 
32mm sasec Z M Manronl (fi); 3. S 
MartrWIo (h). 4. R Petacom (ft), ft G Cteerio 

Fteat airereti stantengr 1. T Romnger 

, Mapefl 97hr 39rrm 503BC Z E 

(Russ) a 4.13.3, P Ugwnov (Rus) 

455:4. C Ctuppuca (II) 923.5.0 Rkicon 

CLASStQl£ DES ALPES (Abt-tes-Bans to 
Chsmbery. 1185 mfles) I.JRGonzates- 
Arrieta (Sp) 4hr 57mm 37sec 2. G Rue (Fr) 
same rime. 3. R VrHnque (Fr) a 1mm 

TIME-TRIALS: RTTC National 254nia 
d iai te lorMtifl p (Farndon. nr Chastov 1. R 
Preobe (Wercetev RC) 52mm 3sec team: 
Leo RC £4743 Scottish 25-mtie chanro- 
ionshfp (Dundee)- 1. 0 Gtoscn (GS 
Modena) 5309 Woman: S mips 
(DeesKle Thstie) S821. Cofchwtar Rovare 
(100 mfles)- 1. B McDonald (RT East) 
4.1025 Team: Cbekner CC 134033 
Oxford aty RC (50 mte3l 1. D Rusaefi 
OJereSp CC) J.50-15 Team: MendP CC 
547-54 StocktonWheeters(50miles). i.P 
Newman (GS Metroli 5030 Team: Borda 
Cfly Wh 201137 East Mttbnds CC (50 
mte) l.GFosketr (CoaHniteWht 15351 
Acme Wheelers (FTtondda) (50 mfles' l.C 
Wafiaca iHkwaun Wh) 1 57 50 Team: 
Mrwaun Wh 8.1316 We ssex RC SO 
irdes). 1. P Fames (BoumemoMti JMriee 
Wh) 15756 Team: Pocfla Wh 6i£40 
Sussex CA (50 mfles): 1. A Cta-.TSon 
(AnKMpe RT) 15051 Team: Worthing 
Excetercr 61018 South Lancashire RC 
(50 mflasl I. A Kiton (Stretford Wh) 
20219 Team: Congfeton CC 63406. 
Forrest CC (50 miles): 1. M Van der Vtos 
(Moray Frith CC] 20319 South Eastern 
RC {25 mfiosT 1 . T Stevens (Team 2000) 
6352 Team: Rather Valey CC 25857 

Tyne RC (25 mfles): 1. P WHdsmrth 
(Bamesbuty CC) 5439 Harp RC (Mas- 
buy. 25 mass)- 1. E Aduis (Leo RC] 5536. 
TeariK VenJam CC 304.46 West Pennine 
RC [25 rrries)- 1. G Wxxtuuse [Xent 
Valley RC) 5729. By and Dfet CC <25 
mfles): 1. T Bartow [VC Norwich) 5746 
Team: VC Nonrich 30219. St AusteO 
Wheeiere (25 nrias). 1. K Reas {Plymouth 
Cortotitan) 5646 Team: fr Austal Wh 

ROAD RACES: DMston ChrenptamNpre 
Waatam(WsRngtan.98mBes) l.JBanas 
(Gloucester Cfiy CQ 4:44.16 2 G Sandy 
(Zoyfand) m IBsoc. 3, R Bucifiand 
(Ooucwter C CQ at 34 sac. West York- 
riwe (HaUax, S3 mfles): 1. D Bendekw 
(Moriey CQ 4:1200. Z D Slevens (Si 
Chtaophers): 3. R frnkE (Huddersfiefd Rq 
al same t»ne. North [East fftorts fa rat 87 
mfles)-1. G Tunbi* (N East FTT) 3 5915:2 
M AcfckoS (N East RT) 

“ 1 V) a 1.68 ‘ 

(Tyne V) a 
miec): l. C Nexrton 

I *1-05, 6 J Fefis 
Meraeysida (Detamere. 92 
. . Mon (N Whrai V) 35035 

Wessex [ftmtncTs Casta. 88 mfles). 1, S 
CaBand [CS Puback) 3 48-15:2 B Wlson 
(CS Pwtoecki at 123: 6 G Pektad 
(Antelope RT) at 128 MHtands 
(Brid^iorth 86 nriss)- 1. M Jones [Pan- 
tmjn CRT) 345 17. 2. G Bitch 
iWrektespcrr CQ at icar. 3, J Mmer 
(WTewnsport CC) al tatc. Coventry (6S 
mfles). 1. D Atkins (Cmrenfiy RQ 32237. 
South East Mk flan ds (KsrtooKaa 61 
mnes) i.jKarnson(LeichwcsihV) 326.10. 
2. R arambwOm (De Monttorl) same trrto. 
6 M Batefcy ILatcfTwonn V) at 100. South 
East London (Tunbridge Weds. 80 rmtesJ. 
1. J CJaria (De Laune CQ 32455: 2 B 
Thomas (Team 2000) at 3sec; 3. C Hofloo 
(Gerren BQ sure tano 


HtCKSTEAD: Nations Cup: Braabum 
British Nations Cute 1. Beat Brian 12 
faults ffls Otto. GBfcngton. 4-4. Conex.W 
funwl 0-4 DranonS E-J Mac. 24-ret, 
Wefliam. J WWaker. (MB. Z USA 32. 6 
Holland40 4. France 44.5, German/ «8. ft 
I reland 5 2 British Speed Grand Prtc 1. 
Diamond ermss iF Connors, lie) 
74G8SCC 2 Btoa Grass (fl Spiane. tnei 
7502.3. Omnbuo CM IVard, LS11555.4. 
Roddy's Revenge (J Whrtsflw. GS) 77J33 

British Young RMere Championship: 1. 
Data Hare (LWhflaka) 4 (aits47522. OO 
Dancer [C Burn) 4 fails 4823 Bremers 
Spartak I. Dafen Rowers (A Hoy, Aus) 
dear 50.61; 2 Bamrotaa (T Brown, G8) 
daa5501: sTrarty Mai (E Thompson. GB) 
dear 5631. Royal Gets tail and out 1, 
Roddy's Revenge U WhftahaJ_6531S8C; 2 
Bus Grass (T SptaJna. ta) 6526; 3. Urn 
□as Cratfles p Mafia Fra) 68 02 


DUBLIN, OHr Memorial Tournament 
Thkd-round scons (US irtea stated- 
205: D Duwl 76 71.84; O Frost (SA) 66.72 
65. 20ft L demote 71, 69. 66. M 

Cfl tea re c d M 69.71.66 207: BOgta (Aut) 

70, 71,6ft 20&FFunk72,89,6T20EtM 
McCunber68,73.68: C Parry Wire) 69,71, 
39.216 J Haas 72 72 06: K Perry 8ft 74. 

86; C Sradter 68.74.8ft. J R*yk 71.71,6& 

E Efe (SA) 7z 6ft 70.211: T Kae 72.72.67. 

0 A Watteng 7ft 73,66; 0 Edwads 72,71. 

68: W Austte 67, 78.68. N Price (Zm 71. 

71.69. L Janasi 69.73.69. R Aflanby Wusi 


RYE: Bar Society To u rname n t Sem>- 
flnatc R Leach IX I ChrisOe 2 and 1. P 
GirixJyblDwestcottl up FteatLaach(X 
Grundy 1 If). 

ADOINGTON: Greflton Montah Trophy: 
London Owrihrtntt 1. Harrow &XXS 2 
Charterhouse 7ft. 3. Evan 74.4. Whagft 73: 
5. EUham Crfepe 70. ft Diriwch t». 7. 
Epsom 68. ft WS Wkntttadon 66 

ST ANDREWS: St Rifle trophy: Fiat round 
72 A Ron (SWng}. 7* M Htarth 
I Urwi: E Power (Ktirerrry): C Dnerc 
-). 75: J Hat (Fetotowe F). S 
1 ) 78: S Mania (SA); L 
Nrchobon (Haritegton). K Wne (Kxkcaidyl: 
B Jones (Denbigh) 72 A CSttawn 

MCKGAtt Woman's taumamsne Third 
round scores (US m)BS9 stated). 202 D 
J6J.68.71 20& JPSDOCk66.eB. 
202 T Hanson 73. 87, 67. M McGaffl 
70.89.6a J Geddes 66.71. TO K Tseheiter 
89. 66 72 K PetereomParkar 68. 69. TO 
208: L Waters (Can) 71.66,6ft S Redman 
89. TO 89; C Ranck 71. 67. 70: D 

Ammaccapona 6ft 6B. 71: E Crosby 67,66. 
73. A Sorenstam (See) 73 66. 70: H 
AKredeaon jfrm) 65.74.6ft 209: P WHrttt 
(G» 71 69 6B. 214; K Marshal (G8) 72 71. 
71. C PSeme (GB) TO 71.73 


MEM European Chib Champtarahte: A 
DMston (Torassa): Group Ac UWanhxsJ 

Muteetm (Ger) 8 Baxtotan (BeO 1; A 

Teneses 0 Gnriwrald (Pot) 0. Ftesl stand¬ 
ings: 1. Utonhois 4{ss: 2 AUeteo 3: 2 
Garweto 1. Pool B: Amstredan 4 SKA 

Samara (Rus}1; Havart 1 Censaco (fi) 2 

Sonora 2 Camusco 2 Amsterdam 3 

Havant 2 Awl at a ndteg s: 1. Amsterdam 

6pts; 2 CBrmooo 2 2 Samara 2 4. Havart 

1. Amsterdam end Uhtenhorat reiatfy tor 

3 KaBxtfne 1: Racing 

Ketouma 5 Whitchurch 1. Aral stanrSnos: 

1 . Racteg ft 2 Kabime 4.2 Skxkhokn 2 

4 . WNttturch 0 Group ft C Vienna 1 

Gramma ri an s (Gfc) 4. MMc (Beta) 4 

HostNa 1; Minsk 3 Cobra 1: Hostera 1 

Grammarians ft Fteaf s ta rt in gs: 1, Itirnfc 

6:2 Granxmartate 4:2 Cobra 1:4. Hosthte 
1. C DMston (Bratetaval- Group A: 
Lisnapareey flre) 5 Lamas (Pod 0. Rosco 
[Hun] 2 Marathon [Cm) ft Group B: Ziskffi 
12 Ater (Non 0. Espoo (Fin) iMBraflatova 

WOMEN: Intamational mochas: Sat¬ 

urday: England 1 Scotland 0 (a Utashrt): 
Germany 3Au«rala W Barmvfck) Yes- 

tarday: England F SooOancf 1 (at Uflwha#) 
Germany 3 Australia 5 (Csfls) 

Division (Urecrt) Group A: GtasgowWA 

Francos a Swansea 0 Ftancato I: Karo- 

pong 3 Glasgow 1 . Hmfl atandtegs 1,. 

Kampong 8.2 Glasgow W 2 2 Francais 3. 

4, SruonasQ 0 Group B: Batesm (Latosster) 

1 Randabtown (Ira) ft Barftnw 1 State 

(Ufifl O. Randaiswwn 0 StauM 1; Benteer 1 

Larcsstsr a Fteat standngc I. Berfner ft 

2 frarttai 4; 3, Letcesrar 2 4. RandOaown 

0. 8 DMston [San Sabasaan)- Group Ac. 
Catena ft) 1 /ec (Fro 0, teaMrriOw 
(Vtam] 0 Raca (Stouta) a Owp B: Stavn 
Pra^e 1 Dragons (BeQ 2 San Sebaftan 2 
Volgodandc (frTO a 



/ -* .*• r 



Ttrtay Bitter Challenge 
"G. Lni'ttn dxreo 
NORTHAMPTON. Northampianshra v 
West Indians 
Bntonrta Assurance 
county championship 

*i 1 . 1 . i.rafdj\-crt«- 

CHESTTFR£-STREET; Dirham v Kert 
LORD'S: Middlesex v Derbyshire 
TRENT BRIDGE Norjighamshne v 

TAUNTON: Sssnawl v Ycrtehse 
HOVE Sussex v GtouwsJersh're 
WORCESTER- Wwdesterchks v Sure; 

Ursvereffy match 

:: c. f'.-Ji d* cl ji’!» 

THE PARKS: Ofotd L'revers-ty v 

Sws Southend: Essex v Mtodcscx. 
BnstoL Gojctnrcrchn; t SLSfmgtkSfnsrei^. 
Southampton. Hirc'.hirr v Kent Old 
Trafford- Lvushre * Durtvim Old 
Northampunians: Nomyrwonstuc v 
aomcrsc! Mtodteton Sports Chik Suisw 
-. Wi'AUJhiio dd Hah ivaatonrcnro v 


i-vx.-vid djv or r«n: Exmoutiu Deusn v 
Comw'i rttcJun: HcrtlsdStwe < NorioA- 
Jaamond NjIximMifjnd v UncoteSwo 
Chafltwr and Chttdroy Oxtonthro v 
VKshire Pon a rodutaa: .Van-s v Chmtwc 


TouSon iraomahoraf 
under 21 taumamant 
Group A 

ScsKm-J, '.tcic<- 
.awvjTi & v,[ 

Fi.-ntn v StiuJh Konsa 
'Bcrro. 5 Ol 


GOLF: Amateur championship iRoyal 
Uverpocf and Walasayl 
MOTORCYCLING: TT Raws (Isto or Mon). 
TEfWfS: irflemaaoKi Open iBcckonham). 
RACffflG. Haertton Pak (230). Looaster 
\Z 45i Iforo. (6 45). Wtedsar (630) 
SPEEDWAY (730 untoss stated) Premier 
Lnagua: Riijng v Peterborough Speed¬ 
way Star KO Cup: Second round, second 
teg: £ refer v Smrtdon: W ohiarna mp ton v 




UMBRO CUP: Lsui v frazi (Qaoftdon 

Park Sky. 8 0) 

European undbwi champion. 

SHIP. QuaSfyteg group seven: Wales v 
Gcorca (Nauxift Sadwn. 730). 

TOURNAMENT: Group B: England >r Brazfl 
iTouion. 701: Angou v Maiavsia 
lUancogua 530) 

Canaaa (l-ta tan gcotg. Sweden, SO). 


GOLF: Amaieu champioenhp (Royal 
Lrrorpool and WoBawy) 

MOTOTCYGUNGc TT Races (We of Man) 
RACING. Breton (2 30). FtonSffract (245) 
TEN MS: tejwnjttonfll Open (Beckerrfiam) 



gnrop six: Northern takns v Lavq 
iVixrdsor Park, 6.0) Group Warr Wa*03 v 
'jeorga ^NaiKins Stamm. 7 301. Group 
tapit F aroa tfarefc v Scotland (Tafir, 6 0) 
SHIP OuaBMng group sbc England v 
Laiwa (Tral Moor Scy 730). 

TOURNAMENT: Group A: Fraree v Scot¬ 
land (St M.Ktmc 60) South Kaos v 
Mew» rArfcs, 6 0) 


CHAMPIONSHff*: Basmgstoke: Hampshire 
v lacestarsnra 


TOUR MATCHES: AuoraSa XV v England A 
(Brisbane 10 45am. TSmbabwo A v Scot¬ 
land A [Mutare. 2 30). 


GOLF: Amateur charapicnshp (Royal 
Lixerpooi and Waaascy) 

MOTORCYClitt n Races (tsto rt Man). 
RACING: Beverley (630). FAestone (6151. 
Warwick (£30). Yoirata (215} 

TENMS: Ii te rt j aonal Open ( Be ckenh a m) 



MATCH: Haartingtey. England v Were 
Intflos (BBCl) 

CHAMPIONSrtP: Dertjy: Dobydwe w 
Northamponstero Chafinstant Esax v 
Duttam Cantertxxy: Kent v Gtoucosor- 
ahire Old Traftortt Lancashire v Glamor- 

ran Trent Bridge: Noonghanshre v 
WorcesiertiXre The Oval: Surrey v Some*- 
seLEdgbaat oro W BW wd a hrev&Baac 


UMBRO CUP: England v Sweden (Btand 
Road, Sky. ftO). 

TOURNAMENT: Group a Brart * Angcfla 
(La dotal. 60). Efi^ana v Malaysia (Sk- 

WOMEN'S WORLD CUP. Noway v Eng- 
land (Kartstad. Sweden 7 0) 


EQUESTRIAN: Three-day overt (frzm- 

GOLF: Amateur ch ampwnahp (Royal 
Liverpool rad Wataseyl 
MOTORCYCLMGrTT Races (bio of Moil 
RACMGc Bmwtoy (2151: Chester 16.45). 
Penh (7 0): SouttrwD (AW. £ 0). 

TENW5: inr-mafionafl Open (Backenharrt 



TOURNAMENT: Group Ac South Korea v 

SeoDand (frionotae. &0L France v Msfloo 
lAubagne. ao). 


UNIVStSTTY MATCH: Farmarts: Caro 
tndge Ureverafy v Mxtotaste 

EQUESTRIAN: ThnMHtay went (Bram- 

GOLF: Amaieu champtanaflp (Royal 
LNowol and Waflasevl 
MOTORCYCLING: IT Races (Ue ol Man] 
RACING: Epsom 04. 2101. C«ak* 
Bridge (201: Goodwood (8.40, Haydock 
Park (&S): Penn (20). 

TEfWIS: btamaborro Opart iBockartearh) 



UMBRO CUP: Sweden v Japan (Cfiy 
GrourxJ. Sky. 20). 

OuartTytng group afic iraiand v Aurora 
(Rchmcrid ftrft Ckttn. 70) 

TOURNAMBfT: Group fr Engtand v 

Angola (La Seyne. 830); Bred v Matayda 
(Cfiaratgnari. 5.30) 


TOUR MATCHES: R* v Engtand a (Suva), 
Zrrfcabwe v SootianoA (Hose). 


AMB5CAN FOOTBALL: World League: 

Lender Monarchs w Swash Cfivtitores 

(WitaBHoi Lane, 7G- 

BOXWG: World Boxing Orgaraalteii 

fMtharmtoht ehamptonaivp: Stem Rahm¬ 

an iCadS, hotoa) v Frtorcto CBopefl W 
(CardSI). WBO 'erutaarwaigW 
lawhtohacanti-Cart Thompson f 
tor) vftjr Rochiglani (Go) ‘ 

CVCLMG: Va todwm e -Open meeting 

EQUESTRIAN: Three-day event (fram- 

GOLF: Ameteu championship (Royal 
Liverooof and Walasey). 

RACING: Donrarstar (2201. Epson (C4. 
Haydock Park p* 10). Marirer men 
_. N aw mor h W (6.40). Wohrerhampiort 
l*w. 7.00). Worcester (255) 

TBflWS: I rta mo ional Qjen (BederharrO 

200). I 


WOOOMANST5ME Old WBlcourttona 
fiite ma ton s l Tournament Fteata: Marc 
Old Watoountiens 0 Oti wtetaMars 4. 
women: Weston (Cheshta) 1 Horeham 0 


NHL: Playoff* Western Conference: 
Fteats: Defat 2 Chicago 1 (Detroit lead 
beet-ot-seren serin 1^). Eastern Con¬ 
ference: Fteats: Naur Jersey 4 1 
1 (New Josey toad serin (-0) 


teLE OF MAN: TT reces Total Ob TT 
foiraia One fete tape. 22ft38 mfles): 1, P 
McCtaan (Honda RC45) ihr Samn 
iftaBec Z J Draisp-(Honda RC45) 
155^32; ft S Bock 0uc«fl 15frnc2S0 
Stoacar race (Jhree 1^113.19 rritafi): 1. 
R Ftaher and B fSStkwon (Yamaha) 
1D3.-47.1; BodcQce and 0 Wflfla 
(Honda) 1D4345: * G Bal and N Roche 
(yema«} 1D459S. - 


PEHTHt Scottish r 

! round cflBtS* 


rely chBtrrionBhi p) : 1.T Abahamason and 
M fcdd rad Escort Cosworth) 2hr 38mfln-. 

17G8C toot Gfigtoto Ire ch an M ondip 

points]; 2 J K^cShto aid A Kepanen 
hWufll Astra) 24043; 2 G de Mevfua 
and J-M Fortin {Naaan Sremy) 24352- 

Orrarefl sterateigK 1. OraBte (fr) 4Bpta; 

araal Z GdBMayfcjB (BO), A McRae (Soot) 
and J KytotatitD (Fin) 48. •_ 


HAZEWMKBj Regatta: Coxsd torn 1. 
Brfeete (Leender) ST*T 14aac. Doubte 
scub t, Germany 628: 2 Britain 6532 
Cretan tours: 1. My 6.01:4 Britain &07. 
Quad aoutia: 1, fifty 55V. 4 Brtate 6.01; 
BghtK 1. Utoftne &40; < Britain 5.4ft 


WDVTEU) CW»: 1 Hh roreat Auttoand 36 
Sydney T 12 Marty 23 Brisbane 4; 
Nawrsatta 44 N Queenftoto 1C Croatia 
20 S Queensland 4; Canberra 18 B arnard 
ft-Sydney C16 Si George 14. 


Tour matches 

NSWataaC 2B England A 23 

Nea Scute Wtaee Comtes: TrteK Rke, 
McQueen. Taflrte. Cone Eddy 2 Fens: 
Eddy 2 Engtand K Thee Evas, Hoflred, 
Yrtea. Con: Grayson. Pans: Grayson 2 
(in Newcasfta) 

Zknbabwe 23 Scotland A 39 

2knbabwa: TrteK Jari, Noble. Cone 
Noble 2 Para: Nrtta 2 Scotiwid Ac Trias: 
Stark 2 DftL Grtnour. 9nphanl Core: 
Lalng 4. Ron: Laing. Dropped goal; Latog. 
(to Bulawayo) 


CfffCKET: MCC 232-7dec. "Enfiftd GS 
„2ae-7(M Bona ice not ouQ; *Upptogham 
225-Boac, Stanford 13ft "dmxsa homa 


CamreBchd 2 Ktogussta 2 


BtSLEYr Landon ft fiMtewn a rrwflfeore 
meeting; Grand aggeg a ta: Class A: B 
Wooctal 3517. Ctaaa B: 1 D Hodgson 
32<ft 100yds aggre gato. Class Ac 
Woodall 1 XB. dare B: S Dawes 1533. 
50yds a ggrea BK Ctaaa A: R HBboms 
1.893. Ctaaa fr TBriggs 1,90ft 

3803379 (f HXtatM 38S; Z London ft 
MlrWaara 3708579 (Mlurftao-Staoawkz 


THAftAND: Chaflange Tounemenc S 
Devfa (Eng) bi J WBttena (TheQ 82 


MSN YDWt Tournament of 

Fteat round: M Calms (Eng bi A 

17-15, C 

115-8.15-13 .1 

; Watar { 

S^waite(C« ril&ft 14-16.10-15,-1« . 
15-10; S Pate (EncflttMTftbotftJS) 154. 
156. IM.PNtaol Bert) btMHerth (Sort) 
15-10, 15-5,15-8. D MadcfinosJEng) U D 
Jensen (Aus) 15-11.15-U. 7-16. 15-13; D 
Ryan pra) fit Zarak Jafxm (Mr) 13-15,15- 

ll 15-7, 8-15,15-ft. R Norman (NZ) tot J 

Power (Crei) 15-13, 15-12 15-ft R Eytas 

Wus) bt A Gough (Matos) 15-13.15-17. IS- 

: ,J ~*■»: : *-r 



Utenb CU>: Ertfend V Brazfl (Mfembfey. 


greup eight Iratend v Greaos (DuUto, 4 0). 


Dobyshbe v NartumptenaHra. Chetme- 
tord: Essex w Durham F 
Hamptiwa v Laices&rehn. 

Kan v Gtouceetarehira. CBd 
Lancashire v Gtamregan. Trent Bridge: 
Nottinghamshire v Worceoarshra The 
Oral-. Surrey v SomaraaL Edoba to rc 
Vtanwdahfiev Sussex. 


EQUESTFBAN: Ttaaeday went (Bram- 

MOTOR SPORT: frffish lmmg c a 
charra k rehlp (Brands Hatch). 

RAONG: Epsom (C4.20); UnOtaWP-IS). 
TBiMfr IniEmaeanal Open (Beaenharh). 

Regers 7, Befl Patk 3 Rngxrood C 0, Chelsea 
1 Moorabttn t; Qiltan HH 1 %mgvale W 4: E 
Brunswick 1 Waveriey 1; E Raymond 0 
Nurawarkng 0: Mooroolbafk 2 East Altona 0; 
EUham Utd 0 Franksion 2; Ke*Jcr 1 Banyule 0; 
Mettx»mie C T West Vaie 1; Pascog Vale 1 
Fitzroy 0. S CauiSeld 0 Sth Dandenong 0: 
Suibury 1 Sandringham 1; Cano 2 S 

WanSma 0; Craiboume 1 S Springvale 0; 
Doveton 2 Stonrungton 2; Sun HSghts 4 
Langrrarrin 1; Wtlbemstown 0 Geetong 2. 
YanaviBe 2 Manbidi 0. Ballarat 0 Mitcham 2. 
Branttoi Pk 1 Melton 0; Dandenong 2 
Moreland 4; Knox Pk 2 Laky 4. N Sunshine 1 
Heideiberq C 1; Old Scotch 1 Geelong R 
3;Springvale C 3 Gtanray T; Berwick Cty 2 
Meadow Pk 1; &msk3e 1 Lyndaie U 4; 

Broadm'dowd U 1 Monash 1: Bnxiswick C 2 
Hoppers C 2. E Nunawadng 1 Keysborough 
1; N Gierwcy 0 Momlngtan 0; S Yana 2 
Hampton Pk 1. Blue Eagles 2 Mocfixry 0; 
Croydon 0 Campb'ltown 3: Salisbury 1 Pori 
Lion 1;WoodwHeS Adelaide Ri; Adelaide 
Cty 0 Para Hills 1: Cumberland 1 Enfield 3; 
Etaabeth 4 Seafbrd t; Olympians 2 W 
Adetatde t; Ptymptan 3 W T arkaila2: 

Flinders 2 Raders SC 0: Hellenic 1 C8C C 0; 
Rodoftl l0naSans4;StPeter82ESub2:Urw 
(SA) 1 Messinian H 2; Artnertey 1 Latrobe 1: 
The Gap 2 North Pine 0; Loramolme 0 Dana 
2 Oxtey 1 Brothers 3; South Star 0 Southside 
3; Devonport 12 Somerset 0; Georgetown 2 
Western Sub 2; Launceston 0 Burris % St 
Leorards 1 lUverstone 5) Howraft 2 Nelson 0 ; 
Kin^xxough 1 Metro 2. 




1 1 1 
« : 9 a j 7 








T9! 16 j 17 



















































'i 3 i‘ 









































dftms raqftred 
Drridanti toracad 
to vrey lav wrrh 13 
score draw oxl 3 
noscore dram. 


PARIS: French Open 


TWnl round: S Draper (Ate) bt R Ronaberg 
(US) &Z 8-2. 3-6, 6-4; R F urfari M M F 

blXfi (»ti) w, 5-7. 7-6, B-ftia 
Chano (US bt T Cartronafi (Sp)51.6-2 7- 
& M Stich (Ger) btABoetscfi [Fr) 6-2.6-4. 
6-7. 3-6. B-3, A Chesnotaw (Rl&s) bt T 
Martin (US) 6-2.6-2,6-4, S Bruo>xa &>) tK 
B Steven ft® ft3,8-2.8-4; AvoiraaSom) 
M B Beckor (Gorl 6-3, 6-4.3-ft 7-6. ftourfli 
rant Y Ksetrerov (Russ) bl A Conors 
8-3. 8-2, 8-2 A Agassf (US) bt Y§ 
(Mot) 6-4,6-262 


Second round: Y KafleMhov and A 
bt M Bauar (US) and J 
6-4. C Brandi (It) and L 
'bt D Johnson and K Thome 
J Htasek (SwfiO end D 
bt N Broad ((£) aid B 
j'64.7-6; K Nomcak (Cz) aid 
(San) bt J Arrese and J A 
6-4. 63; G Fregat and F 
WSCasftard ESox^icz (So) 
Third round: hfiasak md 
Wheaton bt Johnson and Thome 4-6, 7-6, 
66; N KtOl and M Larsson (Swe) bt J Eagla 
and A Ftorert (Aus) 61,6-2 

Third retard: A Sughama (Japan) bl J 
Watanabe(US 6362 M Pterce(Fr)btF 
Labot (Are) 6-2 6-21 Mato! (Cm) bi S Trig 
Wang iTwi^ 7-5,6-2 A Smashnovs (la) bl 
A Frazier (US) 61.62 A Sflnchaz Vfcario 
l bt B Ratoatadtor (Aut) 63.61; C Atoto 
bt J Novotna (Cz) 7-6,4-8.6ft KDrte 
‘ bt K Nowak (Po(| 61, 63. L 
_ . (US) btMHfrftsiSwaa 4-6.62. 
62 Fourth maid: C IbtmeziSp) bt A 
SoraZanettf (It) 60.61; S Gret (Go) bt A 
HubarfGer) 64.7-6; VRuanoftBCud (Spl 
bl R Dragon* (Rom) 2-ft 60. 63 G 
'Sebatfii (Arg) H k Nagoatfla (Japan) 6-3 
60; ftian HSureyama 62 1-6.62 Ma)oi 
(On* bl Plerai62.63. 

Second round: G Femandaz (US) and N 
Zvereva (Bald) bt I Driahuta fttoffl rad L 
Plaiting (Aua) 61.60; C Motine pp) and 
P TaraSni (Am) bt E Moiinoova (a) and E 
Warewr (Gcb) 7-5 61: E Rftnacn (Russ) 
ana I Sputee (Rom) bt M Undstrom and M 
Stiandkmd (Sure) 61. M. G Sabatinl ‘ 
ate B Scfetiz (Hoi) H E LAhovtteva ( 
and C Sngar (Go) 7-6.62 L Gotarea ( 
andCVis (HoOblN Dshbnan (Finland K 
Kacnwrexfl (Gan 61, 7-5. J Hateri and N 
Tauflat (Fi) bt E Moiehaora and H Vfldoua 
(Cz) 62. 67. 6): P Fen* and M J 
Frerandaz (US) bt A Dechauma <R) and B 
F Labrt (Am) 67. 6-3, 61. J Ftegerald 
(Autoand A Enyd (»«) bt D PrinoaT^er) 
andDRM (Cz) 64, 61. N Arondr and L 
Damprei (US) bt K Habsudcwa and R 
Zrubakova ^tovoMal 63 60. 


Fteat round: A Grossman (US) and M 
KnouriBS (Bah) M K Boogart and M Oosttog 
Mol) 62 8-7.0-1, Z Garrison Jackson rad 
T Krcnemsm (US) U K Adams and K Jonas 
(US) 61. 3ft 7-5. R McOuflian and D 
Mammon (Aus) H L Ghbatdi and S Huar 


ma («) 

and A 
and J 


and J Walla (US) 7 

L Pfenak - 


1 round: E Matiotava 

bl L Metis! (US) 
1. 62 B Schfttz 
bt H Stflrova (Cz) 
L 62 R Shtobe 
btS Stafford (US) 
.CWood (GB) and 
. btN Zvereva (Beta) and R 
64,64: Y Basuta (IrxSa) and k 

r NS3MO 

Thome (U^ bt A Coabar and L Bate (SA) 6 
2 4ft 66. L Nettand (La) M Wbcdtonto 
(Aus) bl 1 Demongeot (Fr) end L Barthez (Fr) 
6-2.3-6.11-9, G Fernandez (US) and C Suk 
M bt K-A Guae aid J Eagta iAjb) 6263: 
J HatanJ and 0 DftftlreWw triarraJund 
and P Nybreg (Svre) 61.62. N Medvedeva 
(Lite) oto P Haartxtis (Hefll) W M Oremara 
and H J Davids (Hcfl) 63 62 P Tarabrt 
and D Orsartic LArn) tx M McGrath Old J 
Stark (US) 64, 3ft 63, J Herherngtan 
“ ' and J-LDeJagrefSAJ bl MBofiegrat 
and J Ftowaid (Aua) 7-6. 7-ft R 
and D McPherson (Aus) bt L 
HarvBy-WkJ (US) and G Mitior (SA) 64,2 
ft 60. Third round: Medvedeva and 
Haarttiis bt Wood and Pfcnek 1-6.6-2 60; 
Fomandez and Suk tot Haired and DatoTtra 
6362N Arendt rad G van Embregh n^) 
Ml Spates (Rami and D Vteeer (SA) 7ft, fr 

PremtertSvteton: Hnsfla Man: David Lloyd 
Bushw 4 Wtocnaatar 2 Waman: Quean 
Club 6 Holcombe Brook a 

Mac Senti-Awta: D Saosford (Srerey) M P 
Martin Wvon)63 63: P Hands (BrekalbtD 
Ward (kart) 62 62 Final; Sapsfcrd M 
Hand 66,6-3.64. 

women: Semfl-flnata J wad (Dixham) bt J 
Latrova (Rlb) 64.7-6, N Egoroca (Fto) bt S 
Benflar (Srerey) 61.62 Flnat Egreoira M 
Ward63 52 



Call 0891 500123 


Call 0891100123 


Report and scores from 
die Britannic Assurance 
county championship 

Call 0891525 019 


Reports and scores from 
the World Cup 

Can 0891525 235 

Cads cost 39p per nrin dftaqj ratt, 
49p per nnn at aHotber tunes 

•■• •■•'••''9 , **^CVrt*Wii;.' 

s 3P £713 ^ ES Monday 

.*. v* 1 

N ot ewwyane has the 
time to prepare for 
a marat h o n , but 
everyone can odoi- 
ptdc in a 3 ^ -mfle road race. 
And now is the rime to prove 
n. Steady training fir five 
weefcs and you will be ready 
to take part with the rest 
SL If 001 colleagues in the 
Oiexnical Bank Corporate 
Challenge at 6.45pm on Wed¬ 
nesday, July 12 . 

U* race, which is being 
supported byTfre Times, takes 
place in Battersea 
Park. south 
Londatvand is the 
third largest road 
race in Britain. 

Only the London 
Marathon and the 
Great North Run 
have more partici¬ 
pants. The Corpo¬ 
rate Challenge Is ' 
restricted to full¬ 
time; employees of 
companies and cor¬ 
porations in the. 

United Kingdom. - 
A total of 5.930 
male and female 
runners, represent¬ 
ing 460 companies, 
took part in the race 
last year, almost 
three times as 
many as in the first 
race in 1986. Of 
course, there were 
some inte rnational 
athletes at the front 
of the field last yean' 

Eamann Martin, 
winner of the 1993 
London Marathon 
and represe ntin g 
FbnL was first 
For these run- Most ns 
ners, the race acts 
as a qualification for the 
Chemical Bade final, which 
takes place in New York bn 
October 7. Eighteen cities wffl 
be sending their entrants to 

Howevar, mast runners will 
be those who fit in the odd rtm 
between work and home. The 
event brings people together to 
show a sense of pridem their 
companies and their city. Mor¬ 
gan Stanley sent a record-- 
number of entrants of more . 

Most runners fit in the odd nm athmdrtjme 

pr the The evening does not just fid toh 
which consist of file race; it becomes a it can. 
biit bn soda! occasion. Colleagues, increas 
ies will friends and family bring pic- rutsun; 
ants to tries tor the runners, while ; You 
others gather in the corporate . spartar 
erswffl tents which are erected in the few wi 
ddrtm park. taken, 

ae-The Many of the competitors drink ta 
after to next month will not .have Rum 
intijrir prepared seriously for fhie place i 
y.Mnr- race. Some will not have commit 

competing in a raitie 

first time as adults. *' 1 ^’^4 'P&, 


i do^e^ofeffiedayjif 

ENTRY forms forfhc0jem- 
ical Bank Goiponte ChalF 
enge, which is organised by 
the London Marathon, can 
be obtained from tU7F620 
4U7. The 3 * 2 -mite team road 
race is open to employees of 

financial institutions. Com¬ 
panies may enter an imfind- 
ed number of runners and 
teams at aD levels of abifity. 

Runners are scored orra* 
team basis. There are time 

competiticoxamen's event 
a women's and mixed. Scor¬ 
ing Ramsoifositt respective- 
~Jy ofc five men, ftree women 
and a nnxed team of two 
men and two Women. How. 
mat each runner may . be 

fenSte imr caonoMbe 
ptoced in both 'a women's 
sod mixed team#. 

Bach company appoints a 
c apt a in who oft-or riinal c s tfae 
entries and completes the 
score cards. 

All runners note their own 
time, which win appear on 

tiie distal dock above die 
finish fine, and dun give, 
their results to their captain. 
All times are verified by 
officials using CCTV and 
any falsification wifi lead to 
the disqualification of the 
whole company. 




Mees Pierson 


\1 [ \\\ \ )R() 

rk SPORT 33 

rate Challenge—a three-and-a-half mile run in Battersea Park 

ence is not toopainfuL Unless 
cal exercise, such as squash or 
football, it is advisable to get 
deacaaefr from your doctor 
before running. You cannot be 
too careful 

It is easy to fit in a few 
. sessions, eaner before or after 
work or at lunchtime, when 
yen . can run or go to a 
g ymn a s i um and use a tread 
mitt, stab-climber or one erf the 
. after aerobic macfaincs - 
_ : jfypuhavenptnmregular- 
steve shooter ly before, uy to get 
- in some steady jog¬ 
ging for 20 to 30 
minutes, at least 
three times a week. 
Begin very ‘slowly 
for the first two 
weeks, making cer¬ 
tain that you can 
talk easily as you 
exercise. If this is an 
effort, you are 
going too fast 
However, if you 
are worried about 
your fitness to run 
continuously for 
fids length of time, , 
then alternately , 
walk 60 yards and 
run 60 yards, be¬ 
fore progressing to 
a steady run. Do 
some light stretch¬ 
ing movements be¬ 
fore you start 

Buy a pair of 
shoes by going to a 
specialist shop. 
Make certain you 
get advice about the 
most appropriate 
pair for your 
hmdrtfrne ambitions. 

It is always help¬ 
er fid to have a training partner, 
s a it can add to motivation and 
s. increases tire safety of your 
ic- running. 

He ; You do not have to lead a 
rte ■ spartan existence over the next 
he few weeks. Alcohol can be 
' taken, provided you do not 
irs drink too much too often, 
ve Running has also to take its 

he place alongside your after 
re comm i tments but try to exer- 
...... will make the 

a-’,' experience erf the Chemical 
^ BarikCorp orate ChaBepge aH 
if the more enjoyable and satis- 
i- tying on July 12. 

- • _ ii - 

orSTwhotHne on 0171 4363415 

Streaming along the seafront at Barmouth, athletes in last year’s Welsh Castles Relay. It is one of the most exhilarating and challenging events of its kind 

Across Wales, from castle to castle 

Jane Blunden looks forward to the two-day Welsh ~ 

mg ewms of its kind Castles Relay from Caernarvon to Cardiff Castle 

O ne of the most exhila- 
Tating and challeng¬ 
ing events of its kind 
in the UK sports calendar is 
the FowerGcn WeJshCastlcs 
Relay, which takes place next 
wedttnd. This unique tworiay 
road relay will bring together 
around 1 , 000 runners, from all 
parts of the British Isles, to 
race in teams from Caernar¬ 
von to Card® Castle — a 
distance of 210 miles. 

The relay is raced in 20 
stages. The maximum number 
of 45 teams is entered for this 
years event Famous names to 
have competed for their dubs 
in the past include Steve Jones, 
NeffHorsfidd, Dennis Fowles 
and Steve Brace. This is the 
fourteenth year of the race and 
it has grown beyond all hopes 
and dreams. 

“The Welsh roads, and not 
the sky, are the limit” Reg 
Rossiter, the race organiser, 
says. In the first castle relays 
from 1982to 1965, the standard 
relay format was employed 
with each runner handing 
over to a team-mate at a pre¬ 
destined changeover point 
The runners ran through the 
night and Mike Davies 
described the silence and 
blackness of running over the 
Brecon Beacons as "just run¬ 
ning into a black hole with no 

relay r \ .. 

some stages, such as the 
undoubtedly difficult fifth 
stage on the second day. much 
of the course is uphill. 

Between Buflth Wells and 
Drovers Arms, the terrain is 
undulating for seven mites 
and very steep for the remain¬ 
ing five where die average 
gradient is one in five. 

The big question for this 
year's event is whether the UK 

Land Forces team, which was 
narrowly defeated by last 
yeans winners. Swansea Har¬ 
riers, will at last claim a 
victory. In 1991, in an even 
closer race, after 19 hours of 
running Land Raxes were 
beaten to die title by just 42 
seconds by Les Croupiers Run¬ 
ning Club. 

This thrilling race ends at 
Cardiff Castle with great cele¬ 

brations and an awards cere¬ 
mony. The main event is 
sponsored by PowerGen, 
which has financed the relay 
for five years and is ensuring 
the future of this well- 
organised two days. 

“The word camaraderie 
sums it all up,” a tired but 
happy runner told me last 
year as he stretched out a hand 
for a pmt of cold beer. 

_ '?"T_ C asfle n 

- Hwtecfl ,JFotl , 

Criccifltft CwarVr-^.-«- 
amorti—'^CwsWon 1 


Mm«da*y Crossgtfes. ;U ^^ m : 

„ BUUlMfeBS* f 
' DrovaraAnjw-' cytartMa [ 
■ * Brecon- Caste } 

1 '~ B ato n s Rawwaif - •■/ ; 

■vsgs.V -- Cawphffly : 

V? «. ,ftioteon; CssUb- 

-rzztzzi V - " 



By Robert Sheehan, bridge correspondent 
As East at Game All, playing teams, you pick up: 

*10 VK 76 



H appily, the race now 
takes place in day¬ 
light hours so that tire 
beauty of the Welsh country¬ 
side, with its flinty hardness of 
slate-filled mountains and ma¬ 
jestic wooded hollows, can be 
seen. As the runners disap¬ 
pear into the sunlight or misty 
hills, fantastic stories of mythi¬ 
cal Wales, of Norsemen and of 
Celts, of King Arthur and his 
days fill the mind as the race 
moves from casfie to castle. 

Each stage is arranged as a 
separa te r ace. All the runners 

the first ^ runner oiP the preced¬ 
ing stage arrives. Within the 
main event there is a “Kings 
and Queens of the Mountains" 
competition, rafter like the 
Tour de France cycle race, in 
which the individuals and 
' dubs which do the best over 
six of the most gruelling 
mountainous stages are 
awarded the title. Inis tough 
section of the race is sponsored' 
by British Steel. 

Tension is tangible through¬ 
out the race. John Walker, 
organiser of the Serpentine 
Running Club teams, says: “It 
is a hard race by any stan¬ 
dards, but it is alar great fun. 
It brings the best out of every 

Last yeans “Queens of the 
Mountains” title was awarded 
to the Serpentine Ladies, who 
had among their team Hilary 
Walker, the worid-record- 
holding ultra-distance runner. 
She has competed in many 
long-distance events, inefud- | 
ing that from Lhasa to Kaft- i 
mandu in the Himalayas. 

Although there is competi- | 
tion, teams help each other I 
with water and directions en 
route. Each runner runs be- 
tween 8.1 and 12.&m3es and in 

South opens the bidding with One Spade partner passes and 
to your surprise North bids Two Chibs. What do you bid? Many 
players, when the opponents bid a suit in which they are strong, 
assume the opponents are psyching. They make some wild bid to 
expose the psyche and get a poor result. In my experience, the 
most likely reason an opponent bids your suit is that he has got 
rt. It is much better to pass and await developments. 

This is what I did when I held this hand at the Spring 
Fhursomes. The auction continued: South Two Diamonds, 
North 2 NT. South Three Diamonds, North Three Spades, 
South Four Spades. 1 was just getting ready to double this when 
it came back to me when l heard my partner. Tony Forrester, 

Like my old partner Jeremy Flint Forrester is one of (hose 
players who has the knack of bidding your hand for you. This 
was the full deal: 

Dealer South 

Came aD 

♦ to 

♦ AKB 


▼ AQ32 


*0932 ’S 

VJ109B54 vjr ’.'g- 
• 9GS 

+- L^-g::_ 



*0 J 10 74 

Contract: Four spades doubled by South. Lead: Jack of hearts 

Par play on the hand is for East to win the first diamond and 
give West a dub ruff. That way the defence comes to four tricks. 
In practice it didn't go like that and the declarer somewhat 
misread the position and went two downAfter we had lost the 
match I asked our teammate Andrew Robson what he thought of 
the double. He said it was a ‘Frightener Double’. You might 
couple that with ‘iightner’ as the basis of a limerick. 

□ Robert Sheehan writes on bridge Monday io Friday in Sport 
and in the Weekend section on Saturday. 

I Keene on chess 

3 tJ4 CXCJ4 

A NttM Nffi 

5 Nc3 a6 

6 g3 efi 

7 Bg2 Qc7 

8 0-0 Be7 

9 34 Nc6 

10 Rat 0-0 

11 Be3 Ne5 

12 h3 Rb6 

13 Qe2 Bd? 

14 g4 hS 

15 Ratfl Rfc8 

16 14 Nc4 

17 Bel 65 

18 txe5 <■ ~ 

19 Nb3 

20 axbS axi 

21 Khl ‘j4 

22 Nd5 N<0S 

23 excS 3h4 

24 ftgl BbS 

25 Ct6 007 

26 QeA Rb6 

27 Rd5 Rxd6 

28 Nc5 Qa7 

29 Q5 hxgS 

30 Rgdl Rxtfi 

31 HnSS Bc6 

32 Of5 QaB 

33 Kh2 BxcB 

34 Bxd5 Nd6 

35 Qd3 Oa7 

36 Be3 ffcc5 

While resigns 

Diagram of final position 


By Raymond Keene 


Reunification Doubts 

IN AN interview concerning his 
chances against Vishy Anand in 
the PCa World Championship 
match set lor Cologne in 
September/October. Garry 
Ka^jarov said: “My chances 
against Anand arc 64 in my 
favour, but it will be a close match. 
As far as the reunification match 
between the Professional Chess 
Association and the World Chess 
Federation fFlDE) is concerned, if 
1 beat Anand and Karpov beats 
Karasky in the FIDE match, then 1 
would be prepared to defend my 
title." U is significant that 
Kasparov refused to commii him¬ 
self as to whether he would 
actually play a reunification match 
if the American grandmaster, 
Gaia Karnsky, were to defeat 
Anatoly Karpov. The conditions 
and date of the FIDE Champ¬ 
ionship have yet to be set. II 
Kasparov and Karnsky win their 
respective PCA and FIDE matches 
and Kasparov then refuses io play 
Kamsky. it would throw the whole 
reunification strategy between 
FIDE and the PCA. worked out in 
Moscow last year, into disarray. 

Short Slips 

Nigel Sinn's fine run in the 
Novgorod PCA Super-Oassic was 
halted in round six when he was 
crashed by his bew noire, the 
Ukranian grandmaster Vassily 
Ivanchuk. Shari 5 strategy as 
White against the Sicilian Defence 
wa s supine and Ivanchuk rapidly 
seized ail the strategic advantages 
which this defence frequently 

White Nigel Short 
Blade VassOy Ivanchuk 
Novgorod. June 1995 

Sidfian Defence 

1 84 C3 

2 NO 06 


□ Raymond Keene writes on chess 
Monday to Friday in Sport and in 
the Weekend section on Saturday. 


By Philip Howard 


a. Sour 

b. Growing bigger 

c. A strong smell 


a. An African zither 
b- A'bone-scraper 
a A deg or horse-fly 


a. Magic 

b. A wailing wake 

c. A Finnish nose-whistle 


a. A passion for onions 

b. Fear of crowds 
c Love of shopping 

Answers on page 42 

By Raymond Keene 

This petition is from the game 
Westerinen - Siguijonsson, 
New York, 1977. .Although 
White is a piece up Black has 
tremendous threats against 
his king. How did White solve 
his problems in dramatic 

Solution on page 42 


r **»»■*■* 

sv* vri'&e- 



Need for traditional skills and experience undenriined by indicators 

Striking at heart of fly-fishing ethics 

Brian Parke on the 
arming use of a 
device that is eroding 
the sport's integrity 

I once had lunch wish a 
well-known and amusing 
captain of industry. .Apro¬ 
pos something or other. I 
raised the then topical ques¬ 
tion of business ethics." He 
looked at me with mock- 
incredulity and leant over the 
table. “Ethics? Ethics? That's 
the name of a county in 
southern England, isn’t it?" 

In angling, "ethics" is the 
name of a deep, dork pit full of 
hissing and biting things. It is 
the subject above all subjects 
that most sensible commenta¬ 
tors give a wide berth, or else 
mm over with a long stick 
w hile their head is averted, for 
fear of what might lie beneath. 

The subject has been 
brought forward by recent 
correspondence in some of the 
angling press and, at personal 
level, by my discovery on the 
floor of a fishing hut on one of 
the most hallowed and tradi¬ 
tionally-fished chalk streams 
in the land, of two small, 
buoyant, brightly coloured 
plastic pads about the size of a 
iinle fingernail. 

The two adhesive pads, each 
looking like an old-fashioned 
com plaster without the hole, 
are strike indicators. They are 
stuck together on either side of 
the fly-fisher's nylon leader. 
They originated in America 
and sheir'purposc was to give 
a visible indication of a take 
when a weighted nymph was 
being fished deep through 
fast, turbulent water. Because 
the slight pulls of a taking 
trout on floating nylon can be 
hard to see. and because 
America has a lot of fast, wide 
rivers, the strike indicator 
became accepted there. 

But. of late, strike indicators 
have been finding their way to 
Britain and they are being 
used in all manner of situa¬ 
tions not originally intended, 
because of the advantages they 
offer. In one typical circum¬ 
stance they are being used ro 
fish weighted nymphs on very 
ordinary streams — including. 
if my own visit was anything 
to go by. the slowest and most 
stately of chalk streams. 

Normally, when an angler 
fishes a sunken nymph on a 
small stream, he has to watch 
the end of the nylon leader on 
the water, at the place where it 
passes through the surface 
towards the fly. If that stretch 
of nylon hesitates or twitches 
or is pulled down, the angler 
strikes because such move¬ 
ment often signals a take. 


Going; good 

2.10 (lm> 1. Overpower iSJeve Smith 
Eccies, 10-1) 2. Alpwab (7-4 lav). 3. Sue 
Gnt (11-1). 12 ran Nk hd M TcfnpMns 
Tone CUM. E2J50. Cl 30. £320 OF. 
£19 00 Tno. Cl 10 40. CSF: £28 70 
Tncast £198 53 

2.J0 (&> J. Toguta (M Hite. U-U. 2 
Tumbleweed Ridge (7-it. 3. Modem Day 
111-4 lav). 10 ran & hcL I Baking Toie 
£1390. £300. El.50. Cl 50. DF £77 00. 
Tno £63.80 CSF £97.32. 

3.10 llmi 1 . Bln Rosie (D R McCabe. 
100-301.2. Empty Quarter (10-1). 3. Bend 
Wavy 1 25-t) Marocco 7-J lav 12 ran 51. 
hd D Loder. Tola £3 70. £1 40. £330. 
£760 DF £20 60 Tno. 5235 50. CSF. 
E35 76 

3.40 (00 1. Penyswn View |M arch. 5-i 
jt-favj. 2. BokJ Effort (16-1). 3. French Grit 
(10-1): 4. Coastal Biuft (9-1) Muchiarah 
5-1 it-fav 17 ran. H nL P Calver. T«e 
£6.7ft £2.10. £6 00. £2 30. E2.40 DF- 
£127.00. Tno £477.00 CSF £8284 
TncasT £73397. 

Redgrave Bruno’s bid 
and Pinsent for world 
power to'. 
Hazewinkel staged at 
hat-trick Wembley 

A fly-fisherman watches intently as he uses a strike indicator to drift his weighted nymph through fast-flowing water 

Such rakes can be seen by 
anyone whose sight is good 
enough to follow a floating fly, 
bur they require great concen- 
rration and considerable expe¬ 
rience to spot regularly. To use 
a strike indicator, which is 
simply pulled under the sur¬ 
face, removes the element of 
skill from the whole process. 

In another application, the 
indicator is being used on 
lakes and even on small 
ponds. The weighted nymph is 
cast out and sinks. When it has 
submerged the length of line 
between it and the floating 
indicator, rhe indicator buoys 
it up and the nymph is left to 
drift and dangle from h. 

In other words, the indicator 
is used as a floor and when a 
fish takes, the bite is again 
obvious. By varying the length 
of line between the indicator 
and the nymph, the nymph 
can be float-fished at a prede¬ 
termined depth for as long as 
required — again taking out 
ail the skill that such fishing 
normally requires. 


4.15 (61) 1. Baaderah {L Detain, 3-1). 2. 
Brareton AOby (4-1). 3. Tnple Joy (9-2l 
Tanarrc 11-4 lav. 9 ran NR Welsh Mia Nk. 
1:1 l Cumarv Tote £390. El 50. £1 60. 
£1 50 DF £1140. Tno £1230. CSF 
£14 71 

4.45 150 1. Princess Oberon iM Hdis. 
6-1)- 2. Samt Express H4-li. 3. Moujeeb 
17-1) Name The Tune 7-2 tav 10 ran W. 
2 .4. M Bell Tore- £7 70. £2.70. £4 60. 
£220 DF- £61 60 Tno: £37030 CSF: 
£78 86 Tncast £556 02. 

520 (im61)1. Pedraza (W Ryan, 7-4 lav). 
2. Genera] Assembly (941.3. Wila (33-1 1 £• 
ran ll. 71 H CecH. T«c £260, £1 40. 
£110. £5 30 DF- £2 50 Tw £117 50 
CSF £600 

Jackpot not won (pool of E7.687.6i 
canted forward n Leicester today). 
Placepot £347.00. Quadpot £49.80. 

Lingfield Park 

Going: good 

2.00 (Im 21) 1.A1 Italy (RPerham. 7-11. 
2. Grand Selection (5-1 1 : 3. Pean Venture 
(16-1) United From u-4 fav Bran Shhd. 
91 R Hannon. Tote- £980, £2.10, £1 70, 

The question is about the 
ethics of this and the extent to 
which such practices are con¬ 
sistent with the sport of fly¬ 
fishing as most people know iL 

Enter the hissing and biting 
things. How is fly-fishing to be 

At one time, fly-fishing was 
simply the fooling of fish on 
feathered confections on hooks 

attached to horsehair. _ 

Then fly designs got 
better and flies thar fc ] 
imitated natural in¬ 
sects emerged. New 
fly-tying materials 
were developed. Wa- jflg 

terproofing agents _ 

were formulated so 
that dry flies could be made to 
float much longer. lead and 
copper wire were incorporated 
to make sinking flies sink 
faster and deeper. 

Horsehair lines gave way to 
silk, which gave way to mod¬ 
em. synthetic lines that can be 
designed to float all day or to 
sink at pretty well any rate 
desired. Hazel and hickory 

rods gave way to greenheart, 
greenheart gave way to split 
cane, split cane has almost 
completely given way to car¬ 
bon fibre and boron. 

In the main, this steady 
evolution has been welcomed. 
Many developments have tak¬ 
en the drudgery out of fly¬ 
fishing mechanics and made 
the angler more affective. At 

‘Everything is left to the 
instincts and sense of 
fair play of the individual’ 

each stage, as always, a few 
have objected and have quite 
properly gone their own way. 

And so again the question: 
where is fly-fishing, “tradition¬ 
al" fly-fishing, in all of this? 
The sport has frequently been 
moved forward by technology, 
there are no written “rules" 
and there is no prescriptive 
governing body to enforce 

E360 OF £16.70 CSF: E3691 Tncast 
£464 59. 

230 (Im 31 106yd) 1. waiting (T Oumn, 

5- 1)2. Marsoam 1 13-61.3. Golden Ball [5-4 
lav). 5 ran 1*1, 3WI P Cote. Tola- E5 7ft 
£200. £1.70 DF £0.10. CSF £12 74 
3.00 [61) 1. Roger Dh Butter (M Fenian. 

6- 1) 2. Paid 15-11, 3. Cod Jazz IB-1) 
Wav an 9-2 lav 9 ran. 1 ’*1. hd M Bell role: 
£740.£200.£230.£1.70 DF.D700.Tna 
£60 10. CSF. £33 73 

3 JO [50 i. Capture The Moment (D Biggs. 
13-8 lav Private HancScapper's top rat¬ 
ing) 2. Essertateeiecbon (9-1); 3. Row¬ 
landsons Chaim (25-11 11 ran. ’vl. Ihl. R 
Wiltons Tote £2 4ft. £1 30. £270. £2 10 
DF £1250 Tno £17200. CSF. £1699 
4.00 (71140yd) 1. Cyrano's Lad [C Dwyer, 
33-1). 2. Grt From I panama (6-5 lav). 3. 
Jafeca 13-1) 5 ran. Nk. 2V John Beny. 
Tola- D780. £2.20. £160. DF. £13 76 
CSF -£6822 

4.30 (60 ). La Petite Fusee [Stephen 
Davies. 9-2). 2. Dashing Dancer (5-fj; 3 
Had Tone (10-1| Thaiwa 4 -1 lav. 12 ran 3. 
iw R O'Sullivan TcSe: £8.40. £2.60. £ 220 . 
£320. DF. £1350 Tno £5660 CSF- 
£25 86 Tncast D9725. 

Placepot £191.70. Ouadpoc £24.40. 




The Insolvency Ad 1*86 


2-251. ZaJotti (4-1). 2. Mash Flower (5-2). 3. 
Bmawod (5-1). ManoneRose i5-8tav 6tan 
2-55 1, Rich Glow (4-1). 2 Croft Impend 
15-11. 3. Ned's Bonanza (11-2) Tenor 7-2 
lav. 9 ran NR. Kenasha 
355 1. Htahbrook (7-4 lav) 2. Latvian 
(3-1 J. 3. H* The Canvas (3-1). 4 ran. 

3JS5 1. What's The Verdkri (54 lav). 2. 
Strand (3-1). 3. Mudarfc (9-4 j. 6 ran. 

4.25 1. Sflvteoious (74 ((.lav!. 2. Verde 
Luna (74ji-fav). 3. Dtemond Crown (5-2). 6 
ran NR: Daywne Dawn. 

4.55 1. Nortfe Breeze (5-1). 2. Flyaway 
Sues 16-2 lavi. 3. Oiebrabon Cake 
(10-1). 11 ran NR. Seenthedgm. 

Catterick Bridge 

2.15 1, Lika Pedigo (54 lav). 2. Catwalk 
Get (11-2). 3. Sovitaka 19-2) 9 ran NR 

£45 1. Mister Rm (9-1): 2. Dr Celigari 
(7-2); 3. BofcSna Bay (Evens *avj. 5 ran 

3.15 1. Karinska MO-11. 2. Witt* Gan 
15-1). 3. Celestial Oar (5-1). Knobblee- 
neeze 3-1 tav 11 ran NR Ownmg h. 

0171-782 7344 





eJSSrto s s«tw«i 98 

m*>iwency Ad 1986 mat a meet- ™ 

ing of the creditor* of me nbov» ™ win 

1 mtfned ratnumv wUI be hald SI ** Pda Oft BOOtn WitUe 5o Nttw 


Out Creditor! of the above named be beiil al 

company, which n oelne voJun Roui Chal 

them, even if there were. 
Everything is left to the in¬ 
stincts and sense of fair play of 
the individual and the lines 
that individual fishery owners 
care to draw. If we do not like 
what we see. we can vote with 
our feet. Few of us would have 
it otherwise. 

And yet to many, the idea of 
float-fishing a nymph on a 

_ small still-water or a 

slowly paced stream. 
p as a means of remov¬ 

ing all skill from the 
process, is a shift of the 

J’ Those who use such 

_ devices will certainly 

claim the strike indica¬ 
tor used in die wpys described 
is merely another example of 
incremental change. But in 
this way. large-scale, commer¬ 
cially sponsored competitive 
fishing, even on precious, wild 
rivers, is rationalised by the 
argument that some people 
have always fished competi¬ 
tively. In the same way, the 
records system has been 

- ----i 

3.45 1. Russian Heroine (B-J). 2. PoBy 
Garter jll-21: 3. Legal Isa* (7-4 lav) 11 
ran. NR he Mon. 

4.15 t. Snow Dream (5-1) 2, Mosftaajir 
(7-21.3. Nonham Kingdom (10-1) Mizyan 
94 tav. 6 tan. 

4.45 1. Penny's Wishing |5-1). Z Mouse¬ 
hole (11-4): 3. Ligurian (5-1). Boten Frwta 
2-1 lav 7 ran 

Kempton Park 

6.30 I. Sooty Tom (9-1). 2. Bdta Gate 
Boy (EM); 3. Lady Lacey (9-1). 4. Run* 
Symbol (7-1) Roi De La Mer 3-1 tav. 16 

7.001. Vena |l 1-2), 2. Hagwah (11-5 tav): 
3. Rosy Hue (10-1). 12 rm 
730 1, Chanaroy (9-1); Z Danea Band 
(4-1 tav): 3. Chratmaa Kiss (7-1) 11 ran. 
NR: Landlord. 

8.00 l. Ya MataK (16-1): Z Evening- 
psrtvmanae (13-8 lav). 3. Royate figurhs 
( 16 - 1 ) 10 rat 

8.30 1. Aimak Ajfteb (7-2 JMwj. Z 
Supreme Thougm (14-1). 3. Drect Dial 
go-1) Ne«r Explain 7-2 (l-tav 15 ran NR- 
Backhander, Press Again 

9-00 1. Crespo (100-30 tav). z Mr 
Biowrang (7-2). 3. The French Friar (8-1) 
10 ran 


6.15 I. Northern Optfmtet (114 far): 2. 
Magic Btoom (6-1): 3. Reeling (3-1). 6 ran 

6.45 1, Castle Blue (7-2). Z Powder Boy 
13-1 lav). 3. Mirage Dancer (16-1). 9 ran. 
NR: FJseguicte Tech. 

7.15 1. Heresthedeal |9-2). 2. New hn 
(8-11 tav): 3. Dawi F&gm (8-1). 9 ran 

7.45 1. Suvta Bay 174 (avl, Z Usdteen 
Wren (16-11:3. Rochansare (IM). 8 ran 

8.15 1. Cturican (9-2). Z Simply George 
(5-2 tav). 3. Exctaswn (7-11 12 ran. 

8-45 1, Abatene (9-2); 2, Marsh's Law 
<13-8 tav). 3. Tel E Thon (25-1). 9 ran. NR 
Chadwick's Onger. Have A NighSap- 

brought down by fish formers 
who have grown and then 
stocked trout known to be 
above the existing record 
weight so that pot-bellied 
porkers could be caught on a 
prescribed day, in front of 
clicking cameras, and for the 
tinselled publicity that could 
be generated. 

None of these things can be 
stopped and in a host of ways 
the integrity of the sport would 
be diminished if they could. 
There are. quite rightly, as 
many views on what fair fly¬ 
fishing is as there are fly- 
fishers who fish and every 
view is as validly held as the 
next At the same time. many, 
myself included, will feel that 
the integrity of the sport is 
being eroded as things stand, 
little by little, increment by 

But then ethics is a county in 
southern England, isn't it? 

□ Brian Clarke’s fishing col¬ 
umn appears on the first 
Monday of each month. 

By Mike Rosewell 

Matthew' Pinsent won three 
gold medals at the Haze- 
winkel International Regatta 
over the weekend. The Olym¬ 
pic and world rowing champi¬ 
ons won the coxless pairs in 
dominant fashion yesterday 
and took the coxed fours, with 
their American L ea nder dub 
colleagues, Laird Reid and Jo 
Michels, on both Saturday 
and Sunday. 

Their Sunday fours final 
was only an hour after their 
pairs victory but. although 
trailing early in the race, they 

were under control and rowed 
through to win by just over a 
length from Italy. The inten¬ 
tion at themoment is that both 
these boats will be raced at 
Henley this year. 

The British eight, without 
their usual stroke and six 
man, Richard Rodgers and 
Matthew Parrish, who are 
involved in examinations, 
failed to reproduce their win¬ 
ning Pledfluco form and fin¬ 
ished fourth on Saturday. 
They improved this to a dose 
bronze-medal placing yester¬ 
day in a blanket finish with 
Poland and Italy. 

Problems continued to beset 
the coxless four, third in the 
world last September with the 
Searle brothers, the Olympic 
champions, cm board. They 
finished fourth on Saturday 
after Jcmny Searle had been 
sick on Friday evening. Greg 
Searle then went down with 
tonsillitis and the crew 
scratched yesterday, although 
their mates, Tun Foster and 
Rupert Obholzer. managed to 
get a late entry into the coxed 
pairs and won gold with some 

Teny O’Neill. Britain’s 
sculling coach, had a mixed 
weekend with his crews. His 
newly formed quad were nev¬ 
er on the pace m their Satur¬ 
day race, when they finished 
fourth, and their misfortunes 
continued yesterday when one 
of their sculls snapped in the 
final. Things looked brighter 
for the new double of Rob 
Thatcher and James Crack¬ 
nel!. who have dearly gained 
pace since Piedfluco. They 
finished a good second on 
Saturday, beaten only by the 
German world champions, 
Steiner and Volkerr, and 
ahead of the Hungarians, who 
were fourth in the 1994 world 
championships. The British 
looked more tired yesterday 
when finishing fourth. 

Results, page 32 



FRANK BRUNO returned 
yesterday to the scene of las 
first world tide defeat nine 
years ago, Wembley Stadium. 

and vowed thas be w3I fift the 
i wcnrld heavyweight tide when 
he meets Oliver McCaQ, the 
World Boxing Council (WBQ 
champion, at the stadium on 
July 22. 

Nigel Berm wifi defend his 
WBC super-middleweight 
tide, against an opponent yet 
to be picked, on the same bHL 
The promotion would be the 
biggest boxing event to be 
staged in Britain, costing more 
than £20 million to put on. a 
record crowd of 65.000 is 
Expected, one that wiH outstrip 
by 11.000 the attendance at the 
sodium that saw Bruno 
knocked out in the eleventh 
round by Tun Witherspoon iu 
1986. Takings of tftejate are 
likely to exceed £4 million. 

Despite being stopped in his 
two other world title chal- 
fenges — in the fifth round by 
Mike Tyson and in the sevemh 
by Lennox Lewis — Bruno has 
held on to the dream of befog 
world champion. 

"It’s going to be the tide tins 
time." Bruno said. "Irs this 
dream that has been driving 
me on. More than ibe money. 
I just can’t wait for the fight 
These Americans think if a 
guy comes from London he's 
soft I’m more mature, stron¬ 
ger and wiser ami bean- 
balanced now. 

“McCall's chin hast? been 
tested by a banger like me He 
doesn't like jabbers. And when 
be gets hit he backs off. I thank 
God he has given me the 
opportunity to fight for the 
world title." 

Frank Warren, who is 
putting on the show together 
with Don King, the American 
promoter, also beSewes Bruno 
will win. "I think Bruno wifi 
become world champion." 
Warren said. “Styles mate 
fights. I've seen McOB 
against Larry Holmes and i 
think Frank, with his straight 
shots — he’s got tremendous 
jabs and power — wifi knock 
him oul I know McCall takes 
a shot but he’s there to be hit" 

Benn will choose his oppo¬ 
nent next week. He has be$ 
given a list of names from t» 
top ten and said he would not 
box anyone his arch rival, 
Chris Eubank, had met or a 
middleweight moving up to 
super-middleweight- He did 
not want anybody to suffer 
injuries like his last opponent, 
Gerald McClellan, received. 


6-30 Cape Pigeon. 7.00 Qggi. 7.30 First Fiddler. 8.00 
Wandering Minatmi. 8£0 Scenic Dancer. 9.00 

Private Hand (capper’s top rating: &30 DUELLO. 

Our Newmarket Correspondent 

7.30 FIRST FIDDLER (napj. 8.00 Segasan. 


(3-Y-0: £4,850:1 m 67yd) (21) 

1 (8) 434 UM9CN. BLUES 17 (B) K 



lanty wound 
or Wcrr Oh 

Solicitors" and legal 
office Exhibition 

The Barbican Exhibition Centre, London EC4 


If OIUI lo ih* uruxnlamt Janu« maeUns mjad beJwte*? « Backet 
TiStarof Horn*. 1 LamMOi Palaca Road. “ 

I toTom SSSfSTaK uonoon SCI TEU not latar than ~ 

ScuttKtwrch R oad, SauUmWon- *?S M itSi l b ? 1 Sn!lMinSj U: 

reoSbEf tn> wrldnq NOnCE to lao given tew, for On ““-“T®" 

Tuesday 6th June 
Wednesday 7th June 
Thursday 8th June 




lor of Ute said conwaiw. and. If aa 
randrvd by notleo m wrung 
nanUHUUi Lknddator. ora. par- 
wnauy or tor uwir SoUdton. to 
com In and prove IMS- debts or 
<3omw at mti omm and pimem at , 
MU be nndflfd In *ucti noon, 
or In default thereof lhay will be 
excluded fro™ me banefll of any 
dUtrUmUon made before such ■ 
i debts are proved- Doled SIM May 
1995 Jamle-Tarhtt- - LWtodqmr 

•Him* me runcUora conferred 
on. by. or under the Act. 
Creditors are only enBDM to vote 

Ud they nave aouvered to us at 
the addm shown above, no latar 
than 13.00 hours on the busiiien 
day before me toeennp. written 
detain Of DM debts they dalra to 
be due. and me claim has been 

Going: good * 

250 1. Sophism (1M0 tav): 2. Srivitsya 
(5-1): 3. Here He Comes (5-2). 10 ran NR. 
Gayton Run. 

3.201, Wise Approach (2-1 tav). 2. Eirart 
Kraghi (5-2): 3. Wind Force (5-2) 5 ran. NR 

» oh^O* < ^UcuLara^l *QM^*»oai- *>• due. and me claim has been 

rtOrTnta date when u wm mvtn. ‘*u|y aamiaod under tno arovj- 
MKlOw value at wfiieh tncy es»- lmo<vency 

Sr£S “SSZn? ■\5toTS ^nr^i^ M . U, 5e£r 0r 

~ LWMtd ^i? r - tnspecied M the omen or Bocket ES*? P 1 * qay * M May 

Call 0181-742 3399 for tickets 

or entry is free with a business card 

j ptSSSS'io’SeSS^Co'S?^ EJttromgaamdtorofMoyiWd 

insolvency Act ISCto. mat a Meet- 

ing of Dm Unsecured OedKora of ■ - 

me above-named comrony win SLM. Trading Limned 

be held al Booth Whits B 8 New IN LIQUIDATION 

Road Chatham, on me 13 Jims RULE 4.106 OF THE 

1098. al 1 l-Oaom. f or in. pur. insotSEN^ ACT i«M 

of hnvlng IMd beftre It a TAKE NOTICE THAT L Ntoel 

tnspecied M the oMcn or Bocket ™L22, . , "y.*?” 

House. 1 Lambeth Palace Road. 5*“^ Anthon y Lawrence and 
London SE 1 7EU between the , 

Hours of lo am and 4 pm on Um JOUvl TUalv ^L 

two Mabim days preceding itm 

ttHTOMsaarndtorofMayl** TRUSTEE ACTS 

SPrankH Llmnad 

NOTICE Ig MERESV COVEN meettnflmoi'. tf It (hlnlia «L 
pursuant to Section 98 of UK Ush a creditors - comma 
tnaalumcy Act 1906. tool a roMt tsordse the hmctioaa oon 

be held al Booth Whits B8 New m uoTmATIONI NOTICE b h ereby given ponuanl 

Road Chatham, an me I! June RUU 4J06 OF THE IOB7 0I1IW t MSIm. Att 1996 

IMS. at IlXMam. for IM pur. INSOLVENCY ACT i«M «h« ony person havtoB O CLAIM 
pasaa of having told beftrro It a TARE NOTICE THAT L NKael HS“!* INTEREST In the 
co *>y of m« re port nrspared hy ths mSSS ** **£ ,%,"". 

Adm irdMeamre Jiwayin umer Tnornun & Co. Tarrlneton ?!¥?*?*** 

9edton ah of the said Act. The How* 47 uatywHl nm a duciluftan® arc mi oul below 

ptMtznp coMSf. U IT ttitnka flL. cstab- JSSi Hrt AU iffi ww to ynttr reeled to etnd Mr 

Ush ■ credUora’ co mmi a— to oboomm LMauMaitrt of «lm nculofv tn wriOnp of tils claim or 
exorcise the function* conferred TrwUna LlodM by a r—uluttei mierwi u> iho baton or persons 
tor. or under tM Act. of a nMUno of the company^ 111 rrtaOO" “ ihe 

NatSf^c ? 1 Busm—i. Entertain- Torrare. 12nd Ploori. London W3 the address dhown above, no UUr LiouldMor decease d win be dtMrlbulsd by 

ment Aovnu. TTade CUsaHca- sur. an June I99»at 12.00 than 12-00 hours on the Dusfaesa —- ■ ■ . . rhe psraonto revrwnutitn 

nan; 37. Dots of AppoOtonani of for tho purpaso provided m Bee- tuy before the meeting, written The ImotYcmcy Act itM amona tbs Persons entitled 

Adxnlmsmittve Retelveru): 26 Uon M «m A list of nanns and details of Uw debts they claim to BOB COMMUNICATIONS m«roto having regard only to the 

May 199*. KUM of person addresses of the above cenumy's bo due. and Iho noun has bean LIMITED claims ana Interests of which they 

apoamttng the Adnumstratwe credllore can be inspected w Ihe duly admitted under Uw neon itn Lunddattont have had noUco. 

Reccivsrtsx Natlonol ejonol Unmord Curtia « Co. stons of tho lnamvenoe HUM* NOTICE IS HEKEBV GIVEN 

WatRiuusior Bank pie. Type of PO B0«SS3^3O Eostbowna Ter- IMS and mat Maurice Raymond 

security-. Mortaao* debenttos. race. « 2 nd Floor i. London wa Obi there has been loosed with Up Dcmnglon F 1 PA <jf 4 
Dote of Security- l MrtMWl 4IJ._ bstwe ro the houre of any proxy which the creditor Charterhouse Sguare. Lesidan. 

Names of persons apoofnteo-. E A lOOChun to a.oopm on the iwo intsnds to use an Ms behalf. BCIM 6 EN was appointed Unul- 
Mannlng and I R Wili upa bb°Lg* bualnrodgys procem ng the Meet- hau this day of 30 May T99B oator of the said Company By the 
BuChicr PWUto*- 84 Owma~ Maf Oraom^ pATTD THIS Peter Anthony Uwrenca and memben and creditors on 23rd 
Street London wiAPDfA^nce SO» M» 199& Mare Pranks! Cana Oooroe Wiseman May 1908. M.R.DORRINGTON. 

Kotaer Nok daTT and adaai Pt rector-_ Jotw Admlnlansaive R e crtvcre Ftp A. Lkruldator AlKMtT 

I named camoany win bo held al CretUloo are only entmed to vole mdibn iwu on SOth May 1998. ^ecsasad Person concerned 
mo offices of Leonard Curtis A IT. DATED this 30ti day at May b ?°* i rhe dole speofleo: aticr 

Co. sRualeo si 30 Eastbourne (al they nave delivered to us at , 99 * sn~, Jqhn Hamnon-SnOUi. ytecti date me estalo of The 

ArtJcroney Ch»( 

3.50 1. BetJaotan (11-4): 2. Secret Fouf 
(12-1): 3. Gtandalana Lady (5-2 tav) 13 

425 1, Hennas Harvest (8-1): Z Honest 
Wert (5-11.3. Andreia (14-1) Fathfu Star 
3-1 tav. 16 ran. 

4.55 1 . Oh So Bright (94 lav]: 2, Laughing 
Gas (9-2): 3. Norman's Convinced (33-1) 
11 ran 

5£51. Real Progress (11-4). 2. Diamond 
Fat (4-1); 3. Petty Bridge (12.1). Copper 
Mme 94 tav 7 ran NR Woodlands 

5-55 T. Symbol 01 Success (11-4), 2. Biair 
Casite (114); 3. Gallardml (74 tav). 5 ran. 
NR- Norte Valley. 





(£2,688: Im 67yd) (14 mnners) 

1 (7) -351 

2 (12) 104 

3 (11) 0000 

4 ( 3) -335 

5 (14) -040 
S (5) 300- 

7 0 0-60 

8 (1) 540- 

9 (0) 00 

10 no DO- 

11 (im Q 

12 (B) 01-6 

13 (4) 3534 

14 (13) 86-0 

92 Guesaraoon. 6-1 tansy. Dario, 7-1 Move wai Edos. 8-1 Spttm atege. 
Mwaceo. Caps .°Iqmc, 10-1 dim. _ 


(£4,016:51217yd) (14) 

I (4) 3645 CRYSTAL HBSW7S 10 (□.&) R (TSaihsa 7-5-tO 

RCodnoe 88 
L DeBori 95 
ACttt 80 
Hogtas 03 

METIS) 82 


MPstet 73 

7 m 2322 AM01WRJME4(p£S)AJates5«„ B Thomson ffi 

8 |E) 0015 TM(EROSMASIWi7(DflHSaundtrs4-9-5 JWffitara 95 

9 (12) 00-6 LADY-60-K 24JD.F.G) J When 4-9-2_RKBto 95 

10 rf« 134) MA0UU149 p.3 J niriap 4-9-2_TQotei 96 

II (ij -003 PATSV GRMm 12 (ft&S) L IM 5-9-2 — AMcSkm 94 

12 (7) 06-0 HALBU MAM7S Mtfnr3-8-1?—. APa»(7) 73 

13 (5) 300- MAYBET0QAY210 BMtOrrun3-6-7_MFtetn 89 

14 ( 10 ) (K36 SECOND CELL016 D Mcnb 34-7_R Price 92 

5-1 Ontf. 6-1 PnB* bit. 7-1 Urto Qgnaaon. 8-1 Donwteta. 9-1 atao. 


(2-Y-O: £5,313:5110yd) (12) 

1 (7) S21 SOtQC MAL 23 ( D/) K M cArtga 9-3_ R Cochrane 94 

2 (5) 5 OiARTHMXJSt OTtES ?1 U McComact 8 -T 1 AGM 86 

3 ni) cfiocaaf shoesRH mn mi__rhddik - 

4 m H7S HX1Y S Do* B-li -- Stephen Dertes - 

5 (B) BWYPf»(teMR;AKI(B8-ll„___!l. ABartl - 

6 (12) 32 F*tSTFmB1iei»JwfsB-l1_BDxnmn ffi 

7 (9) 0 LA TANSAM15 R Hannon 6-11_DaneffKt* (7) - 

a (31 0 V0LAV1A181 BaiSng 6-11 __ L Dotted 83 

9 (10) 1 AMY LBGH 21 (D.Q) J Nson 8-10 _____ RMfe 92 

10 Q 136 H01UPS HOULteAK6 (Dfl H WRrc 8-10. DBtes 91 

11 14) P MI0SA13 L Hd B-8_U fated - 

12 161 5 OUSTS MUSK 17P Cola 95_TUn .91 

7-2 FM RdfOat. 5-1 Oueen's Mirtc, ctatabue XJtbs, 6-1 aSvs. 


TRAHERS: D AitiuhnoL 4 winas tern 20 runss. 210%; R 
Haim 40 ton 211.1S.W, I Badteo. 8tam43.186»:PM*h.7 
ton 39 .17.9%. J Dunlop. 5 too 28. \73V 
JOCKEYS: L Oatton. 18 rttol ton 106 rides. t7.DV R Cocfaram. 

15 ton 3MU5J»i SteptaD Oovia 5 ton 34. 1471. 
bam 44, IXFfe. T Oubn. 13 ton 123. IftfiV (Mjr tfrtilten. 

1 (8) 435 IIASCALBLUES 17(B) Khar9-7-MIAMI 96 

2 (9) 10- PETVUA213JGIJPgra9-6_GBmta* 88 

3 (17) 45-0 OAKBURY49 R MHDn9-4-5RtamM89 

4 (IT) 40-0 RUN-IXHWl23KCoAngndQE9-0—_ RHegnes 91 

5 (14) 5-62 WWOBHIG WV5TRB. 16 J Eustace 9-0 RCttmt 91 

6 113] 350 ALBfTMG 18IRMtagB-:i_LNBM 85 

7 (16) 140- LEES PLEASE 210 (D>.S) K &®oen6-11 5WMto» SO 

8 (IQ) 6(H) 5LRS AND STUOS 42 J Wax 3-10— S Drew* (5) 85 

9 (4] 50-0 ONB. TRADER IB C BraMOM-JMHm 89 

(0 <7] 333- SALTSZ3T0«tMtoDI64-BThmtn 84 

11 re) 5-40 NOBLEI67IUE37WUtsaBQB-8-6HMS3 

12 (20) 004- JUST-MANA-MCRI208GLem8-8_AUMS(5) 83 

13 (19 4-00 SPORTWfiRSK IBP Hants 8-8- GOhOUI S3 

14 (19) W» WXX0Y5TB)34BMeabacM-BDnyh 85 

15 (11) -SO COURTNAPBSAMn B-fi_R Potent 67 

76 (2) MO SSWANm&oreon Jones M_m « 

17 (18) OM AN5IDP28RAtatooa8-5-Tthte* W 

18 (21) -500 TARA COUSi 7 (6) C Hvipn 8-4_ EJton 90 

19 (3) -000 CLASSCPET1BChoqjM5-l--MAitov m 

te (1) -300 SOBBiWB) 18UCtamn8-1_GRoto CB 

21 (5) -004 PSMLTOTRBUETW. 10PMUcWlB-9_ SffSMto ffl 

4-) Wandering Mata. 7-1 fetaMvml. SoBs. 8-1 taaCofcn.8-l.M-- 
ttara-Um. Addnp. Ua Pleae. 14-1 dtas. 


(£3,350: im 31135yd) (20) 

(IQ 0204 SAQASAN ffijG) W Mol 4404) 

(IB 13-6 QUMRA7{COflTCMmM4-9-8_ 

ettn * 

- ... pMgf q>p 

3 OT- HRfRAlfi^ffjMJta^iaJIirGDrffcld B5 

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STAKES (3-Y-0: £4,159: Im 2f 7yd) (21) 

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JOCKEYS R Orwwody, 160 wtmecs: A 
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PW)M Julian Muscat 
ATC kANTaur ‘ 

CELTIC SWING banted his 
way to victory in die EminUs 
Arabes. unis Prix du Jockey- 
Sub. the French Derby, at 
Chanter yesterday to keep 
alive the dreams, erf those 
closest to him. 

However,.in waning, by 
half a. length and a shat head 

from Poliglote and the fast- 
finfehing Winged Love. Critic 
Swinafoiled to impose himself 
OT what appeared no more 
than a promising collection of 
French eohs. Before the race 
there were conflicting views 
on which was the best home- 
trained candidate, suggesting 
there was no outstanding coft 
arming them. 

That will matter Htfle to 
Peter SaviU. Celtic Swing's 

Going: good 


DU JOCKEY-CLUB {§£^3*0 «X 

ano rates: £290.401: IttHA) 

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Arourt (Shekh Mohammad) 0 

WSO Wit Claaaic Cache (4W. {term* 

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Lad^H tTlad Jrt Lftfehampcm. Partonutuaf 
fine 1tr«atel. 2na 1 SO, 2.30,550. DF: 
1730 2 mJn 32.6sec 

owner, whose decision to mis 
the Epson Derby lias been 
much maligned. Savill had 
dearly made the right deci¬ 
sion: it is unlikely the cob's 
effort here would have .won 
him the Blue Riband. 

Cdtic Swing looked prised 
to turn the race into a proces¬ 
sion when he tracked PuB^ote 
into the hone straight after a 
moderate early gallop, fredr 
die Head had taken a number 
of positions aboard the hard- 
pulling Ptifigkrte, but he stxQ 
had plenty to offer as Kevin 
Darky brought Cdtic Swing 
alongside more than two fur¬ 
longs from the finish. 

Darky asked his mount to 
take the initiative and Critic 
Swing responded to take a 
length's advantage. Yet he 
could not shake an the deter¬ 
mined Poliglote. who fought 
bade along the inside rarL 
Dartey, sensing dangerto 
work on Celtic Swing, whose 

Celtic Swing, centre, is driven out by Parley to hold the determined challenge of Poliglote, rails, in the Prix du Jockey-Club yesterday 

well Ceftte Swing rallied to the 
call, for fay now Winged Love 
was in full flight Although 
Winged Love dosed through- 
out me final 100 yards. Darky 
and Celtic Swing were never 
,-under.real threat 
After leading in his colt an 
SaviU recounted his 

Che’s hind quarters as die colt 
left'the stalls, prompting him 
to race too freely. Having 
eventually settled Classic Cli¬ 
che. Swinbum found hrmsptf 
-napped behind a wall of 
horses when the race devel¬ 
oped m earnest “I was an 
unlucky loser,” the jockey 

doubtedly is, the son of 
Damister is not all he has been 
cracked up to be. These condi¬ 
tions were ah to his advan¬ 
tage, yet he failed to take an 
exacting toll of his opponents. 

It has been deflating to 
witness Celtic Swing’s eteva- 

feefogs on the race's dosing,. ,> said. “X think I might have 
T have never, ever won otherwise.” 

Classic. Cliche was not. 
alone. Diamond Mix and his 
stablemate. Walk On Mix, 
~3GS&tid interference in a 

seen a horse race go on as long 
— 1 thought it was never going 
to end.” be said. “Those last 
three furlongs were horren¬ 
dous. I was petrified in the 
final 100 yards. My heart was 
pounding. All I know is that 
Cdtic Swing won, and Jfaars 
aB I careabout" • _ h 

Wafter Swinbum, riding 
Ctefttc €&&v saw^ tirtsgs 
vriy' rAfiffcnsrifcf -Swrabara 

tendency to fctiewas ixf tect e^ -<- ^^ 3 ^ ^td p cdj when a stalls 
fay his prickedears, K was,#^, J&ndlqrosfatoped Classic CK- 

roogh race: The fancied 
RSapour was bogged down in 
the g round, although he and 
Pbligjlote could renew rivalry 
with Cdtic Swing in the Irish 

Perhaps the hysteria sur- 
.mooting. Celtic Swing can 
now be aifowed to subside. 
Talented horse that he un- 

(3.15 Leicester) 

Next best Sonic Mail 
(7 30 Windsor) 

tion to superstar status on die 
basis of Ins romp through the 
Doncaster mud in October. 
He had yet to prove himself in 
the highest dess. It is greatly 
to Celtic Swing’s credit that he 
has now won a classic that he 

is not all-dominant is hardly 
his fault 

Sav£Q*s persistent defence of 
his rerouting the colt here 
must have taxed him to the 
point of boredom. But as he 
emerged from the Chantilly 
crowd to welcome his horse, 
the full extent of his pleasure 
became abundantly dear. He 
wore the look of a man 
vindicated at the end of a 
tiresome few days. 

“I don't want to think about 
anything except a good cele¬ 
bration tonight," he said in 
response to questions about a 
possible Epsom Derby at¬ 
tempt Realistically, that op¬ 
tion is now non-existent. The 
Irish Derby marks the next 
occasion he might dash with 
Pennekamp. although the feel¬ 
ing here is that a Derby 
victory for Pennekamp would 

see him rested for a tilt at the 
Prix de 1’Arc de Triomphe. 

Andr 6 Fibre, who trains 
both Permekamp and Winged 
Love, is well placed to assess 
Cdtic Swing's true merit 
Winged Love took part in the 
gallop involving Pennekamp 
and Carnegie last week, and 
Ladbrokes, quick to make the 
connection, trimmed Penne- 
kamp’s Derby odds to S4. 

Whatever the future holds. 
Celtic Swing yesterday provid¬ 
ed a first classic victory for 
SaviU. Darley and Lady 
Hemes. That is an experience 
they will never forget. 

Flemensfinh finished with a 
flourish for fifth but his 
trainer. John Gosden. enjoyed 
better luck when Torrential 
held the late thrust of Annus 
Mirabflis in the group one 
Prix Jean Prat 

Jones has 
success at 

No substitute 
for breeding 
in Epsom arena 

A lmost as contentious 
as a debate on the 
best postwar thor¬ 
oughbreds would be their 
optimum raring distance. 
Shergai, for instance, was 
best at 12 furlongs, the 
distance for which he was 
bred. But (hat is not tree of 
Nijinsky, Sir Ivor and Danc¬ 
ing Brave; who excelled at a 
variety of distances. 

They were exceptional 
racehorses, as much for 
their ability as theirversatili¬ 
ty. Dancing Brave hand¬ 
somely won the 2,000 
Guineas from the subse¬ 
quent July Cup winner. 
Green Desert, yet it took a 
colt of his Class to master the 
hitherto unbeaten Bering in 
the Prix de TArc de Triom- 
pbe over 12 furlongs. The 
son ofLyphard was not bred 
to be compet it ive at 12 fur¬ 
longs but his abundant dass 
sustained him over that trip. 

This blend of speed and 
stamina differentiates the 
from the good. And 
is why Pennekamp. a 
son of Bering, holds so 
modi promise. He demon¬ 
strated electric speed at the 
end of the 2,000 Guineas, 
now he must sustain that 
speed over the Derby trip. 

Pennekamp's trainer, An- 
drt Fabre. has said that the 
best Derby winners were not 
bred for 12 furlongs but 
nevertheless excelled at the 
distance. Doubtless he was 
thinking of Nijinsky, Sir 
Ivor and Dancing Brave. 
But therein lies the rub. 

Resolute gallopers like 
Reference Point wtII sap the 
finishing speed from all but 
the exceptional horse. They 
may not be in Reference 
Point's league, bat Sebas¬ 
tian, Munwar and Presen¬ 
ting are gallopers enou gh to 
test Pennekamp’s stamina. 

What initially inspired 
confidence in Pennekamp’s 
ability to land a Derby was 
that his sire, Bering, eddied 
over 12 furlongs. Further¬ 
more. there is plenty of high- 
class stamina on his dam’s 
(mother's) ride. Yet doubts 
are introduced by Bering's 
record as a sire, as opposed 
to his racecourse achieve¬ 
ments. Bering’s best proge¬ 
ny have excelled at around a 
mile, and Pennekamp sum¬ 
moned such speed at- New¬ 
market that he might slot 

into that mould. However; 
Pennekamp's class may yet 
prove the most potent weap¬ 
on on Derby day. _ 

It would be a surprise 
were Spectrum as effective 

aver 12 furlongs as he is over 

a mile. His dam, River 
Dancer, was best ai dis¬ 
tances short of a mite. But of 
more significance is the 
raring record of her previ¬ 
ous progeny. River Dancer 
has bred a five-furiong win¬ 
ner by Ela-M ana-M ou, him¬ 
self a strong stamina 
influence. And to NiniskL 
another laden with stamina, 
she bred a winner over ten 
furlongs. We have seen 
Spectrum's speed; to win the 
Derby, he must prove him¬ 
self the rule's exception. 

As for the gallopers, 
Munwar has stamina in 
abundance; what he lacks is 
speed. Sebastian shares 
many traits with his owner's 





1985 Derby winner. Slip 
Anchor. Like Tamure. a son 
of Sadler's Wells and the 
Oaks third. Three Tails, 
Sebastian will not lark for 
stamina. However, Present¬ 
ing has a weak link. His 
dam, D’Azy, turned in her 
best performance when sec¬ 
ond in the Queen Mary 
Stakes over five furlongs. 

Here, therefore, is a lay¬ 
man’s guide to the stamina 
credentials of Derby run¬ 
ners. An allowance for the 
flare of each horse has been 
taken into account Any¬ 
thing with an index below 
seven would not conform to 
what has come to be expect¬ 
ed of a Derby winner's 
pedigree Court Of Honour 
6 . H umbel 7. Istidaad 6 . 
Lammtara 8 , Munwar 7. 
Pennekamp 8 , Presenting 6 . 
Riyadian 6 . Salmon Ladder 
5. Sebastian 9, Spectrum 6 . 
Tamure 9. Vettori 5. 

kept his unbeaten record 
when winning the ladies' 
open under Pip Jones at the 
Exmoor point-to-point an 
Saturday (Brian Bed 

Handsome Harvey’s 
win brought Jones to 20 far 
the season, one behind 
second placed Shirley 
Vickery, although tire tide 
belongs to Polly Curling. 
Jones had earlier finished 

second on Oobracken Lad 

in the confined, ten lengths 
behind The Doonna&er, 
who provided Ben TVickey 
with a first success. 

The 500-mfle round trip 
to Bratton Down far 
Alastair Crow and Equity 
Player proved fruitless in 
furthering his cause for the 

riders' title. Held up and 

with every chance two out 

in the four-mile open. Eq¬ 

uity Flayer, who had drift¬ 
ed from 5-4 to 3-1. found 
nothing in reserve and was 

beaten into third place 
behind Mytiege and The 
General’s Drum. 

Myliege al 100-30 was 
the first leg of a 38-1 double 
for Neil Harris, completed, 
in the maiden on Hensue. 

He was well dear three out 

and held on to win by five 

lengths from Ftant Cover, 
whose chance went when 
hitting the second last 
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_ „ 24K40 JEANDEFUrem 129(JTiraH) JetaBW4-7-12 - J(U« - 

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IflK JCU8 ABSBff 444 6 B*ta£ (2-1 ta) U Aj« 12 at 


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pirn ( 1 m a. 000 $. BROUGHTONS FCffl- 
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6.45 Subfusk. 7.15 Break The Rules. 7.45 
8.15 Calder King. 8.45 Manabar. 9.15 

Our Newmarket Correspondent 7.15 Tajar. 





(Z-Y-0 fillies: £3,132:60 (10 runneis} 

15 SUBRISK 11 OJH WBU Tim 64-PMcCtaefflZ 

CMU.Y LOCKS M * Eaatrtjr M-Statanay5 

BTIO LOUSE MWEaartrM-ftoti CoUto (7) 10 

34 SRWSTQSES6tt. 11 UtoEHtdty9-9-LOwrw*9 

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0 SUPR04E SCHOLAR 7 B Murray M-6 Partin (7) 3 

77-4 Mf tout 74 SMA 5-7 JSTtoo. 6-1 GrrBBm SM. 8-1 TO ionise. 
10-1 HwCrtaKCWr Lode. 12-1 otac. 


(3-Y-O: £3,143:7f) (7) 

i -i 

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2 140- BREAKT1CRU£S296(S)tasURmlerB-l1— KDartey® 

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T 244 ICY UP DOLLY 28 JBery 8-6---J Carton 

3-1 fitoto Of me BaR 7-2 «at T5e fttes. Hurra* Matoe. 5-i Hs» & u*r. 
6-t Tafcjr. Cortraa VkSib, 201 Seteram litar. 


(HOLDINGS) HANDICAP (£3,806: Im 4f) (7) 

1 1* Ryan 5-104 TO)-JWawtrB 

'9 Janes 7-100 


3 ^41 MRTDH5ER40(C£) VHrttol4-9-5-J 7*8(3) 3 

4 1142 SHAHYA25(tiailHDlWesl4-9-5-KDsfcy2 

5 3-1 SSCHI7* D8S1018 (E) M SDUB 3-9-2 — WR TOttaa4 

6 843 SWIVEL 10JTwtowe344- JCmtoII 

7 310- PStSIAKSOUKS) Z75(CDffi) EAtom6-7-13 PRotonsonS 
04 Serorta Omani. 7-2 EaraL 84 Smtvct 7-7 Sabir. 8-1 Mr Tm». 10-1 
LoslilntoaitotaOH, 201 Pvun Stater 

(£3,948: im) (14) 

t 22 W TUOPES14KUAJLK»64-9-13.— SSanderepUl 

6223 JU5T HARRY 7 fflf J3) M Rjan 4-9-11-WR5*rtnmi3 

4036 WST60U)9ffAS)JMWnn644-K Dancy 13 

6004 B9D1CO 7 aAF£)»5Htaci«*y 64-9-JW63VH9 

0300 CALDER IWB4 R.CDfS J TO69-0-SDWfcnsB 

-351 VANBORQUGHLAD14 (UFJL§)UBDOon6-9-2 PRntaS»5 

7 000- LEAVE IT TO UB 214 (COflP Cal® M-2_4TdB(3)7 

S 13B8 TNATOBJ6(Dfl R Bar54-7-SWTOrfi 

9 0030 QANTBUEU7 (CJXF.feS)RWStaaB-64-ACUhnl 

10 1146 MAR0UM525(0DIEAtaan6-8-3-KFaBonlO 

11 0-00 FARRBJJS PWitt 28 D »d»Us 3-03-K Comornm 2 

12 604 WILD PROSPECT 4 (F.SjS) BHoPmO 7-8-1— SMafcjnByl2 

13 040 BCWKWBY10ffl)U WEastortiy3-7-11-LCTBRDCkA 

14 404 HEAVIBSABWE13MHEaiiei&y0-7-4-NCtoWeM 

4-1 JudHzny. 5-1 VtonuOi Ud. 7-1FW GtaL 8-1 Banco. CTO King. 10-1 

h Dm Umte, 12-1 tans 


(£3.806: Im) (5) 

1 5 GOLDBUDNOVE13 EDudgp 34-12-WRSmtirnl 

2 43 HOUGHTONVBmiHE28SWoods34-12-KtatoyJ 

3 MIllAAHMiAStoHbata34-l?-NCvnortnS 

4 2-3 MANABAR28DMorier34-12-WCnan4 

5 4 MV SOM 7 MS®* 34-7-J Tate (3) 3 

2-1 Hn0toi Vbuuc. 62 Hty On. 61 tarato. Galen Tongnc- 1E -i ICnsn. 


LEESHN 6 BAR HANDICAP (£4,235:5f) (13) 

610 (tCKDRV BLUE IS (VJD.5 Mra N ttKtedey 6i04 JWbw! 
040 UGH D0MAM17 (D.G3) T Banal 4-10-0 KW»1ay Hart (7) 7 

) 7 Bason3-94-JForwei3 

todnlis 4-9-7-AtaGrawesA 

142 SUPERPnC617 
6645 T9WR2 
006 urss 

1 259 (DJfiJSI U Hmoood 6-9-4 

J Sack IS) 12 

6 064 TMOTBS 11 (DEjS)J tfetfng69-4-JTOutoB(7]1 

7 -430 CRAIffiBW 16 (RfiSINft'OT 54-4— Dean IteltoWB 9 

8 2414 BAREVS SUNSET 42 pdfjGj IA Jmsain 34-11 D Holland 11 

9 1005 SB TASKS? 17 (Ctlf.Q J 1 Hwis 74-11.. SSmJbsP>8 

10 041 LADY SHERFF17 (E.CD.F) M W hsKOiy 4-68 LOan«xx3 

11 406 77CW8L£O«»2(ZVJ?MB0toi74-7._. PReMaene 

12 4635 KALAft 11 (Bfl)fD) D Cltoran 67-13.NCaiWalO 

13 066 flORACia(D>}JWtaiB5-T-7-CtoBStotargS 

61 Ntotoy Bt». 7-2 LaOr 9wA 61 SnwprMe. BaBeys Sna 61 Tera. 
161 tiatoe Bor. 12-1 oftec. 


TTUUNBR& W Jarrts, 4 wtonas tom 15 nmea. 267%: J Rntaane, 
5 tom 19,26.3%; W EMTwner. 3 ton 13.2111: M State 5 tarn 
3). 161%: M Jtanston. 14 tom 89.15.71 
JQCKEVS: J Mtener, ?5 tarns tom 74 rides. J Tate. 4 tom 

28. 14J%. D Holland. 4 tom 30. 113V J Canoe. 13 tom IM. 
11 4%. K Fb0c*l 11 tom 98.112V N Coonorfon. 8 tom 78.10J%. 


2.30 Essayeffsee. 3.00 Power Game. 3^0 Diet 4.00 
Lucky Bea. 4.30 Dom/fe- 5.00 Lord Advocate. 





(£3,759: im If 36yd) (5 runners] 

1 0000 TALENIBI IMS 15 (VCD-F.fii P TOtoU 66(0._ J Weawr 2 
i 3222 V©(1W®6ELAD8(VJ)APAS)P bant 5-0-4 S Sanders (3)1 

3 561 SCARABBI401 (OS)SI«aew9 7-94. - J cantto 4 

4 6S2 E5&»yeKff8f^)ta5MB»torr64-13-KC0r»yi 

5 046 AMNE5W4(CS)tasSftadbana44-6-PRoOtaor3 

5-4 Esarrtsaa. 3-1 SosObl Wantond» TO M lateral Tm®. 141 Armtsa 

( 2 -Y-O: £5,409: K 5yd) (3) 

1 21 REDRIWE8VALLEV16fCj)DorpSroft612, JW»w2 

2 3 fWffl SAME 10 J Beny 610...1 Carol 1 

3 T32S SA7&10E5TAR 10ff)Mdamn65_KflS(1ry3 

61 Rad Bier yjOv. 7-4 TOP firs. 94 SateAe 5br. 


(£3311:615yd) ( 8 ) 

1 660 Hdfircfead4-MO-jCvrtat 

2 5356 afiCHi«X»aS7(HJi.OSjMifctfr5M- J0tanr4 

3 0006 IfiJ-ARRK 25 (VJLF£) G Qtoord 7-9-6-K Fata 3 

4 -260 SAKHAROV 38 lUF^) M Jnintan 6-94—_— K Qatar 5 

5 064 MURRAVS taAaJA 7 (CD/.&S) J Ej« 69-0 SSaat»s|3)1 

6 1004 0rr2(VreLF£S)UBLPe>ai66i2— NCoartmB 

0500 SJBW04R«ftte54-r_Pteay(7)7 

506 VALLEY OF TIB 325 (F) D Nctes 7-7-7-NIMeyl 

5-2 sasaw. IM Umar's tank 62 DxL 61 In&taL 7-1 Bbriragod Sill 
61 MMrta. 167 ortan. 


(£2,736:8 4yd) (4) 

j CRAJGMAHf J Bernr 94-J Canto 1 

2 0Q23 LUCKY BEA 21M W EttoeTOy 94-— Kto1ay3 

3 033 SBAISSMIJcMGIff3Kfm60-JWea*f2 

4 DANCW DOT Itas L terfflM-NConootXl4 

W Datonato, 64 Lacky Bea. 7-2 Sftwtoe i*-i Dsncaa Dm. 


STAKES (3-Y-O: £2,647: Im 3116yd) (3) 

1 008 CROSSTAB 17RHrtntaead60-KDaley 1 

7 042 SAYVEIALRA0516 M Mm 34-P Robinson 2 

3 652 D0UT1A10MBel 69-JVIe9«3 

Evens Daita. 6-4 Sayyal Aloqs. 62 Crass TNA 


(£3,741; 1 m 5t 9yd) (7) 

1 606 CHANTRY HEATH 7 (G,6t CThomw 4-9-10 Dean Httawn B 

2 623 FEARLESSYOCER27(V/,G)LftWReffifcy444 KOafeyl 

3 32)6 RASAYR ID P/.B P Exm 69-1-S Setters (3) 4 

4 1020 ROYAL CUCUS12 (CJU^) J Q‘SK3.662 _ N CcmorWi 1 

5 MO WftY5Umm*3?JCaT6M2-KTOredy? 

6 -312 LORD ADVOCATE 4 (BjG.F.6) D Ntota 7-7-11 - N VHtf 5 

7 1546 AR1AHSPHT24 (6)JEpi67-fl-DWl1tfS(3j3 

7-4 Fearies Wonte, 9-4 Lon Adcoctoe. 62 tes>aL 61 Roys Cboe Area 
Soerii. 12-1 Orary Betoa n-i var^r Sundyma 


7WJKS& U m 12 «BBS tom 39 resmera. 383%: U !V 
TOaty. 3 tom 11. 233%: S haflweU. 6 from 24.25 Ot Mrs U 
Rnefey. 31 tore 142.21^; J8»y. 52 tom 247. Zl.tV P Hasten 
20 ton 107,1871, 

JOCKEYS P TOnsun. 18 winners tom 50 rides, 3&0^ J Weata. 
26 tom 107,24 3%-, J Carroll 46 tom 211.21-8VKDJriet. 47 tom 
226. 2QEV DE31 UcAewn. 24 tom 157. 133% D UMflM. 4 Iran 

BLWKEBED HRST TIME: Han«cn.Partc 5 0D Festess Wonder. 
Laoester. 4.45 Lord Affie. S15 Bofa Look. TTurefc 8.15 Tu Opes 
Windsor 330 ftimoJrt. 



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0171 481 9994 





Chair of Politics and Public 

Applications are invited for the Chair of Politics and Public Administration 
CRef: RF-9495£6) in the Department of Politics and Public Administration, 
following the resignation of Professor L Scott. The appointment will be 
tenable from 1st January 1996 and will be on superanmiable terms. 

Applicants should have an established international record of research and 
publications, and be qualified to teach especially in the area of public 
administratioii/publlc policy from a comparative perspective. The 
department presently has an establishment of 12, and has research and 
teaching interests in the Following areas: public adnUnistzation/public 
pofiev; comparative politics (with particular reference to Bong Kong and 
China); international relations; and political theory. 

The University reserves the right not to fill the Chair, or to fill the Chair by 
imitation, or to make an appointment at a lower level. 

Annual salary will be within the professorial range, of which the 
minimum is HK5915,840 and the average is HKS1,132£00 (approx. 575,690 
& S93J52Q respectively; sterling equivalent as at 17 May 1995), with starting 
salary depemhng on qualifications and experience. 

At current rates salaries tax will not exceed 15% of gross income. Housing 
at a charge of a percentage of salary, currently 7^56, children’s education 
allowances, leave, and medica l benefits are provided. 

Further particulars and application forms may be obtained from 
Appointments (44018), Association of Commonwealth Universities, 36 
Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PF (teL 0171 387 8672 exL 206; fax 0171 
813 3056; email; appts^cu@u or from the Appointments Unit, 
Regist ry, The University of Bong Kong, Hong Kong (fax: [BS2] 2SG6 2058; E- 
mafl: APPTUXIT@HKUVM13KmK). Particulars are also available cm the 
University’s listserv accessed by E-mail as "" 
(specify "get apptinent filehst" for list of vacant posts). 

As the University wishes to fifl the Chair urgently, applicants are requested 
to approach not more than three referees who are able and willing to 
comment on their suitability for the post in question, and to ask those 
referees to fax (confidential fax [852] 2858 8603) their references directly 
to the Appointments Unit within two weeks of the dosing date. The 
names, addresses and fax numbers of the referees should be included in 
the application. 

Closes IS September 1995. 



UNivensny of $inner 

Corporate Strategy 

Human Resource 

International Marketing 
(Brand Management) 

The Surrey European Management School (SEMS) at toe Urfreraity ot Surrey wishes to 
appoint fuB time lecturers in the areas of corporate strategy and human resource man¬ 
agement R Is also seeking to mate a 0b FTE apputittrwm in I nterna tio na l marketing 
(band management). 

The School Is able to offer oompeffliw salaries and tetractive working condSons to people 
who can contribute significantly to teaching and research. The Sdiod has grown tapidy 
to Its p resent enrolment of over500students and Is now embarking on a major programme 
of research. 

The School spedalses In Baching postgraduate, post experience students registered lor 
MBA. MSc, and LLM degrees forough a variety oi deSvrery modes, 'n addffion to supervising 
aBvefygicupofMPhVPhOstudante. Pre fe rence wa therefore be given to appicaras who; 

- are well qualified academically or pro fe s s ion a lly and hold a higher degree 
■ are experienced UrfvereitytOTCfiers at postgraduate level 

• have some relevant professional experience 

• can demonstrate a rorrentetent to reseantii areJ schotesWp. 

The School has a number of overseas centres and some reasonable travel is Involved in 
each post. Good support and facStles are avaBabfe in newly constructed premises that 
include a computing laboratory and specially designed serrfnar space. 

Rmnal Interviews wfl be held on the 21 st June aid the dosing date tor appfca tio ns is 14th 
Jure. Shonfisted cantfdatesw* be Invited tovtsB the Univeisity prior tolrtevfewt 
Appfcafons in the form of three capias ol a concise CV. rduefing the names of three ref¬ 
erees, may be made to the Personnel Office (CVC/mah), Ureversay of Surrey Guadfard, 
GU2 5XH quofag reference 370. Please contort ( 01 483) 2SE79teobte^ further partic¬ 
ulars or cafl (01483) 259181, Professor Paul GamWe lor an Informal dsassica 
University at Sunuy-Promoting ExcaBenca in Education 
Tha t/rrfverefly Is an Equal Opport uniti es Employer 


Part-Time Lectureship 
Management Centre 

AppBsationa are sought for a Lectureship on a 
three year contract starting In September 1996 
to teach at the Postgraduate level in the area oft 

77118 course Is taken by students as one 
component of a cttsdpBne-hased Mantra* Degree. 
The aim of the module is to give students an 
nuderetauBng of how org ani satio n s jdcntffy and 
develop new Ideas and technological 
opportunities for product and process 
hmra m tfrym 

The appointee will join the Management Centre 
on a perfrtime basis, hams and salary negotiable. 
Idealjy, applicants win hold an MBA, or similar, in 
irAiupw iHit Studies and be able to display a 
wide practical experience in their chosen field. 
Recent experience in ed ucati o n would also be an 

Closing date: 18 June 1996. 

Further particulars may be obtained ftxtnr Ms A 
Proctor, Management Centre, UCL. Td and fax: 

Applications will toll CV copy), list of 
publications, and relevant experience together 
■with the names of 3 referees should be sent to the 

Working towards Equal Oppartmitg 


Independent advice 

_on schools, colleges, degree courses, 
universities and careers, to suit 
individual needs. 



6 - 8 Sacfcrifc Street. Lamfau W1X 2BH 
Tab 0171 734 01B1 Fk 01714371784 


The Sunday Times & The Times will be publishing the following postgraduate course features. 


The following 'taught 1 postgraduate disciplines (including course listings) 
will be covered in The Times throughout the week. 

Sunday 11th June 
Monday 12th June 
Tuesday 13th June 
Wednesday 14th June 
Thursday 15th June 

Friday 16th June 


(General/Composite), Sciences 
Engneering and Technology 
Arts and Education 
Languages and Literature 
Professional and Vocational 
Administration, Business and Social Studies 


For further information about the above features 
or to place your advertisement please contact the education team: 

Tel: 0171 481 9994 Fax: 0171 782 7899 




Wo an an educational 
arprrieacion bolting for 
^»nkh meriting penam. 
woo would like to mb with 
young ■tadeute. 

You moat be faaWhl . 
friendly, jmwmiUble tad 
fluent in spaxxish. The 
pOBXBDQ WjUllN lilafltlVfl 

driving and tbcnfoie 
MoeaaitstM a va&d driven 
Beam and own nitride cat 
Tha poafehnaara daring the 
saw at Jrirod Aqjjnat, 

and preference wfl] be givwu 
is panoua Bring in the 
B&Hande. Ycufahire, 
Bi fa h m ri i and thi 

If joa are intonated, phase 
whmit an apphcntnji 
and jra &V. to: 

Ma Afisoc George 


St Sfephen'k Road, 
Bo ur nemouth BB26JL 




Marketing Management 

• Evening, Daytime or Weekend 
study options 

• Diploma in Management Studies 

• February, June and September 


Apply now for June and 
September 1995 

Greenwich College 
Meridian House, Royal HIS 
Greenwich, London SE10 8HT 

Teh 0181-853 4484 

The University of Hull 
at Greenwich College 



RING 01932 840440 




acv Sfi-returiul 

*au coli.egf 


Saturday 17th and J4th lune 

■ 3. 6 4 9 Month 
SecretanaJ Cowrws 

■ Options m PE and 
Commercial Languages 

■ Careen Advisory and 
job Placement Service 

■ 25“* la* Rrfef 

Tei: 0171-373-3852 


CertMcated and validated comas hading to a 
ranga erf professional quaMeatfona at 
CertHcata and Optoma level. 
iT>Q*nMEUKrsiiuwaTM itf B<DB«rmaBii»<omaaws<nou 
HeM In Loudon. A be r fean. Bt nM ng hn , Bo urn e mouth . 

Brighton, Brietot, Cambridge, Caraeftjufy,CBn*B, 

Otemafort, Dundee. Exeter. Oaeg pe r . uvpoof. 
Mane h a f jBBanaKaiyna^liorth iBi gam . Nonaieti. 
Ntaang tiaw , Oafont SfcaflMd, C o ut > iaii 4 <u i i, P a ra n a— 
■nd Dubfc. OCT 1995 - JULY 1996 
AS motfelas are valdassd by Bw Assodwed EnanMig Board 
ana racogntead try the Dapartmen H or Etiucatton. 

Com! School cf 

CiMni'IWea mtiUlterapr. 

.— . «3 VWhBo ana. L.odno. O aWU. 

’MA §181 S33 5353 ~ 24 HOURS 



Is ibe manni shoe it is . 

«Games in ranee, Gamaay, 

Spam. Italy, Swimtaad nd 




10-12 Janes Sbeat 

LoadM W2M5HN 

TEL: 0171419 9621 

( (freer training 


laformrian Ttchaslrp cogue 
■ Options to Mvteiag, Medh, 
Aenants A Batinas LaagnagES 

• Pi u f uiAu l car t er p i—mg 

A job pboonMastinncz 

• Sqaanber ‘K start 

FVagMtfia (DI865) 240963 




OxfmlOXI I SB 



H you can quatfy, yoa cm join the many North American 

Institute of Aviation gradua&M Bying for over GO Etanpean end 

U.SS artnea. You mB get Six months inten si ve tminng, with 
an apartment whhin a short waft of too airport. Because NAIA 

b an approved moneor of the J-1 program. ( Exc hange-Vieitor 

ftwgram M-4758J. vob cm stay to the USA. far 2* montha, 
ghringyou 154 years after initial training to gain p raufca l 


Vournuarbaartensr 18 yaara oU a hfgh acfaxti jpadban or 

eourafant ho wi Oood hsrtJi and pen oar ai*rtss»on tasza, 

wi* wW he ham in London in August 1996. Wo quisfy turn- 

raodanta carmfuBy, because me am dsdfcnt a d to professional 

training ratfMr thin quic* i o an eaa . 


of NA1A By for art has worMnM*. Mr Franca. 

Anwr iomn. Brttia h Ainimya. OuntkmntaL Oafta. Hnonk. 

Km Worth wwstS AS. Uoawtand MrnftiJlMMwara juste 
*«w'Of the arfnu ter whom our gad ua te a haw worked- 
NA1A a cumatiom la approwd by tha AcerwWtiB Commteon 
of Career Schools and Cotieges of Technotogy (ACCSCT). 



13 Month - 2JJ2D Horn Afrfraroa li IHi war plant Prog ra m 
Culminating in FAA Mechanic Ueaneaa. 


H you) 

ran FAA AiP Lioonan in 2 
Feat Trade Program! 


TELEPHONE 0800-89-4384 - TOLL FREE - 

Or write ter more rimtiari Information nr 


Dept. 110 

P.O. Bast 680, Conway 
South Carafim 29526-0680. USA 
TeMK (803)397-3776 



Law Decree hy 

Distance I.earniim 

^_aw Scbod, part of Tte Nottingham Treat Umyeoify, has & long and 
. p^raird of providing practit^ legal education andGa wealth of 
ej»eneBe& , ip rtnmmg Distance Leana&a.rtKtises. The Law Sdxxdi'cdlers a four 
Law Degree wtich is rea^qe^ by die Law Soci^Sffld.jdK Bar 
available to people with o^witbem formal a ^d te B ^ qt^^ caiB Ms. 
Study Siqqjort SystefflS' • ' 

Experiencedteadaogbtaffi.' [rfK &?• 

I .earning Texts ta9n«i tfe%i»sbds of Dtoau&barmng 
students <v 

“n'k a premier 


from lyCss Laurent, The Course 
Adaujiistrator, Realty of Taw, Nottiugham Law School, 
The Notriagham Ttxot Ummmtj, Barton Street, Notfiagfum 
NGI4BU. TdepSjae-fflUS) «86846- 

Harrow School 

Drama Courses - Summer 1995 



Visiting Senior Research 
Fellowship 1996/7 

The'CoUego propose* *o eleci a driftingonfesi 
visitor to a Visiting Senior Research FeSoinhjp 
during the academical yew 1996/97. The 
Fellowship \3 intended for a Scholar rthononngRy 
works outside Cambridge , and wh o.wlahes to 
pursue academic study and research, as a monter 
ctf King's Cotoga. Cantfidates may be schofers of 
proven ability to mid-career who require tenponr 
release from teaching and other duties, or they may 
be scholars of greater sentarify. fneilhercaseaiB 
purpose of the Fellowship is to facAlate Uw 
concentrated development of a specific pfeca of 
research the candidate wishes to cany out in 
Cambridge. There are no age toils. 

Tha Research Fallow win be a member of ihia 
Governing Body and expected to play an active 
part in the &fe of the College. Thaw wm be an 
entitlement to the normal privileges of Febows 
including the p ossibil ity of fimtod financW support 

i_---M i lt, rtiA nmm trit 

A study room wffi be available m Coflege. tt is 
that single a cco mmodatiem in Cotofle nay 
also be av^able. 

Further detais may be obtained from the novosfs 
Secretary. Applicants should write to the Provost's 
Secretary, King’s Cotoga, Cambridge CBS 1ST, 
not later than 15 July 1995, enclo sing a canta tom 
vitae, a fist of publications, a brief statement of tte 
programme of work to be fofiowed. and the names 
of three referees. It is the responsibttty of the 
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Kensington ftirk School 

. FOUNDED 1988 

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The Governors of 

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* . 






Sorhonne Uuiresft j, Paris 
French Un i v ersity Language 


5^ THE ’ nMES MONDAY JUNF. 5 iqck 



I survive the exams? 

Ben Preston offers 
a guide to help 
candidates keep - 
their sanity during 

the next few weeks 

T he moment of truth is at 
hand for an army of teen- 
agers. After ' anxious 
months of scditaiy tod, the 
examination season has tegun in 
^rnest Over the coming weeks, 
uk futures of thousands of hopefuls 
will be determined by their ability 
to perform in the fevered quiet of 
the exam hall. 

Yet even if all arrived 

for their exams with equal know¬ 
ledge and ability, some would 
manage to boost their grades 
considerably fry virtue of technique. 
Sitting an examination is a skill in 
itself. Exam craft can be learnt 
practis ed and honed. Common 
errors can be recognised and 

Similarly, candidates can heip 
themselves by preparing carefolfy 
in the last days before an examina¬ 
tion. The establishment of a routine 
helps to focus the mind on the task 
ahead and minimises die ride of 
disruption. last-minute panics are 
distracting, a waste of energy and 

i i ORV 


1 1< . 


The fight for 
young minds 

Advertisers are bombarding American 
schoolchildren as they sit in class 


3 Lc 

0 °0®0 


1 ■ A day or two before: This is the 

cut-off point beyond which any 
attempt to learn fresh material is 
fruitless. After weeks of study it is 
f ‘ important to dear the mind, not 

****■' ** '■**', doud it. Refresh your memory of 
*-* ' ,J + r - key points by going through sum- 
. . manes of your notes. Check the 
. ; style of questions used in the past 
.* ^ , . Limber up by thinking of brief 

. points you might make in an 

• - • v *answer, rather than getting con~ 

v-* fused by regurgitating all the half 1 
.-t relevant facts you have stored. 

Double-check the time and Ioca- 
■. ■^ tion of each examination to dfrni- 
< - ■ nate any potential for mix-ups. Get 
> »*■»■•. . 3 - 1 . ready all the equipment you wfll 
need Accumulate spare pens, ink, 
pencils and. if necessary, a calcula- 
■ - = tor and second set of batteries. 

' • •' • Check again what equipment and 

texts you are allowed to take into 
- .. - each exam. 

■ Health, food and beauty deep: 
Stability isihe k^tokSMS^body'' 
and mind together - 

hours. Try not to niiyjofe ' 

sleep patterns d ra m a tfeafity- Re-. 
search shows that if students are 
used to having breakfast, their 
academic performance sixers 
when it is missed. But suiprismgfy.. 
people who never eatfrrealdastdo 

I t-r .-.I 

r ?•-- ' . • 

b a wort 

not do so well if one is suddenly 

The same holds true for tea and 
coffee. While it may be traditional 
to work with a cup of black coffee, 
be careful to avoid drinking too 
much caffeine during long hours of 
stuefy. It may impair rather than 
enhance performance. 

Dr Thomas Stuttaford advises 
against the seasoned .tactic of 
revising all night immediately be¬ 
fore an exam. He insists that sleep 
routines should not be varied and 
that cramming into the early hours 
simply creates additional anxiety. 
Remember that the examination 
season is a marathon, not a sprint 
There is no point in giving your all 
for dire paper only to limp through 
the rest as a physical wreck. 

■ D-Day: Give yourself plenty of 
time on the day ofyour exam so you 
can ran through your equipment 
check cnee more Eat as you are 
used tot but don$ drink too modi.. 
t&sMftEtfOosewith time to spare. 
Awalk canbe invigorating. Tty not 
toarnve too early or talk about the 
examination with friends before 

■ In the cam room: Lay out your 
equipment carefoBy. Not only will 
das ensure you knowwhere to find 

everything, but it is also a useful 
"little ritual to settle the nerves. Do 
not panic if you find yourself 
getting over-anxious, compose 
yourself and start again. Do not be 
afraid to take a short walk if dungs 
get’really difficult 

Read right through the exam 
paper very carefully- Check the 
instructions to ensure you are dear 
about exactly how many questions 
have to be answered from various 
sections of the paper. Which are 
compulsory and which are 

Flan your time scrupulously. 
Look at die marks offered for each 

should spend on each. If you 
attempt only three-quarters of the 
paper, you could It Quarter of 
theavubblemarks at *». 

If you are unsure of anything, do 
not hesitate to ask an invigilator. 
Complain if something is disturb¬ 
ing your concentration — someone 
.tapping.a distant music lesson, or 
the ihvigator's hew shoes. 

■ Learn from others’ mistakes: 
Every year examiners recite a 
litany of common errors. Yet each 
summer, the same pitfalls claim 
fresh victims. The most common— 
and calamitous — mistake is a. 
failure to read each question and 

answer it precisely. There are no 
marks for air'—ing a different 
question from the one set. 

This is tiie ha-- d that catches 
out even the most diligent student 
Candidates who have revised thor¬ 
oughly using past papera are 
particularly prone to answering the 
questions they had hoped for. Once 
in the exam hall, too many candi¬ 
dates scan the question, think they 
recognise it and switch-on the auto¬ 
pilot without engaging the brain. 

Examiners are well aware of 
such tendencies. Some questions 
will be set deliberately to catch out 
the unaware —- following previous 
patterns, yet sufficiently different to 
catch out the careless. Markers 
keep a ruthless eye out for candi¬ 
dates who simply repeat rehearsed 
answers on a broad theme and 
miss the thrust of a question. 

Wandering off the point is 
another, related sin. It is useful to 
identify important words in the 
questions. Underline, circle or even 
write out the key instructions 
separately in capital letters and 
then make sure you address each 
one in turn. 

Overcome clumsy planning by 
setting down the key points you 
want to make before you start. 
Order them carefully as this will 
help you to structure essays written 

at pace. In English-based subjects, 
particularly at A level, quality is 
valued above quantity. 

Candidates should try to make 
sure their answers are presentable. 
Examiners faced with {tiles of 
scripts do not have the time to 
admire the most brilliant essay if it 
is written in illegible scrawl. Clear 
diagrams which have been correct¬ 
ly labelled will help answers in 
some subjects. 

Always leave enough time at the 
end of the exam to read through 
your work. This gives a last chance 
to correct any horrendous misspell¬ 
ings ar grammatical outrages, sim¬ 
ply to insert any words that might 
have been missed out 

■ Aftermath: Avoid the tempta¬ 
tion of lingering with your friends 
to indulge in highly detailed post¬ 
mortems. Instead, enjoy a spot of 
mental relaxation, give yourself a 
treat and then move on to the next 
examination. If your performance 
has been hindered by illness or 
other circumstances, however, tell 
your school immediately. 

• The Associated Examining Board has 
helped to produce a booklet called How 
to do Better in Exams. Free copies can be 
obtained from Dept XDC, Barclays 
Bank, CRSD, Ma refair, Northampton 
NN1 ISC. quoting nfAEBI. 

M arilyn Harris, a 
teacher of Spanish 
at a Nashville. Ten¬ 
nessee. high school, was out¬ 
raged to discover she was 
expected to suspend lessons 
while her students watched 
Channel One. a satellite 
broadcast of ten minutes of 
news and two minutes of 
commercials fed to 350.000 
classrooms across America ev¬ 
ery school day. 

The controversial television 
hook-up is only one of many 
ways US corporations are 
bombarding schoolchildren 
with commercial messages. 
These include: billboards in 
corridors, lavatories and on 
school buses; commercials in¬ 
terspersed with rock music 
piped into lobbies and cafete¬ 
rias; posters, videos and study 
kits that provide some instruc¬ 
tion along with _ 

outright plugs far 
products. Then An 1& 
there are give- 

SS ^vest 

pon-con^mg f()un( 

Alarm over wprF> 
these commercial vvcic 

pressures has l • j 

been raised in a UlcLS 6 G 
scathing report _ 

by Consumers -l 

Union, publishers of the Ameri¬ 
can equivalent of Which?. “Cap¬ 
tive Kids” concludes that the 
burgeoning business of selling to 
schoolchildren has penetrated 
classrooms largely unchecked. 

An 18-month investigation 
found many biased and manipu¬ 
lative claims in study materials 
sent to schools; among them, 
that eating meat makes people 
taller; stripping hillsides of trees 
is good for the environment; no 
species are endangered; sweet 
cereals are good for you. 

Ms Harris held out for three 
days against Channel One. de¬ 
spite furious protests from her 
class, unto she was told the 
school had signed a contract 
which made showing the pro¬ 
gramme mandatory. Months 
later, she says: “I continue to 
look on Channel One as a 
scandalous waste of time. Only a 
few students watch, some do 
homework, and the rest just 

Her one satisfaction is that her 

An 18-month 
found there 

students agree to turn off the 
sound during commercials for 
bubble gum. mouthwash, soft 
drinks, acne cream, crisps, choc¬ 
olate bars and athletic shoes. 

Firms are willing to pay nearly 
$200,000 (E12S.OOO) for a single 
30-second commercial on Chan¬ 
nel One, knowing it will reach an 
audience of right million young¬ 
sters. The numbers indicate the 
tremendous buying power of 
America’s elementary and sec¬ 
ondary schoolchildren: some $72 
billion (£45 billion) a year. 

Channel One provides client 
schools with a TV set in every 
classroom and VCRs, but Con¬ 
sumers Union argues that school 
administrators are entrusted to 
instruct students, not expose 
them to advertising. 

Several states are dubious 
about Channel One. but only 
New York has barred it from 

_ state-run schools. 

Jim Ritts. presi- 
nOnth 11601 of network 

affairs for Chan- 

ration nel 0oe > says 

,auuii -captive Kids" is 

iTwara so slanted as to be 

uieic ~ a piece of 

were many 
biased claims In-school com- 

*1 nitric raraatem is at 
.«UUllla its worst, says the 
_____ report, when 
1 masquerading as 

educational materials that too 
often offer half-truths or mis¬ 
statements favouring sponsors. 

The report examines material 
of varying quality from oQ, 
utility, food and insurance firms, 
banks and credit-card com¬ 
panies. It also looks at agencies 
that place it. One solicits busi¬ 
ness from corporations with an 
advertisement that, above the 
photograph of a five-year-old 
boy. has the headline: “Reach 
him at the office." 

“Captive Kids" concedes hard- 
up schools are tempted by spons¬ 
orship but insists teachers 
should subject sponsored materi¬ 
al to the same stringent reviews 
as for other curriculum sources. 

The report concludes: “We 
believe that parents and 
educators must unite to make 
schools advertising-free zones 
where young people can pursue 
learning free from commercial 
influences and pressures." 

Ian Brodie 

A head teacher gets to grips with a year’s secondment to the ‘real world 9 of work, as politicians do battle over the future of the careers service 

on a 
#=5 curve 

« 1 J ' 

T rading places is a daunting 
prospect for a career teacher. 
We have all suffered those 
finger-jabbing assaults from dis¬ 
gruntled parents: “The trouble with 
you head teachers is that you’re out 
of touch. Whai future has UK pic if 
our education system is run by 
. liberal-minded softies who don’t 
_ - • know what life is really like in the 
harsh economic dimare of the 
1990s?" Such sentiments wer e stxH 
ringing in my ears as I arrived at 
Royal Mail on my first day of acme- 
year stretdi as a so-called quality 
s manager. 

The aim of the innovative 
Headteachers into Industry, based 
at the University of Warwick, is 
twofold. By allowing head teachers 
to experience a management 
. »: - \. a commercial organisation it seeks 
■ J r ’ io aid their professional and per¬ 
sonal development More impor¬ 
tantly. it allows them an msigni 
into the employment market which 
awaits their pupils. 

My induction was punishing, t 
discovered the delights of driiver- 
■ mg letters in the pouring rain on a 
sprawling Sheffield housing estate* 
. ' and encountered foe discipline of 
meeting deadlines on night shift m 
the sorting office. My turning 
curve — foe first of many business 
terms- was steep. I was inundated 
with information. Even as an 
, educationist. 1 found managwnertt- 
■ speak incomprehensiWe. b kb®" 
marking a. punishable oneiKe 
committed in science late? Ana 
what is downsizing? Tfrehiimiha- 
tion of a xwadritraru popd? 

1 am currently attempting' » 
.make a small contribution to tins 
S vast and complex Rqj * 1 M - 2 \S 
helping a team of defi yery ga te 
staff to find new ways of impnwmg 
their service to foe customer- we 
*■ are using an analytical tedinique to 

identify points where we canon- 
~ * A prove the mail handling. I recewea 
r ' spedai training for this w hich wi ll 

heip roe to identify ways 
ing management and teaching 

when ! return to headship. 

"-v. :: 

' ss?#s«: 

■ ;■ - V--.- ■ 

Dreaming of a career 

Charles Sisom: from head teacher to Royal Mail and back 

This constant reference to “the 
customer" is one immediate and 
obvious contrast with teaching. The 
Royal Mail is impressive and 
rigorous in the way it seeks out 
customer comment, listens to it and 
works hard to improve service. In 
all honesty, we haven’t been very 
good at that in the world of 
education, where we stiff food to 
think that we know what is best for 
our customers, and how jolly glad 
they should be. too. 

Y et much of my time in the 
Quality Team is spent in 
meetings. After foe criti- 
from colleagues in school 

that we have for toom^r meetings 

ft is strangely comforting to find 
parallel complaints in another org¬ 
anisation. Everybody wants to be 
consulted but nobody wants togoto 
meetings any more 1 - The answer 
ties in making meetings as effective 
and well managed as possible. 
Again. I received training in the 
skills of chairing and organising 
meetings. These will be put to the 
jest when I return to sdiooL 
Another feature of business s 
concern for “foe bottom fine". 
Questions about improvement 
{Sve adear focus. “WiD it make us 
more competitive?" “Omjw on 
costs but keep «P 
cfowerneasureprogress?" D ennin g 
tenns such as quality, customer 
and bottom line are not easy m 
schools. However, they could be 
much more demanding m monitor¬ 
ing and measurement 

Scrutiny of staff performance is 
exacting and provides another con¬ 
trast My work in Royal Mail is to 
be assessed by the team I lead. I 
will receive a summary of their 
views on my performance as a 
leader. I will then be expected to 
discuss it with them, in older to do 
better next time. This is certainly a 
powerful tool for increasing my 

Leadership is much discussed in 
education texts and school inspec¬ 
tion reports, but how often do we 
really address our effectiveness as 
head teachers? Teacher appraisal 
schemes tend to be too cosy. I hope 1 
have the courage to implement 
such leadership review schemes for 
myself and my colleagues when 1 
return to headship. 

Yet I have discovered parallels as 
well as contrasts. The so-called 
“real" world exists in both educa¬ 
tion and commerce. The pressure 
on frontline managers is enormous 
in schools as well as commercial 
organisations. Both are living 
through paroxysms of change. 
Head teachers willingly admit that 
they have much to team from 
business. Cbuld it be that the 
business world might just have 
same small morsel of wisdom to 
leani from education? Nobody, has 
a monopoly on foe “real world". 

Charles Sisum 

• 77je author is head teacher cf 
Wisevnod Secondary School, Sheffield, 
and is or secondment with RqyalMail 
North East. 

It is dangerous to 
foster the illusion 
of full-time 
employment, says 

Susan Elkin 

S urely it is about time we 
stopped preparing our school 
leavers for a world which no 
longer exists? A host of Cabinet 
ministers gathered with John Ma¬ 
jor to launch the latest Competitive¬ 
ness White Paper last month, yet its 
prescription for a modern 
workforce seemed out-dated. Min¬ 
isters remain too concerned about 
whether the careers service is run 
by foe private or public sector, 
instead of addressing the reality 
that awaits teenagers embarking 
on the job hunt 

“Careers" is specified in the 
national curriculum as a theme 
that should cut across lessons. 
Teachers, advisers, business part¬ 
nerships and others strive conscien¬ 
tiously to deliver it--and yet, in all 
honesty, the concept of “career" is 

At least three million Britons are 
unemployed. The figure quoted for 
Europe is 19 mifuan, which is 
probably a conservative estimate. 
Consider three factors. First, mod¬ 
em technology means that fewer 
workers are needed. Second, foe 
potential workforce is hugejy en¬ 
larged because women have joined 
it Third, the market for European 
exports has shrunk in response to 
economic growth elsewhere in the 

No one can assume, as previous 
generations did, the right to choose 
an area which appeals, start work 
at 16, 18 , or 21, and remain 
indefinitely with one employer or 
make “career moves". This still 
happens for some, but for many it 
is a pipe dream. Yet we continue to 
faster this illusion. It is dangerous, 
because it teaches young people to 
define themselves largely in terms 
of their future gainful employment 
— or lack, of it When there is none, 
self-esteem plummets and they feel 
betrayed by the aduli worid. 

To carry on raising dearly 
unfrdfillable expectations in the 



m/m Hfssim 

mn mm 


Ministers support John Major in foe Competitiveness White Paper, but are they addressing reality? 

young is to court disaster. Anxiety 
and frustration are inbuilt now at 
an early age. Wimess foe recall 
survey which found that children 
as young as 12 dte not finding a job 
as their biggest worry. Yet failure to 
help young people to prepare 
realistically for the future is. I am 
convinced, a cause of vandalism, 
street violence and other antisocial 

We need to look broadly ar 
alternative ways of living a pur¬ 
poseful life. For a start let’s dispose 
of the misnomer "careers" educa¬ 
tion. “Pursuits" or “lifestyles" 
would be less hypocritical A wider 
brief would provide scope to look at 
charity work and constructive lei¬ 
sure activities. Helping in a chil¬ 
dren's home, reading to patients in 
a hospital, dealing footpaths, for 
example. And we must discuss 
these alternatives in a cheerful way 
in schools and with parents. 

The excellent Community Pro¬ 
gramme was adept at organising 
the “unwaged" into beneficial 
work, and it is a mystery why it was 
allowed to wither away. I would 
like to see it revived. Young people 
could then be steered towards it by 
schools and "careers" advisers, 
perhaps with small financial in¬ 
ducements. But it is no good 

indoctrinating young people with 
our own outmoded prejudices that 
any of this is second-best- II has to 
be promoted as A Good Thing for 
itself — as dearly it is. 

Then there is sport. Perhaps one 
reason why sport should be more 
widely encouraged in schools is so 
that people are better equipped to 
practise it in their increased leisure 
time as adults. 

A ttitudes are hard to change, 
but it is essential that we 
start realistically exploring 
with schoolchildren some of these 
acceptable ways of living life in a 
constructive way, even for the 
“economically inactive" who are 
obliged to depend for money on a 
partner, parent or a government 

Schools should also be sowing 
the seed of the idea that there is 
Kale permanence in modem life. 
There may be fuff-time work, but it 
will probably be intermittent—and 
strategies are needed for living 
through the gaps between jobs in a 
useful way. Having full-time paid 
employment is not an indication of 
whether or not you are a complete 
person and there are other ways of 

Young people should, moreover. 

be made aware of Charles Handy’S 
concept of the “portfolio person” 
who has a duster of small jobs 
rather than one main one. For, say, 
an 18-year-old that might mean an 
afternoon paper round on week¬ 
days, a Saturday shop job. two 
evenings per week bar work and 
mowing lawns on Sunday. Such 
enterprise could yield a modest 
income and stiff leave space for 
other activities. 

It is all a matter of thinking in a 
multi-dimensional, problem-solv¬ 
ing way and we owe it to the young 
to make them aware of foe multi¬ 
farious possibilities and give them 
a bit of "education for self-reliance”. 
But first we have to escape from the 
straitjacket imposed by the notion 
of “career", for we do young people 
a grave disservice in conditioning 
foam to believe fiat gainful em¬ 
ployment is the be-all and end-all of 

We must abandon the present 
political and educational hypocrisy 
and linear thinking which bedevils 
“careers" education. Whether the 
careers service rests in public or 
commercial hands is merely an 
ideological nicety — and worrying 
about it clouds the key issue. It is 
the reality of careers education 
which matters. 



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117 » ■: 

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33 3 

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3HQ Mtm Stomt 
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13590 Ana Atter 
909.10 BBA 
197.89 BSEI 
1120 toao Quo 

1120 Bnam 
2110 CnMM 
3190 Bf 
67 X FUWi 
2200 GX1 
195 2T.OUIB SMI Ukf 
123 989? GO HmdJ Mote 

296 5030 lad! 

O 738 Lane 
71* 13200 loan 

2133 9*n 
92880 I S Mt 

mnjtor w*s 


153710 EH tons 




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6.47410 KM PiM WP 






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61400 mn MH 


4 24 



1.061 70 UMb 






1572.10 PoreBai 

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649*0 Ek Wfcs 











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2459+ Pi 1/ 163 

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86+5 W 144 
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964 + 32V 17 213 

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230 «gn 
2920 Abe Itag 
8980 Bej* 

27 CD Cm IK 
5180 Mas 

4970 Cam 

8190 ConMb H 

1730 Gosacat 
17410 Meb het 


259*8 1*50*01; 
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47 id matt 
146 Pima tot 
3990 Chon Cb 
I mre seu 

16270 Ota HBSl 
874 SI** Bar 
13J790 » rkofer 
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208 -4 
274 +8 

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23530 ton W 
KL30 Ekn 3M1 
I3MJB flttjjJj M 
9650*1 GtttoS 
47880 StSbirt Otft 
21570 tbcJUP-Qei 
8250 IhC HA 'A 
2984S K0B CM 
883 **B« 
180.10 ban Cus 

520 4 3*i 16 125 
445 4 11 II MO 


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tJP &ronr 
186 StSoD Bscn 
H60 Cm* nr A 
64* Oapm N 
5510 Oner tain 
662 CaMt 
4180 UKUl 
1*920 (Mm* M 
2760 QSXffie S LAB 
8720 P*<W to 'A 
183410 BaMMttt 

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3990 BKk HP 
144 BnyftHI 
85X0 MBs B 

83 .. 63 80 

132 ... 21 7.1 

9 ... 62 * 

no 4 3 . 

249630 m«n 
17060 JM 
si ei Bust 

140 2IG660 a 

200 3/DO xara f3SSQ 

I9J ?44J AHHJ3 Iftp UE 


214 95510 Afcra 

215 Sd Amen Tad 

»0 50020 Arnip A DVas 

iso nra nme (mm » 

3/1 + B 25 
74 4 7H 03 

SHORTS (under 5 years) 

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840 1ICA17AN95 
T73 l«nU\l9» 

an En5 IT A 1996 
iea cnmvBi 
1999 tu 7161997 
129 llBS I3v% l©7 

3700 taanviisr 

5558 tat PA 1997 
CD t«A7Sll*r 
3*0 {EDM 1998 
11+0 to TA 1996 
1200 teen PA TSP4 
9m Tea irt 1998-01 
56 .toOUMV 
3JD9 fcmi 2 %«a 
1.900 teS*A1*9 
1050 LBi 12V61999 
IKK UT A <999 
52M TKDF114H 
1798 Cow IT A1999 

MEDIUMS (5 ID 15 yBas) 

533 C*rJ5!800 

4308 TMSB3D0 

1171 toinaaa 

4*66 to 185 SCI 
7.V3 tonznn 
6 527 tenPAOT 
1290 1nasH2DD9 
1503 1ftxn2DDl 
i.oo toimiscvoa 
5fl tor.AfHM4 
1412 Can PA 2004 
MH top*2884 

fOP4 - 

ion - H 
LOT, - '• 

mr. - 

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ton -•a 
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IBS’s * S 

10J+I ♦ *»■ 

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Ilii +1>a 

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123 <l'r 

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111*4 +1% 

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11A »1“r 

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m -r- 

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6400 toeW2005 
48C C*r*Aa05 
6J4 UK Iwt?A2B&« 

640 UBB to7vt28K 
623 inn tosvmane 
637 USB to 11ML 2001© 
iS 7397 toM.2887 
668 1250 J*B7JVS2BW« 

684 5JP1 to»a» 

685 3 450 to Ik 2808 

t» LONGS (over 15 years) 

<750 tor A 2010 

,5 520 cmnaii 

1351 to 912012 

9JBDB tePAaB»-n 

1800 tosiais 

i* kb toAsawn 

730 ]S£ OaiMJOir 

un toiHxim 

)0 1.9M MUM 
415 Iius2<A 
09 toabA 

INDEX-LKKB3 on injected WMorut 

i3B toi2im 
741 BOD to L PA 1998 
7*3 1£SJ to SPA 2001 
7.49 1M toL7A303 
T 55 1C00 tot4* 7804 
IS 1.750 toLTlOaOE 
766 I.B0 to 5 PA 200 
768 2.109 tot PA SDI 
771 2600 toL2*A&U 
?M 2J00 tot PA MIC 
7.45 2808 tolPAABD 
U1 2450 1REO.PA2IS4 
7.7i 1JBI tol*SiJ0a 

w?» i +is 
np» +i*» 

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127V. +l>>* 

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111V +1", 

77V 4 »■ 

«P». +!**■ 

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1T0*4 4l°B 

ISW +2Aa 

45*. +1 

3t*l +1 
491 +1 

2OT*n + n. 

112 +1 

1W 4 V 

172V til 

1151 + '■ 

lion, + 

164*Vi + In 

I78>e + V 

141. 4 V 

1«*+ + "a 

r *Om + 

1201 + 1*B 

nrv. + *•■ 

W 7Jt 

860 718 

973 TM 

7.77 780 

780 777 

94i m 

SJB 7J7 


8J8 7/7 

785 7/7 

7JI 777 
812 779 

UB 7/1 
IB 7U 
123 771 

7/9 TJt 
IS 778 

us m 

in n 

US 382 
133 2J9 

187 132 
SOI 340 
UB 338 
149 145 

U6 1« 

331 141 

u* ia 

IB 155 
30 157 

1*1 15* 

341 354 

409 OKcrs 
180-40 Qw, Fan H 
8130 W 


13080 Bn& 

51680 total 
02420 iSStoT 



■^^the-times Monday jrnsjp 5 1995 

-■. -? s. 



'^t 0 S* • ! r . # 


w*** ftbar Pre*. Bn*: An- 
Cttichtoy - 

MO figures (May prowritsirf).- 


Wtfjjw: ApoSo Metate, Edmburah 
NBwTfcarJ'“*• Hwr plate & gS- 


wwnwof^, Angttan, Ascot Bev- 
atey. BMb Leisure. CFtttwnas. 

Ppworacreen International. Racai 

Yorkshire Water. SS 

tfc« Advance enarw (April). 


Interims: Chemring, City Site Es¬ 
tates, Crabtree, oX mSi* g5£ 

ring. City Sib 

ia] Utilities. French, Grenada 

Drummond, Fatrbafm Euro Smaller 
Co. Hambrps, Henderson Athnln, 
bigham, L^oh Interests, Northern 
Investors Co, RPC. GconasHc 
Statistics; Monthly monetary meet- 
mg between the ChanceKr and 
Bank of England Governor, cycfical 
tnd tea tors for the UK economy 
Wprff—second estimate), housing 
starts and completions (Aprfl). 


Interims: BUck, Bradstock, Ctwyss- 
fe. Dewhurat, GWR Group, WMnay. 
Fbaria; Alphameric, Chubb Sec¬ 
urity. Johnson Matthey, London In- 
sunancf Market Northumbrian 
Water. Oxford tastnjmente, Porter 
Cafcum, RBdngton, 600 Group. 31.. 
Eco nomic statistics; Emplonnont ' 
and other Indcators, index of in¬ 
dustrial production (Aprfl). CBf sur¬ 
vey of dbirfouttve trades (May); 


Finals: Brazilian Smaller Compan¬ 
ies, Dunedin Eraerprfee Investment 
Trust Osborne & Uttfe, Park Food, 
Rtvervtew Rubber, Somic, St 
James's Piece Capital. Ec onom ic 
eteSstfcs: Balance of visible trade 
(March), construction output (pi). 

The Sunday Times: Btgr P3k- 
ington. Amersham. Sdl 
Vodafone. The Sunday Tele¬ 
graph: Bay Invescci Cfaezn- 
ring, Capitol Grotgx Sdl 
Euro Disney. The Observer. 
! Buy Pilkington. Osborne & 
j Li trie, Capitol. Hold Meyer 
1 International. Scfl London 
International Group, De La 
; Rue. The Mail on Sunday. 
* Buy Worthington Group, 
Sdl Ransom es. Independent 
on Sunday: Buy Evans 
Halshaw, DaJrontedKVSdt 
Amersham. / 

Healthy growth in passed ' 
gar-traffic will provide a lift for- .. 
"Jj-year profits, due today, from 
the airports operator that owriS' - 
Heathrow and Gatwick. How¬ 
ever, attention will also focus on 
any indications of the speed of 
development of BAA'S retail busi- 
ness and its campaign to win 
njanning pemiission to buffda 

fifth terminal at Heathrow. 

NatWest Securities eaqpecte vid- 

L ume growth and strong 1 rriaal 
revenues to drive fi^ sl pretax. ■ 

,profits up to £363 miffion (£334 " 
nulhosi). A dividend of lOp (9p) is 
Itafy.-Fopecasts range froia £360 . 
million to E370 million. 

Analysts expect an upbeat ‘ 
statement from Sir John Egan* 
chief executive, as passenger 
numbersgrew by 7 per centifi the 1 
year to March 3L with UBS. . 
forecasting average spend per 
head at a healthy £5.80. ::r ".. 

ANGLIAN WATER; Ihe priva¬ 
tised water companies’ rep o rting 
season gets into full swing this 
week, with todays figures from 
Anglian expected to show the 
benefits of restrncrirrmg. 
Ktemwort .Benson has,pencilled 
in final pre-tax profits of £228 
million (£1323 mDEon). An im- 

predicted. Forecasts^ran^^om 
£305 million to £235 rrriTlirm - - 

DE LA RUE: Jeremy Marshall, 
chief executive of die security 
banknote” printer, 'which has a 
225pef cent stake in Gamelot the 
consortium that runs the Nat¬ 
ional Lottery, win be hoping his 
ftmkymimber comes up when he 
re pQrts finals tomorrow. 

BZW expects full-year pre-tax 
profits to advance to £141 million Racai data communications 
(029.8 million), with a dividend group, which also has a stake in 
of 23p (20p) predicted. Market CSmdot NafWest expects final 
forecasts range from £140 million pretax profits, due tomorrow, to 
to £148 million. .advance to £60 million (£51.7 

However, analysts will be look- HuffioS). Market forecasts range 
mg for reassurance after recent fro®i-£58 million to £60 mfllion. A 
concerns that the integration of Addend of up to 5p (435p] is 
Portals, acquired for £682 mil - predicted. Attention will focus on 
Eon, is not going quite to plan, /’'current trading and prospects, as 
'The market took fright in March - -well as foe impact of the lottery, 
after De La Rue gave warning of /. ~ 

a further deterioration in profit^ 'GRANADA: The television and 
ability at its German subsidiary^- leasare giant will be watched on 
and sa id foat (he acquisitfop of//Wednesday for news about foe 

Jeremy Marshall, left, of De La Rue, and Sir Ernest Harrison, of Racai, check the numbers 

Portals would not be earnings 
eohaniang for two years. 4; } 

state of commercial television. 
First-half pretax profits are ex¬ 
pected to dimb to £150 million 
(£108 mfflion), according to 
NalWest Securities. Market fore* 
casts range from £140 rruldan to 
£155 million. Full integration 

benefits of LWT will help, as will 
better advertising revenues, al¬ 
though there are doubts about 
the group's rentals business, 
which had a good start to the 
period but was Later affected by 
Rumbelow's stock sell-down. 

Attention will focus on how the 
group’s two major acquisitions, 
LWT and the Sutcliffe contract 
caterer, have been integrated. 
Analysts may also press Grana¬ 
da on its plans for its 14 per cent 
holding in Yorkshire-Tyne Tees 
Television now That the new cross 
ownership media regulations, 
which limit companies to two £7Y 
licences and up to 20 per cent in a 
third- rule out a full Did. 

VODAFONE^ Attention at to¬ 
morrow's results from Britain’s 

leading cellular telephones oper¬ 
ator will focus on how well the 
group is coping with rapid expan¬ 
sion and intensifying competition 
in foe mobile phone market 
Future growth may depend on 
overseas markets, although high¬ 
er mobile phone subscriber num¬ 
bers are expected to help final 
pre-tax profits climb to £370 
million (£3633 million), accord¬ 
ing to Strauss Turnbull. Profit 
forecasts range from £360million 
to £380 million, with a dividend 
of 3.1p to 3.4p (2.78p) expected. 

Bid speculation will surround 
Northumbrian Water when it 
announces full-year results on 
Thursday. Lyonnaise G£n£rale 
des Eaux. of France, wants to 

take over the North-East water 
group and is waiting for clear¬ 
ance from the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission before it 
announces terms. Meanwhile, 
NatWest expects final pre-tax 
profits to advance to E88 million 
(£65 million), with forecasts rang¬ 
ing from £84 million to £92 
million. A dividend of 2S3p 
(243p) is predicted. 

pects tomorrow’s final pre-tax 
profits to dimb to £302 million 
(£241,7 million) and has pencilled 
in an improved dividend of 24.6p 
(22.5p). Market forecasts range 
from £295 million to £308 million. 

SEEBOARD: Tomorrows fig¬ 
ures from foe regional electricity 
distributor are likely to attract 
significant attention, with bump¬ 
er profits and sizeable dividend 
increases drawing heat from 
politicians and consumer groups. 

BZW expects Seeboard to gen¬ 
erate final pretax profits of £153 
million (£131.7 million). A divi¬ 
dend of 14.1p (I1.75p) is predicted. 
Profits will continue to rise as , 
costs fall in the core business, 
with a further boost to earnings 
likely from the contracting and 
retailing operations. 

PILKINGTON: UBS expects re¬ 
covery in the United States to 
help foe St Helens-based glass 
giant to final pretax profits, due 
on Thursday, of £135 million 
(£72.4 million). 

Market forecast range from 
£125 million to £156 million, 
though foe published profits may 
be distorted by a hefty goodwill 
writeback on Visioncare, which 
the company would like to sell. 
UBS thinks foat PiDdngton's 
balance sheet is still stretched, 
with an estimated £700 million 
net debt and 64 per cent gearing. 

Attention will focus on current 
trading and prospects, with ana¬ 
lysts particularly keen to see 
evidence of recovery in Europe, 
now foat glass prices have 
strengthened and foe rate of 
growth at Libbey Owens Ford, its 
US subsidiary. 

E Sharp expects the autocatalyst 
and precious metals group to lift 
final pre-tax profits, due on 
Thursday, to £95 million (£65.4 
million). Forecasts range from 
£94 million to £96 million. A 
dividend of 135p (11.4p) is likely. 

ouiiPQK i| 

Clarke may 
be vindicated 

I n Britain, the main event of the week is 
Wednesday's monetary meeting be¬ 
tween Kenneth Clarke, the Chancel¬ 
lor, and Eddie George. Governor of the 
Bank of England Only recently, the 
markets were betting strongly that the 
Chancellor would have to concede a base 
rate rise, having refused one at the May 
meeting. But a run of weak economic data 
since then has swung that consensus in the 
opposite direction- 

There is little new economic evidence 
before tbe meeting, with only MO money 
supply for May due today and cyclical 
indicators, which have increasingly point¬ 
ed to a slowing economy, published on tbe 
day of foe meeting. 

However, industrial production and 
manufacturing figures for April are pub¬ 
lished on Thursday, as well as the 
Confederation of British Industry’s dis¬ 
tributive trades survey for May. It has to 
be presumed that foe Treasury wifi have a 
fairly good idea of what these contain on 

Industrial production is expected to 
have risen by about 03 per cent to 05 per 
cent in April much weaker than foe 0.9 
per cent jump recorded in March. Manu¬ 
facturing output which rose by a rather 
anaemic 03 per cent in March, is expected 
to do little better in April, with foe market 
expecting a rise of around 05 per cent 
That would take year-on-year growth in 
manufacturing down to 2.7 per cent 
These figures are of particular interest 
because there has recently been a wide 
divergence between official production 
statistics and CBI surveys, which have 
been much more upbeat 
Analysts have tended to set more store 
by the CBI evidence than official figures. 
However, last Friday's purchasing man¬ 
agers* report which has tended to track the 
CBI quite dosely. was weak, which may 
lend more credibility to government 

Purchasing managers suggested that 
the weakness of domestic demand was 
beginning to affect industrial output a 
potent reason for base rates to be left 
unchanged at Wednesday's meeting. 

The only other major British statistic 
comes on Friday with the March visible 
trade balance inducting tbe European 
Union. Forecasts suggest a deficit of 
around £1 billion in March after a 
shortfall of £1.1 billion in February. 

On foe international front German 
output da ta wiQ be looked at dosely for 
evidence of what damage foe strong mark 
has done lb foe German economy. On 
Friday, the Japanese Tankan survey of the 
economy is published. 

This is expected to show foat business 
confidence in manufacturing, which has 
been steadily improving over foe past 
year, may have flattened out or even 
declined slightly. 


‘Court of AppfeST’’'.-''/-'. •• - - 

Law Report June 51995 

ousts order 

iHeervTutton and Moftcr 
Pidkles v HoMsworth 
LoveO vPOrter 
Before Sir Thomas Bingham. Mas¬ 
ter of the Rolls, Lord Justice Peter 
Gibson and Lord Justice Savflkj 
(Judgment May 251 
Where parties to a count y co urt 
action begun by default summons 
agreed to extend time for cfcfiviay 
erf the defence, with the result thaia 
period of twelve months elapsed 
from service of the summons, the 
effcn of their agreement was to 
oust Order 9, rule 10 of the County 

Court Rules (SI 1081 No I687/L2Q) 
so that the action could not be 
struck out under that rule. 

The Court of Appeal » held 
when; , _ . 

|i) allowing an appeal by the 
plaintiff Balwsnt Heer from Judge 
Heald, sitting at Nottingham 
COunty Court, who had refus ed m s 
application to enter a default 
judgment against the defendants. 
A. G, Tutton and Argos Pstn o- 
utors Lid. following their asserwai 
that the action had been struck wn 
under Order 9, rule 10 of the 
County Court Rules: 

<ii) dismissing an appeal by me 
defendant Philip Hokfewnin man 
Judge Stephen, *' 

County Court who had upheld toe 
district judge's refusal to strike out 
the ‘action brought by ttepto n °fL 
Stephen Pickles, under Order 9. 
rule 10s an Q 

fail allowing an appeal fey the 
plaintiff Martm Lovell from Miss 
.Recorder CorkhilL at 
(borough County Court, wtohad 
■directed that his action jtgao&t foe 
defendant. Raymond war. J* 
struck out under Order 9. ndeW. 

In each case the plaintiff had 

b»un an action m the coun^ awrt 

by default summons canning 

- aaafflp&WtiieJsem 
teraofbbSfo: hfodusoipaefiteofthe 

bad expired froth of 

service tit 'the ^snpna^is>wittiow 
delivery of admi^wn defence or 
counknUn "or me * tony of 

Order % rule 10 provides:. 

“Where 12rodMisSa^<mptd'. 
from thedateof service rfadefrair 
summons and — (5) do admission, 
defence or comaerdaim has been, 
delivered and judgment has not 
been emered against tbe defen¬ 
dant. or (ti) an admission has been 
delivered bat no judgment has 
been entered under nde 6(1) or; as 
the tircomstances may require, no 
notice of acceptance or non-accep¬ 
tance has been received by. the 
proper officer, the action shall be 
struck out and no enlargement of 
tbe period of 12 months shall be 
granted wider Order 13, rule 4.“ 

Mr John Cherry, QC and Mr 
Simon Xing for Mr Heer. Mr 
Harvey McGregor. QC and Mr 
Mai&ew Jackson for Axgps. 

Mr Edwin Glasgow, QC and Mr 
Simon Myersoo for Mr Ptodes; 
Mr Stuart Brown, QC and-Mr 
waKam Haribuiy for Mr 

Mr John Cherry. QC and Mr 
Douglas Herbert for Mr Lovdt 
Mr Roderick Noble for Mr Porter. 

ROLLS, giving the judgment erf the 
court, said that Order 3. rule 2 of 
foe County Court Rules provided 
that, except as otherwise provided 
by foe rules, every action cfoer 

foan a fired date action, defired as 

one in which a daiffl was made for 
relief other than the wymerrt of 
mcgxy. was to be a default action. 

In any ordinary personal rnjury 
anion the “dy daim whx* foe 

had reacted agreement «n» 


Consultation failure 
over home sale 

j.. home 

grnoney. It followed that personal 
injury claims begun ^ theory 

Sift were ordinarily default 


egitu v Wandsworth 
mflo* Boroogb CoaaoL 
t partcSetkwith (No 2} 


i home Jr to area, a k**j 

hoed but art or ks residents ^at 
for tares is tie are* . 

Mr Mre Ams to hrid ni the 
«wrt Depdh Division on 
when taiilte an appfcaw** 
Mr tajpr Bttkwith for 
dkial re riew ^aal gre ens a 
deration ttaafaiA i-irirm « 
ri«i services eraiHBitsee of the 
radon Btypfttf/lFSWpxfewtth 
i May Zu tjoeeGeatge WW 

House, the residential hm* i n 
rf foat dedson by die 

on May 10-had been taken wiftout 

QMjsuiting interested .parties. _ 

met agam m 

The comnuuor -p— — 

foe tight of the decision of Mr 
_m rtv same case 

on ApillHTta Times May 3- 

,£*??*, S3- 

Coundl. Et pane Saixr 

iSkori?* other «■»“ 


The court refen-ed to the history 
of Ordex 9, rule 10 which, then 
Order 10. rule 7, bad been added 
fay amendment to the County 
Court Rules 1936 in 1952 when foe 
general jurisdiction of the county 
court was titrated to £200 and a 
default action could be brought, 
with certain eaxptiQns, to recover 
any debt or liquidated demand. 

In the court!: view, that rule 
must have applied to many rel¬ 
atively petty debt collecting ac¬ 
tions, and it seemed oa foe whole 
probable that it was a response to 
foe administrative burden which 
would dearly be caused to county 
court offices if plaintiffs, having 
issued default summonses, foiled 
frj take further action, whether 
because they decided it was'not 
'worth doing so, or because foe 
debtor settled the debt out of court, 
with foe result that inactive files 
would continue to acc umu l a te. 

There was no reason to suppose 
foatthe draft s m an was in any way 
anticipating the modem view that 
courts chOnirf foemseNcs control 
the timetable of proceedings to 
ensure the expeditious conduct of 

The classes of daim which could 
be made by issue of a default 
summons were greatly ex t e nd ed in 
198). The draftsman should, of 
course, have appreciated that 
Order 9, rule JO would apply to- 
those extended classes. It was not 
known whether or not he did. nor 
if the extended application of the 
rule was appreciated by 

The problem might only have 
hiynmg acute with the great in¬ 
crease recently made in tbe juris¬ 
diction of die county court in 
personal irgtay cases. 

It was in those more substantial 
claims that the practice of defer- 
ring litigious procedures and final 
settlement until a plaintiff^ medS- 
■ cal condition clarified or stabilised 

had in tbe past, been regularly 

foQowttL The court knew of nofo- 
- mg to suggest foal H was intended 
in effect to abolish that practioe. 

Reference was made to foe 
wording of Order 9, rule 10^with its 
provision that no enlargement of 
foe period Of 22 months, was to be 
granted tinier Order 13, ruk 4. 
Thai had to mean that foe court's 
ordinary power of retrospective 
extension under Order 13 rule 4& 

was eKchxted. 

It did not necessarily fol low foa t 
the court* power of prospective 
extension under rule 4(1}. was 
excluded, because Order 9. rule 10 
-was not directed to the period 
before 12 months had expired. 

On a literal constructicm it 
. seemed at least arguable foat a 
plaintiff could apply to foe court 
for extension of foe 12 month 
period before its expiry, since the 
nde would not then bavecoine into 
operation, foe action would rat 
have been sffudc tratan djhere was 
nothing to derogate from the 

general power of prospective 1 
enlargement in Order & rule 4. foa 

If an extension were prospec- uni 
tivtity sought, it would be fm the sa 
judge lo decide whether to grant ft vm 
and if he did not the plaintiff could ore 
ewer judgment or call for a w? 
defence. w* 

Whether or not that construction or 

were correct, a further question 
arose whether the dosing words of ] 
Order 9, rule 10 precluded or jut 
invalidated a prospective agree- be 
mew between the parties foat foe tre 
steps specified in tbe rule need not del 
be taken but that the action should Bu 
not be struck out on 

It was true, as foe defendants we 
had pointed out, that Order 13, rule ad 

4 applied to taoatston by consent on 
as well as by court order, foat the no 
reference to that role in Order 9. ag 
rule 10 was unspecific and foat it no 

was commonplace to speak of 
parties “granting” extensions to Or 

each other. an 

On a literal interpfetation there «y 

was'no Saw in that part of foe ve: 

defendan ts* argument, but none ex 

the less foe court found it co 

unacceptable. ou 

It was more natural to speak of ru 
foe court granting an extension, rd 
The lack of specificity in the rd 

reference left a doubt whether it 
was intended to apply to agree- th; 

merits reached between the parties ^ 

before expiry of the 12 month co 
period. in 

That doubt had to be resolved in ]\ 
favour of the plaintiffs when one 
contemplated (he unconscionable 
behaviour which would otherwise ^ 
have been open to. and perhaps jq, 
even incumbent on defendants. ^ 
The court rejected the sub- ^ 

mission that the parties bad not in 10 
terms agreed foat the action — 
Should not be struck out after 12 
months under the rule. When a 
plaintiff agreed to extend a defen- ^ 
danfS time for serving a defence, ^ 
whether indefinitely, or indefi- x 
nitdy subject to notice, or for a = 
definite period, he was in effect w 
agreeing not to enter judgment in 
difimh of defena during whatever 
period was agreed. 3 

Soch agreement necessarily im- ^ 
ported an undertaking on foe 
defendant's part rat to exploit to K 
foe prejudice of tbe plaintiff any ™ 
rale winch might otherwise * 
penalise the plain tin for not enter- 

'"hftiteSinaiy case it would {£ 
seem uriikelyfor practical reasons w 
that the striking out far which ^ 
Order 9. rule 10 provided could ^ 
ate place automatically. The ^ 
amfcsioo of that expression, foup^*^ 
in Older 17. rule 11(9), might rat be ^ 
significant, since 40 years sepa- _. 
rued foe drafting of tbe two rules. 

But since foe court would by no 

means always know when foe « 
default summons was served, it ® 
could not always know when foe 
12-monttr period had expired, and & 
a tAafanff might obtain a 
retrospectirc eaensaon of time for SI 
sendee. N 

That meant, in practical terms, 
foat tbe defendant lad, at any rate 
unless the court had effected 
service and the delay after issue 
was considerable; to apply for an 
order under Older 9, rule 10, 
which he bad m do anyway if he 
wished to obtain an order for costs 
or for payment out of any sum in 

In any substantial personal in¬ 
jury action it would not ordinarily 
be appropriate for foe court itself to 
treatfoe action as strode out if foe 
defendant had not taken the point 
But it would be repugnant to 
ordinary principles if foe court 
were to accede to the application of 
a defendant asking the court for an 
order penalising the plaintiff for 
not doing what the defendant had 
agreed, if not asked, that he should 
not do. 

The court’s construction of 
Order 9, rule 10 did not mean that 
an agreement haween foe parties 
oould always override or circum¬ 
vent a procedural rule. It was, for 
example, plain that no agreement 
could affect foe automatic striking 
out of an action under Order 17, 
rule 11(9), although it could he 
relevant on an appti&tian to 

So to hold would emasculate 
that rule and deprive it of its 
intended beneficial effect which the 
court had endeavoured to describe 
in Rastin v British Steel pic 319941 

Order 9, rale 10 did not how¬ 
ever. like Order 17, rule 11(9). form 
part of a coherent code; its mean¬ 
ing and intention were not as 
plain; and it seemed unlikely that it 
was devised as part of any scheme 
to give foe court control of the 
progress of litigation. 

The practice of delaying litigious 
procedures and final sediment 
until a plaintiffs medical condition 
hart clarified or stabilised, while 
sensible, cost-effective and bene¬ 
ficial to the plain tiff in. many cases 
was of course open to abuse. 

It as the court now held, an 
agreement that time for defence 
should be generally extended had 
foe effect of ousting Order 9, rule 
10, such agreements could be a 
source of unjustifiable delay be¬ 
yond the court's control under the 

Whether font abuse existed in 
practice, or whether, there was a 
real risk of such abuse in future, 
was not known. It would not be 
hard to frame a role which would 
deny such agreements the effect 
jwhich. on tbe courts construction, 
they now had. But the cam did not 
think Order 9, rule 10 was such a 

Solicitors; Freefo Cartwright 
Hum Diddnsi. Nottingham; ftwti 
& Warren. Leeds. 

. Raworths. Harrogate: Monish 
& Co. Leeds. 

Greenwoods. Peterborough; 
Shoosmitbs & Harrison, 

Court of Appeal 

Notice added to extension 
of employment contract 

Abrahams v Perforating 
Rights Society Ltd 
Before Lord Justice Aldous and 
Lord Justice Hutchison 
(Judgment May 19| 

An employee whose five-year fixed 
term contract under which he was 
entitled to two years' notice or. 
payment of salary in lieu was 
extended for two years under the 
terms of foe existing contract was 
entitled to tire same period of notice 
or payment in lieu. 

Accordingly, since there was a 
contractual right to the payment in ■ 
lieu of notice, he was not obliged to 
give credit for actual or imputed 

The COurt of Appeal so held 
when dismissing an appeal 
brought fay (he employer. Perform¬ 
ing Rights Society Ltd, against the 
derision of Sir Michael Davies, 
silting as a deputy High Court 
judge on May 26. 1994, to uphold 
the decision of Master Tennant on 
a determination under Order 14A 
of the Rules of the Supreme Court 
that the plaintiff. Mr Robert Abra¬ 
hams, was under no duty to 
mitigate his loss and to strike out 
that pan of the defence which 
asserted the contrary. 

Mr Ian Hunter. QC and Mr 
Andrew Hochhauser for the em¬ 
ployer; Mr Nigel Davis. QC. for 
the employee. 

gnfrf that in March 1992 it was 
agreed that the employee would 
remain in employment for two 
years up to March 31 .1994 under 
the terms erf his existing contract 
which provided for two years' 
notice or payment in lieu.The 
employment was accordingly 
agreed to be subject to the terms of 
the contract of employment 

On October M. 1992 die em¬ 
ployer terminated foe emptayeCls 
employment without notice and 
the employee claimed payment in 
lieu of notice for the remainder of 
the two-year period. 

The judge found that the effect of 
foe 1992 agreement was foat the 
employee was entitled to payment 
in lieu of notice as a contractual 
debt and was not obliged to give 
credit for any actual or imputed 
earnings; that is. he was not under 
a duty to mitigate. 

The conclusion his Lordship 
reached was that foe'arguments mi 
behalf of the employee were cor¬ 
rect. There was no basis for saying 
that the notice and payment in lieu 
provisions were excluded since foe 
words used by tbe parties were 
dear and their plain meaning 
accorded with foe employee's 

The emploj^ns second argu¬ 
ment was that the termination of 
tbe employee's employment was 
wrongful, which entitled him not 
to payment in lieu of notice but to 
damages for wrongful dismissal 
which was subject to foe duty to 

The employee argued, however, 
foal foe termination of foe contract 
was lawful and that by it the 
employer was electing, as it was 
entitled to do. between the options 
which the contract gave it to serve 
notice or pay money in lieu. 

Accordingly, foe employee be¬ 
came entitled to receive foe stipu¬ 
lated payment in lieu of notice. 
That payment was a contractual 
right, not liquidated damages, and 
was not subject to the duty to 
mitigate. Furthermore, even if foe 
payment in lieu was liquidated 
damages, there was stiU no duty to 

Police not liable 

Satctifie v Chief Constable of 
West Yorkshire 
The police when acting as bailees 
were not to be held liable far 
damage caused fay vandals to a 
motor vehicle held by them in a 
secure yard under Police and 
Criminal £vidence Act 1984 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Nourse, Lord Justice Waite 
and Lord Justice Orion) so held on 
May 19 when allowing an appeal 
by the Chief Constable of West 
Yorkshire from Judge Walker in 
Halifax County Court who in May 
1994 had hdd him liable for 
damage caused fay an arson attack 
on a Fttrd motor car belonging to 
the plain tiff. Richard Andrew 

that the vehicle, lacking vital 

mechanical parts and having a 
window missing, was in an en¬ 
closed yard, overlooked by the 
police station, which was well lit 
and constantly attended by 

The gates were kept open buithe 
system of security was such as to 
make it almost impossible for 
anyone to enter without being 

Unknown vandals had shown 
ingenuity in carrying out a 
planned, audacious attack on a 
particular vehide of no great 
market value. 

.The chief constable had dis¬ 
charged foe burden on him of 
proving that as bailee he had taken 
reasonable care of the vehide in 
the particular dicumsiances of the 
case and was not in breach of the 
duty owed to its owner. 

In his Lordship's judgment, foe 
termination of the contract was 
lawful and left the employee with a 
right to paymCTt in lieu which, if 
the employer did not pay, he could 
enforce, as he sought to do, by 

The next questions were whether 
foe daim was for a sum due under 
foe contract or whether it was a 
daim for liquidated damages and 
whether it made any difference so 
far as mitigation was concerned. 

It was con ce d e d on behalf of foe 
employer that if the claim was for a 
sum due under the contract, there 
was no duty to mitigate. 

However, he died a number of 
cases of some antiquity which, he 
suggested, established that the true 
analysis was that a sum agreed to 
be paid in lieu of notice amounted 
to liquidated damages. 

His Lordship found it un¬ 
necessary to examine those cases 
since the modern authorities oJ Rex 
Stewart Jeffries Parker Ginsberg 
Ltd v Parker ([19881IRLR 4851 and. 
Delaney v Staples Q1Q92J1 AC 687), 
relied on by counsel for the 
employee, determined foe point 
that the provision in the contract 
for payment in lieu gave rise to a 
contractual entitlement. 

It was accepted on behalf of the 
employer that in those circum¬ 
stances the argument on mitiga¬ 
tion was on available to him. 
While his Lordship found foal 
concession was correct, counsel for 
the employer had the further 
difficulty that, even if he were right 
in his contention that foe payment 
in lieu was to be regarded as 
liquidated damages, there would 
be no duty on the employee to 

That was foe submission on 
behalf of foe employee and his 
Lordship found that it was correct 

Tb permit a parly in breach who 
had agreed to a pre-estimate of the 
damages that should be paid if he 
broke his con nan to seek to 
diminish the agreed sum by argu¬ 
ment as to mitigation would be 
contrary to foe whole principle 
underlying the concept of liq¬ 
uidated damages. 

The concept of a duty to mitigate 
was entirely foreign ro a liquidated 
damages claim, the whole object of 
which was to fix a certain sum to 
be paid irrespective of the actual 
damage suffered by reason of foe 

It seemed to his Lordship that, as 
a matter of principle, where there 
was a liquidated damage clause 
which was valid, that is. could not 
be impugned as a penalty, there 
was no room for arguments an 
mitigation of damages. 

Lord Justice Aldous agreed. 

Solicitors; Simmons & 
Simmons; Hamlin sioufe, 


3 -Me 








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Frankfurt issues a DM330m challenge to the City 

Colin Narbrough on the latest move 
to set up electronic trading in Europe 

K enneth Clarke, the Chan¬ 
cellor. was beating the 
City's drum in India last 
week when, closer 10 home. 
, Frankfurt issued a fresh challenge 
to London's pre-eminence in 
Europe as a financial centre. 

City folk still tend to be dismis¬ 
sive of the German stock market 
presenting a serious threat, giv en 
its relative lad; of development 
and the private German investors' 
preference for other instruments 
than shares. But last week Deut¬ 
sche Borse. the company that runs 
the Frankfurt stock exchange and 
the DTB futures and options 
market, announced that it is to 
spend DM330 million over the 
next five years to set up a fully 
electronic trading system for Ger¬ 
man shares and bonds. This will 
be well behind Big Bang in 19S6, 
when the London Stock Exchange 
became the world's first major 
exchange to go totally electronic. 
That does not. however, detract 

from the size of the German 
investment and the earnestness of 
the intention. 

The risk to London — as with 
the widespread scepticism about 
European integration on other 
fronts — is that ft will not see what 
it does not want to believe. .All the 
dismissiveness over the concept of 
a European central bank to run 
the single currency has not pre¬ 
vented Frankfurt from securing 
the European Monetary Institute, 
forerunner to the bank. 

German proposals, however 
flippant, that a single currency 
should be called the frankeb 
instead of the ecu only helped to 
reinforce the view that post- 
unification Germany is in a much 
more self-assertive mood. 

.As the biggest European econo¬ 
my by far. Germany is keen to see 
its financial markets better reflect 
the country's leading role in the 
European economy. The fad that 
Deutsche Bank, the leading Ger- 

New horizons: Frankfurt is the subject of a bid to make it the world's top financial centre 

man commercial bank, decided to 
concentrate its international in¬ 
vestment hanking in London was 
hailed as recognition of the City’s 
pre-eminence as a financial 
centre. But it would be wrong to 
see Deutsche’s move auguring a 
mass exodus of business from 
Germany. With mega-issues like 
that of Deutsche Telekom, the 

state telecommunications monop¬ 
oly. about to hit the stock market 
next year, the German investor is 
bound to be targeted in a much 
bigger way than hitherto. 

At present, only 5 per cent of 
Germany’s private financial as¬ 
sets are held in equities, in 
Britain, it is 46 per cent, suggest¬ 
ing that British investors are 

much less risk-averse than Ger¬ 
mans. Even in the United States 
only 32 per cent is held in shares. 
Werner Seifert, the management 
board chair man of Deutsche 
Borse, has brushed aside critics of 
electronic trading who argue that 
open outcry is stfil used at leading 
exchanges such as New York and 
Tokyo. He sees the switch to 

electronic trading as pan of an 
unstopP^bk international trend. 

But going electronic is not just a 
matter for Frankfurt. Germany's 
premier stock market It is also 
another big step forward towards 

eliminating the co unt ry's s mall er 
regional exchanges and removing 

the disturbing price anomalies 
that persist between them. 

The dimmished rale of die 
smaller exchanges is demonstrat¬ 
ed by the fail that Frankfurt 
already conducts 75 per cent of 
Germany’s equity business. News 
of its big investment plan comes 
only three weeks after it was 
announced that Frankfurt Mu¬ 
nich and Dussddorf are merging 
their exchanges, using the existing 
Ibis electronic trading system 
which lists die top 30 Gorman 
shares. The four-year-oid Ibis has 
already brougld fundamental 
change to Germany’s stock mar¬ 
kets by offering aO-day service 
instead of the three-hour day on 
the open outcry floors. Deutsche 
Borse plans to have the first phase 
of its fully electronic trading 
settlement system in place by 1998. 

The next step will be to establish 
links with ether exchanges in 

Europe; as the German derira. 
fives mazte already has. There e 
even o& of Deutsche 
creating an integ rate d Fraa®. 
German sock market with the 
Soria* des Bourses FnatRise. 
The London Stock Exchange is 
not napping. Its Sequence Pro¬ 
gramme to repl ace the existing 
trading systeue? wfth a sin gly 
flexible platform, is wdl render 
way. on time and on budget The 
three-year prog ramm e, intended 
to ensure that London retains its 
lead as Europe’s financial centre, 
should be completed at a total cost 
of £75 miilton-£90 aaffion in 1996. 
The exchange descr i be s the sys¬ 
tem as “the most ftexxhte and cost- 
effective m the world”. 

Herr Seifert is tut daunted by 
London’s plan. He f oresee s Ger- 
man equity safes quadrupling amt 
market ca pit a l i s ation doubling in 
the next few years as Germany 
catches up with tire mare devel¬ 
oped equity markets. Frankfort is 
already fire fourth biggest in the 
world. “In file next 10 to 15 years. 
Germany has a good chance of 
becoming the biggest and ra ng 
attractive finantjai c e ntre ta the 

EC inquiiy into 
Irish aid for 
aircraft group 


THE European Commission 
has launched an inquiry into 
Irish government plans to 
inject Ir£I2 million of state aid 
into aircraft maintenance after 
protests from British aero¬ 
space companies. 

The British companies say 
the aid. for a business set up 
by GPA. Lufthansa and Swiss¬ 
air. will distort competition in 
an industry blighted by over¬ 
capacity and heavy losses. 

Steffen Harpoih. chairman 
of FLS Aerospace. Europe’s 
biggest independent mainten¬ 
ance company, said: “Govern¬ 
ment subsidies in the aircraft 
maintenance industry will on¬ 
ly delay the necessary ration¬ 
alisation of the industry." 

FLS. operating from Stan- 
sted. Manchester and Bourne¬ 
mouth airports, has cut its 
workforce from 3.000 to 1.000 
and closed or mothballed four 
.facilities in the past two years 
in a drive to restore profitabil¬ 
ity. “It is with great dismay, 
that as a private company we 
find we have to compete with 
government-sponsored busi¬ 
nesses." he said. 

British Aerospace, where 
Bob Bauman is chairman and 
Richard Evans is chief execu¬ 
tive. and which is developing 
Aviation Services, an Airbus 
aircraft maintenance business 
at FUton, near Bristol, said it 
was anxious to see a "level 
playing field". British com¬ 
panies are particularly vocif¬ 
erous because the UK has 
Eur ope’s biggest independent 
maintenance industry. Its 
main competitors are airlines. 

Trade unions in Germany 
and Switzerland are also deep¬ 
ly concerned about the pos¬ 
sible transfer of jobs to the 
Irish Republic. The European 
Commission investigation 
was confirmed in a letter from 
Karel Van Miert, Competition 
Commissioner, to Sir Barry 
Duxbury, director of the Soci¬ 

ety of British Aerospace Com¬ 
panies. on April 17. Sir Bany 
welcomed the inquiry. "The 
SBAC looks forward to an 
outcome that achieves its goal 
of ensuring a level playing 
field across"the industry inter¬ 
nationally," he said. 

The enquiry wfil centre 
upon a rescue package drawn 
up for Shannon Aerospace, 
established at Shannon Air¬ 
port in County Clare by GPA. 
the Irish aircraft leasing 
group, in 1990. Shannon is a 
joint venture between GPA. 
with 30 per cent of the equity, 
and Lufthansa and Swissair, 
with 35 per cent each. 

The business, -started with 
I £30 million capital and IE23 
million of grants from Shan¬ 
non Development Corpora¬ 
tion. was intended to give the 
partners low-cost mainten¬ 
ance and provide high-quality 
jobs in western Ireland. 

Since inception. GPA has 
provided 43 per cent of the 
work. Lufthansa 11 per cent, 
and Swissair 4 per cent The 

Bauman: similar service 

rest has come from other 
airlines. Despite a low cost 
base, however, the company 
has been unable to make 
profits. The difficulties have 
been increased by the tenden¬ 
cy of aircraft operators to 
concentrate heavy mainte¬ 
nance. interior modification 
and resprav work in the 
winter months, leaving the 
business with an inadequate 
workflow during the summer. 

Under the restructuring 
plan now agreed. GPA will 
surrender its equity and inject 
a final I £12 million to cover its 
share of liabilities. A further 
I £12 million will be provided 
in new grants by Shannon De¬ 
velopment Authority. Luft¬ 
hansa and Swissair will then 
own half each. 

GPA. which is withdrawing 
because of its own financial 
constraints, has undertaken to 
continue to seek Shannon bids 
for work on.the 950 aircraft 
controlled by GPA and GE 
Capital, its US investor. 

The Development Authority 
says independent experts sup¬ 
port the view that Shannon is 
“highly competitive in the 
growing narrow-bodied main¬ 
tenance sector worldwide.” 

The company said the 
rescue package would be 
backed by an undertaking 
from Lufthansa and Swissair 
to increase the amount of work 
they send to Shannon, particu¬ 
larly in the summer. That 
could enable Shannon to raise 
its workforce of 700 to 1.000. 

This has alarmed Swissair 
and Lufthansa staff. Shannon 
works on four aircraft types: 
the Boeing 737 and 757. and 
the MDS0 and DC9. Lufthan¬ 
sa is planning to move 737 
maintenance to Shannon, 
costing 300jobs in Berlin. But 
it is unclear what work Swiss¬ 
air. which is replacing MDSls 
with Airbuses, would 

Richard Evans of BAe wants to see a level playing field In aircraft maintenance 

Deductions leap 
to average 
26 per cent of pay 

By Martin Barrow 

PAY deductions in Britain — 
including tax. social security 
and other benefit contribu¬ 
tions—have riser S per cem in 
the last two years and now 
average 26 per cent of salaries. 

A typical full-time earner on 
£17.000 a year now pays 
£4.420 in tax and benefit 
contributions — £340 more 
than in 1993. 

The figures are taken from a 
European study, conducted by 
Sedgwick Noble Lowndes, the 
firm of employee benefit con¬ 

Their research shows that 
Britain is one of nine countries 
in die European Union where 
average earners have seen a 
decline in the proportion of 
their take-home pay. 

Across Europe, the average 
increase in salary deductions 
has been S per. cent in line 
with the UK. Denmark and 
Sweden faced the largest rise 
at 15 per cent 

On the whole, European 
economies with higher stan¬ 
dards of living demand the 
highest contribution levels. 
Germany. Finland and file 
Netherlands, for example, de¬ 
duct more than one-third, or 
36 per cent, of gross pay. 

While Denmark demands 
the highest deductions, at 46 
per cent, Portugal among the 
poorest European countries, 
demands just 14 per cent 

UK employees pay only 
slightly more than their couth 
terparts in Fiance, who earn 

tribute 24 per cent, and Italy.^. 
who contribute 23 per cent. r ' 

David Formosa, interna¬ 
tional research manager at 
Sedgwick Noble Lowndes, 
said: “Tax and benefit contri¬ 
butions are rising faster than 
salary increases throughout 
most of file European Union . 
and reflect file growing bur¬ 
den of pension provision and 
healthcare faced by the Slate 
and employers." 

He added: "Other member 
states which have managed a 
maintain stable, or lower, 
contribution levels, are not 
immune from the increasing 
costs. They have, on the whole, 
either increased indirect tax¬ 
ation. or cut the amount of 
benefits paid out — or both." 

Tunnel coach licence delayed 

By Jonathan Pkynn 


EUROTUNNEL faces losing much of 
the lucrative cross-Channel coach busi¬ 
ness to the ferries over the crucial 
summer season because of hold-ups in 
obtaining its coacfrcarrying licence from 
the safety authorities. 

With marpr toor coach operators now 
making their summer bookings to the 
Continent every day that passes without 

the licence means more desperately 
needed revenue is lost 

The final stages of tests and safety 
checks by the Inter-Governmental Com¬ 
mission (IGQ. the Channel Tunnel safety 
authority, are being carried over die 
coming weeks and Eurotunnel hopes to 
receive the licence this month. 

A range of stringent safety tests, 
including emergency evacuation proce¬ 
dures. have to be passed before 
Eurotunnel is allowed to cany passen¬ 

gers on roadies. Drivers' unfamiliarity 
with manoeuvring roa d ies on to toe 
special shuttle waggons is thought to 
have caused some of file problems. 

The coach licence is the last of 16 that 
the company has had to obtain before 
being able to offer a full service to all its 
potential customers. Hold-ups in receiv¬ 
ing safety clearance was one of the 
biggest factors in the late opening of the 
Tumid, which has resulted severe finan¬ 
cial problems for the company. 

Reed quiet 
on talk of 
books sale 

REED Elsevier, whose fo¬ 
cus remains corned on the 
niche on-line markets that 
serve the scientific, legal 
and technical.professions, 
yesterday declined to com¬ 
ment an media suggestions 
that the group's book pub¬ 
lishing division is up for 
sale (Colin Campbell 

The division, which em¬ 
braces Methuen. Heine- 
maim and Mandarin, and 
whose titles in children's 
bodes indude Winnie the 
Pooh and Thomas the 
Tank Engine, might be 
expected to command up to 
£400 million if put up for 
sate. ■ 

Thorn EMI and Bertels¬ 
mann, the German pub- 
fishing and music con¬ 
glomerate, could be in¬ 
terested. Last December. 
Reed paid £955 million for 
Mead Data Central, the 
US electronic publisher. 




CALL: 0171 481 9994 
























£21,000 + Benefits 

PA to Operations Director 

Fast growing city-based Management 
Consultancy requires a - senior PA to work for 
the Operations Director. Your main priority 
will be to provide a foil PA service at a senior 
level: ensuring her day runs smoothly, handling 
a wide variety of correspondence, organising 
schedules, diary management, travel 
itineraries, co-ordinating meetings, liaising 
with clients, contacts and staff 

You win need to be a bright, confident and 
cheerful person with lots of initiative, self- 
motivation, good communication skills, 100 
wpm shorthand, excellent typing skills plus an 
eye for layout. 

In addition to the basic salary, there is a 
comprehensive benefits package including 
healthcare, pension, life assurance and 25 days 
annual leave. 

Written applications sfcpnU be sent to: 

Mr. EL MaBaber 

Shree report limited, 28-30 Warship St, 
London EC2A2AH 

(An equal opportunities employer) 


Urgently require enthusiastic and hardworking 
secretary to join small but busy corporate team. 
You must be well educated, have 2/3 years 
experience working in a similar position, a 
minimum of 90/70 wpm shorthand/ typing, and 
experience of MS Windows and WordPerfect 6.1 
for Windows. 

We are looking for a bright team player'who. in 
return for an excellent salary and benefits, will pull 
out the stops to get the job done. 

If you want plenty of overtime (paid) and want to 
work in a friendly office of 20 people, please send 
your C.V. to the address bek>w giving a daytime 
telephone number. Applications should arrive no 
later than Saturday 10th June 1995. 

Ms. Sinead Clarke, 1 Creed Court, 5 Lndgate HIU, 
London EC4M 7AA 


Bury Solid ton hi Garden Square near Baker Street Sarion 

(II Experienced Secretary (or Comp any /Co mme r cia l Rumer 
(2) Experienced Secretary for Conveyancing Department 

Pleasant offices nod atmosphere 
Excellent salaries Tor right applicants 

Tel: 0171 262 4511 
Fax: 0171 262 8603 
Ref: 23 


Small, busy Holbora based company requires 
an experienced, versatile, presentable PA to 
work under pressure for demanding chairman. 
Impeccable shorthand/ typing skills essential 
together with ability to manage 
administration of office and small staff Must 
be able to prioritise heavy, but varied, 
workload. Sense of humour and flexibility are 
a must as are excellent organisational skills. 

Salary and package negotiable. 

Please apply in writing with CV to Box No 
7003 c/o Times Newspapers PO Box 3553, 
Virginia Street, London El 9GA 


Salary circa £20,000. Age 20-35, non-smoker 
and ability to work undo- pre ss ur e. Excellent 
conditions for fast accurate typist experienced 
in MS Word 6. 

Please phone 0171 229 5062 - Re£ GS. 

No agencies please. 


newnunr » axv Mm of 
my bu ay coot, nrrunlwn and 
Sec/RecenttaiaiM required for 
May travel nnwy. wi. 
Microsoft ward * shorthand 
advantage. at*, Uc Had'd. 
Near Bfl not Time. Good 
aop earan ce/od ma n n er. Fax 
CV la vidd Pindar on 0181 7a 7 
8190 or caD 0181 7X2 2886. 

M/8ec ter Wl RdOafta*. Sim 
flaxlMe person tn odd 20a 
ClBKdrcaOITl 630 0600 Any 

PA to Director a i rapidly amend¬ 

ing Software co. m NIB. Cams: 
Hurala. Ina WOW. minimal 

(nano. very involved, hectic 

rote, cm ciTjOoa aye 2 o+. 

0171 281 6646. Noxmdngh 


Construction Group c£22,000 + benefits 

Experienced PA required for the chairman of 
£45-mHfien turnover Construction Group 
based in Central London. 

Ideal position for career seeking person with 
excellent organisational and communication 
skills at all levels. 

The successful applicant will be numerate, 
possess IT skIHs and have experience of 
managing an aspects of a Chairman’s office 
and secretarial staff. Age 25-35. 

Please send CV to Box No 7001 



This co tapkOy outpacing 
its compeshots in the 
world ofTV. Finis and 
Publishing b looking Tor a 
PA to co m pl i m e nt its 

c harm ing Htvf P.rniti xy 

and learn all abont his 
business. For someone 
looking for a busy aod 
involving working day it 
offers a brilKant 
op portunity. It is a true 
PA role being at the 
company's nerve centre 
bet also a team spirit is 
e ssential. Shorthand is 
wwwiil ax is 

use. Anderson Home 
Ores) 0171-824-8821 


DIRECTCMre PA c£20_000. 
Sun wen educated secretary 
with windows experience - 
aborOwm useful. Tavistock 
Appts. 0171 036 6006 



!»/T RKtP eves 64m SSA + 
bens 2 jrcs+ reception expert. 
e nce wesMpe co 8W1 OITt 38T 
0670 MM Reception 

XI5-18TO0 pro rare 

High profile, large property 
co. Wl req 2 sec with exp at 
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and layout skills. Graphics 
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WWW ess) Mr MM Ban*. 

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lo sTOtoadsrpsB M Mwd. 

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Joha D Wsai+iG** ' 



i -THE times Monday june s 1995 ^^ 


? -Tr./^W' 

«r.» ,>? '■ 

: t i.!/V ' • 

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over losses 

at Llovd’s 

By Sarah Bacnai i 

ns l t 

it Ofp 

tn antiquarian books is taking 
legal action against Nevffie 
Russell, the accountant, in a. 
tod to win compensation for 
Jus Lloyd's Josses. 

Keith Flawkes-Underwood, 
the Lloyd’s name, claims the 
accountant breached oral and 
written contracts and commit¬ 
ted a breach of duty because it 
allegedly failed to disclose 
information in its possession 
about the insurance market 
. Mr Fawkes-Underwood, 52, 
joined Lloyd’s in 1985 with an 
underwriting limit of 
£300,000, but over the years 
this was lifted to El million. He 
made a profit of £10,000 before 
the losses began. These have 

Russia and 
De Beers 
talk peace 

By Coun Campbell 

DE BEERS and Russia 
may soon resolve their 
long-running dispute over 
Russian diamonds being 
sold outside the ambit of 
the central selling organis¬ 
ation (CSO) and. thereby, 
to the detriment of the 
world diamond market, 
analysts believe. 

If so. “peace" between 
De Beers and Russia oould 
lead to an early rise in the 
price of rough stones. 

De Beers and the Rus¬ 
sians have tong been in 
dispute over a five-year 
agreement, signed in 1990. 
under which Russian dia¬ 
monds are channelled 
through the CSO. - 
The Russaansf.wp^frv*^ 
larger percentage Jakent 
the sales contract r 

wants the 

destabilising the -world 
market by selling its staaes 
to non-CSO sources. 

readied E30O000 so far but 
substantial further losses are 
expected as claims are still 

Nevflle Russell was Mr 
Fawkes-Underwood’s tax ad¬ 
visers, from lale-1985 to 1988. 
The legal action centres on'a 
letter written .by NeriDe Kusr 
sell .to" Uoyths in February 
1982. The letter, addressed to 
the manager of Lloyd's audit 
department.: was written on 
behalf of a group of account 
tants, " mdurfmg Ernst - & 
Whinney. now part of Ernst & 
Young, and Zittlqohn & Co, 
now part of littlejohn ftaser. 
The Idler said the accountants 
considered it impossible to 
determine with accuracy the 
magnitude Of' ashestftcis 
claims likely to hit the insur¬ 
ance market They wrote; “The 
if there are arty factors which 
may affect die adequacy of the 
reserves [of syndicates], then 
the auditor must report to the 
committee... we consider that 
die impossibility of determin¬ 
ing the fiabifty m respect of 
asbestosis falls into this cate- 
gory and we ... ask for your 
instructions in this respect" 

John Mackenzie, at Mac¬ 
kenzie Persaud, Mr Fawkes- 
Underwood solicitor, said: “1 
believe accountants that had 
names as clients had a duty to 
inform these names that the 
ultimate toss they faced was 
impossible to determine.” 

Earlier this year, Mr 
Fhwkes-Underwnod started 
legal proceedings against two 
other small firms of accoun¬ 
tants aHegmg breach of con¬ 
tract for holding themselves 
out as advisers for Mr 
Fawkes-Underwood’s Lloyd's 
affairs saying they had “suffi¬ 
cient expert knowledge” of 
Lloyd's to be able to give huh 

Space Mountain, Disneyland Paris's rollercoaster ride, opened at the weekend as 
part erf an initiative to attract more visitors. The ride is based on Jules Verne’s novels 

Holvis legal battle forecast 


. regulation of 

AhoyOU*. He said Itwould have 
A'teHE&e.advanfeges’' if n was 

THE chainnan of Arjo Wiggins Appleton, the 
paper group, has issued a wanting that a 
tangled legal free-for-all is likely to develop 
over-Holvis, the Swiss textile and paper 
c ompan y which is the subject of two rival bids 
Barnett writes). 

CebStaoham said at fbeSvedand that it is 
almost inevitable that the situation will finish 
in the Swiss courts, whatever fhe decision of 
fee Swiss takeover commission, due this week- 
The commission is due to rale on whether a 
bid from BRA. the British engineering group. 

is valid. But either BBA or International 
Paper, the rival bidder from the US, is likely to 
take legal action if the derision does not go in 
its favour. Arjo has offered to buy Muhlebach. 
a subsidiary of Holvis. from International 
Paper for around SFr200million (£108 million) 
if its bid succeeds. BBA’s bid has disturbed the 
Swiss competition authorities because it con¬ 
tains a lockout clause which insists that Holvis 
must sell Fiberweb, its non-woven textile 
manufacturing business, even if it succumbs to 
a higher offer. 






JOHN Ritblat. chairman of 
British Land, will soon be 
running two real estate busi¬ 
nesses. with the transforma¬ 
tion of Conrad Ritblat Sinclair 
Goldsmith, the quoted survey- 
[ tng firm, into a property 

Mr Ritblat, who also occu¬ 
pies the chairman’s seat at 
CRSG and owns 5 per cent of 
its shares, said he wants the 
firm to set up joint ventures 
with clients, taking an equity 
interest in the property and 
managing the building. He 
said: “We are actively talking 
to very large clients who want 
to contract out management, 
who don't want to sell the 
premises entirely but would 
like to realise some cash.” 

CRSG has astonished the 
estate agency world by acquir¬ 
ing a freehold property portfo¬ 
lio with almost double the 
floorspace needed to house its 
staff. Since the reverse take¬ 
over of the quoted Sinclair 
Goldsmith in 1993 by the 
private Conrad Ritblat the 
merged firm has bought £27 
million of property, funded 
with two share issues. 

-In an industry squeezed 
between high costs and foiling 
revenues. CRSG's freehold 
asset base has protected it and 
provided extra revenue. But 
Philip Lewis. CRSG director, 
suggests that property profits 
from joint ventures could 
equal those from estate agency 
business, which earned £1.2 
million last year. “We have the 
ability to put equity into a 
situation,” he said 

Mr Ritblat said: CRSG 
could gear up on some £35 
million of net assets to acquire 
more property. Others in the 
surveying industry speculate 
that his agenda may go fur¬ 
ther. with takeovers of one or 
more of the small property 
companies which survived the 
recession but whose high over¬ 
heads barely justify a stock 
market quote. 

Panmure Gordon, CRSG’s 
broker, reckons the market is 
already valuing the firm as a 
property company. Michael 
Prew. property analyst says 
the shares trade at about a 20 
per cent discount to net asset 
value of 27p — about average 
for-the property sector. But he 
says, “the market is ignoring a 
successful agency business, 
which is in for free”. 


Europe’s small firms 
fear social-cost rise 

EUROPE’S small to. medium-sized businesses (SMEs) are 
worried about higher social costs but British companies are 
the least concerned because of the UK’s derision to opt out of 
the Social Chapter, according to a survey published 
yesterday by 3f s European enterprise centre. It said that the 
Germans, on 73 per cent, were most concerned about social 
costs, whife the British score was 52 per cent 
The report bared on responses from 698 companies m 
Britain. Germany. France. Spain and Ftaiy. identified severe 
competition as the biggest problem faring SMEs. Reducing 
costs is considered less important for growth than 
improving quality and services. Most companies perceived 
European competitors as the biggest threat while only 
British companies perceived the Pacific Rim as posing the 
greatest danger. Dr Neil Cross, international director of 3i 
said that the survey highlighted “the need for labour costs to 
be kept under control". 

Nursing Home debut 

NURSING HOME PROPERTIES, the specialist property 
group that raised £15 million in a share placing in Man*, is 
to join the alternative investment market after its launch on 
June 19. NHPyesterday announced the purchase of a 63-bed 
nursing home in Craig a von Northern Ireland- The property 
group will simultaneously lease back the home to the 
vendors on a 25-year lease at a gross yield of 10.8 per cent. 
NHP now owns ten homes at a capital commitment of £20 
million and is in talks with a number of potential new 
tenants. Farther deals are expected soon. 

Electronic trading link 

LIBERTY, part of the Cedel securities clearing house, has 
signed with a US partner for InterTrade Direct, its electronic 
snare bargain routing service. Fidelity Capital Markets, a 
broker and fond manager based in Chicago, will become one 
of the main execution points for trades ordered through 
InterTrade Direct and which need to be executed in Nor* 
American markets. Liberty’s other North American partner is 
Mesirow Financial of Chicago. FCM’s Electronic Trading 
Group will use InterTrade Direct to provide electronic routing 
services and will add a cross-border trading capability. 

RTZ denies shares plan 

RTZ. the mining group whose shareholder meetings are 
disrupted annually by special interest groups, yesterday 
denied plans to consolidate its shares, which would make it 
more expensive for the bolder of a single share to attend die 
group's annual meeting. RTZ shares currently trade at S23p 
each. RTZ’s annual meeting on May 10 lasted three hours 
and six minutes. At feast three shareholders, representing 
Friends of the Earth, and who had been persistently vocal of 
operations in Madagascar, were forcible ejected after 
persisent disruption of Sir Derek Birkin, RTZ’s chairman. 

Barings ‘silver lining’ 

A BANK of England executive director said yesterday the 
Barings collapse had been good for the City. Speaking on 
television. Pen Kent said there had been “a beneficial spin-ofT 
from the failure. It would make other banks tougher in their 
own internal controls. He said tougher self-regulation would 
benefit depositors, borrowers and everyone using financial 
services. But he also said the greatest threat to the City was 
over-regulation and interference with the market place. Mr 
Kent said the Bank could not underwrite every UK financial 
institution, since it would create “a different sort of risk” 

Politicakwili could tame risk 

B ase rates are near then- 
peak. A further rate rise 
this year, of half or 
three-quarters of a point, wifi 
be enough to keep underlying 
inflation below 23 per cent 
next year. Almost nobody 
expects a rise this week, but 
perhaps Kenneth Chuke will 
make a quarter-point hike, 
thus both appearing tough 
and signalling that rates are 
near the top. 

In the near term, reduced in¬ 
flation fears wffllef gifts matt* 
any further global bond rally 
and outperform slightly. Next 
year, an improved economic 
backdrop win keep the gilt- 
bund spread well below the 
200 basis-point peak seen be¬ 
fore the 199Z election. There is 
an outside chance that Labour 
will increase its commitment to 
low inflation and keep the pre¬ 
election risk premium at or 
below, today’s levels. 

price pressures are rising m 
manufacturing. Across the 
whole economy, however. low 
wage gains arm excess service 
sector catacity wifi cap inflat- 
^BuS^fovestment has 
expanded the service sector 
capital stodt three times as fest 

as that m manufacturing in the 

past ten years, and the overall 
capital stock has grown well 
ahead of GDP. Thus, while 
output prices are picking up. 


A'-'- ,.'S • ' 
S i" 

^. US dollar 

-5882 (-0.0183) 

V j German marie 

2%B (+00163) 

^ 2 /- Ewhange index 
84.0 {Same) 

f ;. % ; • Bank rtf Enptand o-ria'S' 058 <*0^ 

_ V?> 

. M r-7 n&vtm 
/ 2529 f (+Z 06 J 
■ FT-SE 100 .... 


3345.0 (+ 33 $ 

New Yoric DOW Jones 
4444,38, (+7530) 


service'prices weaken and 

Wage deals remain low 
enough to cap unit labour cost 
gro w th below 2 per cent this 
year. Although the jobless rate 
is bdow its tenyear norm, the 

dampening effect on wages of 

any jobless rate has been 
increased by the phase in 
anion membership, a shake¬ 
out of whirecoHar jobs and a 
shift towards sdfempJoyment 
and part-time work. The job¬ 
less total is also restrained by 
rising numbers in higher edu¬ 
cation and on invalidity bene- 

underiying inflation will have 
been bdow4 percent for three 
years, the longest peacetime 
period of low inflation since 
die 1930s. The flaw is that this 
bullish inflation outlook relies 
on a politically unpopular mix 
of weak consumer confidence 
and low wage gabs, leaving 
ihe Government with dire pofi 
ratings. For gifts to benefit 
fully from the inflation pros¬ 
pects. investors will oeed to be 
convinced that the current 
emphasis on low inflation is 
politically sustainable. 

The Government is unlikely 

fits. Unemptoyment among 
men of 25 to 49 matches the 
1980s peak, and CBI surveys 
show bekw-average short¬ 
ages for skilled labour. 

Slowing growth will limit 
capacity strains next year. 
i/Mui indicators are falling, 
while weakness in M0, bouse 
prices and consumer confi¬ 
dence point to sluggish con¬ 
sumption. With a low pound 
boosting exports, recession 
risks are small- However, with 

wifi slow back to its trend of 
about 2-5 percent in 19%. 

By the end of this year. 

■ V* £,VL: 


Cyprus Cyp£ * 
Denmark Kr - 
France Fr —- 
Germany Dm ■ 

Gina* Df-~- 



Italy Ura- 

Japan Yen 

Norway Kr — 
S Africa FW — 

Spain Pta 
Sweden ^-r- 























" -e.- 

Turkey Li* - 

i ISAS-— 1 ’ 696 


















to make a big shift to more in¬ 
flationary monetary or fiscal 

poliries. The Bank of England 
vrill push again for a rate rise 
if activity increases, while 
slowing growth will hit tax 
revenue and limit scope for a 
giveaway November Budget. 
Large tax cuts not offset by 
spending cuts could backfire 
politically if voters fear that 
die giveaway is unsustainable. 

Labour’s policies remain 
more uncertain- Gordon 
Brown, the Shadow Chancel¬ 
lor, has vowed to aim for a 
stable public debt/GDP ratio 
and to borrow only to invest 

(the golden rule). These fiscal 
rules sound reasonable, but, 
as currently stated, could let 
Labour loosen fiscal policy 
significantly if it wished- Dif¬ 
ferent measures of investment 
spending could put the golden 
rule for next year anywhere 
from £10 Mbon to £30 bUlion. 
Mr Brown has not specified 
his target for the public debt 
ratio. The Government also 
lacks dear fiscal rules, bur 
recent Budgets have estab¬ 
lished its tough reputation. If 
Labour’s fiscal ambiguities 
remain, the markets will 
charge an extra risk premium 
as an election nears. 

However, Mr Brown’s 
statements may not be the last 
word. Mr Clarke is soon likely 
to set a new mediurtHerm in¬ 
flation target, probably 0 to 3' 
per cent u Labour commits 
itself to such a target to mak¬ 
ing the Bank independent 
aim to producing dear, tough 
fiscal rules, the risk of a shift 
from low-inflation poliries 
will plummet. Such a move 
would bdp Labour by cutting 
the risk of market pressure 
derailing its policies. If Lab¬ 
our does ail this, the gilt-band 
spread could go below 100 
basis points, from 140 now. 

Michael Saunders 

- Salomon Brothers 

Service to help City 
survive disasters 

■By Our City Staff 

A CITY firm has opened to 
offer back-up facilities to City 
traders. SHL Systemhouse 
promises that if a disaster 
strikes, it can have clients 
trading within four hours. 

The company specialises in 
ouiservidng, systems, integra¬ 
tion. and technology. deploy¬ 
ment It currently services the 
Foreign Exchange and securi¬ 
ties arms of at least half-a-dozen 
leading banks within the 
Square Mile. SHL has budHip 
a network of standby dealing 
rooms in the north, south and 
central areas of the City. These 

dealing rooms with state-of-the- 
arc computerised systems, in- 
duding Reuters’ Draling 2000. 
There is accommodation for 
between 30 and 150 tractors, 


with fealties for between 50 
and 250 other back-office, 

Colin Smith, recovery facili¬ 
ties manager at SHL. says thai 
terrorist activities are not die 
only thing that can wreak 
havoc with the City's financial 
houses. "TTus is also an insur¬ 
ance against fire, flood, elec¬ 
tricity and telephone systems 
failure,'’he said- 

SHL’S rates range from 
£80.000 to £250,000 a year. 

SHL launched its business 
retrieval operations in 1991 
and its first site is folly 
subscribed. A second site is 
parmbscribed and the aim is 
to make the sight of bemused 
office workers huddled on 1 
street comers could become a ! 
tiling of the past ! 


0171 481 1989 



0171 481 9313 


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O ver the next few weeks, the 
Chancellor will be bom¬ 
barded with calls to aid the 
housing market in his November 
Budget. The simplest would be to 
reverse previous measures. Restor¬ 
ing mortgage interest relief would 
surely be an expensive waste of 
taxpayers* money. After the hill in 
interest rates, that is not die main 
problem. Confidence has been dam¬ 
aged more by the impending cut in 
social security support for those who 
have lost their income, discriminat¬ 
ing against owner-occupiers. But 
much of the damage has been done, 
reminding people of die risks of 
buying a home when house prices 
are static and employment chancy. 

One academic’s speculative but 
much-hyped projection of a long 
downtrend in prices has stuck in 
people's minds. A more practical, if 
costly, policy would therefore be to 
allow generous tax reliefs to help 
people adjust to such new realities. 

A single regime could cover those 
saving to buy their first home and 
those trying to climb out of the trap 
or negative equity. In a sense, they 
are in the same boat Negative 
equity stems mainly from people 
borrowing too much of the value of a 
house. Those who have income need 
to cut their mortgage. In a more 
cautious market, first-time buyers 
need to save for a bigger down 
payment A limited savings vehicle 
with the tax benefits of a pension 
scheme could bridge the gap. 

The lessons of the housing debacle 
run much wider. They have evident- 

Taxpayers bear burden 
of free-market excesses 

ly yet to be learnt In essence, they 
stem from -a political philosophy 
that does not work: the notion that 
policies should be determined solely 
by economic efficiency, but that a 
kindly State can succour individuals 
who are too badly hurt. 

This combination sounds reason¬ 
able. satisfying both free marketeers 
and single-nation weifarers. Experi¬ 
ence suggests, however, that it tends 
to ratchet up public spending and 
taxation. Economic cydes apart, it 
explains why a government that has 
worked so hard over 16 years to 
reduce the role of the State has still 
failed to cut die proportion of 
national income taken in taxation or 
public borrowing. 

In housing, this has worked in 
complex ways. The boom was fed by 
deregulation aimed at boosting com¬ 
petition among lenders. But it was 
not only lenders and borrowers who 
relied on house price inflation. So 
did the State. At the same time, 
measures were being taken to cut 
hundreds of thousands of steady 
utility jobs, to allow less job security 
and to promote labour mobility, not 
least via die right to buy. These 
different elements have reacted to¬ 
gether to make more people need 

state support and to increase the 
demand tor renewed, or higher, 
state aid for social housing. 

This is not the first time that 
housing reforms have unexpectedly 
boosted public spending. When the 
Government loosened rent controls, 
to stimulate a private alternative to 
council housing, it had to promise 
support for those who could not 
afford to pay. The private rental 
sector has hardly boomed: the cost to 
taxpayers certainly has. 

Abolition of wages councils, com¬ 
bined with tax raceitives to employ¬ 
ers to create low-paid, part-time 
jobs, has had similarly mind effects 
on public spending, though the 

balance is harder to judge. These 
arguments are being replayed over 
Labour^ plan lor a minrrnuni wage. 
Would the effect on unemployment, 
which looms so large in increased 
public spending, outweigh savings 
in state support to low-paid people 
who are now worse off? The CBI 
rejects a national minimum wage, 
arguing instead that it would be 
better to give direct subsidies to 
employers or to extend in-work 
social security benefits. That sounds 
rather ominous for taxpayers. 

Clearly, many measures to cut 
public spending have worked. Priva¬ 
tisation has usually been good for 
taxpayers, as well as the industries 
concerned- In water, the State 
shifted file huge burden of invest¬ 
ment to customers and private 
finance. Higher social security sup¬ 
port for poor people hit by price rises 
absorbs only a small proportion of 
foe gains. Other utilities’prices have 
generally fallen in real terms. That 
cuts retail price inflation and. there¬ 
fore. cuts the cost of state pensions 
and indexed social benefits. 

Even privatisation can boost tax 
and public borrowing, however, if 
the implications are not thought 
through properly. Reform of rail is 

d feat aims to unpick the functions 
of the network, maximise competi¬ 
tion and minimise cross-subsidies— 
the prefe r re d new model for all 
utilities. Yet cross-subsidies offer a 
fairly painless way for affluent 
consumers to help poorer ones 
without recourse to taxation- Elimi¬ 
nate these cosy monopoly, dements 
and public spending bears the 
strain. In rail, direct subsidies from 
taxpayers will initially rise as a 
result of privatisation. 

Even an American approach to 
taxation can backfire in this-way. 
VAT on domestic fuel gave the most 
notorious example. To raise £3 
billion, the State had to spend an 
extra £1 billion or so to aid hard-hit 
pensioners. Since 1979. there has 
been a sharp and deliberate shift 
from taxes on Income to-taxes on 
spending. The theoretical case is 
strong, but neglects the impact on 
indexed social security payments. 
That shift alone has added roughly 
one percentage point to the propor¬ 
tion l of national Income taken in 
taxes and public borrowing. 

To America'S Republicans, 
there is no conflict in deregulation, 
axeing cross-subsidies, aiming for 
perfect competition and cutting dir¬ 
ect taxes. They want to sweep away 
welfare, too. Translated to. Europe, 
where the majority of voters de¬ 
mand that a welfare state be re¬ 
tained, dogmatic free-market 
policies are often funded by the very 
taxpayers they aim to serve. Cutting 
taxes is a subtler and trickier art 







THE engagement is an¬ 
nounced of the London Dia¬ 
mond Bourse, born 1940 at 
Mrs Cohen's Caffe in GreviHe 
Street London, and currently 
resident at 100 Hatton 
Garden, to the London Dia¬ 
mond Club, bom November 
7.1940, at Ely Place, currently 
resident at 87 Hatton Garden. 
The marriage feast is on 
Wednesday at the King David 
Suite. 32 Cumberland Place. 
The couple will reside at 100 
Hatton Garden, and will be 
styled foe London Diamond 
Bourse and Club. Diamond 
presents only, please. 

Pay packet 

THIS looks like a “must at¬ 
tend" event for fat cats, pigs 
and all other animals with an 
eye on The trough. City law 
firm Cameron Markby Hew¬ 
itt is hosting two seminars on 
executive pay — on June 13 at 
their City office, and on June 
19 at foe Institute of Directors. 
"The seminars will advise 
people with responsibility for 
remuneration on how best to 
handle the legal and PR issues 
involved in executive pay 
awards.” It could be standing 
room only. 

Oops! This year's popular 
Singer & Friedlandcr Small 
Company Investment Show, 
at the Barbican, is being held 
on — October 19. The anniver¬ 
sary of Black Monday , 19S7,1 
seem to recall. 

Saddle sore 

IF you see Simon Wharmby of 
broker Charles Stanley hob¬ 
bling around this week, here’s 
why. Haring raised £6.000 for 
the RNIB last year running a 
marathon in Bordeaux, he is 
now on a 200 -mile cycle ride 
from Raven glass, Cumbria, to 
Wniihy. North Yorkshire, ras¬ 
ing funds for Roselea Friends 
of’the Imperial Cancer Re¬ 
search. Sponsors welcomed. 

Colin Campbell 

Curbs on Japanese cars are leaving the US isolated, says Ian Brodie 

America drives over the limit 

O n a recent trip to 
Tokyo, I visited a 
showroom to ask 
about buying an 

O n a recent trip to 
Tokyo, I visited a 
showroom to ask 
about buying an 
American car. “Certainly,” 
said the salesman, "may I see 
your parking permit?" That 
was the first surprise. Before 
considering any model, a cus¬ 
tomer needs a certificate from 
foe police to show he has 
enough space to park. A mid¬ 
size American car needs two 
spaces. And would l mind, die 
salesman asked, if foe steering 
wheel was on the wrong side 
because few American cars 
arrived in Japan equipped for 
driving on foe left 
Within minutes, it became 
dearer why foe Japanese in¬ 
sist that the US inability to 
crack their car market is as 
much Detroit's failure to con¬ 
sider the needs of Japan’s 
motorists as foe result of a 
protectionist plot 
Now tfiis festering sore in 
Japanese-American relations 
has broken open again and is 
threatening to flare into a 
trade war so serious that it 
could even raise doubts about 
the strength and durability of 
the two nations’ mutual sec¬ 
urity treaty that has Iain at the 
heart of their Pax Pacifica for 
35 years. As recriminations 
intensify, the US is becoming 
increasingly isolated. Its ac¬ 
tions smack of hypocrisy and 
could suffocate the fledgling 
World Trade Organisation. 

At issue is President Gin- 
ion's decision to impose 100 per 
cent tariffs that would double 
the cost in the US of nearly $6 
billion worth of Japanese luxu¬ 
ry cars. The penalty will reduce 
sales of the 13 targeted models 
from 215.000 last year to zero, 
unless a compromise can be 
reached before Mr Clinton's 
deadline of June 28. He and 
Tomiichl Murayama. the Japa¬ 
nese Prime Minister, will meet 
on June 15 before the G7 
economic summit in Halifax. 
Nova Scotia. The following 
day. thet'r negotiators are ex¬ 
pected to resume discussions in 

The Americans have made 
three demands. One, they seek 
access to “high quality^ car 
dealers in Japan. The Japan¬ 
ese say foe Americans have 
foiled to invest in dealerships. 
Two. the US wants Japanese 
manufacturers to buy more 
parts for new cars from Ameri¬ 
can suppliers. In Japan, parts 
are traditionally made by com¬ 
panies with interlocking links 
to the car firms under the old 
boy network known as keiret- 

Big may be beautiful in the US but it does not sell well in Japan, where demand is overwhelmingly for small care 

su. Three, the Americans ask 
why their cheaper replace¬ 
ment parts are seldom used 
when Japanese cars need re¬ 
pairs to meet stringent govern¬ 
ment inspections. Agam, the 
garages have dose ties to the 

Mickey Kantor, the aggres¬ 
sive Los Angeles lawyer who is 
Mr Clinton's Trade Represen¬ 
tative, says: "It’S not a level 
playing field” He claims the 
argument is about jobs and 
the 225 million Americans 
directly employed in foe motor 
industry. Translation: Mr 
Clinton is trying to shore up 
his blue-collar base in the mid¬ 
west states that will be crucial 
to his re-election hopes. 

Mr Kantor fulminates in 
favour of free trade, but keeps 
very quiet about America's 
own restrictive practices. If 
lifted, they could contribute 
mightily towards easing the 
$60 billion trade imbalance 
with Japan. For example, the 
Japanese cannot buy unpro¬ 
cessed logs from trees felled in 
forests on federal land in the 
US Pacific North-west Nor 
can they cut through regula¬ 
tions that bar them from imp¬ 
orting Alaskan oil and gas. 
Nor can they bid on contracts 
to ship Alaskan oil to US ports. 

All these barriers have been 
raised to protea US special 
interests whose tentacles have 
proved at least as unyielding 

as those of foe keiretsu. Steve 
Hanke. an economics profes¬ 
sor at Johns Hopkins Univer¬ 
sity in Baltimore who served 
on Ronald Reagan's council of 
economic advisers, says the 
US has been steadily dosing 
its markets to Japan since foe 
early 1980s. Now, he says, foe 
Clinton Administration has 
over-readied in an absurd 
case and shot itself in the foot 
Messrs Clinton and Kantor 
appear to have forgotten all 

AH models of Toyota’s 
Lexus division; Nissan's Infiniti 
045, Infiniti J3Q and lnfinftl 
130; Honda's Acura Legend 
and Acura 3.2TL; Mazda's 
929 and Mfflenla; and 
Mitsubishi's Diamante 

about the World Trade Organ¬ 
isation that they fought so 
hard to establish as a succes¬ 
sor to Gatt. Formed only five 
months ago, the WTO is sup¬ 
posed to be the arbiter of glo¬ 
bal trade disputes. America's 
unilateral imposition of puni¬ 
tive tariffs on Japan's luxury 
cars was a bread) of WTO reg¬ 
ulations. There is not an inde¬ 
pendent trade lawyer to be 
found who thinks the US can 
now win belated support for 

the sanctions from foe WTO. 

Mr Clinton has left himself 
only unpalatable options. If he 
loses at the WTO and then 
defies the organisation he wifl 
effectively kill it at birth. Yet if 
he complies with a WTO 
ruling that goes against him. 
he could lose the car workers 
whose loyalty he is trying to 
secure and leave himself open 
to attack by Republican pro¬ 
tectionists who are already 
agitating about America’s loss 
of economic sovereignty to a 
supranational body. 

Washington’s hopes for a 
resolution of die standoff 
depend on a replay of previous 
trading deadlocks. The Japa¬ 
nese have always caved in 
during the final reel This 
time, though, Tokyo’s lead 
negotiator is the intractable 
Trade Minister. Ryu taro 
Hashimota He is convinced 
.that his ambition to become 
prime minister will be en¬ 
hanced by refusing to crack. 
He has many allies at home 
and abroad. The Europeans 
have condemned foe Ameri¬ 
can sanctions. So have Japan’s 
Asian neighbours, who fear 
that they would be the next 
targets forced to set aside a 
certain portion of their mar¬ 
kets for American goods. 

In Washington, serious 
voices have been raised 
against the proposed mea¬ 
sures. Carla Hills, Mr 


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Car Lease 

CALL 01926 450100 

This Sceptr’d {tie. Radio 4 LW. IQ ]5am. . . 

From bow until July next year, in 200 episodes covering 50 hours 
broadcasting.Britanra rich and varied past from the amvalofJulius 
Caesar untiTthe 20lh century, will be laid out m seven blocks Of 
programmes. Each will feature Anna Massey as storyteller and Paul 
Eddington reading extracts from Churchill’s History of the Engush- 
Speakmg Peoples. And there wifi be tots of exacts, toa from 
historians ana c o ntemp orary chronicles. Much fascinating detail is 
sting to emerge, Caesars journal hoe noting that ancient Britans 

most civilised are those who live in Kent". Christopher Lee, former 
BBC deface correspondent, has written the whole thing and it goes 
oucto coincide with school terms. 

The Monday Play: Battle for foe Dome. Radio 4.7,45pm. 

B nmg| i earhi built the great dome for Florence Cathedral in th e 15th 
century, but not before seme violent in-fighting involving his great 
rival Ghiberti. Jean Binroe’s imaginative play is about foe 
competition to design the dome and succeeds in rolling back foe 
centuries to recapture in music and language the fierce struggles that 
took placfe Mterians with no idea of architecture fought tooth and 
w ffjl for their candidates —foe sort of situation that is not unfamiliar 
in the world today. The cast includes Robert Gtenister. Peter Jeffrey 
and Bryan Pringle. Kenneth Gosling 


BMasn Soan Boger 104V Scott 
Chtehdm 1.00pm Anna Raeburn 3LQQ 
Tommy Boyd 7 j 00 Majrice Dee and 
Carol McOfflan KkOO Caesar IJMtem 


&00am Russ'n'Jcino B20 Richard 
. Sterner 12j00 Graham Dene 420pra 
Nick Abbot 7 3D Paul Coyte 11 joo Janey 
Lae Grace 220420am Robin Banks 



Kantors predecessor as Trade 
Representative, says the 
Americans have a good case, 
but have made themselves 
outlaws ly acting unilaterally. 

Senator Bill Bradley, who is 
sometimes mentioned, as a 
potential challenger to Mr 
Clinton for the Democratic 
party's presidential nomina¬ 
tion, believes that lang-tenn 
damage has already been 
inflicted on relations with die 
Japanese. Even if they tad; 
down, he says, their attitude 
could stiffen on management 
of exchange rates and as a 
lender of last resort, as well as 
towards cooperation on Rus¬ 
sia, China and North Korea. 

The Japan Automobile 
Manufacturers Association is 
running a spirited campaign 
to try to save its 900 luxury car 
dealerships in foe US by 
laying foe blame on Raid. 
General Motors and Chrysler. 
In newspaper advertisements, 
the association asserts that 
Detroit's Big Three simpfy do 
not offer any small and midget 
cars that make up 80 per cent 
of the Japanese market 

I am reminded of the Tokyo 
car salesman. As he surveyed 
his inventory of large, left-hand 
drive American vehicles, he 
sighed and said: “Business 
would be a lot better if only 
American car makers would 
design a small car for the 
Japanese housewife." 

130am Open IMwnlhr Lord 
Briggs on Victorian CUfare'- 

and Society 625 Weather 

7.00 On Air Mozart (Sextet In E ■ 
flat); Franck, an Gent (Parts 
angefleus): Tatemftau 
(Ulany); 8.06 Handel 
Handbook: Handrt [Trio 
Sonata in F. Op 5 No 6); 825 
TchaScvosky (My protector, 
my angel, my fnend; Nona . 
butthe lonely heartyVhraWi 
(DsdLDomhus, HV594) 

9.00 Fairest Mr Composers of 
the Week — Henry and 
Wffiam Lavras 

825 Musical Encounters-. Artist 
of the Week: Clara Heskfl, 
piano: Beethoven Main 
Sonata in A. Op 30 No 1); 
1045 Brahma (Tvm Motets); 
Vjvaidl (Concerto In D. La 
pastorate); Mozart 
variatio ns on a Thame ot 

Encanrada8): tl.15 Marais 
(The Bells of Si Genevieve); 
Schumann (Plano Concetto In 
A minor) 

1220 Qrttoy to Oarahwto: Roy 
Strong presents foe second 
of a sot-part history erf fight 

five from St John's, Smith 
Square, London. Guameri 

(Piano Tno in G, 

Rondo); Dvoftk (Piano Trio In 
E minor, Dumky) 

£00 Schools: UfeefcSfe 2.15 
Storytx* 225 Let's More 
225 First Steps in Drama 
320 The BBC Orchestras: BBC 
National Orchestra of Wales 
under TadaaJd Otate 
performs Wagner (Overture, 
venusberg music, . 
TanrhSuser); Duparo (L6nore) 

Answers from page S3 

(a) Taming sonr.*Tfs rarber a wonderful thing dear heart but as 
we grow obi together it seems to meyon art, ifpossxble; even more 

acescent than ever." 


(b) A surgeon’s instrument for scraping bones. “WdL Mary Arm, if 
yon are sore the doctors cannot find anything wrong with yon; why 
not try a naturopath? An d ask them to give you a good going over 
with a xyster? Does wonders for your arcaution, 1 am told." 


(a) Magic as in aeaeae ones the magic arts, one of die few afrrowe) 
six-letter words. Aeaea was tire surnam e of the legendary pit 
fancier Circe, and the name of he mythical idand so m ew h ere off 
the coast of Italy. Useful in Scrabble. Yoa can always say, “Siricdy 
speaking it may be foreign, but it is a word that every schoolgirl 
knows, isn’t it?" 


(c) An friresistibfc urge to boy things, the canons modern 
phenomenon t h at m akes milliops th ink tiat fim is a 1 weekend spent 
at Brent Cross or (Word Street The condition is ggagrally found 
in association withpemny.Where it is not it soon vm be. espedaQy 
as oruomaniaCL like tbenmnacstbctfcs. often many each other. 

1 Qx&*\ Kxgl 2 Bd8*l Kh8 (2 ... Kf7 3 Bh5 and 2... Kh6 Rh3 are both mate) 
} Rg8+ Rxg84B!6* Rg75 Bxg7+ KgS 6 Bxd4» KB 7 Bxb2 with an extra 

5S5ani Shipping Forecast 520' 
News, ind 8u03 Wealher 8.10 
Faming Today 625 Prayer 
for foe Day 620 Today, met 
£20- 7X0.730 8.00. 820 
News 6JK>, 7J55 Weather 
725,825 Sports News 7 AS 
Thougfrt far the Day 840 
Chsrtsmatics: In the last of 
foe series, Dame Barbsa 
Caste nominates Aneufri 
Sevan 828 Wealher 
920 Neva 925 Start the Weak, 

Maddox. With Margaret 
Drabble, David Edgar. Bryan 
Appteyad, Christopher Use 
1000-1020 News; With Great 
Pteanro (FM only): Tracy 
Edwards, captain of The 
M&fcfen in the Whitbread 
roundfoewvortd yacht race, 
introduces prose, poetry and 
faction which has inspired and 
entertained bar 

1000 DaHy Service (LW or>M 
10.15 Thta Scsptrd fata (LW orty): 
See Choice 

1020 Woman’s Hour Jerrt 
Murray meets toe American 
wnlar and poet Marge Piercy 
1120 Honey Box Live: 0171-580 
4444. Lines open from iQam 
1220 News, You and Youra 
1225pm Brato Of Britain 1985: 
Rrst Round—The Home 
Counties 1255 Weather 
120 The World atOne 
1.40 The Archers ft 125 

220 New* Caifiaf or ttw Woods, 

by Lindsay Clarke's tele of a 
mark's-magical voyage of 
discovery. With Gerard Groan 
and James Tetter (ri 
320 The Afternoon Shot 
420 News 425 Kaleidoscope: 
Karaite Whsan cBtabrates the 

325 The Stations of the Cross: 
Simon Wright perform s 
Marcel Dune's symphonic 
poem on foe organ of 
Ampteforth Abbey (0 
420 You Take Some Skins... In 
the second of six 
p rogr am mes, Russell Davies 
explores the relationship 
between black and whfte jazz 

5jOO The Music Machine: Dirk 
Campbell explores ettrtc 
music In London. In the first 
of fh« programmes this week 
he tetens to the bagpipes 
and drums of northwest 
Spain's Gel pans 
5.15 to Time, with Richard Baker. 
Hoisted (Pas de deux. Rower 
Festival In Genzano); 823 
Choph (Variations in A, 
Souvenir de Paganini); Mozart 
(Exsuitate, Jubilate) 

725 Fairest Isle: Live from 
Covent Garden. Royal 
Opera Chorus; Orchestra of 
foe Royal Opera House under 
Robert Spano perform Acts 1 
and 2 of Benjamin's Britten's 
nautical opera, BWyBudd, in 
a new production from 
Geneva by Francesca 
Zambeto; 920 Aspects of 
Britten: Jeremy J. Beadle 
charts fife at sea in the 18 th 
centixy; 920 Acts 3 end 4 
IMS Mixing R 

1120-1220am Ensemble: A rectal 
by the Russian ceffist Daniil 
Snafran, who Is accompanied 
by Anton Qndbura, piano, 
and Steven Isserfe. teclutfing 
pieces by Shostakovich, arr 
Shafran, SchnWte, Prokofiev, 
Tchaikovsky and Shchedrin 
1 JXKLOOam Mght School: 
German: Die Schmiffler 1.40 
Singing Together 

50th anniversary of Rater 
Grimestty Beniamin Britten 

MS Short Story: lib Ossie's 
BoSed-Gofa Fish and Ch|p 
Shop, by Vincent Mdnemey. 
Read by FSchard Tate 
520 PM 5J50 Shipping Forecast 
525 Weather 
690 Star O’clock News 
620 rra Sorry I Haven't a Clue, 
with Humphrey Lytteton (r) 
720 News 725 The Archers 
720 The Food Programme (r) 
7.46 The Monday Ray: Battle for 
the Dome, by Jean Binrte. 
See Choice 

8.15 My Kind o( Trust Rosea, 
CameSas aid Holly Hedges. 
Penelope Keith viats Nymana 
in Suatax, childhood home of 
Lord Snowdon 
820 Kaleidoscope « 

1020 The World Tarright 
1045 Book aX Bedtime: The 
Legend of the Golem. 
Eleanor Bran reads foe first of 
a five-part adaptation □< Body 
ot Gtase by fiAvgo Ptercy 
1120-1120 Eating Out (FM only): 
Kltve cricket teem In Somerset 
slop ptey for tea W 
1120-1120 Education Matters 
(LW only) 

1120-1220 raping to Love (FM 
only): VfertusAnnoctanra The 
third of eight plays based on 
foe stories of Rudyard Kipfing. 
With Ater Jermtogs (r) 

1120 Pteose Don’t rade Yow 
Bicycle over foe Sufferings 
of My Sod (LW only): The 
writer and procfocar Adrian 
Mourby looks at foe rejection 
' of scripts, from both aides 
11.45 Today hParflement (LW) 
1220-1245*m News, ind 1227 
Warther 122S Shipping 
Forecast 1SL45 As World 

Service (LW only) 

RADIO 1: FM 97.6492. RADIO Z FM280&2 RADIO 3: FM402- 
924. RADIO 4: 19SkHz/1515m; FNW24-942: LW 1B8. RADIO 5: 
683KHz/433m; &09f«z/33Qm. LONDON RADIO: 1152kHz/261m; FM 
972. CAPITAL: 154Bttte/194m; FM-9S2. GUI: FM 942; WORLD 
SERVICE MW 648kHzM63m; LW 138tfoz (12.45am-5.45am). CLASSIC 
FM: FM-100-1Q2. VtRtSM: MW-1215, 1197. 1242 kHz. TALK RADIO: 
MW 1089, 1053kHz.Llstlngs compiled by Pater Dear, GflBan Mscey 




From blight to blackness, via 

I was right about The Hanging 
Gale (BBCl). “Things will get 
worse,” I predicted, and by 
jimmy they did. Towards the end 
of last night’s final episode of this 
excellent Irish potato famine dra¬ 
ma, the toll of misery, tragedy and 
waste was having the same effect 
as the later novels of Thomas 
Hardy — heaping great paving 
slabs onto your stoically braced 
sensibilities until finally a feather 
is laid on the burden and you 
crack. Maeve Phelan (Fiona Vic¬ 
tory) had lost husband, parents, 
father-in-law. brother, home and 
livelihood, but it was only when 
her little son succumbed to the 
pestilence that die waterworks 
spouted in this house. “Forgive me 
for letting you die,” she pleaded 
with his little corpse. At which 
point 1 struck the board and cried 
"No more!” 

The suffering, die injustice — 
The Hanging Gale was not about 
laughs, certainly. Against a cine¬ 

matic background of cliffs and 
strands, each of the four upstand¬ 
ing Phelan brothers (played by the 
four famous McCanns) chose a 
different policy against oppres¬ 
sion: Liam, the priest, believed in 
reasoning with the English land¬ 
lords and The Times; Daniel 
believed in vengeance and terror¬ 
ism; Sean believed in passive 
tenantry; and Con believed in 
raising money for food by risking 
his life in stick-fights. Naturally, 
none of these beliefs was vindicat¬ 
ed by the unfolding events, and 
Allan Cubitus epic script left all the 
brothers either dead, or empty 
shells, or cheerlessly embarked for 

Meanwhile the improbably en¬ 
lightened English agent played by 
Michael Kitchen continued to op¬ 
erate with Christ-like forbearance, 
and was finally shot dead in the 
arms of the Irish servant. Mary 
(Tina Kellegher). Kitchen’s perfor¬ 
mance — hollow, gentle, lonely — 

was superb. Ever since his rote in 
To Play the King, Kitchen un¬ 
avoidably brings a little bit of the 
Prince of Wales to all his roles: the 
selfless man with his hands tied; 
fire sad man nobody can reach. In 
The Buccaneers he attempted cool 
vindictiveness, and I didn’t much 
believe it No. Townsend was a 
terrific role for him. On receiving a 
death-threat, Townsend hands the 
letter straight to Mary, explaining 
that she may be in danger too. The 
crisis of conscience this brings to 
Mary — the enemy within — 
means that the quiet scales inside 
the house were always quite as big 
as anything raging outside. 



N ot a bad night for drama 
last night especially if 
genocide is your favoured 
dramatic dish. Screen Two’s Black 
Easter (BBC2) was a very impres¬ 
sive film, and continued The 
Hanging Gale's lessons in racial 
slaughter and enemies within, but 

chose to .project forward into a 
blue, alienating future instead of 
bade into a sepia comfy past 
Stylistically, where The Hanging 
Gale was maybe Ryan's Daugh¬ 
ter. Black Easter was Blade Run¬ 
ner. Trevor Eve. in a big blue suit 
and a big smug smile (soon wiped 
off), played a corruptible German 
policeman investigating a race 
murder in Dresden in the year 
2000. The German-Polish border 

is Europe’s front line against 
refugees fleeing west; German 
race laws operate to "keep the shit 
out". The constant low rumble you 
could hear was the end of civilisa¬ 
tion as we know it 

The plot was complicated but 
not perversely difficult and by a 
few deft strokes writer David Hrie 
had placed Eve down among the 
shit on the wrong side of the wall, 
leading a little band of hopefuls 
along an underground route bade 
to Germany. It was never exactly 
The Sound of Music in terms of 
optimism, but 1 have to say I was 
utterly unprepared for the horrify¬ 
ing climax of the film, when tiie 
refugees set off up a black. Satanic 
clinker-hill, and Eve started to 
suspect a trap. 

Block Easier was cme of those 
rare dramas in which the viewer 
feds the penny drop at the precise 
same moment as the character on 
screen. This looks familiar,” I 
thought, frowning. There’s some¬ 

thing wrong." And them “Oh God. 
they're all going to die.” The 
refugees were lea inside a cave, 
told to grip a hand-rope (actually a 
cable), and electrocuted. Eve. dis¬ 
covered the plot just in time, and 
lived to see the huge, unbelievable 
pit of corpses into which he would 
have been thrown like rubbish. In 
a sequence which seemed endless, 
his torch-light roved across 'the 
bodies back and forth. There was 
no place, it seoned, where it made 
any sense to stop. . 

S ony for-all die gloom, but I 
don’t make the programmes. 
How can I relieve the hor¬ 
ror? With news of Sieve Wright’s 
People Show, perhaps, which 
returned with a new series on 
Saturday (BBCl). In this era of 
post-Letterman chat let-down, 
people are actively asking: “Can 
the Brits manage such pointless 
panache?” And, well, Steve Wright 
is their dismal answer. Not only 

does he look like an over-eager 
accountant: he is outdassed by the 
stooges from the audience. 

Anyway, to deflect attention, 
Steve Wright's People Show rock¬ 
ets along with two-minute celebri¬ 
ty interviews, guest singers, 
outside broadcasts, and audience 
games. The sense of urgency is 
bogus but reassuring: however 
bad this is. it wifi soon be over. 
Richard E. Grant described 
changing a nappy {thanks. Rich¬ 
ard);. Annie Lennox performed an 
absurd rendition of Whiter Shade 
of Pale, while male ballerinas 
stepped out of their white toDe and 
removed eye make-up- 

Oh dear, oh dear. The only 
people who deserved their own 
show were the two excellent 
women who'sang Abba'S Dancing 
Queen to a karaoke tape while 
riding a Blackpool rollercoaster. 
Admittedly, nor • many people 
would want to do it. But dearly it 
takes some nerve. 


6.00 Business Breakfast (64563) 

7.00 BBC Breakfast News (90472327) 

9.05 Big Day (hit A tour of the British countryside, 
beginning in the small Coiswoid town of Moreton-fa- 
Mareh (r) (s) (8041476) 9.50 Hot Chets (r) (s) 

10.00 News (Ceefax) and weather (9157582) 






Sue Lawiey reports from the wards (10.05am) 

1005 PacEl Hosp “ i ^ 5 h l (sl 

10.45 Good Morning Summer Weekday magazine 
senes (s). Includes News, regional news and 
weather at 11.00 and 12.00 (93492940) 

1 9-35 Going For Gold with the entertaining Henry Kelly 
(s) (4970056) 12£0 Regional News and weather 

1.00 News (Ceetax) and weather (43921) 1.30 
Neighbours (Ceefax) (s) (35083037) 

I. 50 Howards’ Way Drama series set among the South 

COast yachting set (r) (Ceefax) (5944414) 2.45 
Castles. A drama series about three generations of 
a North London family (r) (Ceetax) (s) (1439350) 
3.35 Cartoon (1225327) 3.45 Dinobabies. Cartoon 
double bill (r) (6083178) 4.10 Peter Pan and the 
Pirates (r) (Ceetax) (s) (4259143) 4.30 The Movie 
Game Rim and video quiz. (Ceefax) (s) (2343853) 
4.55 News round (Ceefax) (7797563) 5.05 Blue Peter. 

(Ceeiax) (s) (7391056) 

5^5 Neighbours (r) (Ceefax) (s) (956327) 

6.00 Six O’clock News (Ceefax) and weather (766) 
630 Regional News Magazines (178) Northern 
Ireland: Neighbours 

7.00 Hospital Watch. The second ol the day’s four visits 
to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge (s) (4143) 
730 Watchdog Healthcheck. Health issues examined 
by Judith Hann and Alice Beer. (Ceetaxj is) i23G) 
8.00 EastEndere. (Ceefax) (S) (9993 1 
&30 Next Of JOn Sn-com starring Penelope Keith and 
Wffliam Gaunt as reluctant grandparents. (Ceefax) 
(s) (9698) 

9.00 Nine O’clock News (Ceeiax). regional news and 
weather (5230/ 

9.30 Panorama Topical senes. (Ceefax) (703582) 

10.10 Hospital Watch. Another visit to Addenbrooke’s in 

Cambridge (si (814124) 

10.40 Rim 95 With Barry Norman Among the film 
reviewed are Six Degrees of Separation. Tales from 
the Crypt and Jack and Sarah (Ceefax) (s) 
(595969). Northern Ireland: Places Apart 11.10 
Flm 95 11 40 Hospital Watch 11 50-2.00 Film 
Hostile Witness 

II . 10 Hospital Watch The final visit of the day to 

Addenbrooke's tsl (758582) 

11.20 FILM: Hostile Witness (1988) starring Sam 
Waterston A drama about a Middle East lerionst 
who is bdnapped and taken to America to stand 
trial (or murder A courtroom battle of wills ensues 
ber.veen trie prosecuting counsel, the defendant 
and his liberal Jewish defence lawyer Directed by 
Jeff Bleckner. (Ceeiax) (861338721 

1.30 Weather |6375525> 

6.20 Open University 

8.00 Breakfast News. (Ceefax) (8019495) 

8.15 The Breaking — The Arab Horse. An urtamed 
Arab sialton a schooled by his trainer (r) (8902768) 
8.25 The Vital Rhrer. A documentary about how a lack of 
planning in river management and Rood control is 
threatening bird habitats (5358037) 

8.50 Holiday Outings. J3I Oando reports from the 
Algarve (s) (2139501) 

9.00 Daytime on Two. Educational programmes Phis, 
for children, 145 Words and Pictures (93037327) 
2.00 Noddy (69777747) 

2.10 Tennis The French Open championships from the 
Stade Roland Garros in Pans. The commentators 
are John Barrett. Mark Cox, David Mercer and 
Virginia Wade. Includes News, regional news and 
weather at 3.00 and 3.55 (82322211) 

6.00 FILM: Buck Rogers in the 25th Century — 
Journey to Oasis (1979) starring Gri Gerard, E nn 
Gray and Tim O'Connor. Astronaut Rogers lifts off 
from Earth in 1967 and is blown off course, leaving 
him frozen in space. When he eventually manages 
to escape he returns to Earth and dscovers that 
more than 500 years have gone by. Directed by 
Daniei Haller (11946872) 

7.35 Amazing Stories: You Gotta Believe Me starring 
Charles Duming. A man, convinced his nightmare of 
a plane crashing on to his home will be fact makes 
a midnight dash to the airport to try to prevent a 
catastrophe (s) (483562) 

(LOO The Net A magazine series on computers and the 
digital world (Ceefax) (s) (8105) 

&30 Perpetual Motion. In praise of the Ford Transit, 
which first came on to the road m 1965 (r). (Ceefax) 
(s) (5740) 

9.00 Outer Limits: The Second Soul. A science-fiction 
thriller series. Contact is made with an extra¬ 
terrestrial ctvtfeahon on a dying planet. ( Ceefax) (s) 

Hospital Watch 

BBCl, 10.05am, 7.00pm, 10.10pm. 11.10pm 
If the current plethora of medical dramas is any 
indication, these five days of live broadcasts showing 
the daily life of a real hospital will altraa huge viewing 
figures. Addenbrooke's Hospital Cambridge, is the 
fourth hospital to open its doors since the senes began 
in 1986. Addenbrooke’s is famous for its transplant 
operations so it is apt that the four daily appointments 
begin with a kidney donation from a mother to her 22- 

will become as rare as an open casualty department. 

Short Stories: AH That Glitters 
Channel 4.8Wpm 

Cabouchon is a company that makes costume 
jewellery and a hell of a lot of money. In the four and 
half years of its existence jewellery worth more than 
£12 million has been sold m the UK alone. It is called 
network marketing (not, you understand, pyramid 
selling) which involves individual sellers increasing 
their earnings by introducing new members to the 
network aruf taking a cut of their profits. Top people 
can earn salaries in excess of a quarter of a million a 
year, those at the bottom do not. The Watford 
housewife's party makes CIS. the sodeiy dame’s 
gathering reaps in rattier more. This wry look at three 
women at opposite ends of the scale is toe first in the 
latest series of documentaries made by new film¬ 

The Music Biz 

Ever since Elvis hip-swivelled in gold lame, the 
musician's appeal has been defined as much by their 
image as their music. But has music become a case of 
“guitar, bass, drums, camera, tights, action” as rock, 
idol Jon Bon Jovi suggests? The third look at different 
aspects of the musician versus, the business 
concentrates on the increasingly dominant role the 
camera plays in the artist's career. Since the advent of 
24-hour MTV toe video has become the single most 
important avenue for the dissemination of the artist's 
visual image, costing more to produce than the record 
it promotes. A situation which, according to BQly Joel, 
is just plain daft. 

Deborah Harry reflects on BJondfe (9.40pm) 

9.40 InufunPl ^ Music Biz: The Image. (Ceefax) (s) 

1IL30 Newsnfgfit with Peter Snow (Ceefax) (924281) 
11.15 A Question at Rights. Sue Cameron chairs a 
discussion on the issues of constitutional reform 
raised by the Look at the Stale We're Inf senes 
(994327) 11.55 Weather (350259) 

12.00 The Industry of Culture (9030070) 12J2S-12£5 
Docklands Light Railway (9040457) 

5.15 BBC Select: DOH Special: Doing No Harm (r) 

5.30-6.00 RCN Nursing Update (r) (12070) 

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WBIiam Boyd an novels adapted to film (C4,1055pm) 

Cinefile The Novel Image 
Channel 4.1055pm 

Serving as a primer to a season of films adapted from 
successful novels, screenwrfrer and novelist William 
Boyd looks at the stormy relationship between the 
writer and Hollywood. Cinema has always mined the 
novel as a cheap source of ready-made stories, yet the 
writer has never received the kind of kudos awarded to 
the director. According to Boyd 75 per cent of films 
made are adaptations of literary works. Are these films 
“vivacious variants on the original”, as V.S. Naipaul 
claimed, or botched abortions? Using dips from the 
movies in the season (Including his script for Joyce 
Cary’s Mister Johnson). Boyd argues that a daptat ions 
should be judged on their own merits as works of 
cinema, not merely as picture books. Frances Lass 

64X1GMTV (48722) 9.25 Win, Lose or Draw with Bob 
Mills (s) (7763132) 9.55 London Today (Teletext) 
and weather (2138650) 

10.00 Step by Step (r) (s) (26766) 

10.30 This Morning, includes, at 1050, (TN headlines 
(81253056) 1220pm LondonToday (Taletert) and 
weather (1937308) 

1Z30 News (Teletext) and weather (2482501) 

1255 Home and Away (Teletext) (2467292) 

1.25 Coronation Street (r) (Teletext) (25336292) 

155 A Country Practice (3) (35071292) 

220 Blue Heelers Rural Australian police drama series 

3£0 tTN News headlines (Teletext) (3877698) 

3.25 London Today (Teletext) and weather (3676969) 
350 Caribou Kitchen (s) (1211124)940 Tots TV (■) (s) 

(8130673) 350 Scooby Doo (r) (2203495) 4.15 
Hurricanes (r) (Teletext) (a) (4234834) 440 Terror 
Towers (Teletext) (s) (8060292) 

5.10 After 5 with Ken Andrew (Teletext) (7385495) 
5.40 ITN Early Evening News (Teletext) and weather 
(213259) ' 

555 Your Shout Viewers' opinions (127969) 

&00 Home and Away (r) (Teletext) (834) 

650 London Tonight (Teletext) (414) 

7.00 Get a Life! Medical magazine (9211) 

750 Coronation Street (Teletext) (698) 

8.00 Pat of Gold presented by Des O'Connor, with 
Toyah Wilcox and Bobby Crush (6698) 

655 The Adventures Of T-Bax (r) (9126389) 

7.00 The Big Breakfast (66872) 

9.00 You Bet Your Life (r) (s) (84143) 

950 Schools Geography Start Here) (9903292) 945 
Ready. Set. Go (B744056) 10.02 Stage Two 
Science (8913327) 1050 Place and People 
(9750650) 1040 The English , Programme 

(3404056) 1155 Encyctopsedfa Galactic3 

(2485650) 11.15 Visual World (3446853) 1150 Film 
and Video Showcase (4631501) 1140 ; Breaking the 
Mould (9436292) i 

12.00 Right To Reply (r). (Teletext) (s) (71679) 

1250 Sesame Street (rj (40940) 150 Mr Men followed 
by Paddington, The Wombles and Further Tales 
of the Riveibank (r) (64201143) 

155 Oasis. The story of a young saxophonist who finds 
faspiralJon in the Mojave desert (r) ts) (35079834) 
2.20 FILM: The Duke Wore Jeans (1957. b/w) Starring 
Tommy Steele and June Laverick. A comedy about 
a cheeky young Cockney who is the splitting image 
of an impoverished aristocrat who ts being forced by 
his family to marry a wealthy process He 
persuades the Cockney to take his place at the altar. 
Directed by Gerald Thomas (953124) 

355 Garden Club (r) (Teletext) (s) (5721563) 

450 Fifteen To One. (Teietaxt) (s) (211) 

5JX) The Golden Girls (r). (Teletext) (s) (4389) 

550 The Five Mrs Buchanans. American comedy 
about four wives who share the same mother-in-law 
from hell. (Teletext) ($) (563) 

6.00 The Cosby Show (r). (Telatexl) (476) 

650 Hangin’ With Mr Cooper. Campus comedy. 
(Teletext) (s) (376) 

7.00 Channel 4 News. (Teletext), fa dudes headlines 
and weather at 750 (764650) 

755The Slot Viewers' video soapbox (793768) 

CHff Parts! and Jemma Redgrave (9-OOpm) 

950 Brerawell. Odd job man Daniel (Clff Pari si) Is on 
hand to help Eleanor (Jemma Redgrave) when Lady 
Peters brfags her pregnant laundrymaid to the Thrift 
Infirmary. (Teletext) (s) (6834) 

1050 News at Ten (Teletext) and weather (74766) 

1050 London Tonight (Teletext) and weather (780056) 
1040 Sport hi Question presented by Jimmy Greaves 
and fan St John from Leeds. With panellists British 
rugby league international Martin Offiah. Sky Sports 
commentator John Bromley and former England 
cricketer Geoffrey Boycott (s) (751389) 

1140 B55QM Hunter. Series about a plainclothes 
detective and his female partner. With 
Fred Dryer and Stephanie Kramer (776786) 
1240am The Twilight Zone. A tale of the supernatural 
, (2217612) 

1.10 Bast of British Motoraport Highlights from 
Thruxton and Sifverstone presented by Chris 
Maughan (6672916) 

140 Sport AM. Highlights of the 1995 isle ol Man TT 
races (6019815) 

255 Quiz Night (6814167) 

355 FILM: South Riding (1937. b/w) A wealthy land¬ 
owner has an affair w&h a schoolmistress. Starring 
Ralph Richardson. Directed by Victor Seville 

450 The Masters of Beauty. Benetton (r) (65212419) 

455 The Time-. The Place (r) (s) (9724273) 

550 ITN Morning News (16896). Ends at 640 

Cfadre Coed sells costume jewellery ( 8 , 00 pm) 

8.00Short Stories: All That Glitters... 

e SBEB (Teletext) (s) (6501) 

850 Home Improvement American slt-com series. 
(Teletext) is) (2308) 

950 The WW West The fifth in the six-part series 
focuses on Crazy Horse and General Custer and the 
Battle of the Little Big Horn. (Teletext) (s) (4476) 

1050NYPD Blue. New York police drama series 
(Teletext) (sj (322489) 

1055EHiiiH CtnefHe: The Novel Image (s) 

1155 FILM: Baby Doll (1956. b/w) starring Canon Baker. 
Karl Malden and Eli WaBach. A controversial drama 
about the sexy child bride in an unconsummated 
marriage to a Southern cotton miller who is seduced 
for revenge by her husband's rival. Based on the 
Tennessee Williams play 27 Wagonloads of Cotton 
Nighties. Directed by EHa Kazan (86125853) 

155 Cathofics and Sex (r) (9489322) 

255-4.15 FILM: Confession (1955. b/w) starring 
Sydney Chaplin and Patrick Allen. A drama about a 
priest who leams the identity of a killer through the 
confessional and refuses to tell what he knows to 
Ihe police. Directed by Ken Hughes (907148) 




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FAR WITH cems 


Union seeks 
ban on AGM 
proxy voting 

By Phiup Bassett, industrial editor 

COM PANT law ir. Britain 
needs to be charged ro 
prevent proxy shareholder 
voting, the GMB general 
union declared at its annual 
conference in Brighton yes¬ 
terday. T/i? call came as"the 
union announced a shortlist 
of companies against which 
it intends to take legal acrion 
over unauthorised political 

The steps announced by the 
GN1B follow the row over 
shareholders' votes at last 
week’s British Gas annual 
meeting, and are the furthest 
any organisation has yet gone 
towards legal moves against 
institutional investors. 

John Edmonds, general sec¬ 
retary of the GMB. said that 
e\ ents at British Gas. at which 
large shareholders’ proxies 
w ere used to vote down moves 

noi to reappoint Cedric 
Brown, the chief executive, 
after the row over his 75 per 
cent pay rise, were the dearest 
evidence that the power of 
institutional shareholders are 
being “widely abused”. 

Acknowledging parallels 
rhar have been drawn between 
’ trade unions' block votes, 
which are now being re¬ 
formed. and the block voting 
of institutional shareholders. 
Mr Edmonds said: “We are 
familiar with block-voting. 
But we block-vote on the basis 
of individual people. We are 
less familiar with people 
block-voting in their own in¬ 
terests on the basis of shares.” 

Insisting that block and 
proxy shareholder voting was 
in urgent need of reform. Mr 
Edmonds made it clear the 
union would be pressing a 

Outcry expected 
on power profits 

By Phhjp Pangalos 

A STORM of protest from 
politicians and consumer 
groups is expected this week 
when Seeboard. the electric¬ 
ity company serving the 
South East, starts the Indus¬ 
try's reporting season by 
announcing bumper profits 
and a big rise in its dividend 

Seeboard starts the 
privatised electricity com¬ 
panies’ reporting season to¬ 
morrow, with analysts 
predicting that dividend in¬ 
creases from companies in 
the electricity sector will 
range from 20 to 25 per cent 
over the coming weeks. 

The City expects See- 
board's final pre-tax profits 
to advance by about 17 per 
cent to between £147 mil¬ 
lion and £154 million, 
against £131.7 million pre¬ 
viously. while the total 
dividend is forecast to rise 
by nearer 20 per cent, more 

then five times the rate of 

The electricity companies 
have prospered since priva¬ 
tisation. reaping huge re¬ 
wards from cost reductions 
and the financial benefits of 
widespread job cuts. 

But consumer groups 
have voiced vociferous com¬ 
plaints as the power firms 
continue to turn in bumper 
profits, boost their dividend 
payouts and pay generous 
rewards to directors instead 
of cutting their prices fur¬ 
ther or giving substantial 
rebates to their customers. 

Further news is also 
awaited on how Britain's 
twelve regional electricity 
companies will allocate 
their shares in the National 
Grid Company, which dis¬ 
tributes power over its net- 
work of cables and pylons. 

Companies, page 39 



No 487 






6 Take immoderate action 


Get behind in march, race 



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Trojan hero; browbeat (6) 


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Superfluous (6) 

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Tom: hire (4) 

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One paying 4 (6) 

12 Plain yarn: unsophisticated 


Relish (5) 




Bitter feelings (S) 


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Bulbs; the competent know 


1S Gastropod, dings rightly (6) 

theirs (6) 


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Starchy tuber (6) 

21 Without inhibition or check 


Drink of gods, bees (6) 




Of sound construction (5} 






Writer of verse (4) 

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future Labour government to 
introduce new legal measures 
requiring votes at company 
AGMs to be casi by share¬ 
holders themselves rather 
than on their behalf by direc¬ 
tors of the company. 

He said: “The practice of 
handing millions of votes to 
company directors should be 
made illegal.” In addition, the 
votes of all shareholders 
should be recorded and open 
to public scrutiny, as union 
block rotes were. 

The GMB. which will now 
ask its 1.500 representatives on 
companies’ occupational pen¬ 
sion schemes to push for clear 
policy decisions at company 
AGMs — especially in the 
privatised utilities — on such 
issues as top executives' pay. 
confirmed it is to take legal 
action against company dona¬ 
tions to political parties that 
hare not been authorised by 
shareholder ballots. 

After consulting extensively 
with lawyers, the union is to 
mount a large-scale legal cam¬ 
paign on the issue, drawing in 
financial and other support 
from other trade unions. 

GMB leaders will next 
month name companies 
against which it is to bring 
legal action. Those on its 
shortlist could include a con¬ 
struction company, with the 
GMB holding shares in Tay¬ 
lor Woodrow and Tarmac a 
multinational — GMB holds 
shares in RTZ and BAT; an 
engineering firm — the GMB 
has shares in Cable & Wire¬ 
less. GKN, Vickers and BAe: 
and a financial services or 
retail company — it has hold¬ 
ings in GRE, Asda. Boots and 
Legal & General. 

After studying companies’ 
articles of association. GMB 
leaders and the union's law¬ 
yers are convinced that few 
have any specific sanction for 
political donations beyond 
vague statements of aims, and 
that few’ if any have had their 
political donations authorised 
by shareholders. Mr Ed¬ 
monds said: “Our campaign 
will expose the Square Mile 
mandarins who control bil¬ 
lions of pounds and wield 
enormous power ... We were 
promised a share-owning de¬ 
mocracy but what we have is a 
backroom autocracy." 

of UK ; 
firms hit 

Supermarket shelves were made ready over the weekend to cope with the bigger crop from British growers 

Field day 
for British 

By Neil Bennett 

THE strawberry season be¬ 
gins today with signs that it 
will be an outstanding success 
for British growers and a 
boost to the balance of trade. 

Britain’s growers have seen 
off foreign competition in the 
past two years with new 
growing techniques and new 
varieties. As a result, super¬ 
markets such as Tesco are 
now stocking home-grown 
strawberries instead of Span¬ 
ish or French rivals. 

Sales of British strawber¬ 
ries rose 26 per cent to £73 
million between 1991 and 
1993. Foreign imports have 
fallen 12 per cent over toe 
same period. This year, turn¬ 
over of British produce is 
expected to rise to a new 

The success is attributable 
to large growers such as 
Ptantsman in Suffolk, which 
have increased greenhouse 
acreage to ensure toe crop 
reaches toe shops early in the 
year to compete with imports. 

Supermarkets spent the 
weekend preparing their 
shelves for the influx. 

Minimum wage ‘will 
not threaten jobs’ 

By RossTieman, industrial correspondent 

THE political battle over the 
likely impact of a minimum 
wage wifi receive fresh am¬ 
munition tomorrow with the 
publication of a survey' show¬ 
ing that S6 per cent of 
personnel chiefs believe a 
pay floor of £4.10 an hour 
would not cost jobs in their 

But the survey, carried out 
for Personnel Today maga¬ 
zine. showed that, even so. a 
small majority believed it 
would cost jobs in the wider 

Hostility to toe minimum 
wage varies considerably ac¬ 
cording to the type of organis¬ 
ation. the study found. 

Overall, 57 per cent of 
personnel chiefs at the 325 
companies and public-sector 
bodies surveyed said they 
thought a minimum wage 
would cost jobs across indus¬ 
try as a whole. 

But fears of job losses were 
much greater among manag¬ 
ers in the private sector, 
especially in transport and 

manufacturing. Personnel 
chiefs in the public services 
had fewer fears: 65 per cent 
believed a minimum wage 
would not lead to job cuts in 
the wider economy. 

More than 40 per cent of 
personnel heads in retailing 
and banking also suggested 
that there would not be an 
adverse impact 

The Confederation of Brit¬ 
ish Industry, the employers’ 
organisation, has argued 
strongly that introducing a 
minimum wage of £4.10 an 
hour, toe rate favoured by 
trade unions, is undesirable. 

Sir Bryan Nicholson, toe 
confederation’s president said 
that although this was “super¬ 
ficially attractive,” if the Gov¬ 
ernment wanted to intervene 
in labour markets, “it would 
be better to give direct subsi¬ 
dies to employers”. 

Meanwhile, a new survey of 
the key April pay round shows 
that basic increases have been 
held at 3 per cent dampening 
fears that an inflationary spi¬ 

ral may be triggered by rising 
wage settlements. 

The survey, from the Indus¬ 
trial Relations Services agen¬ 
cy, shows that average pay 
settlements have been stable 
for five months, and still 
remain below' toe level of 

More than 60 per cent of 
companies are handing em¬ 
ployees higher settlements 
than a year ago. but pressure 
remains subdued. 

Fay rises are even smaller in 
the public sector, where they 
average around 25 per cent 

April is one of the busiest 
months of the year for pay 
settlements, with about a third 
of all companies fixing salary 
increases for staff at toe start 
of the financial year. 

Despite the low level of 
settlements, the Industrial Re¬ 
lations Services agency 
sounds a warning. "If infla¬ 
tionary pressure continues to 
increase, it is likely that pay 
rises will eventually nudge 
up,” it said. 

BvOorBusdossSmiv I 

MORE dim lw o - UikUi 
British c om panies admit the* 
have suffered fraud, and mo&. 
than half b ffl ew e - it 
going on. aeconfing to * 
survey from Control Rusks, Q* • 
in te r n ational securit y coostg- 
tarn, and Security Gazette. 

The survey lays most of 8 k 
blame for fraud with QMiq uiny. 
emp lo y ee s . Shay per centcif 
frauds are pa rpe bm 

management, w&ft __ 

management toe most co®. 
mon offenders. a re hr rf » n « to 
the survey. 

The report one Of the n»a - 
substantial surveys of frmdjgt 
recent years, shows the vtf. 
nerafasiny of g im pe n i fs 
white-collar crime. Nig& 
Blackman, editor of Security 
Gazette , said: *Tn the pest 
decade most organBatugg 
have made efforts to impnnr 
their physkalsecority.butr ’ 
report indicates that 
enough has been dene 
prevent fraud." 

Paradoxically, the iq 
shows that 86. per cent e% 
British businessmen ***& 
their company's ban’ 
mechanisms are «mu«Qt! 
even though 51 per cere of- 
those who have experienced^ 
fraud before think it may stifc 
be taking place. And 45 per; 
cent think fraud is Hkdy mfe 
take place in their firm m tfae^ 
future. " 

"The fact that management ,: 
is responsible for 60 per 
fraud is not a surprise." 

John Conyngbam. head 
Control Risks’ c orpor a t e ~ 
lutton division. “Inmost 
they have the opportun 
the means to uoqk 

Of the fraud. 30 per cent 
takes place in finance depart¬ 
ments, where even relatively 
junior managers have access; 
to substantial funds agtf can I 
often devise ways of drferttng >1 
them to their own -pockets. 
Control Risks advises com¬ 
panies to keeps close watch oh 
the lifestyles of ftrir employ¬ 
ees for any signs of unusual 

The report beheves com- 
panes are stiH too relaxed. Mr 
Conyngbam said: “The inher¬ 
ent oDfitradfciian in these re- ~ 
sabs dearly demonstrates a ' 
'not tn n^y bode yard’ feeling. - 
There is a dear indication feat r 
co mp a n ies, white willing to * 
acknowledge toe scale of ttrj 
problem, are reluctant to face £ 
up to the lack of safeagjards ■' 
m their awn organisations,” f 

Norman sitting on £2.3m profit 

Norman: likely to hold 

ARCHrE NORMAN, chief ex¬ 
ecutive at Asda. the supermar¬ 
ket group, could take a £23 
million instant profit any day 
he chooses if he decides to 
exercise more than 4 million 
share options he has been 
granted since he joined the 
retailer in 1991. 

The news comes as it 
emerged over the weekend 
that toe Greenbuiy Commit¬ 
tee on executive pay is likely to 
call for share options to be 
abolished and replaced by 
tong-term bonuses. Last week 
Boots became toe first com¬ 
pany in the FT-SE100 index to 
abotish share options, promp¬ 
ted by Sir Michael Angus, its 
chairman, a 1 member of the 
Green bury Committee. 

Mr Norman, 41. gained the 

By Sarah Bagnall 

right to exercise his options 
over 4.625,047 Asda shares on 
March 31. They are exercis¬ 
able at 36p a share, compared 
with Asda's closing share 
price on Friday of 86p. If he 
chooses to subscribe for Asda 
shares now he would make a 
50p profit on each of the 4.6 
million shares. Phil Cox, 
finance director, could make a 
£1 million profit if he exercises 
2 million of his options on the 
same terms. 

However, both Mr Norman 
and Mr Cox have until March 
4, 2002 before the options 
expire and, given that Asda’s 
share price is on an upward 
track, they are likely to wait 
before exercising their rights. 

Mr Norman, a former part¬ 
ner at McKinsey & Co, the 

management consultant, and 
finance director at Kingfisher, 
joined Asda in 1991 when it 
was seen as one of toe walking 
wounded in toe grocery trade. 
Jt was struggling under £1 
billion of debt, old stores, 
capital expenditure lagging 
its rivals and inadequate sys¬ 
tems. Reflecting this, its 
shares dropped from a ten- 
year high of I78p. in July 1987, 
to a low of Z3p in August 1992. 
Since then the shares have 
dambered back to 86p. Mr 
Norman, educated at Charter¬ 
house and Cambridge, is the 
driving force behind Asda’s 
turnaround. Annual pre-tax 
profits have risen from £87 
million in the year to April 30, 
1992 to £201 million in the year 
to April 30,1994. 

Big Six accountants pull away 

By Robert Bruce 

BRITAIN’S second division 
accountancy firms are losing 
ground to the “Big Six" inter¬ 
national firms, according to 
figures to be published today. 

The annual figures, leaked 
at die weekend, show most 
firms struggling for fee- 
income growth. The main ex¬ 
ception was BDO Stoy Hay¬ 
ward, with a 22.7 per cent rise 
to £95.7 million, after it picked 
up regional offices when the 
main offices of Binder Ham- 
lyn joined Arthur Andersen. 

Other firms, like Grant 
Thornton, trod water with fee 
rises this year matching in¬ 
come falls reported last year. 
Kidson Impey is reporting a 
23 per cent fell in income to 
£54.1 million, despite the im¬ 
proving economic climate 

For toe Big Six firms, which 
are due to report today, much 

will depend on how far toe 
dismal growth figures for toe 
previous year have been 
transformed as toe economy 
moves out erf recession. In the 
1993-94 figures, Coopers & Ly- 
brand and KJPMG. the top 
two firms, could only manage 
J3 per cent and 1.4 per cent 
growth rates. Unless they 

have managed significant 
growth they may lose toe top 
spot to Arthur Andersen. 

Andersen produced a phe¬ 
nomenal growth figure of 11.7 
per cent in their 1993-94 
figures and moved past Ernst 
& Young into the third place 
slot last year. In the past year, 
Andersen has almost merged 

Fee Income Chng 1994/95 Fees par 
(Em) (%) partner (£000) 

Grant Thornton 
BDO Soy Haywa 
Parnell Kerr Forsl 
Clark WhitahID 
KJdson Impey 
Moore Stephens 
Robson Rhodes 
NeviHe Russel) 
Moores Rowland 

Baker T3)y 

with Binder Hamlyn, which 
in 1993-94 would lave given 
the two firms a combined fees 
figure of £540 mfllion. This 
would have left them not far 
behind Coopers & Lybrand, 
die number one firm, on £560 
million. If Andersen’s growth 
rate over toe past year has 
been much faster than Coo- 
peris, it may become the top 
firm on todays figures. 

The figures for all the top 
firms are also expected to 
show considerable growth in 
tax work which has expanded 
rapidly over the past year. 
“Tax,” one senior partner said 
last week, “is booming.” 

The other area of interest 
will be in how far toe top six 
firms are pulling away. Last 
year, Touche Ross, smallest of 
toe Big Six firms, was StiH 
pulling in more than three 
times toe fees of Grant Thorn¬ 
ton, the next firm on toe list. 

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